Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Keywords : Management

Identifying Dimensions of hospital cost management in Iranusing structural equation modeling

Mahsa Ghaziasgar, Shaghayegh Vahdat, Somayeh Hessam, IravanMasoudi asl, HoseinMoshiriTabrizi

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 5, Pages 321-328
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.05.021

Aim: Hospitals as the most important providers of healthcare services around the world, are
facing a wide range of duty and cost of services. This article aimed to identifying the key
dimensions affecting in the cost management of Iran hospitals.
Methods: This descriptive study was performed in two qualitative and quantitative stages. First
factors influencing hospital cost management were extracted through literature and interview
with 20 experts in the field of hospital governance and proposed model was designed. Then a
questionnaire was developed and data was collected from 207 experts in the staff-and-line sector
of Tehran University of medical sciences. The research model was analyzed using exploratory
and confirmatory factor analysis in SPSS22 and Lisrel software.
Results: Five dimensions influencing hospital cost management were identified. Human
resource management and consumption resource management with factor of 0.88 and 0.71 had
the most and least significant efforts on hospital cost management.
Conclusions:This finding revealed that, for optimal hospital cost management, while considering
all five factors, human resource management should be emphasized

The phenomenon of mobbing among young employees in relation to the size of the organization in Poland

Szymon Jarosz, Karol Gozdecki

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 5, Pages 160-175
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.05.011

The article is deals with the phenomenon of mobbing affects young people taking their first steps on the labour market in relation to the size of the organization. It is obvious that mobbing has a deep impact on individuals. Nevertheless, it also has profound, consequences for management in the organization, quality of management and atmosphere in the organization, which consequently translates into the performance of the whole organization. The objectives of the article were achieved by using the survey questionnaire research tool. The conclusions of the article can provide important guidance to management practitioners, giving an insight into the situation of mobbing depending on the size of the organization.

Management of Inter-relationship between Technology & Mental Health


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 658-664
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.089

In this modern world, full of technology, mental health is affecting the most. Various factors are there that are influencing the mental health such as stress, social media, personal life issues, tension about maintaining the social image, and many more similar factors are there that hamper the mental health of people these days. Some factors are controllable but some are really not. This research paper is all focused about to study and realize the management of inter relationship between mental health and use of technology along with its impact. In this research paper, a general counselling is done on youth and teenagers aging from (15-30 years) with the help of questionnaire and personal interview of individuals. This analysis helps in understanding the management done by different people. From future perspective, this study may help researchers to better understand about how to make balance between technology and mental health in life.

A Comparison of Nationalized and Private Banks' Strategic Human Resource Management Practices


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 710-713
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.098

The analysis of banking is as interesting because of its size and scope as ever. Development steady. Liberalization, fiscal and technical changes Modernization has pushed the banking industry to become competitive. The need for competitive people has been created by competition. Each bank has begun to take Decisions on human capital concerning their competing banks. It gave birth to the implementation of strategic control of human capital, where human resources are Strategies are formulated with the opponent in mind. The bank has become more of a bank today. The objective of the study is to make a comparison of Nationalized and Private Banks' Strategic Human Resource Management Practices. Conclusions drawn are generalizations reached by bearing in mind the goal and goals of the analysis from the outcomes that are related to hypotheses. The results and assumptions are focused on the primary and secondary interpretation of knowledge. An effort is made to shed light on the way and extent of execution of the plan by description and results. Suggestions are made based on these observations and assumptions to analyze banks for their previous success and conditions for potential improvement. Specific attempts are being made to achieve the goals of this study and to open up a new basis for future research and further studies in this field.

A Study of Role and Duties of Human Resources in Multi-National Corporations


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 687-692
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.094

The role of human resources (HR) in an organization is very critical and exploring at the same time. Human resources are the first person who builds a relationship between company and employee. The way HR represents the organization to the company is the same way an employee sees its organization. Various type of companies and organizations works for a different domain but HR department is commonly present in all. In this paper, a brief study is done in the context of the role and duties of HR, a personal interview is conducted for various HR students and employees in different phases. Their responses are being shared in this paper. From a future perspective, various aspects of HR can be analyzed and learned from this by learners & researchers.

An Empirical Study of Management of Cash Flow in SMEs and Organization


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1148-1157
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.156

Present day management in SMEs accepted that cash flow management as one of the most significant instruments for checking and controlling the typical working of the business. Adequate cash flow management depends on the best possible gathering cash flow management and its understanding. To decide the ampleness of the utilization of this report and the significance connected to overseeing cash flows, as all around relevant information and aptitudes, research was acted in nearby SMEs through an overview. The impact of various profiles cash needs of SMEs according to various parts of the examination of the cash flows. The outcomes show that respondents with nonstop and occasional profiles cash needs have agreeable information regarding the matter research and the perspectives that are totally or halfway positive concerning: future cash flows as a significant determinant of the estimation of the endeavor, the places of complementarity articulations of cash flows in analyzed to the pay articulation and accounting report. SMEs that are not profiled your cash needs in the poll expressed conflict with the above sections, which speaks to an announcement of their deficient degree of information on the cash premise of financial detailing. Illiquidity of the household economy and the current circumstance direct the need of raising the nature of information and aptitudes in overseeing cash flows dependent on quality articulations of cash flows and going with examination.

Earned Value Method Management Applied to The Construction of The Multifamily Building – Lima, Peru 2020


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 838-848
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.117

This research aims to assess costs and time in the study of the earned value method management applied to the construction of the multifamily building in Lima, it is worth mentioning that the main problem of low productivity rates is the low cost control, that affects directly the performance of projects. The methodology used in this context is the earned value, which allows managing the costs and time of projects, gaining as a result the S curve and the control table, as a conclusion it could be said that the companies should maintein a correct control of time and cost of projects, because as it can be seen, at the end of the project, the company will have a lost of money for S/ 134,176.33 soles from month 06, which represents the 1.94% at the end of the Project.

Public and private sector’s management at Mekong river


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 202-208
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.029

The objectives of this research are: 1) To study the management problems of Public and Private Sector’s management at Mekong River during 2020, 2) To study methods Procedures and processes of Public and Private Sector’s Management at Mekong River, and 3) To present the guidelines and recommendations for the management of Public and Private Sector’s Management at Mekong River. The qualitative research is employed to the data by documents analysis of document data, the researcher has studied and analysis from articles, textbooks, journals, online media and related research. The results of the study showed that: Management problems of Public and Private Sector’s management at Mekong River during 2020. The Public should pay more attention to the protection of impacts on people along the Mekong River. In order to make the management most efficient and have the least impact on people under today's extremely changing environment. Methods and management, The Basin Development Strategy BDS 2021-2030 should be established with stakeholders from 4 member countries: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam by collaborations from the Mekong River Commission, a civil society NGO Project developer and the Private sector participate and find guidelines and recommendations, The Creating a mechanism to drive water resources management approach Both at the policy level and at the local level This will be the beginning of a strong community network. Especially to alert and monitor the water situation in the area to Public agencies for the benefit of efficient water management planning methods procedures and processes.

Suzuki Swift Marketing Data Comparative Study of Different Forecasting Methods


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1067-1073
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.144

Sincere approaches to practical forecasts in organisations have been accomplished through operative research (OR) since its inception. Scientists have affected forecasts in other disciplines. Forecasting has an enormous social, economic and environmental impact and has a very important aspect of every business. Several prediction models have been developed to help people decide correctly against future uncertainties. However, there are distinct advantages and limitations for every prediction model. It is important to succeed in selecting correct forecasting methods from other alternatives. This paper aims to analyse predictive techniques to forecast car sales results, Ford Mustang. Companies depend on precise projected data to make the right decisions and to predict the business results over a long and short time. Predictions are usually based on historical results, industry comparisons and developments in the sector. Different model time series foresees were used in this phase, for example the moving average, exponential smoothing, the Holt double exponential smoothing, winter’s three times exponential smoothing and ARIMA. The predictions were made on the basis of the annual (non-seasonal) data and the cumulative annual data (seasonal) in the ARIMA model. For both the threefold exponential smoothing system of winter and the ARIMA model, Minitab was used to produce forecast. In addition, the best prediction method for this given set of data was found to be the double-exponential smoothing process used by Holt when calculating the mean absolute deviation.


AbdurahmanovaMunovar .; DalievKhusan .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 1046-1052
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.124

At the present stage of strategic development of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the integration issues of education, science and production are acquiring more and more practical significance. Science and technology, constituting an element of the productive forces of society, are one of the basic conditions of social progress, and science becomes in full measure a direct productive force. In this paper, we aim to investigate the effects of organizational structures and learning organization on the integration of education, science and industry contributes to the formation of new social relations. Furthermore, we explore advances in science and technology in a number of industries and methods to characterize the nature of workers' labor.

Personal Educational Actions Management for Students at the Stage of Primary General Education


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 4247-4253
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.448

Background: The ongoing transformation of Russian society determines the requirements for a person, an active member of a new society. They must have a different motivation, a new style of behavior, qualitatively different thinking, which will allow them to work actively and live in new social relations. Based on this, new tasks are set for the education system, requiring a revision of the current goals and values of the educational system. The education system modernization is taking place, among other things, through the introduction of Federal State Educational Standards (or FSES). The FSES of the second generation states that its purpose is to determine and ensure the achievement of the requirements and conditions that are put forward by the state, aimed at the implementation of the main goal of the Russian educational system is the upbringing of a successful person, a citizen of a high level of morality, possessing modern knowledge, skills, and abilities, and respecting social ideals and values.
FSES of the second generation has a fundamental difference from previously implemented educational standards. It is based not only on the achievement of given subject results but on the formation of universal methods of educational activity in students, which determine the success of the child’s learning in the future at all educational stages. The new educational standard is based on the idea of the relationship and interdependence of the processes of education, training, and personal development. Seeing this, the goal of modern education is to shape the personality of the child.
Objective: based on theoretical and empirical research results, the aim is to develop, substantiate and test a program for managing the development of personal educational universal actions in younger schoolchildren.
Methods: theoretical: analysis, generalization, comparison, systematization; empirical: pedagogical observation, pedagogical experiment, testing, methods of mathematical and statistical processing, and data interpretation.
Findings: the characteristics of the personal development of junior schoolchildren are characterized; describes the goals and objectives of managing the personal development of students in the implementation of the federal state educational standard of primary general education; theoretically substantiated and characterized by a program for managing the formation of personal universal educational actions of primary schoolchildren. The developed program can be used by psychologists and teachers to organize work to manage the formation of personal universal educational actions of students at the stage of primary general education. The materials can be used by teachers and students in the process of preparing for lectures and practical classes.
Conclusion: students at the stage of primary general education have an insufficient level of development of personal universal educational actions. Program-targeted management of the process of forming personal universal educational actions of primary schoolchildren will ensure its effectiveness and efficiency.

Empirical study: Influence of trade value offered by e-marketers on intention quotient of Mumbai based online shoppers to shop online

Dr. Asmat Ara Shaikh; Dr. Mohammed Zafar Shaikh; Mr. Anuj Kumar

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 5591-5605
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.566

Online shopping provides many benefits to online shoppers, which includes ease, numerous collections, reasonable price, innovative services, personal attention, and quick access to information. A detailed study depicting Trade factors variables and their association/relationship with Mumbai-based online shoppers Intention Quotient has been done in this paper so that an understanding of the underlying factors develops as a premise for future studies. What defines Intention Quotient? Does the Trade factor act as a factor to influence the Intention Quotient of Mumbai-based online shoppers to shop online? How much online shoppers concerned about the value of money to shop online? Does negotiable cost affect online shoppers Intention Quotient? What is the effect of reasonable price on Intention Quotient? Does offers, and discount has an impact on online shoppers purchase behavior? Do multiple payment options influence the Intention Quotient of Mumbai base online shoppers?

Control And Audit - The Impact Of Taxation On Decisions And Funding Modes

Fedaa Abd Almajid SABBAR; Thamer Mahdi Muhamed SABRI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 1558-1569

The discussions generated by the tax treatment of the realized, reinvested and distributed profit respectively led to various taxation techniques, concluding that, while the economic theory claims that the objective of any company is to maximize the profit, the practical reality shows that there are still companies that want to they have only a satisfactory profit and thus pay a tax as small as possible, in the context in which the accounting practices allow the companies to present, within certain limits, results that are more in line with their objectives than with reality. Starting from the above aspect, we will try to argue the necessity of managing the tax burden and highlight the tax repercussions on investment decisions, their financing methods and the value of the company, based on a set of 8 hypotheses that we will research on a sample of industry enterprises, using the research methodology of panel-based models.

Planning Processes And Policy Implementation On The Information And Technology Resources Management

Yuli Ardianto; M. Nuruddin Subhan; Dian Riskarini

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 3132-3139

Informɑtion today is a valuable “commodity” which tradeable thus it has high market price because information can contribute significantly in the process of very important decision making especially for organization. The objective of this article is to analyze several variables that significantly affect the planning processes and policy implementation in information and technology resources management. To achieve its objective, this study employed content analysis and eventually formulates a model to be further emphasized in the theme of information technology management. This study found seven important points of view in order to create an effective as well as efficient activities in the organization by utilizing information, technology, infrastructure and comprehensive library and ends up with proper and well-made decisions by the top management.

Approaches to Effective Management in Reducing Plastic Waste in Malaysia from the Socio-Legal Aspect

Hanim Kamaruddin; Nur Insyirah Bt Jasri; Munirah binti Mohamed Halid; Nur Wafaa Azreen binti Mohd; Nur Hasyazira Binti Hashim; Nur Najwa Athirah bt Mohamed Nawawi; Sahain Nada Puthucheary

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 4483-4489

Plastic waste pollution is a major problem in Malaysia as the country ranks among the top ten countries with mismanaged plastic waste in the world. Malaysia has produced significant amount of plastic waste where most are washed into the oceans, dumped at landfills, burnt, and a fraction being recycled. This situation continuously affects human health and environment especially in marine waters. Existing waste management practices lack in handling large amount of plastic waste from household and businesses as there is no uniform approach within Malaysia to address the use of plastic waste. This paper reviews and analyses existing laws and social practice in relation to reducing plastic waste in Malaysia. It concludes that initiatives by the Malaysian government to reduce plastic waste is still within preliminary stages, and substantive legal approach remains absent.

A Concise Review on Calcified Canals - A Review


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1353-1363
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.183

A calcified canal is a root canal system complication due to hard tissue deposition which makes the canal narrower. Calcification is uncontrolled due to enzyme failure that could result in reduced blood supply to the tissue. Canal calcification is usually termed as an obliteration of the pulp canal. Pulp canal obliteration (PCO) or calcific metamorphosis as sequelae of dental trauma may also occur as sequelae of aging, dental caries, tooth loss or critical pulp therapy, orthodontic care. Extreme physiologic PCO in geriatric patients can arise from secondary or tertiary dentine apposition. Despite the application of high-magnification and cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging, access cavity preparation for such cases is prone to procedural errors that may result in substantial loss of dentin structure, thus reducing the long-term prognosis. With the aid of advanced technology, early detection of canal obliteration will save a lot of frustrations. Early intervention as a prophylactic measure may not be reasonable, due to the low incidence of such teeth developing periapical pathosis. Hence, it is important to explain prophylactic action, if intended. Upon failure of other treatment modalities surgical intervention may be a possibility. Given the difficulty in its management, it is recommended that teeth showing signs of obliteration be referred to an Endodontist who can handle such cases with minimal errors in conjunction with specialist training, magnification, proper equipment, and detailed knowledge of dental anatomy, thereby providing a better prognosis. This analysis assists in information about the calcified canals about their etiology, possible modes of growth, diagnosis, and management, thereby helping to provide better treatment quality.