Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Keywords : extraction


Simple interrupted vs figure of eight suturing in open method extraction

KAUSALYAH KRISNA MALAY; BALAKRISHNAN R.N; JAYANTH KUMAR.V

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 2610-2616
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.272

Development of infections along the line of the incision is potentially a dangerous postoperative event. However, some infections that affect the wound margins in certain areas of the body may put the prognosis, in terms of the patient's life, at risk. In less dramatic situations they in case delay healing of tissues involved in transalveolar extraction. The suturing techniques used to reconstruct the planes for primary healing. To evaluate the prevalence of simple interrupted sutures and figure of eight sutures in transalveolar extraction. To analyse the use of simple interrupts and figure of eight sutures. The study was conducted as a hospital based case control study in the area of Thiruverkadu, Chennai. The study was carried out by collecting data by reviewing patients data and analysing the data of 86000 patients between June 2019 and March 2020 at the private dental institute. A total number of 326 case sheets were taken for the study after reviewing from intraoral photographs and additional supports. Photographs were accessed to determine the suturing techniques for patients that underwent open method extraction. Pearson Chi Square Test was evaluated using SPSS. Results were recorded. Simple interrupted suture was commonly used compared to figure of eight suture in transalveolar extraction in the private dental college. Majority of the dental students placed simple interrupted sutures compared to figure of eight sutures postoperative to open method extractions.

Retrospective Analysis on Sutures Used for Open Method Extraction in Patients Attending A Private Dental Institution

KAUSALYAH KRISNA MALAY; BALAKRISHNAN R.N; JAYANTH KUMAR. V

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 330-335
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.041

Procedure for open method extraction, initially starts with giving local anaesthesia injection and followed by incisions and flap design. Sutures are defined as stitches or series of stitches made to secure apposition of the edges of a surgical or traumatic wound. It is also defined as any strand or material utilized to ligate blood vessels or approximate tissues. To determine the presences of sutures in open method extraction The purpose of the study was to assess the sutures in open method extraction (post operatively). A study was carried out by collecting data by reviewing patients data and analysing the data of 86000 patients between June 2019 and March 2020 at the private dental institute. The sample size that was taken is 292 patients who came to the private dental institute for consultation. The case sheets of those patients were reviewed for presence or absence of sutures post operative to open method extraction. Data was statistically analysed using SPSS 2.0, Chi-Square Test was conducted. Result was recorded. Majority of the dental students used suturing as the wound closure for post operative open method extraction procedure. Within the limitation of the study, male patients were predominant and suture was present in majority cases of post open method extraction. And the most common site which underwent open method extraction was tooth number 48 and 38 ( lower third molars). 

Reasons for extraction of permanent teeth - An institutional study

R. KEERTHANA; M.P. SANTHOSH KUMAR; MANJARI CHAUDHARY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 2954-2964
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.303

Cause for tooth extraction had large geographical and cultural differences in different Countries. A decrease in the number of teeth can serve as an indicator of socio-economic and oral hygiene level. A reduction in the number of teeth may result in poor dietary habits and deterioration of quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate the primary reasons for extraction of permanent teeth and to evaluate its association with age, gender among patients treated in Saveetha Dental College and hospital. In this retrospective cross-sectional study, digital case records of all patients reported to saveetha dental college and hospital from June 2019 to March 2020 were reviewed. All adult patients who underwent extraction of teeth were included in the study. Demographic details of patients and the reasons for extraction of the permanent tooth were recorded from digital case records, clinical photographs and radiographs. Retrieved data was analysed using IBM SPSS Software Version 23.0. Descriptive statistics and tests of association for categorical variables by Chi square tests were done and results were obtained. P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The common reason for the extraction of permanent teeth was dental caries (34.2%). Tooth extraction was more in the age group 18-35 years (41.2%) and the most common reason was dental caries (41.7%). The association between age and reasons for tooth extraction was statistically significant.(p<0.001).Tooth extraction was more in the males (58.6%) compared to females (41.3%) and the most common reason for extraction in the males was dental caries (31.3%) and in females was dental caries (38.2%). The association between gender and reasons of tooth extraction was statistically significant(p<0.001). The association between age and gender of the patients undergoing extraction of permanent teeth was also statistically significant.(p<0.001). Within the limits of the study, dental caries was the most common reason for the extraction of permanent teeth. Males underwent more extractions than females and the predominant age group undergoing extraction of teeth were 18-35 years. This fact should be kept in mind while planning preventive programs and more emphasis should be given for prevention of dental caries or periodontal disease based on age of the target population.

Prevalence Of Tooth Injuries Among Children 2 To 13 Years Of Age Reporting To Dental Hospital- An Institutional Based Retrospective Study

H. FIRDUS FAREEN; DEEPA GURUNATHAN; SRI. RENGALAKSHMI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 169-175
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.020

Traumatic dental injuries present complex injuries of the dentoalveolar system. Trauma to primary and permanent teeth and their supporting structures is one of the most common dental problems seen in children. The purpose of this study was to analyse the prevalence of  traumatic dental injuries (TDI) in primary and permanent teeth among childrens 2 to 13 years of age visiting the dental hospital in Chennai, in the period of June 2019 - March 2020. Date of age, gender, type of teeth i.e primary or permanent, type of dental injury and the dental treatment were obtained from the records of the dental hospital. The data was analysed using SPSS software. Chi Square Test was performed to compare two proportions. The analysis was done for: age, gender, type of injury, treatment done for the injury in this study. Most common type of dental injury in primary teeth is luxation (26.3%) and in permanent teeth is complicated crown fracture (38.9%). Traumatic dental injury was observed most frequently in the age group of 2 to 3 years in primary teeth and 10 to 11 years in permanent teeth with 68.4% and 69.4% of gender predliction in boys with primary and permanent dentition respectively. In the primary dentition, the most commonly performed treatment was extraction whereas the most common treatment performed in permanent dentition is pulpectomy. The results of this study show that emergency intervention to traumatised teeth is important for good prognosis of teeth and oral tissues. Therefore, the parents should be informed about dental trauma in schools and dental hospital physicians should be subjected to postgraduate training.

Association of gender in patients with extractions of endodontically treated teeth

DHINESH KUMAR SANGGAYA; DINESH PRABU; VISALAKSHI RAMANATHAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 206-211
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.025

The key to successful endodontic treatment is to thoroughly debride the canal system of infected or necrotic pulp tissue and microorganisms, and to completely seal the canal space, thus preventing the persistence of infection and/or reinfection of the pulp cavity.The aim of this study is to provide clinical data on the prevalence of endodontically treated tooth extractions.
8547 patients visiting Saveetha Dental College were used as the samples in this study to assess the extraction of its  endodontically treated tooth or non endodontically treated tooth with ethical permission and approval for the project. Collected data was tabulated in Excel and statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square test. The results show that endodontically treated tooth extraction is 70% while non endodontically treated tooth extractions is 30% with male predominance. There is no association seen with gender and extractions of endodontically treated tooth tooth extraction statistically.