Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Keywords : Entrepreneurship

The role of ICT in scaling social enterprises in India


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1257-1267
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.168

With growing interest of analysts and researchers in social entrepreneurship, the hope for its rapid development is also increasing. Various research studies have discussed in detail how there exists a dire need for social enterprises to fill in the gap that traditional political and commercial solutions fail to do sufficiently. Thus the developing ecosystem of social enterprise is an answer to the grave problems of poverty, sanitation, education, health, unemployment etc. The approach of social enterprises where commercial strategies are applied to achieve social objectives, has gained so much attention its not something very new, but definitely effective in bringing change ( Rymsza, 2005; Thompson et al., 2000).  Social enterprises have the potential to provide unique, frugal and low cost potential solutions to various social problems through a pragmatic market approach. Their way of working targets two concerns: birth of simpler and practical solutions to a severe problem such as invention of low cost incubators to be used in rural areas and financial sustainability of social enterprises ensuring their presence in the market. It will be fair to say that in the recent years of development, the field of social development has used ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) vary aptly from radios to mobile phones- to smart phone to create impact in the lives of human beings. ICT based devices and their application enable us to find novel commercial ideas, sustainable business models, and low cost strategies of scaling up. The flexibility and innovativeness of ICT make it a strong tool for social enterprises to experiment with and hence this powerful integration has resulted in some spectacular organisations providing solutions to some of the most critical issues such as poverty and education. The objective of this research paper is to analyse how the ICTs can support social enterprises to improve their performance, the impact creation and scaling of social enterprises through: • Analysis of different social enterprises with business models based on ICT have affected the performance and impact of the organisation • Analysis of efficient ICT tools that provide the boost in the design, management and performance of social enterprises

Theorizing a Framework of Factors Influencing Business Performance: A Research Agenda for Muslim Women Entrepreneurs


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1287-1296
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.173

This study aims to comprehensively identify a framework of factors influencing the business performance of Muslim women entrepreneurs.The literature suggests thatthe factorscan be viewed from numerous theories related to the psychological, organisational context and environmental contextand contextualise them to analyse the association between the factors such as psychological characteristics, human capital, social capital, industrial factor andcultural factorwithin the boundary of Islamic traditions and values. Since the paper is conceptual in nature, a quantitative analysis incorporating the factors associated with business performance from the lens of different stakeholders such registered, unregistered Muslim women business owners, as well as managers will further reinforce its value.The comprehensive theoretical framework identified would provide significant insights to policy makers, trade associations and even Muslim women entrepreneurs themselves on what it takesto enhance their business performance.The comprehensive review is perhaps amongst the first to be carried out with theoretical, research and practical implications delineated for researchers and practitioners.

Explaining the Challenges Facing the Development of Entrepreneurial University: The Application of Grounded Theory


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 2561-2568
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.307

An entrepreneurial university is a new approach to improving the quality of higher education systems around the world. However, the lack of a transparent mechanism has prevented Iranian universities from turning into an entrepreneurial university. In this regard, the present study aimed to identify the barriers facing the development of an entrepreneurial university in Islamic Azad University (Science and Research Branch). The statistical population was composed of managers and faculty members of the university, of whom 24 respondents were selected by the snowball sampling method. Using Grounded Theory, the respondents were subjected to in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed by NVivo10 software. In total, 55 codes were extracted in the open-coding step. Finally, eight main concepts were derived through the codifying hierarchy of Grounded Theory according to which the challenges included academic, distance, operational, human, management, strategic, political, and cultural ones. Each concept expresses one aspect of the subject. According to the results, the distance challenge is the most important challenge of the entrepreneurial university development at Islamic Azad University. The paper is concluded with some practical suggestions to facilitate the path to an entrepreneurial university.

Study of the Relationship between Islamic Leadership Model and Tendency towards Entrepreneurship among the Ministry of SAMT Staff


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 82-90
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.010

Nowadays, in order to manage the emerging crises in the organizations and successfully adapt to the changes and evolutions, organizations need to encourage their actors to be creative, innovative, risk-taking, responsible, and ultimately entrepreneurial. According to the thinkers, Islamic leadership, with components such as delegation of authority and responsibility, discipline and seriousness, consultation and decision-making is a key factor to entrepreneurship in the organizations. Therefore, the aim of this research is to study the relationship between Islamic leadership model and tendency towards entrepreneurial among the staff of the SAMT Ministry. The research method is a survey and the statistical population includes 1873 employees, of whom 320 people have been selected as a sample of study based on simple random sampling method. Findings indicate that there is a significant direct correlation between the managers' Islamic leadership model and the tendency of employees towards entrepreneurship. Also, the level of the Islamic leadership model followed by the managers could explain 30% of the changes made by the staff's tendency towards entrepreneurship.

Export of Labor Resources and Development of Human Capital in the Eurasian Integration


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1008-1016
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.135

The market transformations that have taken place in the Kyrgyz economy and the political crises over the past ten years have had a negative impact on the formation of labor and capital market structures. As a result, the Kyrgyz Republic becomes a “donor” of migrants, loses the most active part of the population, which leads to a deepening of socio-economic problems. The article considers the change in the average GDP growth in the EAEU countries over five years, the main indicators of the socio-economic development of the republic, the main indicators of the labor market, internal and external migration, and the structure of the disposable income of the population of the Kyrgyz Republic. The reasons are established and the economic-statistical system and comparative analysis and generalization of problems in the system of vocational education and in the labor market are carried out. This made it possible to identify and ultimately can have a positive impact on improving the socio-economic situation in the Kyrgyz Republic.



Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 2817-2827
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.292

Community-based entrepreneurship is a growing concept in entrepreneurship research, which capitalises on the demand for community participation in any enterprise development. However, there are many misconceptions from the previous researchers regarding the terms’ definition and influencing factors. This paper aims to understand community-based entrepreneurship concepts and add value to the current literature in an academic context. This paper employed secondary data resources from 2010 until 2020. Four scientific databases are selected as an appropriate database, and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) method was employed as the basic method for conducting this review. Based on 14 articles which were reviewed thoroughly and systematically, this paper found the definition of community-based entrepreneurship and summarised two main factors that influenced the success of community-based entrepreneurs. Overall, this systematic review provides a good platform for further research by identifying the research needs in community-based entrepreneurship

A Systematic Review of Entrepreneurial Family: Perspectives and Theoretical


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 4858-4871
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.505

The research on entrepreneurial family business is increasing from the last decades with different perspectives. The entrepreneurial family researches contributed different ways of conceptualizing the entrepreneurial family business based on highly complex literature reviews. Still, this field is emerging, and potential for further research to fill the gaps in different areas. The current research presented a systematic review based on the period of 2010 to 2020 for understanding family business content and theoretical perspective comprehensively. The study findings highlighted how entrepreneurial family business pursues through different conceptualization and theoretical perspectives. A plethora of study is found on family businesses worldwide based on organizational performance, business ownership, corporate governance, business succession and organizational culture. However, few studies corroborated theories to explain the entrepreneurial family business phenomenon. The theories discussed in this review are resource based view theory, agency theory, stewardship theory, multi and meso level theory and sociological theory for describing the entrepreneurial family business. Moreover, the future direction is also given in this study to fill the potential in this field.

Investment directions and principles of entrepreneurial activity development in the regions


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 4046-4050
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.417

The evolutionary development trends of small business and private entrepreneurship has been examined in this article. The directions of theoretical analysis of scientists on the category of entrepreneurship are indicated. Assessment of the conditions created for entrepreneurship and indicators of organizational and economic development are analyzed. The mechanism of ensuring economic and financial balance of entrepreneurship in the regions and regions has been studied. The role of business entities and their activities in investment policy is also studied. The directions of solving the existing problems in the field of entrepreneurship through direct and foreign investments are indicated. The principles are proposed on the basis of investment directions for entrepreneurship.

The Innovational Development In Uzbekistan And Its Pragmatic Essence

Bahodirova Feruza Bahodir qizi

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 1537-1544

In the following article the pragmatical essence of the opportunities and the conditions created for the reforms implemented in the Republic of Uzbekistan which is undergoing rapid changes, the development of small enterprises and businesses, reforms in the sphere of education, discoveries in the scientific and technical spheres are analyzed based on the recent available data.

Essential Aspects for the Development of Women Entrepreneurial Intention in India

Raj Kumar Singh; Bijay Prasad Kushwaha; Vikas Tyagi

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 2326-2339

Every nation is suffering from the problem of unemployment where India is also one of them. The participation of both males and females is important for the economic growth of any nation. India is treated as a masculine nation where women are not given much opportunity to accomplish their dreams. Since the last decade government is working to motivate women to come and stand with the male for the overall growth of a nation. This paper will examine the factors that lead to the creation of entrepreneurial intention in Indian women. The paper will also identify the role and relationship between these factors in entrepreneurial intention building. The convenient sampling technique was adopted to interview 402 women who have started or willing to start their own business. The finding show both internal and external forces are equaling contributing to establishing entrepreneurial intention in Indian women. Environmental factors are having an inverse relationship with external forces which is having a significant relationship among them. Smart PLS 3.0 statistical software has been used to carry out analyses and validation of the suggested framework

Influence of organizational climate on job satisfaction and commitment of employees in innovative small-scale business


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 757-763
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.107

Climate consists of a collection of features that define an organization, differentiate it from other relatively long-term organizations and influence the actions of people in it.. The purpose of this article is to present, by using ability of a model, the determinants of organizational way of life which influence creativity and innovation and to check whether or not a relationship existed between the variables job delight and organizational tradition of personnel within a service organization. The populace is collected from thermal power plant industry, and the data is collected from all levels of management (low, middle, top-level) 200 personnel of which fifty had been excluded from the research because of low levels of literacy.. The relationship between creativity, innovation and way of life is discussed in this context. Against the history of this model, the determinants of organizational culture were identified. The determinants are strategy, structure, support mechanisms, commitment, and job satisfaction, behavior that encourages innovation, organizational climate and open communication. The impact of every determinant on creativity and innovation is discussed. Values, norms and beliefs that play a position in commitment and job satisfaction can both support or inhibit creativity and innovation depending on how they have an effect on character and employees’ performance and behavior. This is additionally defined in this article.

Barriers to climate adaption in farming


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 614-619
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.083

Descriptive research is applied by using a convenience method of sampling with 70 respondents. The data is collected from the farmers. The majority of respondents were both male and female and their majority of age group were less than 35 years. The tools used for the study are mean analysis, frequency analysis, t-test and ANOVA. It is found that farming is the factor influenced by climate and farming has barriers to adapt to the climate. Cultivating expects a fundamental part in the economy of non-modern countries, and gives the essential wellspring of food, pay and work to their common masses. It has gotten logically clear over the last couple of years that the start of both monetary master and system makers regarding the work of cultivation in money related improvement has experienced a huge headway. Around one fourth of the Earth's bound surface is as of now a work in progress with more land changed over to manage creation. Humanity has similarly gotten skilled at raising yields through using inputs like manures, pesticides and common waste products. Anyway in various more shocking countries with low benefit rates and creating masses, agribusiness continues wandering into immaterial and sensitive grounds. It adds to the monetary new development. In light of the public compensation level, similarly as people's lifestyle is improved. 

A Study On Impact Of Digital Marketing In Customer Purchase In Chennai


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 967-973
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.136

The aim of this paper is to study digital marketing in consumer purchase decisions and to find out as to whether the consumers are aware of digital marketing and the digital channels influence in their purchase decision. The study is carried out through surveys from101 respondents. The results of the survey are analyzed using Regression .The findings revealed that customers are aware of digital marketing and shopping goods through digital channels in their purchase behaviour. The study is performed in a particular need to learn to meet global customers where they spend most of their time on the internet. So digital marketing helps you create brand awareness through channels such as social media ,e-mail,website,search engines to get the clear picture about the impact of digital marketing on customer purchase decisions.

A study on analysis of performance appraisal at imind technologies


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 987-991
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.139

The research paper titled Performance  Appraisal : A study on analysis of performance appraisal at IMIND Technologies. The  objective of the study is to find  out various performance appraisal techniques followed and to know the awareness of performance appraisal system,analyse the performance appraisal system practiced in IMind Technologies ,to  know the employees opinion regarding Performance Appraisal system practiced IMind Technologies,  and also to know the important factors influencing the employees in Performance System. Exploratory  research and causal research is used in the study and the sample size of the study is 86.The tools used in the study are mean analysis, frequency analysis, Independent sample T test and ANOVA. It is found that  the performance appraisal system is followed in the organization but it is not outstanding and Also  clear that employees are satisfied with the content of the appraisal system in the relation to their job but the performance appraisal system in organization does not help them in identifying their potential for growth and also employees accept  that  purpose of performance appraisal practiced is for promotional rewards  and for training but here in the organization where the respondents don’t get both monetary and promotional reward.

A study on effective home delivery of commodities by online grocery stores


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 874-880
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.124

This study is all about effective online grocery delivery. Delivery changed into a hassle which affected the ease of online purchasing. However to conquer this many outlets which includes on line outlets in Taiwan introduced in a shop choose up service. This now supposed that clients may want to buy items online and choose them up at a close-by comfort shop, making online purchasing greater fine to clients. In the occasion of a hassle with the object (e.g., the product changed into now no longer what the patron ordered or the product changed into now no longer satisfactory), purchasers are worried with the convenience of returning an object in trade for the suitable product or a refund. Consumers may also want to touch the retailer, go to the publishing workplace and pay to go back shipping, after which await a substitute or refund. Some on line corporations have greater beneficent go back regulations to atone for the conventional benefit of bodily shops. This study takes four companies, for example Flipkart, My Kirana, Big Basket and Grocery Bazaar. This shows how they are doing the online grocery business effectively.

Role of MSME in rural development


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 620-623
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.084

Microfinance moneylenders give little credits to current and hopeful entrepreneurs. These advances help give individuals who might not have the credit or the admittance to conventional financing the chance to procure a higher pay and give occupations to their nearby networks. The measure of microfinance advances differ by loan specialist and can go from $25 up to $2,000. Descriptive research design is adopted to measure the selected topics. The sample size of the study is 46 members of MSME. The study primarily uses primary data. The tools of frequency analysis, mean analysis and ANOVA used in the study to analyse the data.

Process of building a dataset and classification of vark learning styles with machine learning and predictive analytics models


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 903-910
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.128

As there is a rise in the online and customized learning platforms, learning style preferences give us insight into better utilization of educational resources available. VARK learning styles are developed by Fleming and Bonwell on the premises of preferred intake of information by the students. VARK model describes four sensory modalities Visual, Kinesthetic, Read/Write and Auditory respectively for the input. Initially learning styles are calculated using the VARK questionnaire as an instrument. In this case machine learning and predictive analytics can help classify learning style by including all the descriptors including demographic and behavioural. This study will explore the data mining process from the raw data collected from the college students through a questionnaire which is an integral part before the analysis to determine possibility to use different descriptors. This study primarily aims to classify the students based on VARK learning styles based on their sensory modalities and build a predictive model using the variables that can influence the learning styles. This study explored the relationship between demographic factors like school and place people grew up. Results proved to contradict those factors. We concluded that with the growth of big data learning style classification, a blend of model algorithms or stacked algorithms like voting classifier can be used to adapt to a user application.

A study on stress management in HDFC bank in Chennai


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 927-936
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.131

The purpose of the study is to know about the stress management in HDFC Bank. The study focuses on knowing the stress level in the banking sector particularly in HDFC bank. In recent times the employees in the banking sector are facing stress, depression, sleeping disturbance, etc. This is due to inability of employees to cope up with the updating technology, trends and strategies in the banking sector. The emerging new technologies and over use of computers leads to stress for the employees. Not only the wellbeing also the physical wellbeing is affected due to stress. This is an empirical study with descriptive research methodology. Surveys were taken through questionnaires. Totally sixty responses were collected from the employees of HDFC bank. The questionnaire contains nine questions that measure the employee involvement and stress overcome strategies. The software used in this study is SPSS software. The analytical tools used to measure the demographic variables are frequency analysis and the mainstream that relates the research that is analysed by mean analysis, t-test and one way anova test. This research finally concludes that banking sector employees are undergoing stress due to that they are not willing to leave the job instead they are trying to overcome stress with different strategies.

A study on the factors influencing job satisfaction of IT employees


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 959-966
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.135

The main purpose of the study is to work out the factors affecting IT employees' job satisfaction and to seek out the extent of job satisfaction. The study is completed on a descriptive basis, and IT employees collect the first data. The info is collected from 110 respondents on the idea of probability and is analysed with the SPSS tool. Statistical methods Frequency analysis, mean analysis and multivariate analysis were wont to define, tabulate and interpret the info collected. The result revealed that the bulk of respondents were female which the group of but 30 workers is permanent. Interpersonal friendship, personal growth and career advancement features a positive influence on the worker Job satisfaction among the "Pay and benefits" factor."

Employee retention strategies in IT sector – a perceptual survey


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1073-1079
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.151

This study has been conducted to examine Employee Retention Strategy used in the IT sector to retain their employees. Employee Retention refers to the different practices which let the employees retain in an organisation for a longer period of time. Each organisation invests time and cash to prepare a new employee, make him a corporate prepared material and carry him at standard with the current employees. The organisation is totally at loss when the employees give up positions once they are completely prepared. Employee retention considers the different estimates taken with the goal that an individual stays in an organisation for the greatest timeframe. Retention strategies are policies and plans that organisations follow to decrease worker turnover and attrition and guarantee employees are locked in and gainful long haul. The critical test for organizations is guaranteeing a retention methodology lines up with business objectives to guarantee the most extreme degree of profitability. The questionnaire was conducted to gather primary data, and it is directly led from the employees to recognize the elements that make them resolved to serve their current organisation. The findings of the study reveals that the increase in rewards and recognition, good working environment, supervisor support and contribution of increased supervisor support career opportunity has a positive significant impact on Employee Retention in the IT sector.

A study on website quality and its impact on customer satisfaction with reference to ecommerce companies


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 888-895
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.126

Online shopping is a form of electronic commerce which allows consumers to directly buy goods or services from a seller over the Internet using a web browser. Consumers find a product of interest by visiting the website of the retailer directly or by searching among alternative vendors using a shopping search engine, which displays the same product's availability and pricing at different e-retailers. As of 2020, customers can shop online using a range of different computers and devices, including desktop computers, laptops, tablet computers and smartphones. An online shop evokes the physical analogy of buying products or services at a regular "bricks-and-mortar" retailer or shopping center; the process is called business-to-consumer (B2C) online shopping. When an online store is set up to enable businesses to buy from another businesses, the process is called business-to-business (B2B) online shopping. This Study explains how the customer gets satisfied with the quality of online shopping websites. we collected various response from 201 respondents based on the satisfaction with website quality of ecommerce websites.

Retail investors perspectives towards equity investment decision on innovative business


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 743-748
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.105

The aim of this research is on perspective of retail investors towards equity investment decisions in this report its deal with how an individual or retail  investor view of perspective towards  equity investment.Each and every person perspective is different that will based on the situation the investor been through, education status, experience of investors towards stock, there financial positions, families, friends, relationships and lot more will be directly influenced the individual or retail investors perspectives towards the equity investment. But the thing is their perspective may be different based on lot situations but the main motivation or intention of any type of investor is the same that is to get maximum return of the investment made on the equity of the shares. And this paper helps to understand how the investors, that is the individual investors or retail investors, determine equity based on the need of investors and also their perspective among equity. Also this research report states with shares, stock market, NSE, BSE, SEBI, India economy influenced by stock markets and lot more this paper. This paper concluded with the very basic methodology of stock , share, equity of the individual or retail investors perspective in India.

Pandemic impact: challenges faced by entrepreneurs of logistics industry


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 515-520
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.069

Pandemic impact is one of the major causes that has affected and disrupted the flow of the logistics industry. Specifically during the covid-19 days, the industry had been clueless to handle tough times. The main aim of this study is to know the factors that had caused impact on the industry during the Covid times and to identify the main reason behind the struggle in shipping various products on time. Here this study involves a descriptive research method as research design and samples for the finding purpose were collected from 90 respondents along with the help of primary data. The research findings were analysed using tools like frequency analysis, mean analysis, independent t test and ANOVA analysis. It is evident that the major impact reasons were due to shortage of labour, lack of safety measures, shipment difficulties, transport isolation that made the industry to face difficult times.

Workplace incivility and its causes among nurses in andaman and nicobar islands


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 556-563
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.074

Workplace incivility is one of the major concerns in the healthcare industry. The objective of the study is to understand the concept of workplace incivility, to examine the factors causing workplace incivility, to examine the various steps to eliminate workplace incivility, to find out the influence of demographic variables on workplace incivility and to give suggestions to the targets to cope up with workplace incivility. Descriptive, exploratory and casual research methodology is used, the statistical tools used for analysis are frequency analysis, mean analysis and one way ANOVA. The key cause for workplace incivility among nurses was found to be physicians, and none of the demographic variables such as age, gender, and work experience, hospital location, marital status, and qualification affected workplace incivility.

A study on employee training and development in Hyundai organisation – Chennai


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 944-950
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.133

Training and development makes employees more productive. Training and development are becoming big business nowadays and more important for any organization that wants to take advantage of changes, techniques and improvements. The existing workforce is trained to increase their productivity, newly joined employees will also be trained and motivated to contribute their best towards the organization. The employees will be more confident about themselves and passionate about their job. They will adapt to technological changes and innovations more readily. Training and development need assessments, training design and delivery and transfer of training. Growing business environment needs new ideas like updated and strategic training and development to make business grow fast as well , we need to adapt ourselves for the future business environment, making our employees updated will give the best result for the organization. Nowadays many organizations are spending much to train their employees and make them updated. The training program has to be designed perfectly for the employees to achieve long and short term goals of the organization and employees as well. After the training and development program every employee has to be evaluated by their performance and should get their feedback.

Basic principles of the national strategy and action plan for biodiversity conservation


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 55-62
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.006

The national strategy for the conservation of biodiversity in Russia is formulated on the basis of the goals of the strategy formulated as follows, that the conservation of the biodiversity of natural biosystems at a level that ensures their sustainable existence and non-depletion use, this goal was defined as a general direction of movement for the long term and was not limited to any time period. 
Preservation of the diversity of domesticated and cultivated forms of living organisms and man-made ecologically balanced natural and cultural complexes at a level that ensures the development of an effective economy and the formation of an optimal environment for human life.
At the same time, the conservation of biodiversity meant a set of active actions aimed at achieving the goal of the strategy and including both direct measures for the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of biodiversity, and the application of the socio-economic mechanisms described in the strategy that determine the impact on biodiversity of various population groups and business structures.