Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Keywords : IoT


Pallavi C.V.; S. Usha; S. Balaji; Harshvardhan Tiwari

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1893-1908
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.237

We are into the era where each individual, each device and each object is getting connected through the magical technology called “The Internet of things” on a scale that is inconceivable and it has turned out to be the popular innovation in the present situation. IoT empowers us to detect the physical medium to get to the information and transmit it by using the proper communication technology by interconnecting the detecting medium and the applications. IoT has numerous applications in every domain. Agriculture is one such domain. In this paper, we will look at farming applications from an IoT point of view and how fundamentally the impact of IoT can change the manner in which we do farming. Before structuring any of the IoT applications, it is especially required to have a short comprehension of the compositional perspective on the IoT architecture. In this paper, we have tried to explain diverse IoT architectures. Then towards the end, we have discussed an architecture that is appropriate unique for agriculture. We have, likewise, examined the interfacing technologies, challenges and applications for agricultureas considered from the IoT perspective.


Avinash C M; Girish M; Abhishek V; Manjunath S; Shashi Kumar R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1725-1730
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.222

Today’s world, the scarcity and usage of water is increasing day by day, it is very much important to conserve water for the future generation. The water requirement is very much needful for irrigation system and at a same time, proper management of water is also very much important with the available sources. Therefore a smart system is essential to manage the same. These papers present a smart system developed for irrigation system using IoT (internet of things). The main purpose of this system is to periodically monitor the soil’s moisture, humidity and temperature levels which are very much required for the crops, based on requirements, the water supply is pumped to the field and at the same time the farmer will receive the real time information to farmer's smart phone


P. Ramkumar; R. Uma; R. Valarmathi

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1826-1833
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.232

Agriculture is very significant for India. Since, the people of India mostly depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Farming has seen a number of technological transformations in the last decades, becoming more industrialized and technology-driven. By using various smart agriculture gadgets, farmers have gained better control over the process of raising livestock and growing crops, making it more predictable and efficient. Incumbently a technology play an indispensible role for the development of this agricultural country and farming is also solemnly depends on water. Water irrigation is one of the methods to supply water in their farms but in some occasion it might be wasted. The traditional water irrigation system is very difficult due to the scarcity of water which is primarily caused by rapid growth of population and climate. Internet of Things (IoT) is a new methodology to empower the modernization of agriculture. Since through automation Iot can make agriculture and all sorts of farming process in an efficient way by reducing human interventions. So, due to this, it is proposed a novel method called automation of water irrigation system using IoT to save water and time. In this novel approach it is planned to use various sensors such as temperature, humidity, soil moisture sensors to measure the different parameters of the soil based on the value of soil moisture will get automatically make the motor status as on or off stage. With respect to these sensed parameters and the status of the motor will be displayed on mobile. Monitoring and collecting data for soil moisture, temperature, humidity and sunlight intensity across multiple fields will improve efficiency of water usage and crop yield of large and local farms and also when the soil in agricultural land becomes dry by using this method the pump will automatically start the flow of water for irrigation. Sensors are deployed on the farms to monitor the status of crops according to the climate changes in light, humidity, temperature, shape and size. Any deviation is identified by the sensors then the status of the crop will be displayed on the farmer’s smart phone.

Informal E-waste Collection Units and Intention of using Technology

Ms. Anusree P.S.; Dr. P. Balasubramanian

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 2501-2513
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.259

Technological advancement and resultant proliferation of electronic dumps has immensely hampered health and environment. Authorities in developed and developing countries, find it difficult to control the exponentially growing e-waste menace and the toxic dangers associated with it. However, internet communications and technologies have transformed the way e-waste management scenario is looked upon. Advanced technologies including cloud computing, Internet of Things and Big Data has created new dimensions in management by opening opportunities that are convenient and easily accessible. These have made management activities including collection, transportation, recycling and reuse of electronic equipments with stakeholders much easier. This paper utilized behavioral scales in analyzing the perspective of informal e-waste colleciton units in using technology forcollection activities.

Development Management Through The Use Of The Internet Of Things In Waste With An Emphasis On Smart Cities

Alireza movaseghi

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 3110-3120

With the development of the Internet of Things (IoT), waste management has emerged as a serious issue. Waste management is a day-to-day task in urban areas that requires a large workforce and affects the natural, budgetary, efficiency and social aspects. Lays; There are many methods for optimizing waste management such as using the nearest neighbor search, colony optimization, genetic algorithm and particle swarm optimization methods, however, the results are still very vague and cannot be found in real systems, such as universities Or cities, to be used, IoT-based citizens' waste management applications make urban waste management practices more sustainable, optimizing waste collection routes based on the amount of garbage filled by sensors is one of the most effective applications. Finally, waste recycling management requires deeper cooperation between the public and private sectors; in this article, while examining waste management with the IoT approach, the importance of this issue is examined and, of course, suggestions are made for metropolitan areas.

A Precarious Study of network propagation delay in Blockchain Technology

Summiya A Pathan; Dr. Yogesh Kumar Sharma

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 332-341

This paper analyses the Bitcoinblockchain selfish-mine strategy. A colluding group of miners could use this tactic to earn more than their fair share of mining profits and thereby forcefully join other honest men in decreasing the variance of their revenues and making their revenues more stable for months. It is a very dangerous dynamic that could enable the disbelieving mining body, accumulating news adherents' forces and manipulating the entire network, to enter the majority. Given that information spread between two miners in the network is not negligible and is accompanied by a normally distributed midway distribution proportional to the physical gap between the two miners, and by a permanent variance, regardless of other people's delays, we show that the success or failure of the attack on the selfish mines can not be assured due to uncertainty.