Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Keywords : malocclusion

Association of Vertical Growth Pattern with Various Malocclusions Among Subjects Reporting to An Institutional Set Up


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 409-417
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.051

Facial vertical growth pattern plays an important role in achieving facial balance as well as response to orthodontic treatment. Variation in growth pattern ,function of soft tissue and jaw musculature has an impact on dentoalveolar tissues thus influencing the pattern of malocclusion.  The present study aims to identify the vertical growth patterns and its association with different malocclusion. A retrospective study was conducted using the case records of patients in a private University hospital between June 2019 to March 2020. The sample size consisted of a total of 225 patients  based on malocclusion (class I -75 , class II - 75, Class III  -75) whose data on age, gender, skeletal growth pattern  were recorded.  Frequency distribution and chi-square tests were applied for statistical analysis in SPSS 20.0. The study results showed that there is a statistically significant association between type of malocclusion and vertical growth pattern (p=0.026) vertical growth pattern was common in  class II malocclusion. Also there was no statistically significant difference between vertical growth pattern and age (p= 0.524), gender (p=0.178).Hence it can be concluded that vertical growth pattern is not associated with age, gender but in subjects with class II malocclusion vertical growth pattern is more common than in other malocclusions.

Need for Orthodontic Treatment Among Adults with Generalized Chronic Periodontitis

Nurul Syamimi binti Mohd Azlan Sunil; Ravindra Kumar Jain M.D.S; Revathi Duraisamy M.D.S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 418-426
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.052

One of the most common etiologic factors of periodontitis is malocclusion. Malocclusion as an etiologic factor to periodontitis is due to certain morphological traits of malocclusion which impede and prevent oral hygiene and self cleaning, which then leads to increased bacterial dental plaque accumulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the need for orthodontic treatment among adults suffering from chronic periodontitis. This study included adults, both males and females who reported to Saveetha Dental College between June 2019 to March 2020. Inclusion criteria included adult patients between 18 to 40 years with chronic periodontitis. Patients outside  the age range were excluded from the study. Around 86000 patient records were reviewed and analysed for the inclusion criteria and the following parameters were extracted; (i) patients’ gender, (ii) patient’s diet and (iii) presence of habits and (iv) orthodontic treatment need. Need for orthodontic treatment was measured using Dental Health Components of Orthodontic Treatment Need (DCH-IOTN). Data was recorded in Microsoft Office Excel (2013) and analysed using SPSS Software Version 26.0. Chi-square test was done to find out the association in need for orthodontic treatment between variables such as patient’s gender, diet and presence of habits. Significant level test was set at p<0.05. A total of 149 patients presented with chronic periodontitis and 63.4% of these patients needed orthodontic treatment (37.9% with need for orthodontic treatment and 25.5% with borderline need). 65.9% females and 62.4% males needed treatment. 96.1% of patients who presented with habits need orthodontic treatment. No statistically significant association was observed in gender and diet (p>0.05). Statistically significant association was found between patients with and without habits (p<0.05). Within the limits of this study, it was observed that the majority of patients with chronic periodontitis needed orthodontic treatment and treatment need was more common in females. Majority of patients with habits needed orthodontic treatment.

Prevalence and Gender Distribution of Lower Arch Crowding - A Retrospective study


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 600-606
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.074

Malocclusion is an irregularity or malalignment of teeth. Malocclusion can be either skeletal or dental. Several reasons exist that can result in the malocclusion, of which the most common is the tooth size arch length discrepancy. When the arch development is within the expected size or the size of the tooth is abnormally large, it can result in the crowding. Several other reasons have also been attributed with lower arch crowding. This study was done to assess the prevalence and gender distribution in patients with lower arch crowding. This study was carried out in an institutional setting. Data were collected regarding the lower arch crowding in the population and tabulated in the excel and transferred to statistical software SPSS. Descriptive statistics and chi square tests were done. Out of the total population (41545) , 5602 of them had lower arch crowding either alone or in combination with other malocclusion. Among those with lower arch crowding, 3067 of the males had only crowding and 293 had crowding in association with other malocclusion, whereas 1951 of the females had only lower arch crowding and 291 of them had crowding in association with other malocclusions. From the present study, we can conclude that the prevalence of crowding is relatively high(13.48%) compared to any other malocclusion. Higher male predilection in the study sample and more number of cases with crowding as the only malocclusion was also noted. Gender and age association showed a significant association with more numbers of males especially in the age group of 19-35 years in the study population had crowding.

Retrospective Study on School Children with Deleterious Oral Habits


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 3875-3883
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.395

Oral habits are repetitive behaviour in the oral cavity that results in malalignment of the dentofacial structure and they include digit sucking ,lip sucking, lip biting, nail-biting , bruxism, self- injurious habits, mouth breathing and tongue thrusting.This study was taken to assess the prevalence of deleterious oral habits among school children.A Sample size of 6200 patients under 3 to 15 years of age were taken into study. Their case records were reviewed and retrieved from patients reported to a private Dental Hospital, India. Details regarding their demographic information and presence or absence of oral habits were collected. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS ( version 26.0) .Prevalence rate among school children  with deleterious oral habits was evaluated.Overall 27 % of the school going children had deleterious oral habits.Nail biting (28.52 %) habit was most commonly seen followed by thumb sucking habit ( 19.39 %) , Mouth breathing habit (19.01 %), Tongue Thrusting habit (17.87 %) and Lip biting habit (15.21 %).Higher prevalence of these oral habits among children were seen in this study population.This highlighted the need for preventive orthodontic treatment at an early age of life, so that future occurrence of malocclusion can be avoided.

Prevalence of Malocclusion and Its Relationship with Deleterious Oral Habits Among 18-25 Years Old Adults Attending A Private Dental College- A Hospital Based Cross Sectional Study


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 487-497
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.060

Abnormal oral habit could alter a normal growth of oro-facial structure and alo related to malocclusion which is caused by various reasons such as unusual repetitive behaviours in oral cavity To evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion and its association with deleterious oral habits in adults from 18-25 years old. The present cross-sectional study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion and its association with deleterious oral habits in adults, from 18-25years old in south Indian population. Case sheets of 158 patients were evaluated for adverse oral habits and malocclusion. The collected information from the case sheet of the patients was entered in Microsoft Excel 2012.Descriptive statistics were expressed by means of frequency and percentage and Chi-square test was used to find the association between Independent variables (Age and Gender) and Deleterious Oral Habits. Level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Total sample size n=158,out of which patients with biting habits-52.91%,Tongue thrusting-25.58%,Mouth breathing-15.82%,Lip biting-8.86%,Thumb sucking-6.33%,biting and lip biting-3.80%,Tongue thrusting and lip biting-3.80%,Thumb sucking biting, Thumb sucking and  mouth breathing-0.63%. In conclusion, the majority of the study population had a biting habit and Angle’s class I malocclusion and also found  that there was no relationship between Malocclusion and deleterious oral habits among the study subjects enrolled in the present study. 

Evaluation of Facial Profile and Dental Caries Among Patients Attending Private Dental College in Chennai- Observational Study


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 3884-3892
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.396

There are conflicting opinions about the contribution of malocclusion and facial forms to the development of dental caries. This study aims to determine the association between facial profile and dental caries among patients attending private dental college. A retrospective study was conducted using  4645 case records of patients attending private dental college from July 2019- March 2020 .Facial profile was estimated by lateral view of photographs taken during diagnostic examination. Dental caries were assessed using DMFT index(decayed, missing, filling) and count of decayed teeth(dt) alone separately taken for analysis. Data analysis was done. Descriptive statistics and chi-square association was done. About 74.45% of participants have straight profiles followed by 16.34% and 8.93% have convex and concave profile respectively.  48% have a medium score of DMFT(7-15) followed by 47.16% have a low score of DMFT(0-6). No statistically significant association between facial profile and dental caries (p = 0.170) on chi-square association was found. In conclusion, no relationship between facial profile and dental status is found among the patients attending private dental college in Chennai.

Importance of Dental Aesthetics Among Young Adults - A Survey


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1283-1295
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.176

Smiling is one of the important factors of life that creates an impression on a person. Being dentally aesthetic and physically well presentable boosts your confidence on a higher level. Yet this might be affected by certain habits during the growth of permanent teeth. Prevalence of malocclusion and misalignment is higher in adolescent children, thereby the confidence might get hit. The aim of this study is to see how much importance is given to dental aesthetics by young adults. The study subjects were 165 young adults aged 12-20 years, where they answered a questionnaire of 11 questions dealing with dental aesthetics and its psychological impact. Statistical  analysis (Chi-square) was run on the data collected using SPSS software version 23. The results showed that even in such a competitive world to stand out from the crowd most people still chose to flaunt their flaws and lead a happy life and be successful. The results of the survey showed that there is no significant relationship between misalignment and mental wellness on the respondents. It also showed that the respondents did not find any impact in their professional or personal success due to the incidence of misalignment.   The future scope of this study is that it would create awareness among people on the effect of dental aesthetics on a person and change the behavior/ way of treating people.