Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Keywords : Age


ASSOCIATION OF GENDER AND TOOTH LOSS DUE TO DENTAL CARIES - A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

A.ASHWATHA PRATHA; ARTHI BALASUBRAMANIAM; RAVINDRA KUMAR JAIN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 3328-3335
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.340

The retention or loss of permanent teeth is of central importance to an individual's oral health status and to qualify for life. Prevalence of tooth loss and dental caries has been documented more among women than in men in many parts of the world. Smoking habits more performed by men had increased chance of development of dental caries progressively leading to tooth loss. Thus this study aimed to find association of gender and tooth loss. This retrospective study was conducted using records of patients visited private Dental College. A total of 644 consecutive case records of patient age ranging from 20-90 years were retrieved. Data on the number of missing teeth due to caries from their records were entered and subjected to statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics was done to present the prevalence of missing teeth. Chi-square association was performed to find the association. Among the patients 53.88% males and 38.04% females had one tooth loss due to caries. About 0.93% of patients in age group 41-60 years, 0.78% in age group 20-40 years had four missing teeth due to caries. A significant association exists between age groups and missing teeth due to caries (p<0.05) whereas no significant association was observed between gender and missing teeth due to caries. Within the limits of the study, prevalence of tooth loss due to caries is higher in males compared to females with insignificant association.

Association Between Age and Gender of Patients Underwent Tooth Whitening procedure

YASHILA PERIYASAMY; DEEPAK SELVAM; SUBHASHINI CHANDRASEKAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 571-579
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.070

Tooth whitening has become one of the most frequently requested dental procedures by the public and the public has come to demand more whiter teeth, and a perfect smile. These include home-based products such as toothpastes, gels, and in-office based highly concentrated bleaching agents are applied under professional supervision. The profession and public have been aware of certain risks related to tooth whitening such as increased tooth sensitivity and gingival irritation. New research has shown that there are other risks such as tooth surface roughening, increased potential for demineralization, degradation of dental restorations, and unacceptable color change of dental restorations. The research is also focused on optimizing whitening procedures to reduce tooth sensitivity and to increase the persistence of the whitening. The aim of the study is to find the association between age and gender of patients undergoing tooth whitening. A total of 89000 cases were reviewed between June 2019 to March 2020 for teeth whitening procedure. A sample size of 30 case sheets were reviewed and data was analysed using SPSS software. The results were represented in the form of graphs. Chi Square was done to find the association between age and gender of patients who had undergone tooth whitening procedure and association was found to be statistically not significant (p>0.05). However there the association between the age and gender of the patient and type of bleaching procedure was found to be statistically significant (p<0.05). There are various treatment modalities available for tooth whitening. Dentists should educate patients about the benefits and risks of different whitening methods based on the current research and to suggest the best treatment option based on a correct diagnosis.

Association Of Age And Gender Of Patients Who Underwent Amalgam Restoration In Maxillary Second Premolar With Class 1 Dental Caries

A.SHAMAA ANJUM; DELPHINE PRISCILLA ANTONY S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 3355-3362
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.343

Dental restoration restores the parts of the tooth structure and missing teeth. An economic, stable and aesthetic restorative material for posterior teeth as an alternative to silver amalgam has long eluded the dental profession. It has been used for more than 150 years and constitutes approximately 75% of all restorative materials used by dentists. Both composite and amalgam are considered to be suitable direct filling materials for restoring class 1 and 2 cavities. Nowadays, the use of amalgam is reducing and gradually composite resin is expected to replace it in near future. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the association of age and gender of patients who underwent amalgam restoration in maxillary second premolar with class 1 cavity.
This is a descriptive study which was performed under a university setting in the year 2020. The data of patients who underwent amalgam restoration in the second maxillary premolars from June 2019 to March 2020 was collected by reviewing patients records and analysing data of 86000 patients. The collected data was compiled , reviewed, tabulated and entered in SPSS software for statistical analysis. The study showed a female predilection (64%) and class 1 amalgam restoration in maxillary second premolar were common in patients of 34 years of age. There is no significance of age and gender. Within the limits of the study , it is evident that class 1 amalgam restorations in the maxillary second premolars were more common among the patients of 34 years of age and prevalent among the females. The study also showed that  males of 41 years of age and females of 34 years of age were commonly found to have class 1 amalgam restoration in maxillary second premolars. Chi square test was done and  Pearson chi square value was found to be p=0.462; hence statistically not significant (p>0.05).

Association of age and gender distribution of patient undergoing class ii inlay

KAUSALYAH KRISNA MALAY; DEEPAK SELVAM; JAYANTH KUMAR VADIVEL

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 2565-2571
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.266

Inlay restorations are one of the intracoronal restorations which is used commonly in dentistry in this era. Inlay restorations are known to be highly retentive compared to composite restorations in restorative procedures. This study was aimed to evaluate the gender prevalence and age distribution among patients undergoing class II inlay restorations who visited saveetha dental college in Chennai. From the record of 86000 cases (June 2019 - April 2020), all cases of class II inlay restorations were used for data analysis. A total of 40 case sheets were retrieved and cross checked for patients age and gender. The collected data was analysed through SPSS 2.0. Pearson correlation test was used for age and gender distribution for patients undergoing class II inlay restoration and Chi square test was done to evaluate the significance between the variables. Results were recorded. The highest age distribution was seen in 34-41 years old (frequency 35.5%) lowest age range for underwent class II inlay restoration was 58-65 years old (frequency 2.5%). The gender distribution showed predominantly male with a frequency of 67.5% (27 patients out of 40 in total), whereas female patients were only 32.5% who had undergone this treatment.Within the limitation of present study, it is concluded that in Saveetha Dental College, statistically no significant difference was seen in age and gender of the patients undergoing class II inlay restoration.

The age of first dental visit -A retrospective study

R.KEERTHANA ,; JESSY P; MANJARI CHAUDHARY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 2688-2696
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.282

Early regular dental care is an important step that every parent should be aware.The first dental visit should be shortly after the child’s first tooth erupts and not longer after one year. The study was aimed to assess the age of the first dental visit of a child. Data were collected retrospectively from the dental records of saveetha dental college in India. Only children attending their first dental visits with no previous dental experience were included in the study. Descriptive statistics, cross-tabulation analysis, and chi-squared tests were done.The results concluded that about 53% of the first dental visit was found to be 11-18 years of age with male children being addressed  more. Parental compliance with the standard age for initial dental visitation recommended by the major dental academies is lacking.

Association of Geographic location and Dental Caries - A Retrospective Study

A.ASHWATHA PRATHA; ARTHI BALASUBRAMANIAM; RAVINDRA KUMAR JAIN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 2643-2650
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.276

Dental caries is one of the most common global health problems today. Geographic variation in terms of culture and ethnicity plays an important role in oral health practices, which in turn contributes to major oral health diseases such as dental caries and periodontitis.This study was aimed to find the association between geographic location and dental caries.This retrospective study was conducted using records of patients visited private Dental College. A total of 150 consecutive case records of patient age ranging from 15-90 years were retrieved. Data on the number of “D” component of Decayed, Missing and Filled teeth Index from their records were entered and subjected to statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics was done to present the proportion of decayed teeth. Chi-square association  was performed to find the association. A minimum of one to five decayed teeth was present in 32.67% of rural patients and 50% of urban patients. Seven to ten decayed teeth was more prevalent (16%) in rural patients and less prevalent (0.67%) in urban patients. A maximum of eleven to fifteen decayed teeth was seen only in rural patients. A statistical significant association was found between geographic location and dental caries (p=0.000). This necessitates to provide oral health awareness on food habits among people in the rural population.

Age and Gender Wise Prevalence Of Dental Caries Among Children - A Retrospective Analysis

HENA MARIAM FATHIMA; MAHESH RAMAKRISHNAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 3284-3293
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.335

Dental caries is a chronic disease with multifactorial etiology, with variable pathogenesis and is the most prevalent unmet health care need in children. The aim of the study is to evaluate the age and gender wise prevalence of dental caries among children. A retrospective study was carried out among children reported to a private Dental University from June 2019-March 2020. Patient records were collected and evaluated independently by calibrated examiners. Patients in the age group of 6-16 years were selected for the study. A total of 217 patients met the inclusion criteria and were eligible for the study.The mean DMFT/dmft score was found to be 3.78. Chi square analysis showed no statistically significant result between gender and DMFT/dmft score, since p value >0.05. Males were more affected than females. It can be concluded that caries prevalence and mean DMFT/dmft was found to be higher in males and  in the age group of 6-8 years specifically.

Age and gender distribution of community periodontal index of treatment needs - a record-based study

LALITHA RANI CHELLAPPA; L. LEELAVATHI; P. JAYASHRI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 2324-2335
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.243

Gingivitis and periodontitis are two main periodontal diseases in which gingivitis is reversible and periodontitis is irreversible. Pocket depth and loss of attachment can distinguish gingivitis and  periodontitis. Their distribution with age and gender and association is still a controversy. Aim of the study was to analyse the distribution of community periodontal health and its treatment needs among patients attending a private dental college in Chennai.CPITN  index was used to measure the CPI scores and treatment needs of individual indexed teeth.This study included all CPITN index patient records from 18- 80 years old who visited from August 2019- March 2020 and a  total of 112 records were reviewed. Descriptive statistics and chi square tests were used for statistical analysis.Gender distribution of the records showed that among 112 records 72.32% were males and 29.68 % were females. Bleeding (38.24%) was the most prevalent CPI score  among the study population. Improvement of oral hygiene and scaling (44.04%) was commonly found treatment needs. Significant association was found between age and treatment needs of most of the index teeth . There was no significant association found between gender and CPI score or Treatment Needs of the index teeth. In the age group of 18 - 35 years, bleeding was found to be more prevalent; calculus was found to be more prevalent in the age groups 36-50 years and 51-80 years. Improvement of personal oral hygiene and scaling was the most prevalent treatment needs among all the age groups. Calculus was observed more prevalent among males and bleeding was common among females.  Improvement of personal oral hygiene and scaling was the most prevalent  treatment needs among both males and females.

Association of Irreversible Pulpitis and Multi Visit Root Canal Treatment.

NIVETHA G; ANJANEYULU K; ARVIND S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 2617-2624
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.273

Irreversible pulpitis is a persistent inflammatory condition of pulp caused by noxious stimuli. It may be symptomatic or asymptomatic. Multi visit root canal treatment is safer and commonly used method which is given 2 to 3 appointments and this method reduces error and infection. The aim of this study is to find out the association of  multi root canal treatment in irreversible pulpitis patients visiting Saveetha Dental College. A retrospective study was carried out in University in Chennai between July 2019-March 2020.The data were collected from patients records analysed from the data of 86000 patients between June 2019-March 2020 . The data were entered in an Excel sheet and subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS software.A chi square test was done between age and gender, age and number of visits,gender and number of visits and teeth number and number of visits. The results were formulated in tables and graphs. The results showed that a total of 5366 patients were diagnosed with irreversible pulpitis of which 3037 patients underwent multi visit root canal treatment. .The study concludes that mandibular first molars were highly affected with irreversible pulpitis and underwent multi root canal treatment .

Influence of Age on Oral Hygiene Status in Out patients Attending a Private Dental Institution - A Retrospective Study

FAAZILA FATHIMA; L. LEELAVATHI; SENTHIL MURUGAN P

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 273-280
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.034

Effective and efficient oral hygiene practices are essential tools for achieving good oral health. Even though the value of good oral hygiene practices has increased over the years, many studies state that poor oral hygiene levels is still highly prevalent. Preventive strategies, both at individual and population level will help to reduce the negative impact of oral hygiene on oral and general health. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between age and oral hygiene among outpatients who reported to a private dental college and hospital. It is a university setting study. About 7987 adult patients who reported to the dental college were included in the study. The data of the oral hygiene index simplified (OHIS) of these patients were collected from patient records. The data was entered in excel and imported to SPSS software for statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square test was used for analyzing the data. From the results, it was observed that as age increased OHIS score also increased. OHIS score of good was prevalent in 38.2% of the study population, fair OHIS score in 56.4% and poor OHIS score in 5.4% of the outpatients. Fair OHIS(56.4%) score was the most prevalent among the study population. Age wise comparison of OHIS score revealed that  fair  and poor  OHIS scores was most prevalent among outpatients above 55 years old and this was found to be statistically significant. This study concludes that poor OHIS scores was more prevalent among study participants above 55 years when compared to other age groups.

Age and Gender Predilection of Oral Submucous Fibrosis in An Outpatient Population of a Dental College- A Retrospective Study

K. THIRUMAGAL; GHEENA. S; RAVINDRA KUMAR JAIN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 2996-3003
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.307

Oral sub mucous fibrosis (OSMF) is an oral precancerous condition. It is a chronic debilitating  and crippling condition of the oral mucosa classified as a potentially malignant disorder. The inflammation and the progression  of fibrosis will result in rigidity and trismus. The etiology of OSMF includes tobacco, areca nut chewing, excessive use of chillies and lime in diet, immunological disorders, collagen disorder and nutritional deficiencies. The symptoms are trismus that is reduced mouth opening, oral pain, burning sensation, hearing loss and change of gustatory sensation.  A retrospective study was planned with data collection from June 2019 to March 2020 in a university setup. We reviewed the patients records and analysed the data of 86000 patients.The data report includes patient details like gender, age and diagnosis. The records were manually verified by 2 reviewers and the data was tabulated in the Excel sheet followed by statistical analysis using SPSS software (Statistical Product and Service Solutions) in IBM and chi-square tests were performed. Total subject population was 191 in the age range of 11-70 years, males with OSMF were 86(45.0%) and females with OSMF were 7 (3.6%),the  majority of patients 26(13.6%) with OSMF were in the 31-40 years age grp. Within the limitations of the study, it can be concluded that male have higher predilection to OSMF when compared with females and the most common age group affected by OSMF was in the age range of (31-40) years.

Comparison Of Dental Caries Experience Among 35-40 Year Old Population Using Dmft And Dmfs Index - An Institution Based Cross Sectional Study

SUBASHRI. A; SOWMYA. K; DHANRAJ GANAPATHY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 3251-3260
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.331

In recent years, there is much higher prevalence and severity of dental caries. Even the countries which had low incidence of dental caries have been experiencing an increase in the prevalence of caries. Patterns of dental caries  distribution have also been changed over the years with a small group of people representing the high-risk minority. Therefore a more detailed epidemiological study on prevalence of dental caries is required. The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence and compare dental caries of 35 to 40 year old population visiting a private dental college using DMFT and DMFS indexes. A total of 954 who visited Saveetha dental college from the period of June 2019 to March 2020 were included in the study. Demographic details were collected. The caries experience of the 35 to 40 year old population was evaluated using the DMFT and DMFS indexes. Data was analysed using IBM SPSS Software Version 20.0. Independent t test was used to compare the mean DMFT and DMFS score with age and gender respectively. The results revealed that the mean DMFT score in females (7.99±0.19) was more than males (6.47±0.16) and this was highly significant (p value- 0.00). Mean DMFS score was also higher in females (24.11± 0.74) than males and this was also highly significant (p value-0.00). Females were found to be more prone to dental caries with high prevalence found among the 38-40 years age group with respect to both DMFT and DMFS scores. More awareness must be created among the population about the incidence of caries and early restorative procedures to prevent further loss.

Association of age and caries experience among adult population - An institutional study

VAISHNAVI SIVAKALI SUBRAMANIAN; L. LEELAVATHI; ARAVIND KUMAR S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 3418-3426
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.350

Oral health is closely related with general health and people’s quality of life, through affecting their oral functions and social interactions. Dental caries  are the major concerns among oral health.The aim of the study is to assess caries experience based on Decayed Missing Filled Teeth Index (DMFT) index among adults patients visiting a private dental college in Chennai. DMFT index was used to evaluate the caries experience. Patient case sheets were reviewed, index scores and age of the patients were collected . 4567 patients were selected for the study and tabulated in excel sheet and statistically analysed using SPSS. Frequency distribution was done using descriptive statistics and Chisquare test was used to analyse the association of caries experience with different age groups. In this study, it was observed that 18-35 year old patients were most prevalent  (47.7%) and DMFT scores ranging from 0-7 were maximum with 58.2%. Within the limits of the study, results of the study showed that DMFT score of more than 8 suggesting higher caries experience was prevalent in study participants above 55 years of age. DMFT score of 0-7 was the most prevalent score among 18-35 years and 36-55 years.

Analysis of site of perforation during access preparation - a retrospective study

PRIADARSINI T; SOWMYA K; DHANRAJ GANAPATHY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 212-218
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.026

Perforation results in communication between the root canal walls and the periodontal space. It is commonly caused by operative procedural accidents or due to extensive caries, external and internal inflammatory root resorption . Perforations during a root canal treatment may increase the risk of failure for the involved tooth. The prognosis of a perforated tooth depends on factors like location and the size of the perforation, potential microbial colonization of the endodontic system, the time lapse between the occurrence of the perforation and repair, and the type of filling material used. For the long-term success of the root canal system, it is essential to emphasize disinfection and sterilization at the perforation site and the remaining root canal system. Nonsurgical management is possible with predictable prognosis if the right treatment is planned and executed.The aim of this study was to find the association of age, gender and tooth arch with the site of perforation during access cavity preparation. The data was collected from patients visiting Saveetha dental College for treatment. Totally 41 perforations were identified and treated completely. The data was entered in excel sheet and exported to IBM SPSS software version 20.0 and statistical analysis done. The number of perforations were higher in females and in the age group above 40 years, however no significant association was found for site of perforation with age and gender. Number of coronal perforations were more than furcal perforation and this association between tooth arch and site of perforation was found to be statistically significant (P value- 0.006 < 0.05; Chi square test). Proper knowledge of anatomy and principles of access cavity is essential to prevent these iatrogenic errors.

Age and Gender Predilection of Mesiodens- A Retrospective Study

SWETAA. A; DR.GHEENA S; DR.JESSY P

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1256-1263
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.173

Mesiodens is a supernumerary tooth which is placed in the midline between two central incisors or the position may change according to the individuals. Supernumerary teeth are a developmental disturbance occurring during odontogenesis resulting in the formation of the teeth in the excess of normal numbers. The aim of the study is to assess age and gender predilection of mesiodens among the general population. Retrospective analysis of all cases with a diagnosis of mesiodens. A total of 61 case sheets were reviewed from patient records. Tabulated in excel sheet. Imported to SPSS Version 20.O. Descriptive analyses were reported. The p value is not significant, in spite of the association presence of mesiodens in male population compared to female, hence the study should be done with a larger sample size.

Aesthetic Surgical Procedures- Is It A Matter of Age?

SHIVANGI GAUR; MADHULAXMI M; HEMAVATHY O R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1666-1679
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.213

Face is the seat of an individual’s identity. Hence treatment plan and execution of corrective esthetic surgeries are challenging. The average age at which patients become self-aware of dentofacial deformities and seek professional help is usually in the second decade of life when they begin to develop a sense of individualistic identity to integrate into the society. However, it is observed that individuals in the older age groups are seeking treatment for correction of dentofacial deformities. The aim of this study was to identify the age at which individuals report for orthognathic surgery. For the purpose of this study, data collection was done retrospectively from the hospital archives for patients undergoing orthognathic surgery during a period of ten months from June 2019 to March 2020. In our study it was observed that despite differences in chief complaints, 54.17% females and 45.83% males seek jaw corrective procedures. Though the association between age of patients and osteotomy procedure was not of statistical significance (p=0.470 > 0.05), there was a substantial increase in those seeking treatment in the fourth decade of life (16.67%) implying a marked clinical significance. This increase is due to the multidisciplinary team involved in functional rehabilitation of patients in this age group.

Prevalence of Diabetes in Completely Edentulous Patients - A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Teaching Hospital Based Study

PRABHAV KUMAR IYER; DR.MARIAN ANAND BENNIS; DR SARVANA DINESH S.P

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1546-1553
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.201

Diabetes is one of the most common systemic conditions seen in middle-aged and elderly people in India. It has severe health and lifestyle complications which have a negative impact on the health of the individual, one of them being poor oral health. Numerous studies have shown the correlation between diabetes and periodontal diseases. However, very few studies show a relation between diabetes and edentulism[partial and complete]. The aim of this study was to find a correlation between diabetes and complete edentulism in a teaching hospital-based study. A retrospective descriptive study was conducted using the patient records from June 2019-March 2020 and patients who were diabetic and completely edentulous at the time of the visit at a university dental hospital in Chennai were analyzed. Out of the 62 patients, the age group most commonly associated with complete edentulism was 51-70 years[69.35%] followed by 71+ age groups[17.17%]. The population showed an equal ratio of male to female patients. The most common period of edentulism in the 51-70 age group was 36 months. The same in the 30-50 age group was 3 months and in the 71+ age group, it was 12 months. Only 4.8% of the patients were smokers. The most common group with complete edentulism was found to be males between the age of 50-70 who had no other systemic conditions except for diabetes and had their period of edentulism to be 36 months with a prevalence of 11.2%. The study found a significant association between diabetes and duration of edentulism(p=0.012). The limitations to the study are that other factors which might influence edentulism such as stress and socioeconomic status of the patient were not considered. The results might vary if a larger population with a greater geographic diversity will be studied. This study showed an association between diabetes and complete edentulism