Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Keywords : Innovative


Comparison of Treatment Time of Initial Alignment Between Self Ligating and Conventional System

NILESH SURESH; NAVEEN KUMAR M

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 808-816
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.099

There are various types of brackets available in orthodontics. This retrospective study investigated the difference in clinical efficiency between Damon Q self-ligating brackets (SLB) compared with MBT conventional ligating brackets (CLBs) during tooth alignment in straightwire fixed appliance therapy. Twenty patients (8 males and 12 females), aged between 12 and 25 years, were randomly divided into two groups: 9 patients received the SLB and 11 received the CLB. Upper arch impressions were taken for pre-treatment records (T0). A transpalatal arch was soldered to both maxillary first molar bands prior to extraction of the maxillary first premolars, followed by straightwire fixed appliances (0.022 × 0.028 inch). A 0.014 inch nickel titanium (NiTi) wire was used as the levelling and aligning archwire. Four monthly reviews were undertaken and impressions of the upper arch were taken at each appointment (T1, T2, T3, and T4). Displacements of the teeth were determined using Little’s irregularity index (LII). Data were analysed using the Mann–Whitney U-test. In the aligning stage, the CLB group showed significantly faster alignment of the teeth compared with the SLB group at the T1–T2 interval (P < 0.05). However, there were no differences at T2–T3, and T3–T4 for either group (P > 0.05). The CLB group showed 93 per cent crowding alleviation compared with 76 per cent for the SLB after 4 months of alignment and levelling. MBT  brackets aligned the teeth faster than Damon Q but only during the first month. There was no difference in efficacy between the two groups in the later 3 weeks. Alleviation of crowding was faster with CLB than with SLB.

Knowledge Attitude and Practice Regarding Behaviour Counselling Techniques for Tobacco Cessation Among Interns of a Private Dental Institution

KARTHIKESON. P.S; SRI SAKTHI; KIRAN KUMAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 365-372
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.045

Physicians and dental practitioners play an important role in smoking cessation since many patients attempt to quit smoking by frequent visits and following physician's advice . Although many dentists express a positive attitude to educate smoking cessation among patients, few relatively assist smokers to quit. It is important for the dentists to know about smoking cessation and its significance in changing behaviour of smokers.The aim of this study is to find out the knowledge, attitude and practice among interns regarding tobacco cessation and counselling techniques.This cross sectional study is done in form of an online survey comprising 15 questions regarding knowledge, attitude and practice regarding tobacco succession. The survey was distributed to 110 interns of private dental college only after their consent. Responses were recorded in Google forms with inclusion of one week scheduling. 90% of response rate was observed.Knowledge (63%), attitude (70%) ,practise (30%) among interns were observed. Overall knowledge and attitude among interns regarding tobacco cessation was found to be fair. Within the limitations of current study, knowledge attitude and practice regarding tobacco cessation was fair overall among interns of private dental college

Preparedness of Interns of a Private Dental Institution to Be A Part of The Task Force in Pandemic Control - A Questionnaire Survey

RESHMI B; D.SRI SAKTHI; ARVIND S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 443-450
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.055

As a normal situation of disease can take over a pandemic role and affect the population around the world,it's necessary for all the doctors and front line officers to be ready to act in case of any emergency at any time. This survey aims to assess the knowledge and attitude of interns,  towards handling a pandemic situation without fear and hesitation. This online questionnaire survey containing 15 items were  used among 100 interns of a private dental college in chennai. The responses obtained  were collected and tabulated in excel and then exported to SPSS, chi square test was used to check the association between gender and knowledge , knowledge and attitude. 13.0% of females had good knowledge when compared to males (4.0%)  and  32.0% males had positive attitudes, when compared to 21% females. It can be concluded that a positive attitude in nearly 50% of the study population with fair to poor knowledge, might not make them competent enough in being a part of the task force. Rigorous training and stringent protocols on infection control would prepare the target population for the new normal situation arising in the world

Correlation Between the Sagittal Skeletal Relationship and Lower Anterior Facial Height - A Retrospective Study

DR.MATHEW THOMAS MALIAEL; DR.M. NAVEEN KUMAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 402-408
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.050

This investigation aimed to study and evaluate the correlation between the Sagittal Skeletal Relationship and the Lower Anterior Facial Height. A single-center data collection was done. 490 Lateral Cepahalograms were collected and traced. Only adult patients with average were considered for the study. 31 cephalograms were included. Beta angle measurement was used to divide the cephalograms into 3 groups. The lower anterior facial height measurement was made for each cephalogram. The Data was tabulated into an MS Excel spreadsheet. One Way ANOVA analysis was performed to study the correlation between the groups. The average Lower anterior facial height for all the groups 68.47  11.3 mm. The significance derived from the ANOVA test is 0.762. No statistically significant correlation between the Sagittal Skeletal Relationship and Lower Anterior Facial Height in the south Indian population

Prevalence of Denture Stomatitis and Its Predisposing Conditions - A Retrospective Institutional study

GODLIN JENETA J; SUBHASHREE. R; NIVEDHITHA M. S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 289-296
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.036

Denture stomatitis is an inflammatory condition affecting denture wearers. It can occur mostly due to Candida infection or mechanical irritation from denture or allergic reaction to any of the material used for fabricating denture.  Denture stomatitis is considered a multifactorial disease as it can occur due to occlusal disharmony and ill fitting dentures, blockage of mucous glands, candida albicans. Various treatment and preventive measures are based on etiology of denture stomatitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of type of denture stomatitis and its association with age, gender and type of treatment given. A retrospective study was done from 1 June 2019 till 1 March 2020. Data was reviewed  from the patients records and analysed the data of 86,000 patients between June 2019 and March 2020 that were documented in a private institution. Statistical analysis was performed to assess the association between denture stomatitis with age, gender and type of treatment given. Prevalence of Type I denture stomatitis was 35.19%, Type II denture stomatitis was 44.44%, Type III denture stomatitis was 20.37%. The association between age group and type of denture stomatitis showed that there was no significant relation between age and type of denture stomatitis. Association between type of denture stomatitis and gender was statistically significant (p<0.05). The association between the type of denture stomatitis and treatment given was not significant. Type II denture stomatitis is the most common type of denture stomatitis and occurs mostly between age groups 41 to 59 years with females having higher prevalence compared to males. Most common treatment suggested was denture correction. To reduce the risk of denture stomatitis, dentists should take a step to educate the patients how to use dentures and risk associated with not maintaining well and how to prevent it.

Comparison and Evaluation of Different Suture Materials used for the Post-Operative Closure Following Extraction of Third molars.

KIRTANA GOPALASAMY; PRADEEP D

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 386-394
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.048

Suture materials play a very important role in healing and enabling reconstruction and reassembly of tissue separated by the surgical procedure or trauma. Suture materials are used daily in oral surgery, and are considered to be substances most commonly implanted in the human body. Silk has been used as biomedical suture material for centuries and it provides important clinical repair options for many applications but the disadvantage is the biocompatibility problems .In the present day, Vicryl suture material is the most commonly used material in oral surgery, as it proves to be more biocompatible and plaque accumulation is reduced . Evaluation of 685 patients undergoing third molar extractions and evaluate the type of suture material given and compare between the different suture materials and their efficacy . Excel tabulation was done and SPSS results were derived .The study was able to evaluate and notice that Silk suture material was the most commonly given suture material and based it was also seen that the plaque accumulation was more in patients given silk sutures while Vicryl sutures was used the most post extraction of 18,28.From the present study we were able to conclude that Silk was the commonly used suture Material and the incidence of surgical site infection were greater in these patients . Of the 63 patients that were given Vicryl Sutures , there was no Surgical Site Infection (SSI) observed in any of the patients , this is attributed to the Antibacterial properties of Vicryl sutures that helps in avoiding surgical site infections ,

Evaluation of Periodontal Health Adjacent to Class V Restoration

NURUL SYAMIMI BINTI MOHD AZLAN SUNIL; ARVINA RAJASEKAR; REVATHI DURAISAMY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 324-329
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.040

Periodontal health and dental restoration are inseparably interrelated. The margin adaptation, the proximal relationship, the contours of restoration and the smoothness of restoration surface have a major biological impact on the gingiva and supporting periodontal structures. Cervical placed restorative margins usually have a detrimental effect of periodontal health. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the periodontal health adjacent to class V restoration. The retrospective study was conducted using the case records of patients in a private dental institution between June 2019 to March 2020. A total of 942 patients (159 females and 783 males) with class V restorations were recruited.  Data regarding the periodontal status of the patients  were collected from their records. Descriptive and inferential statistics were done using SPSS software. The present study showed 95.1% of teeth demonstrated pocket depth of 1-3 mm and 4.9% had pocket depth of 4mm or more. 65.7% of teeth presented with clinical attachment loss and prevalence was more males (67%) compared to females (59.1%). 84.5% of teeth were observed to have bleeding on probing and prevalence was more in males (85.8%) compared to females (78%). Statistically significant association was found between clinical attachment loss and class V restoration and also between bleeding on probing and class V restoration. Within the limitation of this study, it can be concluded that most teeth with class V restoration presented with clinical attachment loss (65.7%) and bleeding on probing (84.5%). Also, males showed higher prevalence of clinical attachment loss and bleeding on probing when compared to females.

Evaluation of non-vital teeth with various endodontic pathologies-a retrospective study

PRASHAANTHI . N; IFFAT NASIM; SHANTHA SUNDARI .K.K

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 11-18
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.002

Most of the time non-vital teeth are associated with various pathologies. The early intervention would save the teeth from its loss. Depending on the etiology and the duration, the pathology differs among the non-vital teeth. The aim of this study was to evaluate   non-vital teeth with various endodontic pathologies. This retrospective study included patients who were diagnosed with non-vital teeth from July 2019 to March 2020 in a dental hospital. The case records of all patients were retrieved which included the clinical , radiographic examination and treatment done for the patients. Variables such as age, gender, any associated endodontic pathologies were retrieved from the case sheets. Data was tabulated and was subjected to statistical package IBM SPSS version 20.0.Around 80,000 patients were reviewed and 238 patients met the inclusion criteria.Out of 238 patients, 71.8% were males and 28.2% were females.On analysing the prevalence of non vital teeth among different age groups, 21-30 years age group (32.8%) were more affected. On comparing the non vital teeth with endodontic pathology ,non-vital teeth without periapical lesion (74.4%) were found to be in a higher prevalence. Among non-vital teeth with endodontic pathology, periapical abscess (14.3%) was found to have higher prevalence followed by periapical cyst (2.9%) and calcified canal (2.9%).On analysing the prevalence of non vital teeth among gender , males (71.8%) were more affected. No statistically significant association was found between age, gender and non vital teeth. (p>0.05).Within the limitation of the study, the prevalence of non-vital teeth without periapical lesion were found to be higher. Among non-vital teeth with endodontic pathology, the most common pathology was chronic periapical abscess.Males were more affected with non vital teeth and had higher prevalence among the 21-30 years age group.