Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Keywords : Education


Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Education in India: A Case Study

MR.MANISH KUMAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 645-650
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.087

The whole world has been disrupted by the pandemic of Covid-19. The lockdown in various countries has immensely affected the education of students. Students can no longer interact with their teacher on one to one basis. This has caused a shift from the traditional classrooms learning to the computer based learning and it may be the largest change in the educational system till date.  The online learning has become new normal in India due to pandemic, it becomes necessary to keep track of its growth & to find out whether it is capable of fulfilling student’s primary objective i.e. learning. Therefore, the present study was designed to understand and find out students point of view, perspective and objective on ground level. This study could be used in future to overcome the found limitations and help in implementing a more effective online education process for students of all levels.

The methodics of the teaching of russian in higher education

BARAKATOVA DILOROM AMINOVNA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 96-100
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.013

The methodology of the Russian language develops at the intersection of many
sciences, and methodologists and teachers need to rely on their achievements. A teacher cannot
but be simultaneously a psychologist, linguist, literary critic, didactic. The different and
multifaceted analysis of the database on the grammar of Russian is analyzed based on the latest
inquiries. The comparative insight on the Russian in higher educational institutions are proposed.


Influence of ICT and Its Dynamic Change in Daily Life of Human Being

DR.MEENAKSHI SHARMA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 635-639
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.085

In modern world, new emerging technologies are emerging on daily basis. As the technologies are increasing day by day, human is getting more and more dependent of it. ICT is one of the most advanced technology that is being used by millions of people worldwide. In this research work, impact of ICT, and its role in our daily life in different sectors has been studied in brief. A methodology is presented about how ICT works in online banking android application as these days, online payments is trending and widely used by millions of people to avoid cash payments during Covid-19 pandemic. In upcoming time, ICT will reduce 70% of the human efforts and automatic work done will be the new trend in many sectors such as education sector, daily life, administration, health care and hospitality etc. from future perspective this research work may help learners to better understand the facts about ICT.

Journey through the India’s National Education Policy – Previous and the Present

HARIKUMAR PALLATHADKA; DOLPRIYA DEVI MANOHARMAYUM; KIRANA PALLATHADKA; VASISTA RAMA RANJAN MAKKI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 272-279
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.039

Education in India has seen a frequent change from the history to the present. Education is not just learning the subjects like history, economics, mathematics, science, et cetera, but gaining relevant skills. Education helps to utilize resources successfully. Through the enhancement of education, individuals can gain knowledge and skills related to each subject. Through the development of education, a country can foster resources, and development can be achieved. India has now come up with new policies related to the education sector. Journey through the national education policy provides an overall view of all the policies which were introduced in India. At the same time, it showcases various committees and commissions set up to provide a better educational facility. In this particular research article, an outlook is provided over the meaning and the need of education policy. It also focuses on three major national education policies introduced by the Government of India in the previous years of 1968, 1986, and 2020. This article compares the objectives and other important factors of the three national education policies that have succeeded in bringing changes in the education sector from time to time.

Application of expert systems or decision-making systems in the field of education

BIJU THERUVIL SAYED

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1176-1185
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.159

Expert system (ES) is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) that is used to manage different problems by making use of interactive computer-based decision-making process. It uses both factual information and heuristics to resolve the complicated decision-making issues in a specific domain. The architecture of the expert system was analyzed and found that it includes several parts such as user interface, knowledge base, working memory, inference engine, explanation system, system engineer, and knowledge engineer, user, and expert system shell in which each part of the architecture of an expert system is based on different functionary that helps it to make an adequate decision by analyzing complex situations. The research aims to analyze the application of expert systems or decision-making systems in the field of education and found that it is used for different purposes such as assessing teacher performance, providing guidance to the students regarding their career, and providing quality learning to students with disabilities. It is also used to help the students to make rightful career decisions and become efficient professionals after completing their studies.

The Main Directions of Improving the System of Higher Education in Uzbekistan

MUKHITDINOVA FIRYUZA ABDURASHIDOVNA; KUTIBAEVA ELIZAVETA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1404-1408
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.188

The article deals with organizational and regulatory aspects of the functioning of the higher education system of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the author defines the main stages of development of the higher education system of Uzbekistan and new target settings. The article analyzes the system of higher education in Uzbekistan: issues of quality and efficiency, as well as the main directions of improving the system of higher education at the present stage. The ongoing reforms and prerequisites for improving the higher education system are studied.

Role of Technology in Education

DR.MEENAKSHI SHARMA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 744-751
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.104

With the advancement in technology there is a rapid change in the manner in which individuals live, associate, impart, and lead business. This change is regularly alluded to as the "digital revolution," which is the headway of innovation from simple, electronic and mechanical apparatuses to the technically advanced instruments accessible today. The utilization of digitalization in the learning procedure and training rehearses in formal instructing is exceptionally subjected to the capacity of educators to deliver it without imperiling the lavishness of the study hall condition, to be specific the consideration that understudies need to follow the progression of argumentation and to ensure the nature of the inquisitive. In this paper, a research is made on the impact of technology in the modern era and how it impact the life of the scholars, graduates and alike as yet more advancements have to be done in the implementation of digital technology in the study hall and on the performance of the educator particularly on how performing various tasks influences the educator job in-class in delivering and explaining the content in a more precise manner that is easy for the students to grab things more easily.

Analysis of poetic personality- “SAROJINI NAIDU”, “Nightingale of India, a poet and politician”

DR.SHIVA DURGA; DR.VIVEK MEHROTRA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 6-10
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.002

Sarojini Naidu is well acknowledged as the Title of “Nightingale of India” was a high-achieving student, prominent independence struggle activist of India and also a sonnetist. She was the first lady Indian President of our country, she was a lady prominent figure and she was the first Governor of the state Uttar Pradesh, was a dynamic personality as a patriot and politician too, a person who writes polemics and was an effective inspiration for all of well known women’s in the country India and as a whole in the entire world, Mrs. Sarojini Naidu’s eponym is at the peak level. Amongst the other famous personalities, even though she was genuinely one of the extraordinary personalities of the entire earth. She was among the most famous personalities of the century numbered as 20th, her arrival to the earth as a strong personality is acknowledged by a special day known as “Women’s Day”. Paper is focused on the remarkable benchmark the area of poetry. Her poetic sense is focused with a remarkable bank of words which are so ethnic to sing with real feelings. “Bul Bul-e-Hind” was published in the year 1905 and this was an initialization of her poetic aspect. This paper focuses on the aspects of The Pardah Nashin, The Village Song, Lotus and The bird of time.

Gender Inequality: Challenges of Educating a Girl Child

DR.ADITYA PAREEK

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 722-726
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.101

Today, education has become a competitive field where ambitions are marginalized. Those conflicts relate to caste, class aspects however, most importantly, gender. Girls make up a greater proportion of India's deprived child population. This article seeks to understand the intersecting cycle of removing the girl kids from the education system. The methods the government pursued to tackle these problems appeared to be inaccessible and scattered. The simple existence of teenagers in schools is insufficient measure of challenges face in schools or in the gendered world outside. To address their specific vulnerabilities a complete, multi-sectorial expansion needs to be developed. Capitalizing in schooling for girl’s changes relations, nations and the biosphere at large. Girls receiving a teaching are less likely to marry young and can lead a healthy, productive life. Teaching for girls recovers frugalities and disruptions down dissimilarity. Also it leads to more protected inclusive societies that deliver occasions for all individuals-including boys and men-to understand their possible.

A Review Paper on Indian Education System

DR.MEENAKSHI SHARMA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 718-721
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.100

Indian schooling history have the origin in the ancient times in which Gurukul systems were followed–the systems in which the student lived at their teacher's house unless the Guru or teacher believes that the student has gained everything, he/she can. The topics imparted diverse from Scriptures to Mathematics to Sanskrit and the acquired learning would be imparted down through the generation. Though, during the Colonial period this system was introduced after the Britishers established school that taught a coursework limited to topics like science, maths etc. India's global ranking in education fell to 93 in 2014. This composed by a string of scandals that the Sector of Education in India is experiencing, suggests the urgent requirement to push out changes in our teaching systems. Indian education systems became associated with tests, school exams, entry examinations, markings. Schools have a crucial part to play in influencing the professional and social development of an individual. The Indian traditional schools are based on educating the children to confront the demanding outside environment. We promote tests and assignments as methods for evaluating the students’ performance. Whether or not a child became familiar with the points he / she received. This paper discloses about the changes that education system needs to incorporate.

A Comparativestudy On Present Education System In Haryana And Its Neighbouring States

DR.SUMAN GULIA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1109-1114
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.151

India has the second largest education system in the world. The Indian education system has gone through many phases. Great effort has been put to shape up the present scenario of educationsystem.TheannouncementslikeabolishingcompulsoryCBSEboardexamsforclass 10thfromthesession2010-11,introductionofgradingsystem,thepassageofRightofChildren to free and Compulsory Education Bill, reservation policies etc. Are a few among them? Now the question arises as to what extent such efforts in the field of education have succeeded in different states of the country. Haryana is the state with a contribution of 3.7% in the total GDP of India. This present study will throw light on the education system of Haryana, with a comparative eye on its neighbouring states. An analysis of the educational achievements of thesestatesfromdifferentangleswillhelptheexpertsandtheresearcherstoknowhowfarwe have gone in achieving our targets and what needs to be done. This paper is descriptive in nature, based on the data collected from different websites of ministry as well as reports of planningcommission.

The Ideology Of Reforming The Education Of Some Typical Reformers In Vietnam At The End Of The XIX Century, The Value Of It For The Cause Of Comprehensive Renovation Of Vietnam's Education Today

Bien Quoc Thang

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1470-1479
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.198

By analyzing and synthesizing methods, comparing and comparing, logic and history, the article
has raised some basic problems of the current state of Vietnamese education in the late
nineteenth century. Besides, the article also presents the perspectives of some reformers on
contemporary education and its innovative solutions. In addition, the article has pointed out and
analyzed some of the causes leading to the failed reformers' ideology of educational reform,
thereby drawing lessons for the educational innovation of Vietnam today

A Survey on Gurukul Education System

DR.ADITYA PAREEK

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 714-717
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.099

Since ancient times India have always exaggerate of the rich tradition in the field of education and learning. It is well acknowledged that peoples from other countries like Europe, Middle East & Portugal came to India to obtain a quality of education. The anciently implemented popular education systems in India was The Gurukul Method. The topics learned differed from Sanskrit to Scriptures to Logic and Metaphysics, and the gained wisdom would be passed down through the generations. However, during the Colonial period this system was introduced when the British established schools that accompanied a curriculum limited to subjects such as mathematics, science etc. While the old system included more contact with nature, the new program was directed more towards school. Activities like yoga, meditation, singing etc. developed and equipped positivity and satisfaction. Often, it was obligatory to do regular chores on their own with a desire to communication practical knowledge. All of these have helped in development of persona & increased confidence, intellect, sense of discipline and awareness that is required to face the real world that lies ahead even today. This paper discloses about the Gurukul schooling method and its difference to modern schooling.

METHODS OF TEACHING THE UZBEK LANGUAGE IN HIGHER EDUCATION

Yunusova Gulandom Samiyevna; Gaybullayeva N.T; Izzatullayeva G.X.; To'xtayev Sh. F.

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 5525-5532
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.559

In the following article the modern techniques of teaching the Uzbek language in
higher education is analysed based on the metadatas. The modern approaches of teaching the
Uzbek language in the academic world is considered. The Uzbek language which used as the
native and vernacular language in the world by 50 million speakers is. As it was proclaimed in
the decree of the president of the Republic of Uzbekistan on May 13, 2016 on the basis of the
faculty of Uzbek philology of National University of Uzbekistan and the faculty of Uzbek
language and literature at Tashkent State Pedagogical University new university of Uzbek
language and literature was established. This university is considered to be the basic higher
educational institution for training translators who are expected to turn the masterpieces of the
Uzbek classical and modern literature into an intellectual property of the world community,
professional development and retraining of professionals in this field, publication of dictionaries
and teaching materials in these areas

INDIVIDUAIZATION IN TEACHING ENGLISH IN THE MIDDLE LEVEL.

Akhmadjonova Shakhnoza Makhamadjon qizi; Zakirova Mukhlisakhon Makhamadovna; Mirzakulov Ilkhom Normuminovich

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 5743-5752
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.576

Modern training, including foreign languages, is investigated in this article, focused on a medium-sized student. Based on many studies and personal observations, it can be said that schooling does not pay due attention to the individual characteristics of students, which is why weak students become unsuitable, and strong lose interest in the subject. That is why the issue of individualized learning becomes relevant, especially in teaching foreign languages due to group form of training.

Undergraduate Students’ Readiness for Blended Learning during COVID – 19 Pandemic in Sri Lanka Investigating the availability of resources, characteristics of learners, technological skills and their belief on this method with compared to other learning methods

K.W.S.N. Kumari; G.J.M.S.R. Jayasinghe

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 6012-6020
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.599

Recently, a major education crisis occurred around the world due to the COVID-19
pandemic. Consequently, Sri Lanka too, resorted to shutting down its universities.
This created a need to find alternative learning methods to carry out educational
activities during a challenging period. Therefore, this study was conducted to
investigate the readiness of undergraduates for blended learning. The structured
questionnaire was shared online to collect the necessary data. The sample of 549
undergraduates representing all universities was selected for the study by applying the
convenient sampling method. The student's readiness was assessed using 28
questions. All of them had at least a smartphone to connect to the internet, but 48% of
them had moderate speed internet connections. Exploratory factor analysis indicated
that four factors are significant for readiness in learners' characteristics such as
communication, interaction and study habits, technological skills, availability of
resources, and their belief, in the blended learning method. Undergraduates' overall
readiness percentage scores in four indicators were above 50% indicating a moderate
amount of readiness in each area. According to the two-sample proportions test,
among four areas, only readiness in resources and infrastructure was significantly
different across gender. The majority of undergraduates preferred blended learning
during the COVID-19. Although the government offers free internet service for
educational websites, they should facilitate internet services to all areas in the country.
Further, authorities in higher education would enhance students' awareness and skills
on web-based learning.Additionally, undergraduates should be encouragedto adapt to
blended learning during this type of challenging periods.

The same goes for art classes in private schools specific properties

Jahongir Sobirovich Botirov; Shodijon Shokirovich Bakaev; Muzaffar Muhammedovich Avliyakulov; Alisher Latipovich Shirinov; Sukhrob Sayfullaevich Abdullaev

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 1643-1650
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.173

Fine arts classes are considered to be one of the main subjects in the educational process in special schools. Because art classes serve to enrich children's artistic and aesthetic worldview. Under the influence of fine arts, children's level of emotional knowledge increases, and their mental and volitional qualities develop. Correction of hand motor skills is also effective. It is important to strengthen students' ability to work with plot drawings, to create attractive images, to strengthen the ability to place any image correctly on the surface of the paper, and to develop the ability to draw independently.

Measuring the Awareness and Acceptance level Innovative Learning Strategies of Higher Secondary School Teachers of Sindh, Pakistan

Liaquat Ali Rahoo; Paras Hasnain; Tanveer Ahmed; Muhammad Ali Khan; Ali Asghar

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 6781-6788
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.650

Evolution of Information and communication technology in the last few decades, has revamped
the Education System. Traditional learning alone can no longer meet the needs of the learner or
neither prepares them to survive in the 21st century knowledge and technology based society.
The aim of this study is to know the awareness and acceptance level of innovative strategies of
teachers: A case study of Hyderabad Division. Innovative teaching strategies help the students to
understand the content in different dimensions. It provides the platform to students for varied
experiences and responses. The present study focuses on the awareness and acceptance of
innovative teaching learning strategies in teachers of higher secondary schools.The study used
primary data sources from teachers of colleges at Hyderabad which included field notes and
semi-structured interviews. Questionnaire which consists two parts: Part A: Acceptance of
innovative teaching learning strategies Part B: Awareness of innovative teaching learning
strategies. The population of the study was Hyderabad district. The simple random sampling
technique was used for data collection.

The Impact of Adoption and Utilization Of E-Learning Technology by Employees on the E-Learning System on Organizational Learning: Mediating Role of Service Quality of the E-Learning System

KHANSA MASOOD; SADIA JABEEN; SAMRA TARIQ; FOUZIA MARYAM RUBBANI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 4324-4334
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.458

The study is carried out on the issues related to adoption and utilization of e-learning technology by employees, e-learning system on organizational learning, and service quality of the e-learning system.  The study has examined the direct impact of adoption and utilization of e-learning technology by employees on the e-learning system on organizational learning. Meanwhile, the study has also examined the mediating role of service quality of the e-learning system. A 5-point Likert scale was adopted for the survey questionnaire for all the items. Number 1 on the scale referred to strongly disagree, and number 5 referred to strongly agree.  The response rate of the study is 58 percent. The data is collected from the undergraduate student at Pakistani public public universities. The time frame of the study is between June 2020 to January 2021. The SEM-PLS is employed for the data analysis , which is one of the robust statistical tool for examining the structural models. It has been revealed by this research that organizational learning is directly influenced by employee satisfaction for the adoption and use of e-learning technology. However, the service quality of e-learning does not have a direct influence on institutional learning. The relationship between organizational learning effectiveness and service quality of the e-learning system has been fully mediated by the employee satisfaction of using e-learning technology.

Mathematical Model of Development of an Innovative Education System

Tatiana V. Krupa

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 5041-5053
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.517

Due to in connection with the development of science in all countries there is a demand for
young scientists who will be able to conduct successful research and discoveries. The
educational system has the goal of organizing educational processes in such a way that students
can show better academic performance, and teachers can identify the gap in the student's
education and fill it.
This research provides a method for developing a mathematical model of the trajectory of the
student learning the proposed model was developed taking into account external variables that
reflected the students’ characteristics in turninfluencing the learning process and the education.
Such student mathematical model for the individual training will decrease the cost for this type
of training and at the same time will give all the benefits of the individualized training., In
addition, the use of the neural networks to research and predict the properties of the educational
trajectory will make it possible to discover the new and effective research methods in the field of
learning theory.

The Use Of B. Bloom's Taxonomy Of Educational Goals Of In The Formation Of Linguo-Methodical Competences Of Future Primary School Teachers

Rustam Mansurovich Sadikov

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 349-354

The article reveals the results of an experiment conducted at the bases of the Tashkent State Pedagogical University named after Nizami, Andijan State University and Jizzakh State Pedagogical Institute. The experiment took place within the framework of the dissertation research on the topic of "The Methodology for the formation of linguo-methodological competences of future primary school teachers", where B. Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Goals was chosen as a diagnostic and corrective tool.

The Innovational Development In Uzbekistan And Its Pragmatic Essence

Bahodirova Feruza Bahodir qizi

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 1537-1544

In the following article the pragmatical essence of the opportunities and the conditions created for the reforms implemented in the Republic of Uzbekistan which is undergoing rapid changes, the development of small enterprises and businesses, reforms in the sphere of education, discoveries in the scientific and technical spheres are analyzed based on the recent available data.

Education Responsibility Protection Environmental For Students: Duties, Requirements And Necessity

Pham Van Luong; Vu Hong Van

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 155-166

Currently, the living environment is heavily polluted, largely due to the destruction of humans. With regard to environmental pollution, the responsibilities of each Vietnamese citizen are the same. Any citizen needs to seriously comply with state regulations, raise their own awareness to contribute to preserving and protecting the environment. However, for many years, the awareness of environmental protection of students is attached and the work of educating the awareness of environmental protection in universities has not been paid attention. In order to have an accurate basis for assessing the awareness, responsibility of environmental protection and the importance of educating about environmental protection responsibility among students, the group surveyed 1,500 students, 120 lecturers, 20 organizing unions and associations in universities. Survey results showed that, education on environmental protection responsibility is very necessary; that is a requirement and a task that needs to be done immediately to raise students’ awareness in protecting the environment

Development Of Social Activity In Students Of Higher Educational Institutions

Guzal Kurbonova; Xilola Ruzmetova; Axmamat Jumaev; Soli Yarashev

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 342-348

In the world of higher education, it is important to improve the technology of development of social activity in the professional activity of students on the basis of cultural values, to create tools to support social activity and initiative of students, to improve the system of development of student social activity, to improve effective pedagogical mechanisms based on professional, cultural and communicative is doing.

Impact And Development Of Online Education (E-Learning) In India

Piyush Joshi; Dr. Shweta Dewangan

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 3450-3458

Over a period of time it is found that different sectors of economy have changed including education sector. Unlike any other sector, education sector has seen many evolution and changes. Education system changed from Guru-Shishya Parampara to class room teaching, then teaching with the help of projectors or LED and now its online teaching classes or teaching through E-Learning portals or Web Based E-Learning (WBEL). It has been seen from the past several years that online education system or E-Learning system has emerged as a powerful contender for new education system. From the recent past it has been found that several online courses have been conducted to educate millions of people around the globe on various topics. In spite of difference in culture and language and diverse population E-Learning system has gained a lot of popularity increase in affordability and purchasing power of Indians. The only reason for growth in E-Learning system is drastic change in information technology and technological improvements. This article aimed at examining the impact of E-Learning or Web Based E-Learning (WBEL) in modern India Education System.

An investigation on public knowledge towards biomedical waste management

MS.K.C. RAJA SHREE; MR. PRAVEEN. B

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 811-815
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.115

Biomedical waste management The effect of hospital waste on health and the environment is important. It can be seen from this research that there is an immediate need to raise alertness, education on medicinal waste issues.To assure health and environmental protection, a proper waste management strategy is required. More information on effects, disposal to specific conclusions is needed to be collected. For developing countries, find options and suitable technology. Need thorough analysis of waste and aspects. Partly because agriculture has become less and less productive. By 2030, 65 percent of the world's population is projected to be living in cities. Due to low and lack of awareness, the infrastructure needed for this lop-sided growth of the cities is due to waste collection in the unplanned extensions in larger cities. The air quality in the city's surroundings is so bad that is estimated that about two million children under the age of five die each year from respiratory infections..It is a mystery how the wealthy are callous to the climate, such as doctors and higher officials working in such public places and part of their day time in these places. In fact, hospitals produce a large amount of hazardous waste. In establishing countries such as India,the amount of non liquid waste produced by hospitals has increased rapidly and innovations are implemented.

Human Capital Valuation in the Knowledge Economy of Kazakhstan

Ramzan E. Janshanlo; Oksana Yu. Kogut; Bakyt B. Sultanova; Urazgul K. Jakisheva; Almira Z. Arystambaeva

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 217-234
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.027

The aim of this work is to provide a variety of approaches and methods for assessing the value of human capital at the macro and micro levels, which are used in the economic literature. Human capital is a resource and mechanism of the organization''s innovative activity; the effectiveness of its use affects the development of the economy as a whole. The authors critically and comprehensively review the various existing methods
for assessing human capital and systematize them. The study considered an example of the analysis of the human development index (HDI) in Kazakhstan. Trends in HDI formation and use have been identified, and a multifactorial regression model of HDI has been developed. The authors propose to calculate the assessment of the value of the human capital of an organization using the example of the author personally. To assess the value of human capital, it is necessary to use a cost-based methodology. The proposed method considers the initial cost of human capital of a particular employee and the cost of knowledge, acquired by him as a result of advanced training. A multifactorial correlation-regression model of the HDI has been developed.