Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Main Subjects : Management


Association between Gender and Plaque Index- A Retrospective analysis of 86,000 patient records over nine months

VAISHALI. S; ARTHI BALASUBRAMANIAM; REVATHI DURAISAMY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 514-520
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.063

Dental plaque is the community of microorganisms found on a tooth surface as a biofilm, embedded in a matrix of polymers of host and bacterial origin. If not removed regularly, the biofilm undergoes maturation and the resulting pathogenic bacterial complex can lead to dental caries, gingivitis and periodontitis. Dental plaque is seen in both genders and it depends on each individual’s oral hygiene maintenance, which prevents progression of disease such as gingivitis and periodontitis. The aim of the study is to evaluate the association of gender with the amount of plaque. Retrospective study was conducted using patient records of University hospital. Consecutive case sheets with plaque index records were retrieved. Data was entered in excel and coded, then imported to SPSS. Descriptive statistics and Peasron’s chi square association tests were done. The results were represented in the form of stacked bars.  In this study, it was observed that out of 1152 patients, 51% were males and 49% were females. In relation to distribution of plaque index interpretation, out of 1152 patients, 41.44% had good plaque index scores, 33.45% had fair plaque index scores and 25.11% had poor plaque index scores.Plaque index was good for males (22.59%) than females (18.85%). There was no statistically significant association found between gender and amount of plaque (Chi square test=5.266,p= 0.621). Amount of plaque accumulation is more in females with no association between gender and plaque index.

Ownership Structure and Firm Performance: Evidence from Jordan

MOHAMMAD MUSTAFA DAKHLALLH; NORFADZILAH RASHID; WAN AMALINA WAN ABDULLAH; ABDALRAHMAN MUSTAFA DAKHLALLH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 79-90
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.011

Previous studies dealing with corporate governance mechanisms testified to the high significance that provided some new direction. The aim of the study was to participate in these directions by presenting empirical evidence relating to the relationship between the ownership structure and firm performance in developing countries like Jordan. To estimate data for the period 2009 to 2017 for a selection of 180 companies listed on the Amman Stock Exchange (ASE), we used management ownership, government ownership, family ownership, institutional ownership and block ownership to provide a comprehensive guide to the ownership structure of Jordanian companies, while we estimated the firm performance through Tobin’s Q (TQ) model. Furthermore, we employed an econometrics procedure such as crossectional dependency test, Panel unit root test (Levin-Lin-Chu (LL) test, Im-Pesaran, Madalla and Wu test and CIPS panel unit root test), Pedroni Cointegration test, System GMM and Pool Mean Group estimates. a balanced panel data method. The results of the four-panel unit root test show that the ownership structure mechanisms have stationary at the first difference, also the results of the Pedroni Cointegration test reveal that ownership structure mechanisms and firm performance have a long-run relationship. Likewise, Process GMM and PMG findings show that ownership structure processes have a significant effect on the performance of the firm estimated by (TQ). The results of this study indicate that empirical studies continue to find a perfect measurement of performance in order to achieve a real type of performance of the firm. The results of the current examination thus provide objective evidence to managers and stakeholders to assist them in their decision.

Incidence of Transalveolar Extraction in Upper First Molar Among Patients Visiting A Dental Hospital

OVIYA. V. J; HEMAVATHY MURALIDOSS; DEEPA GURUNATHAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 344-351
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.043

Transalveolar extraction is a method employed when normal forceps extraction is not possible due to various difficulties which included tooth fracture during normal extractions. Though this technique is employed in clinical practice, it can lead to several complications after surgery. Hence, the objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of transalveolar extractions of upper first molar. A retrospective study was conducted. Data collection was done through reviewing records of 86000 patients visiting a hospital in Chennai from June(2019) to March(2020). A total of 1453 patients who had undergone extraction of upper first molar were evaluated. Data such as age, gender, type of extraction and tooth number were evaluated. Both frequency and Chi-square tests were done through IBM SPSS statistical analysis. Prevalence of transalveolar extractions in the upper first molar was 1.5% in the study population. Among the individuals who had undergone transalveolar extraction, 59.09% were males and 40.91% were females. About 59.09% of the transalveolar extractions occurred in the age group of 20-40. Within the limits of this study, the incidence of transalveolar extraction was 1.5% of the upper first molar and more prevalent among the 20-40 age group.

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Based Survey Towards Successful Restorations of Composite Among practitioners

KALYANI BEHERA.A; ADIMULAPU HIMA SANDEEP; HARIPRIYA S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 352-364
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.044

Composite resins are currently the most popular of all tooth coloured restorative materials, which completely replaced silicate cement and acrylic resin as esthetic restorative materials. Aesthetically pleasing restorations are much desirable in current day dentistry and efforts have been made to develop a restorative material to suit  the patient's desired needs. The present study by means of a close ended questionnaire evaluates the knowledge, attitude and practice of the endodontists, general dentists, postgraduates and undergraduates towards successful restoration of composite. An online survey form, close ended questionnaires was distributed randomly among 150 respondents. Questions related to 5 knowledge, 5 attitude and 5 practice were presented. All the data was compiled and tabulated in Microsoft Excel and exported to IBM SPSS 20 software and data was represented through chi square tests performed for the comparison between Endodontists, General dental practitioners, Postgraduates and undergraduates. Results were obtained and depicted as graphs which showed the knowledge score as 53.16%, attitude score as 63.82% and practice score as 62.4%. Participants were of mean age groups of 31-40 years of age. More Continuing Dental Education Programmes(CDE),seminars and other educational programmes are required to strengthen the deficit in knowledge and improve treatment planning skills among postgraduate students of Endodontics. Within the limitations of the study, it shows that knowledge with regard to successful composite restoration is moderate, compared to attitude and practice among respondents. It is recommended there is a need for continued professional education and clinical training of the dentists towards all aspects related to composite restorations in order to achieve desired results and esthetics within a stipulated time.

Challenges of Home Tutors in Complying With Malaysian Tax Requirement

NURNAZREENA NAWAWI; NADIAH ABD HAMID; ROHAYU YUSOP; NORLAILA GHAZALI; NORFADZILAH RASHID

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 42-51
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.006

Home Tuition has become a phenomenon in our country. Statistical reports have indicated an increasing number of tuition centres registered from 2010 to 2013 (MOE, 2013). This is because home tuition is convenient and time-saving since parents do not need to send their children to the tuition centre. According to the survey conducted by salary explorer (2020), in Malaysia, the average income for full-time home tuition is about RM8, 870 per month. This shows that the income received by home tutors is more than the minimum amount subjected to tax. However, the government faces difficulty in tracing their actual income since the majority of them did not declare it as the payment received in cash. From the IRBM report, for the year of assessment 2017, only 15.24% of the individual taxpayers complied in paying their income tax, and this percentage would also include home tutors. Specifically, this study examines the effect of factors such as knowledge, morale, and penalty on tax compliance of home tutors in Malaysia. The samples consist of home tutors registered under Private Tutor Company based in Kuala Lumpur and Selangor. This study employed a questionnaire survey for the data collection method and 167 respondents answered the questionnaires distributed online such as through WhatsApp and email. All of the data were recorded under an excel spreadsheet and analyzed using SPSS version 16. The result indicated that all of the factors have a significant relationship with tax compliance. This can be useful to the government in analysing the arising issue. The findings send an important signal to the government that more tax education programs should be carried out to transfer tax knowledge to the individual taxpayers. This is vital because by having sufficient tax knowledge, taxpayers will understand their responsibilities to comply with tax obligations.

Determining Factors Affecting Independent Auditing in Small, Medium and Big-sized Auditing Companies- Case in Vietnam

HOANG THANH HANH DR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 142-148
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.018

Along with the development of the economy, auditing also gradually expands the subjects of their specific interest. Previous traditional objects such as financial statements have not necessarily lost their role and position, but cannot meet all the expectations and concerns of managers and investors about the situation of the enterprise. Understanding the picture of determining the factors affecting audit fees such as finding a composite array helps to evaluate an aspect of prices and reasonable fees of auditing firms to gradually improve the audit system. math in Vietnam. And in the current period, when the audit fees are more inadequate, reflecting the inadequacies of the unfair competition, not ensuring the quality of the audit report, the research and research of it more than ever. should be very important. By using the following main research methods: Document analysis, systematic analysis, comparative comparison, survey survey method and data analysis method, to measure impacts of some factors on auditing fee, we find out the technical projects with a large scale and the legal environment has a strong impact on the strategy and policy of the audit service market more. 
Last but not least, Evaluating the impact on audit fees also contributes to helping businesses make long-term as well as short-term development strategies that are suitable for their businesses.
JEL: M1, M11, M21

The influence of leadership styles, organizational changes on employee performance with an environment work as an intervening variable at pt. Bank sumut binjai branch

REZA NURUL ICHSAN; LUKMAN NASUTION; SARMAN SINAGA; DHONI MARWAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 258-264
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.032

The purpose of this study is to find out whether the Leadership Style and Organizational
Influence on Employee Performance with The Work Environment As Intervening Variables. The
samples used in this study amounted to 47 employees of PT. Bank Sumut Binjai Branch. The data
was obtained by distributing questionnaires about Leadership Style, Organizational Change,
Employee Performance and Work Environment by distributing to 47 employees who had been
respondents. Data analasis using Path Analysis (A combined model between multiple regression
and intervening models). The results showed a direct influence of Leadership Style (X1) affecting
Employee Performance (Y) by 0.337 or 34%. Organizational Change (X2) affects Employee
Performance (Y) by 0.467 or 47%. Leadership Style (X1) affects the Work Environment (Z) by
0.289 or 29%. Organizational Change (X2) affects the Work Environment (Z) by 0.331 or 33%.
Employee Performance (Y) affects the Work Environment (Z) by 0.454 or 45%. This research also
showed the indirect influence of Leadership Style on Employee Performance Through Work
Environment by 0.152 or by 15%. And the indirect influence of Organizational Changes on
Employee Performance through the Work Environment is 0.212 or 21%.


Enhancing Corporate Management - A Case of Saigon Hanoi Bank in Vietnam Under Impacts of Macro Indicators

TRAN THI HOANG HA; DINH TRAN NGOC HUY; PHAM TUAN ANH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 781-789
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.095

Bank is a special corporation and plays a vital role in economic circulation. In order to achieve sustainable bank management in emerging markets such as Vietnam, this paper measures bank management capabilities in famous model under impacts of both macro internal and external variables during low inflation time 2015-2020 in the country. During covid 19 and US-China commerce war, analyzing these impacts to have a netter management plans are necessary for commercial banks to respond to economic recession and impacts from trade war.
In recent years, research scholars link banking sustainability with CSR and community and environment; however this study takes another macro approach to banking sustainability. This research paper aims to figure out what are recommendations to management better bank performance to respond to fluctuation sin macro conditions under the case of one of big listed Vietnam commercial bank, Saigon Hanoi Bank (SHB) during the low inflation period 2015-2020 with stock price weekly data.
We use an econometric model with Eviews to estimate impacts from 9 macro variables on Beta CAPM. We find out that bank management team need to pay attention to macro contex in which increasing VNIndex and lending rate and Risk free rate. 
Then, one of its major findings is the suggestion of macro and risk management policies for bank and relevant government agencies. Our recommendation can be used for reference in many other developing markets.
JEL classification numbers: M21, M1, G12, G30

Assessment of Gender Based Difference in Occurrence of Periodontal Diseases: A Retrospective Study

PALAK MAYUR SHAH; ARVINA RAJASEKAR; MANJARI CHAUDHARY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 521-526
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.064

Gingivitis is defined as the inflammation of the soft tissues of the oral cavity, without the apical migration of the junctional epithelium. Periodontitis is an inflammatory condition which affects the soft tissues leading to the apical migration of the junctional epithelium. The aim of the study was to assess the gender based difference in the occurrence of periodontal diseases. A retrospective study was conducted using the case records of patients in a private institution between June 2019 to March 2020. A total of 4000 patients were recruited. The study participants were divided into 2 based on gender (Group 1 - 2000 males, Group 2 - 2000 females). Data regarding the periodontal status of the patients were collected from their records. Descriptive and inferential statistics were done using SPSS software. Prevalence of periodontitis was higher among males (31.08%) when compared to females (27.28%). Prevalence of gingivitis was higher in females (22.73%) when compared to males (18.93%). There was a statistically  significant association between the gender and periodontal disease (p<0.05). Also, the prevalence of periodontitis was higher among the age group of 56-65 years (19.38%) and gingivitis was higher among the age group of 15-25 years (19.85%). There was a statistically significant association between age and periodontal disease (p<0.05). The finding of the present study showed that prevalence of periodontitis was higher in males when compared to females.

Role of Digital Marketing in Consumer Goods Retailing: Evidence from Vietnam In the Context of the 4th Industrial Revolution

CUONG HUNG PHAM

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 885-891
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.106

The development of the 4th Industrial revolution has brought many changes in technologies that are set to change the business world. In Vietnam, retailers of consumer products have taken the advantage of the innovation to engage in digital marketing. The aim of this study is therefore to evaluate the significance of digital marketing in consumer goods retailing. The hypothesis developed for the research is that there is a certain link between digital marketing and consumer goods industry. To achieve its aim, the study uses quantitative research methodologies where data is collected through online questionnaires. A purposive sample of 580 respondents was used to obtain data. The information gathered was analyzed using Ms. Excel and SPSS packages. The study finds that most respondents knew about online sale of consumer goods through advertising ads on the web. The paper then draws a correlation between knowledge of marketing and the actual buying of goods. It is further established that majority of participants prefer buying goods online because it is convenient and cost-effective. The role of digital marketing in consumer goods retailing is explicitly outlined and linked to research hypothesis. By so doing, the study is said to have met its objective.

Measuring Beta Capm In 2 Economic Stages Of Commercial Banks In Vietnam Economy – Case Of Vietcombank And Vietinbank

NGUYEN DINH TRUNG; DINH TRAN NGOC HUY; NGUYEN THU THUY; LE NGOC NUONG; LE DINH HAC

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 795-799
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.097

Vietcombank (VCB) and Vietinbank (CTG) are two big listed commercial banks in Vietnam banking industry. They are previous state-owned enterprises with big market share in local market.
This paper will use statistic, combined with synthesis, inductive and qualitative analysis to measure and evaluate beta CAPM of these 2 banks in2 special stages of domestic economy: pre-L and post-low (L) inflation time.
Research results show that during 2011-2020 period, most of time, beta CAPM of VCB is higher than those of CTG bank. Statistic chart give us warning that market risk of 2 banks is higher than 1.
Then these analysis can be used for policy implications. Business and banking is still growing so risk management is becoming meaningful for the financial industry.

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Minimal Invasive Dentistry Among General Dental Practitioners in Tamil Nadu

RESHMI. B; DR.D.SRI SAKTHI; DR.ARVIND. S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 466-475
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.058

Minimal intervention dentistry (MID) is a treatment philosophy that emphasizes the protection of existing tooth  structure. It has been incorporated  in dental curricula world wide in the management of dental caries. There is limited evidence that , whether the familiarity with MID principles inhibited  through the curriculum is translated into clinical decision making and practice. The study was conducted to assess the knowledge,attitude,practice of general dental practitioners towards MID, registered dental practitioners in chennai formed the sampling frame.  The data was analyzed using SPSS software and chi square tests  were done between knowledge and attitude scores, knowledge scores and gender . 44.4% had good knowledge and 37.9% had good attitudes towards MID.  General practitioners who had  5 to 10 years of clinical experience had 47.8% knowledge. Males had 39.1% good practice while females had 60.9% good practice . More of MID must be put into practice in the dental curriculum and implementing them during their clinical practice would ensure the proper knowledge and practice of dentists in future.

The Moderate Effect of Audit Committee Independence on the Board Structure and Real Earnings Management: Evidence from Jordan

MOHAMMAD MUSTAFA DAKHLALLH; NORFADZILAH RASHID; WAN AMALINA WAN ABDULLAH; HOSSAM JAMIL AL SHEHAB

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 123-133
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.016

The current study aimed to explore the moderate effected of independence of the audit committee on the connection between board structure (i.e. size, independence and CEO duality) and real earnings management (REM) in listed companies in Jordan. The current study covered 910 firm-year observations of the industrial and service sector listed companies in the Amman Stock Exchange (ASE) from 2009 to 2018. Using the  Fixed Effect approach, the results of the data analysis show a negative and significant impact of board size and CEO duality on REM. There was, however, a significant positive correlation between board independence and REM. In general, the findings showed that the structure of the board is a determinant of REM. In the case of the moderate effect, found the audit committee independence have moderately affected the relationship between board structure and REM. In short, the findings of this study indicate that the moderate effect of audit committee independence weakens the effect of board size and CEO duality on the determination of REM while increasing the effectiveness of board independence to control of REM. Furthermore, the findings of the current study have significant implications for audit practitioners, policymakers, investors and regulators in their efforts to limit REM activities and increase the quality of Jordanian firms' financial reporting.

Prevalence of Midface Fractures-A Retrospective Institution Based study

SOYA ALFRED XAVIER; ABDUL WAHAB; M. SIVAKUMAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 595-599
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.073

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of midface fractures among different age groups. A retrospective study was conducted among patients who reported with a history of midface fracture to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery during July 2019 - March 2020 . All the datas were obtained from the case records of the patient. Road traffic accidents are the most common cause for midface fractures. Individuals greater than 30 years  were the ones mostly affected by midface fractures . They accounted to about 52% of the total population in the study. Dentoalveolar fracture is the most common fracture of the midface. A total of 23% of cases were reported to have dentoalveolar fractures. Chi Square test was used to find the association between the age and midface fracture. P value of 0.4 was obtained , which was statistically insignificant. From  this small sampled single centre retrospective study it was concluded that midface fractures were mostly contributed by  road traffic accidents in middle aged males.

Evaluation of Periodontal Health Adjacent to Class V Restoration

NURUL SYAMIMI BINTI MOHD AZLAN SUNIL; ARVINA RAJASEKAR; REVATHI DURAISAMY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 324-329
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.040

Periodontal health and dental restoration are inseparably interrelated. The margin adaptation, the proximal relationship, the contours of restoration and the smoothness of restoration surface have a major biological impact on the gingiva and supporting periodontal structures. Cervical placed restorative margins usually have a detrimental effect of periodontal health. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the periodontal health adjacent to class V restoration. The retrospective study was conducted using the case records of patients in a private dental institution between June 2019 to March 2020. A total of 942 patients (159 females and 783 males) with class V restorations were recruited.  Data regarding the periodontal status of the patients  were collected from their records. Descriptive and inferential statistics were done using SPSS software. The present study showed 95.1% of teeth demonstrated pocket depth of 1-3 mm and 4.9% had pocket depth of 4mm or more. 65.7% of teeth presented with clinical attachment loss and prevalence was more males (67%) compared to females (59.1%). 84.5% of teeth were observed to have bleeding on probing and prevalence was more in males (85.8%) compared to females (78%). Statistically significant association was found between clinical attachment loss and class V restoration and also between bleeding on probing and class V restoration. Within the limitation of this study, it can be concluded that most teeth with class V restoration presented with clinical attachment loss (65.7%) and bleeding on probing (84.5%). Also, males showed higher prevalence of clinical attachment loss and bleeding on probing when compared to females.

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Prophylactic Use of Antibiotics Among Crri Students in A Private Dental Institution -A Questionnaire Based Study

NIVETHA G; SRI SAKTHI D; ARVIND S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 336-343
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.042

Antibiotics are important in the management and prophylaxis of infection in patients at risk experiencing microbial disease.Overuse and inappropriate use of antibiotics is closely related to an increase in bacterial resistance.The aim of this present study is to assess the knowledge, attitude,practice of interns who are studying in Saveetha Dental College regarding prophylactic use of antibiotics.A cross sectional study was carried in April 2020 among interns of Saveetha Dental College and Hospital,Chennai.A questionnaire  based study .A questionnaire consisting of 15 questions on knowledge ,attitude and practice regarding prophylactic use of antibiotics were formulated and distributed among interns through Google forms.The responses were obtained and entered in Excel sheet.A chi square test were done between gender and knowledge,gender and attitude and gender and practice using SPSS software.The independent variables were age and gender while dependent variables were knowledge,attitude and practice of prophylactic use of antibiotics.The results showed that about 52.89% of interns had fair knowledge, 51.92% had negative attitude,44.23% had good practice towards prophylactic use of antibiotics The present study concludes that interns possessed fair knowledge but a negative attitude and moderate  practice on prophylactic use of antibiotics.

Investigating the relationship between competitive intelligence and risk dimensions and job performance of employees in Kerman Saderat bank branches

ALI BARAKCHI; MALIKEH BEHESHTIFAR; MAHMOOD NEKOIE MOGHADAM

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 5-18
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.002

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between competitive
intelligence and risk-taking with the employees' job performance in Kerman Saderat bank
branches in 2015. The method of study was descriptive and correlation. The statistical population
of this study included all 251 employees of Saderat Bank in Kerman that by using Cochran
formula a sample size of 152 people was selected. In this study, three questionnaires of
competitive intelligence with 0.91 validity and 0.93 reliability and risk taking questionnaire with
0.93 validity and 0.95 reliability and job performance questionnaire with 0.92 validity and 0.84
reliability were used. The collected data were analyzed by using Smart PLS 2. The results showed
that there is a relationship between competitive intelligence and risk-taking and the job
performance among the employees working in Kerman Saderat bank branches. Among the
components of competitive intelligence; a direct and significant relationship was found between
technical knowledge and strategic and social knowledge with job performance of the employees.
Among the risk taking components; the two components of credit risk, operational risk, and
market risk were significantly correlated with job performance of the employees. Therefore, it is
recommended that the bank managers have a correct and scientific management of the bank assets
and debts and they assess their own current and potential competitors to take step toward a better
performance of the employees in order to have growth and profitability in the banks and attract
financial resources.


Improving Bank management Under Macro economic Context - Case of ACB Bank in Vietnam

NGUYEN THANH VU; DINH TRAN NGOC HUY; VO KIM NHAN; NGUYEN VIET DUNG; BUI QUANG TAM; PHAN MINH DUC; NGUYEN VAN DAT; NGUYEN THANH HUNG

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 243-250
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.030

Vietnam experienced the year 2015 with low CPI as of 0.6%.  It is the time to suggest solutions to improve bank management and leadership in the country in a changing macro economic context. This paper evaluate bank risks in famous risk model under impacts of both macro internal and external variables during 2 special periods: pre-Low (L) inflation time 2011-2015and post-L time 2015-2020 in the country. Therefore, in our paper, we aims to measure and evaluate how much effects in the market risk of one of big listed Vietnam commercial bank, Asia Commercial Bank (ACB) during the 2 special periods with semiannual data. We use synthesis statistics methods, and dialectical materialism method, combined with econometric model with 9 macro variables, and figure out that lending rate and risk free rate has positive impacts with bank risk. It implies that increase in lending rate, together with decrease in Rf will increase market risk.
Then, we will suggest recommendations for improving bank management capabilities and relevant government agencies. Our recommendation can be used for reference in many other developing markets.
JEL classification numbers: M21, G12, G30, E58, E62

The Moderating Effect of Risk-Taking Propensity on the Relationship between Perception towards Insurable Risks and General Takaful Demand Among SMEs

FAUZILAH SALLEH; ZAINUDDIN AWANG; NORFADZILAH RASHID; NIK AHMAD SUFIAN BURHAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 134-141
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.017

This study aimed to evaluate the influence of perception towards insurable risks on the general Takaful demand via risk-taking propensity among small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Malaysia. This study presented essential insights that would benefit Takaful operators in determining and enhancing general Takaful demand among SMEs. Studies have identified two major factors of risk behaviour that influence general insurance demand, which are the perception towards insurable risks (independent variable) and risk-taking propensity (moderator). This study presented theoretically significant information on the incorporation of perception towards insurable risks and risk-taking propensity to explain the general Takaful model. For this study, a total of 278 SMEs in Malaysia were sampled. All gathered data were analysed using AMOS for the testing of hypotheses. The results of structural equation modelling (SEM) revealed perception towards insurable risks as the key factor that drives the general Takaful confidence in decision making and risk-taking propensity as a moderator in the relationship between the perception towards insurable risks and general Takaful demand. Apart from providing a clearer overview of Takaful demand among SMEs in Malaysia, the obtained findings of this study also highlighted the significance of healthy and ethical behaviour in decision making in order to protect the organisational resources and accomplishments.

Does Nigerian Low-Income Families Need For Micro Family Takaful Scheme?

MURTALA MUHAMMAD SHA’ABAN; FAUZILAH SALLEH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 52-58
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.007

Insurance, beyond doubt, is an essential policy for poverty eradication. Since low income households can't afford the high insurance premium, the best protection is Microinsurance or Microtakaful. In terms of principle, Microtakaful is barely the same as Takaful, except that the former is based on mutual contribution with affordable price that overcomes a specific risk that plagues the low income households. Having that said, this study proposes Microtakaful as an essential mechanism that protects the low-income group, apart from reducing the poverty rate. The proposed Microtakaful framework consists of a protection scheme equipped with financial support grants from the government, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), charity institutions, waqaf, international charity organisations, and donor agencies. This offers a basis to further look into the Microtakaful product and mutual pricing model designs based on cooperative principles as a mobilisation fund aimed at eradicating poverty amidst low-income families.

Managing Better Net Working Capital With Data Assumption from Financial Statements in Manufacturing And Energy Companies- case in Emerging Markets Including Vietnam

HOANG THANH HANH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 731-735
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.090

In emerging markets in Asia including Vietnam, environment protection has been becoming meaningful in the context of global warming. There area huge number of used tires in region every year; so, pyrolysis firms have updated new technology to solve this environmental issue.
That’s why it is important for us to consider solutions for better management of net working capital (including inventory for waste tires, for output products such as fuel oil, carbon black, steel). with all data collected from financial statements of energy firms. From financial reports on current business operation, we can  make assumptions for input data of working capital.
Hence, This paper will use statistic methods, together with practical experience in an energy firm case in one of developing countries in Asia, Vietnam.
Finally, we think it is important to suggest some plans for better management of net working capital in this renewable energy  business sector. This is a vital part of financial management mission in the business and in functions  of CFOs and financial accounting team.
JEL classification numbers: G00, G390

Measuring the Quality of Accounting Information in the Face of with Employer Loyalty with Approach PSO Algorithm

ABBAS ZAKIZADEH; SINA KHERADYAR; FAZEL MOHAMMADI NODEH; AIYOUB AHMADI MOUSAABAD

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 857-869
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.104

Employer loyalty stems from a positive attitude towards a service that is directly related to the working relationship between the auditor and the Employer. This may be due to a better working relationship with the auditor of your choice or an opportunity to influence the auditor. Managers may seek auditing to approve the method because they do not prepare financial statements in accordance with common accounting principles. In this case, the level of quality of accounting information largely depends on the behavior of managers. The present study tries to optimize the quality of accounting information in the face of customer loyalty by using the algorithm (PSO) in a period of 7 years from 2012 to 2018. The results showed that in each group of loyalty and loyalty of the Employer, the number of characteristics with equal desirable and undesirable levels is equal and in Tehran Stock Exchange, managers, whether loyal to their previous auditor or not, the highest level of importance and desirability can be attributed to the characteristic They give confidence and give the lowest level of relevance.

Designing a Model for the Strategic Development of Human Resources in Nationwide Judiciaries Using Fuzzy TOPSIS Approach

ELAHEH HASHEMZEHI; MALIKEH BEHESHTIFAR; MOHAMMADAMIN NIKPOUR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 751-761
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.092

The present study was an attempt to design a model for the strategic enhancement of human resources in judiciaries across the country using fuzzy TOPSIS approach. The present research is applied in terms of purpose and exploratory in terms of approach. The Cochran's formula for limited sample populations was used to select samples from the statistical population. Based on this formula, the number of samples was determined as 365 participants and sample members were selected through multi-stage cluster sampling. The results of content analysis indicated that the model of strategic enhancement of human resources in nationwide judiciaries is comprised mainly of ninety-eight concepts, eighteen categories and six dimensions. The results demonstrated that the most significant inhibitors are “resistance of organizations to change”, “lack of institutionalization of knowledge concerning management culture in the subsets”, “inappropriate long-term policy for human resources”, “inadequate support for managers”, “reduction in motivational factors among employees”, “weak support from senior managers”, “absence of a proper context for monitoring, refining and training employees”, and “inaccurate definition and improper implementation of support mechanisms”. The results further demonstrated that the most important motivating factors are “explaining the role and position of each employee in advancing the goals of the group”, “creating a context for employee self-control and self-management”, “creating a spirit of cooperation and teamwork” and “establishing a logical relationship with performance results”.

Comparison of Treatment Time of Initial Alignment Between Self Ligating and Conventional System

NILESH SURESH; NAVEEN KUMAR M

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 808-816
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.099

There are various types of brackets available in orthodontics. This retrospective study investigated the difference in clinical efficiency between Damon Q self-ligating brackets (SLB) compared with MBT conventional ligating brackets (CLBs) during tooth alignment in straightwire fixed appliance therapy. Twenty patients (8 males and 12 females), aged between 12 and 25 years, were randomly divided into two groups: 9 patients received the SLB and 11 received the CLB. Upper arch impressions were taken for pre-treatment records (T0). A transpalatal arch was soldered to both maxillary first molar bands prior to extraction of the maxillary first premolars, followed by straightwire fixed appliances (0.022 × 0.028 inch). A 0.014 inch nickel titanium (NiTi) wire was used as the levelling and aligning archwire. Four monthly reviews were undertaken and impressions of the upper arch were taken at each appointment (T1, T2, T3, and T4). Displacements of the teeth were determined using Little’s irregularity index (LII). Data were analysed using the Mann–Whitney U-test. In the aligning stage, the CLB group showed significantly faster alignment of the teeth compared with the SLB group at the T1–T2 interval (P < 0.05). However, there were no differences at T2–T3, and T3–T4 for either group (P > 0.05). The CLB group showed 93 per cent crowding alleviation compared with 76 per cent for the SLB after 4 months of alignment and levelling. MBT  brackets aligned the teeth faster than Damon Q but only during the first month. There was no difference in efficacy between the two groups in the later 3 weeks. Alleviation of crowding was faster with CLB than with SLB.

Analysis of Biological Factors Affecting the Improvement of Health Accounting from the Perspective of Monetary Disorders

DARIUSH OMIDI GHASEMABAD; SINA KHERADYAR; FAZEL MOHAMMADI NODEH; EBRAHIM CHIRANI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 833-841
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.102

The present study investigates the relationship between intrinsic factors and monetary disorders for the first time in Iran. The statistical population is the banks that are members of the Tehran Stock Exchange. The sample size is based on new methods of experiments and using Sample Power software and according to the type of research relationship hypothesis which is a combination of two scale variables but abnormal, Spearman test has been used. The first hypothesis of the study based on the relationship between two variables of financial risk tolerance and monetary disorders, showed that there is a significant relationship between the variables of financial risk tolerance and monetary disorders and there is a positive and moderate relationship between variables and the first hypothesis was accepted. Moreover, based on the results, the second hypothesis has a significant relationship between the variables of financial anxiety and monetary disorders, which shows a positive and moderate relationship between the variables. The second hypothesis was accepted and finally the third test showed that there is no significant relationship between monetary outcomes variables and monetary disorders and the third hypothesis of the research was not accepted. Therefore, based on the inherent origin of the variables of financial risk tolerance and financial anxiety, it has a positive and significant relationship with monetary disorders.

A comparative study related to effect of Human resource information systems on implementation of HRA system in India and Kurdistan region of Iraq.

DR.NAVULUR KRISHNA SURARCHITH; DR.ROOPAL SHRIVASTAVA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 699-703
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.087

The present research concentrated on acknowledging practices related to Human Resource Accounting in India and Kurdistan region under process oriented industry. The organizations selected for the present research are Al Mansoori Petroleum Services Ltd., Kurdistan Region of Iraq and Cement Corporation of India Ltd., India. Observations made by the researcher were to check the effect of Human Resource Information System on implementing Human Resource Accounting systems. The data was collected by constructing a questionnaire and distributed to respondents in two organizations. The study was conducted with a sample size 570 (386 from Cement Corporation Limited and 184 from Al Mansoori Petroleum Services Limited) have been considered for general evaluation. 46 (26 from CCI and 20 from AMPS) from the above lot has been taken separately confined only to the employees of HR & Finance departments considered for the evaluation. The results depict that Human Resource Information System has a significant influence on implementing HRA System.

Correlation of Lip Shape and Type of Smile in The Perception of Aesthetics in Patients Between18-30 Years - A Photographic Study

SHA.S. HARIHARANA; SUBHASHREE R; RAKSHAGAN V

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 658-666
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.081

Smile is characterised by upward curving of the corners of the mouth, indicates pleasure and plays an important role in social interactions. The study was done to assess the relation between the shape of lips, type of smile and their effect in the perception of aesthetic between the age group of 18-30 years.The study was designed to be a photographic analysis of smiles of 70 subjects between 18-30 years. The study was done in Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, India during the time frame of March-April 2020. The study analysed the type of smile, the shape of the lips and the smile line and its influence on the smile esthetics. An esthetic score was given to the patient on a score from 1-5, five being excellent and 1 being poor. These results were correlated to understand their influence on each other. Descriptive statistics was used to measure frequency and Pearson’s correlation  was performed to analyse the correlation. Moderately arched lips(53%), medium smile line(66.7%) and both Cuspid and commissural type(40%) of smile showed association with the highest grade of smile esthetics. There is a negligible  correlation between smile line and esthetic score, low positive correlation of type of smile with the perceived esthetics, and negative correlation between shape of smile and esthetics (-0.22). The esthetics of smile depends on the peri oral structures as much as it depends on the teeth and associated structures.Development of an index to incorporate the aspects of lips and face in the quantification of esthetic score would best enable to obtain a wholesome picture and also allows standardised comparisons. Further research is encouraged.

A Time To Shine: How Business Interruption Micro Takaful Scheme Step Up To Covid-19 For Micro Enterprises In Malaysia

FAUZILAH SALLEH; WAN NORHAYATE WAN DAUD; NOOR AINA AMIRAH MOHD NOOR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 171-177
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.022

After a series of disasters, including major floods, landslides, and hurricanes, Malaysia was affected by multiple damages and losses. Moreover, with the proclamation of the Movement Control Order (MCO) by the government, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to widespread economic disruption across the country. By this year, Malaysia's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is projected to contract between 0.1 per cent and 4.6 per cent. However, this projection may be negatively impacted due to the closures of short-term business, sales losses, and the downturn in revenue. In Malaysia, the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) amounted to 907,765, in which 693,679 (76.5%) comprised of microenterprises (MEs). After ceasing their operations, these MEs and businesses were prone to bankruptcy, in which MEs were severely affected by the MCO. Therefore, this article investigated the coverage of existing insurance schemes of business interruption losses, formulated the business protection schemes against business losses by observing the effects of COVID-19, and the requirements of takaful/insurance protection, particularly on MEs in Malaysia. Hence, this article focused on business interruption during a pandemic, which involved microbusiness interruption scheme for MEs in Malaysia.

 

Indonesia defence diplomacy strategy in resolving china claims to Indonesia exclusive economic zone in north natuna sea

SUTRIMO SUMARLAN; SUDIBJO ,; AHMAD G.DOHAMID

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 265-272
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.033

China's unilateral claim through the nine-dash line map covered part of the Indonesian
Exclusive Economic Zone in the North Natuna Sea. This research endeavored to explain
Indonesian Defense Diplomacy Strategy in resolving the claim peacefully, by avoiding open
military confrontation adhering to the principles of international maritime law UNCLOS 1982.
The cooperation between the two countries is much broader and takes into account Indonesia's
national interests. Therefore, the researchers offered an approach to avoid conflict through a
defense diplomacy strategy that chose to cool down the tensions between the two countries. It was
called as cool defense diplomacy.


Incidence of Oral Mucosal Lesions in Patients Visiting A Private Dental Institution

FAHMIDA BINTI ABD RAHMAN; VIVEK NARAYAN; UMA MAHESHWARI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 297-304
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.037

Oral mucosal lesions act as a protective barrier against various harmful external agents. A wide variety of lesions and conditions either harmless or with serious complications may attack oral mucosa. Therefore, proper identification and treatment of these lesions play an important role in total oral health. It is a retrospective study. A total of 41439 patient records between January 2019 and December 2019 were evaluated in this study. Data such as age, gender, types of oral mucosal lesions were retrieved from the patient records of the private dental institution, Chennai. The data are then tabulated in Microsoft Excel and subsequently transferred to SPSS software for statistical analysis. Chi square test was done and the association between age and gender with types of oral mucosal lesions were found to be statistically significant. The incidence of oral mucosal lesions was 3.79 per 1000 per year. Overall, leukoplakia (27%) had the maximum predilection followed by smoker’s palate (23%). Patients in the age group of 41 to 50 years were having the highest predilection for oral mucosal lesions (27.7%). Out of the 5 categories of oral mucosal lesions, potentially malignant disorders (60%) were highly prevalent in our study. This can be attributed to the increase in various adverse habits such as smoking, chewing tobacco, tobacco products and many more. More awareness about tobacco and its harmful effects must be promoted in order to prevent the rising numbers in potentially malignant disorders and oral cancer.

Retrospective Analysis on Sutures Used for Open Method Extraction in Patients Attending A Private Dental Institution

KAUSALYAH KRISNA MALAY; BALAKRISHNAN R.N; JAYANTH KUMAR. V

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 330-335
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.041

Procedure for open method extraction, initially starts with giving local anaesthesia injection and followed by incisions and flap design. Sutures are defined as stitches or series of stitches made to secure apposition of the edges of a surgical or traumatic wound. It is also defined as any strand or material utilized to ligate blood vessels or approximate tissues. To determine the presences of sutures in open method extraction The purpose of the study was to assess the sutures in open method extraction (post operatively). A study was carried out by collecting data by reviewing patients data and analysing the data of 86000 patients between June 2019 and March 2020 at the private dental institute. The sample size that was taken is 292 patients who came to the private dental institute for consultation. The case sheets of those patients were reviewed for presence or absence of sutures post operative to open method extraction. Data was statistically analysed using SPSS 2.0, Chi-Square Test was conducted. Result was recorded. Majority of the dental students used suturing as the wound closure for post operative open method extraction procedure. Within the limitation of the study, male patients were predominant and suture was present in majority cases of post open method extraction. And the most common site which underwent open method extraction was tooth number 48 and 38 ( lower third molars). 

Radiographic Evaluation of Permanent Canine Development Based on Nollas Stage of Tooth Development In 6–8-Year-Old Male Children

G.NITHYA KARPAGAM; DR.BHAGYA LAKSHMI T; DR.DINESH PRABU

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 281-288
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.035

The aim of this study is to radiographically evaluate the permanent canine development based on nollas stage of tooth development in 6 to 8 year old male children. A total of about 400 orthopantamograhic (OPG) images were collected from the  database record of the dental institution between June 2019-March 2020. Of these 51 OPGs were selected based on the age group between 6-8 years old male children. Dental age of developing permanent canine was calculated based on the nollas method. After data collection statistical analysis was  done in SPSS software. Among the study population 47.1% were 8 years old, 45.10% were 7 years old and 7.84% were 6 years old. Considering the distribution of teeth assessed 31.37% were 13, 31.37% were 43, 21.57% were 33 and 15.69% were 23. Within the limitations of the study it was concluded that, majority of the canine teeth assessed among 6 to 8 years old children had canine almost completed (Stage 5) or crown completed (Stage 6) according to Nollas stage of tooth development. All the children in the age group of 6 years had 2/3rd crown completed in canine (Stage 4). Majority of the children in the age group of 7 years and 8 years had ‘crown almost completed’ (Stage 5).

Assessing the Influence of Type of Base Materials on Choosing Permanent Restoration in Pulp Capping - A Retrospective Analysis

KEERTHIKA. R; SUBASH SHARMA; SURENDAR SUGUMARAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 434-442
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.054

The success of vital pulp therapy techniques is considerably dependent on the technique employed,the inflammatory status of the pulp tissue,the type of pulp therapy agent used and period of observation. The commonly used agents are calcium hydroxide ,Resin modified glass ionomer cement and mineral trioxide aggregate. The permanent restoration following the pulp capping plays a very crucial role in the success of the treatment. The commonly used restorations are composites,amalgam and bilayered restoration.The aim of this study was to assess the type of base materials in pulp capping and its influence on permanent restoration.A cross sectional study done at Saveetha Dental College with the sample size of 69 was analysed. The factors like age ,gender,base material ,type of teeth and permanent restoration were assessed. The P value of less than 0.05 was considered to be significant.Result of type of base material showed,Calcium hydroxide >Calcium hydroxide +Resin modified glass ionomer cement >Bio aggregate material and the permanent restoration showed Composite >Bilayered restoration > Amalgam.The statistical analysis showed the p value =0.338( >0.05) ,which implies that there is no significant association between the type of base material with the type of permanent restoration.The current study showed that calcium hydroxide and composite restoration were the preferred options of base material and permanent restoration respectively.But with recent advances it has been proved that Bioaggregate material has better properties than calcium hydroxide ,which is no longer a gold standard material.

Comparison and Evaluation of Different Suture Materials used for the Post-Operative Closure Following Extraction of Third molars.

KIRTANA GOPALASAMY; PRADEEP D

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 386-394
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.048

Suture materials play a very important role in healing and enabling reconstruction and reassembly of tissue separated by the surgical procedure or trauma. Suture materials are used daily in oral surgery, and are considered to be substances most commonly implanted in the human body. Silk has been used as biomedical suture material for centuries and it provides important clinical repair options for many applications but the disadvantage is the biocompatibility problems .In the present day, Vicryl suture material is the most commonly used material in oral surgery, as it proves to be more biocompatible and plaque accumulation is reduced . Evaluation of 685 patients undergoing third molar extractions and evaluate the type of suture material given and compare between the different suture materials and their efficacy . Excel tabulation was done and SPSS results were derived .The study was able to evaluate and notice that Silk suture material was the most commonly given suture material and based it was also seen that the plaque accumulation was more in patients given silk sutures while Vicryl sutures was used the most post extraction of 18,28.From the present study we were able to conclude that Silk was the commonly used suture Material and the incidence of surgical site infection were greater in these patients . Of the 63 patients that were given Vicryl Sutures , there was no Surgical Site Infection (SSI) observed in any of the patients , this is attributed to the Antibacterial properties of Vicryl sutures that helps in avoiding surgical site infections ,

Analysis of Partial Edentulism Of Kennedy’s Class I Classification Based on Gender and Arch- A Retrospective study

MOHAMAD QULAM ZAKI BIN MOHAMAD RASIDI; KIRAN KUMAR PANDURANGAN; DINESH PRABU

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 507-513
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.062

A partially edentulous arches classification helps in identifying the teeth combinations, better communication and planning a good treatment. Kennedy’s classification will provide immediate prosthesis support recognition, visualization of risk, and design assessment that needed for a partial denture that will be fabricated. Therefore, this purpose of this study is to evaluate the partial edentulism of Kennedy’s Class I based on gender and arch. An institution based retrospective study was conducted among partial edentulism patients who visited Private Dental Hospital, Chennai. Data collection was  obtained by reviewing 86,000 patients records between June 2019 and March 2020. The study was done in 103 patients among gender and arch by doing clinical examination for evaluating the partial edentulism of Kennedy’s Class I. The data were collected and tabulated in excel sheets which were imported to SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square test were used to determine the correlation between the variables. In this present study, out of 103 patients, partial edentulism of Kennedy’s Class I is more common in males(56%) than females and the most common arch was found to be mandibular arch (52%). This study result concludes that there is no association between the gender and arches for patients with Kennedy’s Class I partial edentulism (p>0.05).

Influence of Parents’ Educational and Socio-Economic Status on Dental Health of Children Among South Indian Population

NILESH SURESH; NAVEEN KUMAR M

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 498-506
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.061

In the modern era where both parents are employed, there seems to be limited focus on the dietary habits and dental health of their children. Hence, the aim of this study was to assess the parental influence and family characteristics on the prevalence of dental caries among children who reported to the department of Orthodontics aged 10-17 years from Chennai. A cross-sectional epidemiological survey was carried out on 250  children aged 10 years to 17 years. The data was retrieved from the subjects records provided by the institution which consisted of information on their dental caries status. Structured questionnaires were given to parents to collect information regarding their socio-environmental and family characteristics. Student's t-test on metric parameters and Chi-square/Fisher for study parameters between two or more groups were used. It was observed that in  families where the average monthly income >10,000/-, decayed, missing, and filled teeth was proportionately lower. The socioeconomic status, which is primarily influenced by parental factors and family structure, have a definite role in dental needs of children from underprivileged backgrounds. Dental health programs should aim to reduce the gross inequalities in the oral health status of these children and their families.

Influence of Age on Oral Hygiene Status in Out patients Attending a Private Dental Institution - A Retrospective Study

FAAZILA FATHIMA; L. LEELAVATHI; SENTHIL MURUGAN P

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 273-280
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.034

Effective and efficient oral hygiene practices are essential tools for achieving good oral health. Even though the value of good oral hygiene practices has increased over the years, many studies state that poor oral hygiene levels is still highly prevalent. Preventive strategies, both at individual and population level will help to reduce the negative impact of oral hygiene on oral and general health. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between age and oral hygiene among outpatients who reported to a private dental college and hospital. It is a university setting study. About 7987 adult patients who reported to the dental college were included in the study. The data of the oral hygiene index simplified (OHIS) of these patients were collected from patient records. The data was entered in excel and imported to SPSS software for statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square test was used for analyzing the data. From the results, it was observed that as age increased OHIS score also increased. OHIS score of good was prevalent in 38.2% of the study population, fair OHIS score in 56.4% and poor OHIS score in 5.4% of the outpatients. Fair OHIS(56.4%) score was the most prevalent among the study population. Age wise comparison of OHIS score revealed that  fair  and poor  OHIS scores was most prevalent among outpatients above 55 years old and this was found to be statistically significant. This study concludes that poor OHIS scores was more prevalent among study participants above 55 years when compared to other age groups.

Shared Leadership, Leadership Styles in Between ERP and HRM Implementation

PHAM MINH DAT; BUI HUU DUC; DINH TRAN NGOC HUY; NGUYEN NGOC THACH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 233-242
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.029

The study aimed to identify the placement of shared leadership in between ERP and HRM implementation. Methodology: The following study is mainly characterised with the quantitative research design which has been selected considering the nature of the study. The present study is focused towards assessing the mediating effect of shared leadership in between ERP and HRM implementation. In this manner, the researcher has used positivism philosophy of the research along with the deductive approach which assisted the research in data collection and carrying out analysis. The questionnaire is distributed to 348 sample size to get the respondents. Findings: The results has revealed that the overall influence of shared leadership in between ERP and HRM implementation was identified to be significant. However, there was partial mediation in terms of leadership types, characteristics of leadership with respect to HRM implementation. Limitations and Implications: The following study has identified the placement of shared leadership in between HRM and ERP in the manufacturing sector of Vietnam. Moreover, there were certain limitations on this study which can be taken into consideration by the future researchers.

Expatriates Success Factors (Esf) For Increasing Commitment To Assignment In Arab Markets

ROBERT J. HANSON

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 933-952
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.111

Expatriate Success Factors (ESFs) are essential to evaluate expatriate commitment to international assignments. The study aims to identify ESFs that impact expatriate commitment levels;and rank these factors according to their importance. 13 factors were studied, and structured interviews were conducted with 10 experts from different industries. An online survey was distributed to non-Arab expatriates, who were currently working in 22 Arab countries. Valid responses from 5280 expatriates were collected and data was treated using factor loading and statistical analysis.Results indicated that logistical support, compensation, professional development, cultural adjustment, and satisfaction with human resources(HR) procedures are amongst five most important factors impacting expatriates’ commitment to their assignment. This study provides international human resources managers (IHRMs)with areas that must be addressed when locating expatriates abroad. However, further research is needed for non-Arab markets.

Prevalence of Skeletal and Dental Anchorage Usage During Orthodontic Space Closure

ARATHI MURUGESAN; SARAVANA DINESH S.P; NIVETHIGAA BALAKRISHNAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 373-379
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.046

Anchorage control plays a vital role in the effective management of orthodontic treatment for obtaining both structural and facial esthetics. Anchorage can be augmented by various methods. Anchorage support can be derived from the teeth or bone and is called dental anchorage or skeletal anchorage respectively. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of use of skeletal anchorage and dental anchorage during space closure in all extraction cases and also to study the association between the type of anchorage used and the nature of treatment results required for the patient. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study conducted in the Department of Orthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai.  320 records of patients who underwent orthodontic treatment with extraction were extracted and divided into two groups based on the type of intraoral anchorage used - dental anchorage and skeletal anchorage. The samples were also divided based on the type of treatment results required for the patients, that is, pure dentoalveolar change and dentoalveolar change along with skeletal change. 28.75% patients were treated using skeletal anchorage and 71.25% patients were treated using dental anchorage. 72.19% of the selected sample required pure dentoalveolar changes whereas 27.81% of the sample required both skeletal and dentoalveolar changes. P- value of less than 0.001 was obtained as result of chi-square test indicating that there was a significant association between the type of anticipated results and the type of anchorage used. The use of conventional dental anchorage for space closure is more prevalent than skeletal anchorage. Skeletal anchorage was commonly used for patients who required both skeletal and dentoalveolar changes.

Association Between Trauma from Occlusion and Periodontal Status of Mandibular Anterior Teeth

HARIPRIYA. R; ARVINA RAJASEKAR; NIVETHIGAA. B

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 380-385
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.047

Any occlusal force which goes beyond the adaptive capacity of our periodontium causes injury to periodontal structure, and the resultant trauma is called trauma from occlusion (TFO). Several views have been interpreted as trauma from occlusion as an etiological factor or cofactor for occurrence of periodontal status. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between trauma from occlusion and mandibular anterior teeth. This retrospective study  was conducted in a private institution in Chennai using the patient records from June 2019 to March 2020. A total of 100 patients were randomly selected and were categorized into two groups; Group 1 (n=50): patients with TFO and Group 2 (n=50): patients without TFO. Data regarding the presence or absence of clinical attachment loss and mobility of mandibular anterior teeth was collected from the record and analysed. Descriptive and inferential statistics were done using SPSS software, Version 23. In the present study, majority of the patients with trauma from occlusion presented with clinical attachment loss (43%) and mobility in mandibular anterior teeth (38%). Also, there was a statistically significant association between trauma from occlusion and periodontal disease in mandibular anterior teeth. (p=0.000)

Board Components and Quality of Financial Reporting: Mediating Effect of Audit Quality

HAMZA KAMEL QAWQZEH; WAN ANISAH ENDUT; NORFADZILAH RASHID

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 178-190
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.023

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the mediating effect of audit fees as an indicator of audit quality on the board components, the directors' remunerations, and the financial reporting quality in the Jordanian context. This study used Panel Data of 180 listed firms in Amman Stock Exchange from 2009 to 2017. The collected data were analyzed using the multiple regression analysis and Causal Steps Method. The results showed that the larger size of the board and independent directors on the board have a negative and significant influence on FRQ, whereas the board expertise and directors’ remuneration have a significantly positive impact on FRQ, as supported by the Agency Theory. Regarding the audit quality, the results revealed that the board size, the board independence and the directors’ remunerations have a positive and significant effect on the audit fees as an indicator of the audit quality. In contrast, the board expertise has significantly negative impact on the audit fees, and the audit quality has a partial mediating effect on the relationship of board components with FRQ. The findings are particularly important for the shareholders and regulators in introducing new legislations regarding the board composition and audit profession, increasing the monitoring role of the independent directors and large boards on the managerial performance when preparing the financial reports and highlighting the interaction between the board effectiveness and audit quality in restricting the EM practices and ensuring FRQ in one of the developing countries (Jordan). It is shown that the factors affecting FRQ can definitely enhance their ability through the interaction with the external factors to achieve the role of board of directors in in reducing the financial fraudulent.
Originality/value – To the best knowledge of the authors, the current study is one of the first studies that addresses the directors’ remuneration and the mediating effect of the audit fees in the relationship between the board components and FRQ in Jordan and the Middle East.

Media, Politics and Public Relations; Context of An Investigation: Trnc AND Turkey

MUSTAFA UFUK CELIK; SAIT CELIK; SINEM KASIMOGLU

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 823-832
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.101

It is a well known incontrovertible fact that the media, which is defined because the biquadrate after the legislative, executive and judicial powers within the development of democracy, acts as a bridge between politics and society with all its traditional and new elements. The media, which has been interacting with politics since the primary moment of its emergence, is beyond being an influence that directs individuals in almost every area of life; It also plays a fundamental role in determining the political agenda and evaluating the political leaders. during this study, today's media, which has become an increasing force gradually effect, their impact on the connection between popular opinion and therefore the political establishment, which has similar social and cultural characteristics of Northern Cyprus Turkish Republic (TRNC) and Turkey society by examining especially, are evaluated. press screening publication and review of the literature conducted in Turkey, the media, said that their actions and news during a fairly wide audience of no simpler within the orientation of replacing or convictions. If a smaller scale within the TRNC with transmission power of the media that the overwhelming majority of publications for his or her own political opinion, compared to Turkey media about changing the orientation and convictions popular opinion are often expressed as less effective.

Differences In Selection And Evaluation Criteria Between Arab Versus Western Expatriates Based On Saudi Hr Managers’ Perception

ROBERT J. HANSON

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 914-927
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.109

Purpose The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the differences between selection and evaluation criteria among Arab and western expatriates. The employment opportunities are thus the main intention that is found from the perception of the Saudi Arabian HR managers.
Methodology
Deductive research approach has been chosen for the study and also qualitative as well as hermeneutic phenomenology has been applied for dealing with the perception of the HR managers. The interview process is preferred for gathering the perception and this is done with 21 HR managers of Saudi Arabian companies. The data has been analyzed with thematic coding analysis.
Findings
Based on the gathered data from the perception of the HR managers it was found that Western expatriates, they get the better job opportunities from the Arab expatriates as they have more creativity, innovative skills and higher education levels. The management of the Western expatriates is still better than the Arab expatriates. Western expats are getting higher salaries than the Arab expats. However, the small companies select the expats based on their skills and past performances and for the cultural influence, the Arab expats are preferred more.
Originality
Primary data has been gathered from the HR managers’ interview process. Some statistics has been gathered from the internet sources and journals to analyze the difference between Arab and western expatriates.

The Performance of Modern PLS and Conventional SEM for Second Order Construct of Family Communication Pattern Model

ASYRAF AFTHANORHAN; AZIYAH ABU BAKAR; NAZIM AIMRAN; NORFADZILAH RASHID

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 32-41
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.005

This paper is aims to determine the performance of modern Partial Least Square (PLS) and Conventional SEM in family research. As such, the adoption of Measurement of Family Communication became the subject for testing their effectiveness.  Measurement of Family Communication Pattern is broadly used to assess the happiness of the family either happy or unhappy and it was frequently noted as one of the confirmatory research. It shows that the conventional SEM was better than modern PLS in the presence of the second-order construct.

Prevalence and Severity of Gingivitis Among 19–22-Year-Old Patients Attending Private Dental College, Chennai: A Hospital Based Cross-Sectional Study

PRIADARSINI T; JAYASHRI PRABAKAR; DHANRAJ GANAPTHY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 607-616
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.075

Gingivitis is the most common form of periodontal disease which is considered to be the second most common oral disease affecting more than 75% of the population worldwide. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of gingivitis among 19-22 years old South-Indian population visiting Saveetha dental college , Chennai. This study included the data of 165 patients who visited Saveetha Dental college in the period of June 2019 - March 2020. The required data was collected from the patient records and their Gingival index score was taken into account. Data was entered in Microsoft excel spreadsheet and analysed using IBM SPSS software version 20.O(Armonk, NY: IBM. Corp).Numerical data were presented as mean and standard deviation values. For the test, a p value of <0.05 is to be considered statistically significant.Shapiro Wilks test used to test the normality of the data set.Gingival index scores were continuous variables. Hence, it was presented as mean and standard deviation values. Independent T test was used to find the difference between the different age groups and gender with respect to the mean Gingival index score. Of the 165 people, 109 were male and 56 were female patients of the age group 19-22 years. Gingivitis is found to be more severe in 21-22 year old patients than patients who are 19-20 years old. Also, Gingivitis is highly prevalent in the male population with the mean gingival index score of 1.29 than females.

Retrospective Study on Amount of Local Anaesthesia Used in Extraction of Mandibular Third Molar Impaction Based on Winters Classification

ASHFAQ AHMED.M; PRADEEP D; S.P.SARAVANA DINESH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 459-465
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.057

Local anaesthesia are most commonly used drugs in dentistry. The required dose of local anaesthesia is based on factors like age, weight, systemic illness etc. Failure to administer the right amount may lead to adverse effects. Mandibular third molar is a common tooth to get impacted and due to which discomfort,pain and also caries in adjacent teeth occurs.Thus the aim of the study is to determine the amount of local anesthesia used in extraction of mandibular third molar. Evaluation of 634 patients reported to saveetha dental college for extraction of mandibular third molar. Data was collected from dental archiving software and the results were statistically analysed. From the results obtained, we can observe that impactions which use 0-2ml of local anaesthesia are mesioangular(28.01%), Distoangular impaction (8.79%), Horizontal impaction(21.01%), vertical impaction (6.35%), and impactions which use 3-5 ml are mesioangular(12.87%), Distoangular impaction (5.37%), Horizontal impaction(12.21%), vertical impaction (3.58%) and impactions which use 6-10 ml are mesioangular(1.30%), vertical impaction (0.33%) and the type of impaction which uses more amount of local anaesthesia was found to be mesioangular impaction but the results obtained are found to be statistically not significant(p>0.05). According to the age distribution, patients who use 0-2 ml of local anaesthesia belong to the age group of 17-25 years (23.78%), 26-35 years(28.50%), 36-45 years(8.41%), 45-65 years(3.75%) and patients who use 3-5ml of local anaesthesia  belong to the age group of 17-25 years (12.87%), 26-35 years(15.64%), 36-45 years(4.56%), 45-65 years(0.98%) and the patients of age group 17-25 years use maximum dose of local anaesthesia but the results obtained are statistically  insignificant (p>0.05). Within the limits of the study, we can conclude that mesioangular impaction is the common impaction that uses a maximum dose of 6-10 ml and age groups of 26-35 years use more LA upto 5ml and ages 17-25 years use a maximum of 6-10 ml.

Weighted Beta CAPM Based On Bank Market Value And Meanings of Financial Data Transparency- Case of 7 Big Listed Commercial Banks In Vietnam

DINH TRAN NGOC HUY; VU THI KIM ANH, PHD; NGUYEN NGOC THACH, PHD; LE DINH HAC, PHD; TRAN TUAN ANH, PHD5; HOANG THANH HANH, PHD

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 160-170
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.021

Estimating Beta CAPM is a basis for evaluating market risk in the banking sector in Vietnam economy, esp. During pre-low (L) inflation time 2011-2015 and post-L inflation period 2015-2020. The more the economy growing, the more important the role of risk management in commercial bank. Also, the more transparent of financial data, the better the capital flows in the banking and financial market.
This research paper aims to figure out in 7 big listed banks in Vietnam including Vietcombank (VCB), Vietinbank (CTG), Asia Commercial Bank (ACB), Sacombank (STB), Navibank (NVB) now become National Citizen Bank, Eximbank (EIB) and Saigon Hanoi Bank (SHB), how much and what is the Weighted Beta CAPM formula based on firm or bank market value during the period 2011-2020 with semiannual data.
The result will be a measurement which help us to calculate macro effects on market risk in banking industry. Research findings show us that during post-low inflation time, weighted beta CAPM tends to increase higher, so bank system need to prepare to manage risk better.
Last but not least, Our recommendation can be used for reference in many other developing markets.
JEL classification numbers: M21, M1, G12, G30

Presenting the proposed model of media soft power components to improve the combat capability of the Army of the Islamic Republic of Iran

SAJJAD FARHANG; MEHRAN SAMADI; ALI TAHERI HASHI; HAMIDREZA HOSSEINI DANA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 762-775
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.093

Due to its sensitive strategic and geopolitical position, the Islamic Republic of Iran is obliged to strengthen the dimensions of its soft power while paying attention to strengthening various aspects of hard power. Iran can use its soft power and achieve the strengthening of its national power when it presents its strategy and strategy as well as its desired values ​​in such a way that it utilizes the components of its power production components from both national and transnational dimensions. Brought. The purpose of this article is to design a model of soft media power in order to improve the combat capability of the Army of the Islamic Republic of Iran using the ground-based approach. In this study, in order to identify the indicators of soft power in promoting the combat capability of the army of the Islamic Republic of Iran, experts' opinions were used. Four basic indicators for soft power were determined, which are in order of priority: Army, changing the rules of the armed forces, parallel armed forces in the country, armed forces of foreign countries) in the media dimension (national media, new media, foreign media, hardware and software facilities) in the cultural dimension (orbital province, God-centered, Basij thinking And then manpower (creativity, participation in organizational decision-making, elites and professors inside the organization, elites and professors outside the organization, training, Q&A sessions, improving organizational communication, improving staff livelihoods).

Association of Vertical Growth Pattern with Various Malocclusions Among Subjects Reporting to An Institutional Set Up

KIRUTHIKA PATTURAJA; RAVINDRA KUMAR JAIN; IFFAT NASIM

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 409-417
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.051

Facial vertical growth pattern plays an important role in achieving facial balance as well as response to orthodontic treatment. Variation in growth pattern ,function of soft tissue and jaw musculature has an impact on dentoalveolar tissues thus influencing the pattern of malocclusion.  The present study aims to identify the vertical growth patterns and its association with different malocclusion. A retrospective study was conducted using the case records of patients in a private University hospital between June 2019 to March 2020. The sample size consisted of a total of 225 patients  based on malocclusion (class I -75 , class II - 75, Class III  -75) whose data on age, gender, skeletal growth pattern  were recorded.  Frequency distribution and chi-square tests were applied for statistical analysis in SPSS 20.0. The study results showed that there is a statistically significant association between type of malocclusion and vertical growth pattern (p=0.026) vertical growth pattern was common in  class II malocclusion. Also there was no statistically significant difference between vertical growth pattern and age (p= 0.524), gender (p=0.178).Hence it can be concluded that vertical growth pattern is not associated with age, gender but in subjects with class II malocclusion vertical growth pattern is more common than in other malocclusions.

Forensic Accounting Skills and the Effective Identification in Money Laundering Activities – Transaction Monitoring Perspective

FARAH HAZWANI MOHAMMAD HASHIM; SITI NOOR HAYATI MOHAMED ZAWAWI; FATMAWATI JUSOH; NORFADZILAH RASHID

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 59-65
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.008

This research examined the relationship between forensic accounting skills and the identification of money laundering activities from the perspective of transaction monitoring. The forensic accounting skills is defined to consist of skills in auditing, investigative and critical thinking. The descriptive statistic indicates that the analysts rank investigative skills as the most important skills. The multiple regression analysis on 134 data collected from the transaction monitoring analysts showed that the investigative and critical thinking skills were medium to highly correlated with the identification of money laundering activities. These findings provide valuable insight and guidance to educators, practitioners, and other related parties that they have to give emphasise on these skills such as by providing training to keep the transaction monitoring analysts of the banking institutions updated with the new developments on investigative skills and enhance on the critical thinking skills for effective identification of money laundering activities.

Perception of police by local in Manipur

DR.MOIRANGTHEM ROSHINI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 776-780
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.094

Police are regarded as the most important job as it helps in guiding us from all the wrong doers. They act as a mirror of the society . They help in reducing the crime rate of the place and also help in bringing justice to the system. They play a major role in reforming the negative vibes to positive vibes for the people and their satisfaction. Manipur , a state in North east of India face end number of issues every day which ultimately lead to solving with police. In this case police need to make a good image and should understanding with people so that they are connected with them.
This paper focus on how police perform their duty to give 100% to the society. Questionnaire were prepared to have direct interaction with the respondents. Tabulation and pie chart were made to analyse the questions in detail.

Personal Characteristics as Determinants Towards Intention For Financial Reporting Fraud

YUNITA AWANG; ABDUL RAHIM ABDUL RAHMAN; SUHAIZA ISMAIL; NORFADZILAH RASHID

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 208-217
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.026

This study attempts to examine the level of intention for financial reporting fraud; and, to determine whether personal characteristics act as determinants of such intention among Muslim participants in the financial reporting process at Malaysian banking institutions.
Design/methodology/approach – Using questionnaire, the data was obtained based on non-probability purposive sampling from 121 Muslim accounting practitioners who are the participants in the financial reporting process of Malaysian banking institutions. The data is analysed using SPSS.
Findings – The findings indicate a low intention for financial reporting fraud. Only bank type and working experience in the present banking institutions are significant in determining the intention for financial reporting fraud.
Research limitations/implications – The study adds to the scant literature investigating personal characteristics influencing intentions for financial reporting fraud in the banking sector. The findings give insights to the banks’ stakeholders on the personal characteristics that may determine the intention for financial reporting fraud among the actual participants in the financial reporting process within Malaysian banking institutions. However, the use of scenario in this study may lead to the issue of social desirability bias, while the use of purposive sampling technique may limits the generalizability of its results.
Originality/value - This study examined personal characteristics of the actual participants or preparers in the financial reporting process within Malaysian banking institutions as determinants towards intention for financial reporting fraud. This study enhances the value of financial reports prepared and the trustworthiness of Muslim preparers in performing their professional duties to fulfil the financial reporting process.

Prevalence of Periodontal Diseases Among Individuals Above 45 Years: A Retrospective Study

GEETHIKA. B; ARVINA RAJASEKAR; MANJARI CHAUDARY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 527-533
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.065

Periodontal disease ranges from gingival inflammation to loss of teeth and supporting structures. The aim of this study was  to assess the periodontal health among individuals above the age of 45 years. This retrospective study was conducted using the case sheets of the patients in a private institution between June 2019 to March 2020. A total of 242 patients were randomly recruited. Data regarding the patient’s periodontal status were collected from the case records and analysed. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were done using SPSS software, Version 23. Among the 242 patients, 29 patients (11.96%) exhibited generalised chronic gingivitis, 32 patients (13.22%) exhibited clinically healthy gingiva and 181 patients (74.79%) exhibited generalised chronic periodontitis. Clinically healthy gingiva was highly prevalent(37.5%) among 45-54 year old patients. Generalised chronic periodontitis(27.1%) and generalised chronic gingivitis(31.0%) was highly prevalent among 65-74 year old patients. The association between age and periodontal status was statistically significant(p=0.016) Clinically healthy gingiva(75%), generalised chronic gingivitis(79.3%) and generalised chronic periodontitis(89.3%) were more prevalent among the males. The association between gender and the periodontal health was statistically not significant(p value=0.604).

Association of Arch Forms in Class Ii Malocclusions - A Retrospective study

NURUL HUSNIYAH BINTI CHE SOH; RAVINDRA KUMAR JAIN; ARTHI B

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 476-486
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.059

The vertical proportions of the face are significant in determining the esthetics and harmony of the face. Dental arch form is a reflection of underlying bone morphology, size and its shape. Correct identification of a patient's arch form is an important aspect to achieve a stable, functional and esthetic orthodontic treatment result. To evaluate the maxillary and mandibular dental arch forms in class II malocclusion. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using the patient records from a dental hospital from June 2019 until March 2020. Patients diagnosed with class II malocclusion were selected and evaluated for its association with dental arch form. Data was collected and then subjected to statistical analysis. Statistical analysis: Microsoft Excel 2016 data spreadsheet was used to collect data and later exported to the SPSS software. Among 308 individuals diagnosed with class II malocclusion, ovoid arch form was the most frequent dental arch form found in both maxillary and mandibular arches. Broad and narrow arch forms showed nearly equal distributions in both arches among males and females. Within the limitation of our study, ovoid arch form seems to be the most prevalent arch form in Class II malocclusions subjects

Association Between Smoking and Oral Lichen Planus in Males - A Retrospective study

PADMAHARISH V; JAIGANESH RAMAMURTHY; DEEPA GURUNATHAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 623-632
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.077

Oral lichen planus affects one to two percent of the general adult population and is the most common non‐infectious oral mucosal disease. Tobacco smoking increases the risk of OLP malignant transformation as cigarette smoke contains substances that induce chronic inflammation at mucosal surfaces. The aim of this study was to assess the association between smoking and oral lichen planus in males. A retrospective study was conducted using the case records of patients visiting a private dental college in Chennai from June 2019 - March 2020. The study population included case records of male patients with oral lichen planus, selected by non-probability purposive sampling. Data regarding their smoking habit were collected. Descriptive and inferential statistics were done using SPSS software. Among the study population, 43.59% of patients were below 40 years and 56.41% were above 40 years of age. About 53.8% of male patients with oral lichen planus had a smoking habit. Erosive lichen planus was the most common variant followed by the reticular type.Within the limits of the study, there was a significant association between smoking and oral lichen planus in males, with an increased incidence of erosive lichen planus among smokers.

Evaluation of Elastomeric Impression in Fixed Partial Denture-A Retrospective Analysis of Patient Records

G. NITHYA KARPAGAM; VISALAKSHI RAMANATHAN; DINESH PRABU

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 555-563
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.068

The aim of this study is to evaluate defects in the impressions made for fixed partial denture prosthesis. For this, patient records of those who underwent replacement of missing teeth with fixed partial denture were collected. A total of 50 fixed partial denture impressions were evaluated. The data collection was done considering the following parameters - impression technique, number of prepared units, defect in the facial margin , defect or cut through finish lines, defect onto the axial wall, defect in material polymerisation, exposure of heavy body through wash material, retraction cord embedded in impression, air bubbles and voids, type of tray used, number of cords preferred. The collected data was tabulated in excel sheet. Statistical analysis was done in SPSS software. This study shows that 90% were double wash impressions, 10% were single wash impressions. About 36% showed defects on the facial margin, 62% showed defective cuts through the 360 degree flash, 38% defect on the axial wall, 38% showed air bubbles and voids. Majority of the impressions were made after packing  two cords. Within the limit of the present study it is concluded that double wash impression technique is the most preferred. The voids and bubbles were the majority of the defects that were present than any other defects.

Knowledge Attitude and Practice Regarding Behaviour Counselling Techniques for Tobacco Cessation Among Interns of a Private Dental Institution

KARTHIKESON. P.S; SRI SAKTHI; KIRAN KUMAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 365-372
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.045

Physicians and dental practitioners play an important role in smoking cessation since many patients attempt to quit smoking by frequent visits and following physician's advice . Although many dentists express a positive attitude to educate smoking cessation among patients, few relatively assist smokers to quit. It is important for the dentists to know about smoking cessation and its significance in changing behaviour of smokers.The aim of this study is to find out the knowledge, attitude and practice among interns regarding tobacco cessation and counselling techniques.This cross sectional study is done in form of an online survey comprising 15 questions regarding knowledge, attitude and practice regarding tobacco succession. The survey was distributed to 110 interns of private dental college only after their consent. Responses were recorded in Google forms with inclusion of one week scheduling. 90% of response rate was observed.Knowledge (63%), attitude (70%) ,practise (30%) among interns were observed. Overall knowledge and attitude among interns regarding tobacco cessation was found to be fair. Within the limitations of current study, knowledge attitude and practice regarding tobacco cessation was fair overall among interns of private dental college

The Effects of Work - Life Balance on the Academic employees’ Performance, Motivation and Job Satisfaction among Private and Public Universities of Kurdistan Region

ROZHY AZAD SABIR; DR.FATIH CURA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 674-678
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.083

The purpose of this study investigates the effects of work - life Balance on the academic employees’ performance, motivation and job satisfaction among private and public universities of Kurdistan Region. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used to obtain empirical outcomes. The questionnaires were distributed to the 396 participants among public and private universities in KRG. The results indicate that the employees of the academic world do face challenges of work-life balance in their careers. These challenges are more difficult on the private university employees than the public employees, and the public employees enjoy a fairly better degree of work-life balance than the private universities, even though the rate of the work-life balance culture within the public universities is not at an acceptable level.

Prevalence of Denture Stomatitis and Its Predisposing Conditions - A Retrospective Institutional study

GODLIN JENETA J; SUBHASHREE. R; NIVEDHITHA M. S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 289-296
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.036

Denture stomatitis is an inflammatory condition affecting denture wearers. It can occur mostly due to Candida infection or mechanical irritation from denture or allergic reaction to any of the material used for fabricating denture.  Denture stomatitis is considered a multifactorial disease as it can occur due to occlusal disharmony and ill fitting dentures, blockage of mucous glands, candida albicans. Various treatment and preventive measures are based on etiology of denture stomatitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of type of denture stomatitis and its association with age, gender and type of treatment given. A retrospective study was done from 1 June 2019 till 1 March 2020. Data was reviewed  from the patients records and analysed the data of 86,000 patients between June 2019 and March 2020 that were documented in a private institution. Statistical analysis was performed to assess the association between denture stomatitis with age, gender and type of treatment given. Prevalence of Type I denture stomatitis was 35.19%, Type II denture stomatitis was 44.44%, Type III denture stomatitis was 20.37%. The association between age group and type of denture stomatitis showed that there was no significant relation between age and type of denture stomatitis. Association between type of denture stomatitis and gender was statistically significant (p<0.05). The association between the type of denture stomatitis and treatment given was not significant. Type II denture stomatitis is the most common type of denture stomatitis and occurs mostly between age groups 41 to 59 years with females having higher prevalence compared to males. Most common treatment suggested was denture correction. To reduce the risk of denture stomatitis, dentists should take a step to educate the patients how to use dentures and risk associated with not maintaining well and how to prevent it.

Acknowledging the Effect of “Affect” in Healthcare: Empirical Investigation of Emotional Labor Practices of Physicians During the COVID-19 Pandemic

SAMAN JAVED; DR NOSHABA BATOOL

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 870-884
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.105

Relevance of Affect or Emotions is paramount in front-line jobs. Especially during times like these with the global spread of COVID-19, both mental and physical well-being of healthcare workers are at stake. Having to face hardships of treatment of infected patients, exhausted resources and fear of infection, doctors and paramedical staff need resolute and emotional composure more than ever. Our research aimed to understand the sequential effect of doctors’ emotional job demands on their emotional labor practices at work, emotional exhaustion and well-being. With data gathered from 332 doctors serving in 11 tertiary hospitals across Pakistan, we found that emotional job demands can lower doctors’ subjective, psychological and physical well-being, if they opt to use surface acting at work. However, showing genuine and natural emotions at workplace helps beat emotional exhaustion, thereby increasing the well-being levels. The study contributes to theory and practice by providing a detailed literary examination of emotions in healthcare context and suggesting ways to combat the adversities associated with the affective part of healthcare profession.

Evaluation of Type of Impression Technique Used in Tooth Supported Full Mouth Rehabilitation - A Retrospective Study

DR.M.SAI TEJA REDDY; DR.NABEEL AHMED; DR.KEERTHI SASANKA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 451-458
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.056

The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the type of impression technique used by various dental students. A total of 98 data entries were taken, duplicate and missing entries were omitted. So a total of 63 entries were evaluated. The data was collected from patient records in Saveetha Dental College, over a period of one year. . The evaluation was based on the type of  impression technique used by various dental students. The results of the study were subjected to statistical analysis. Data analysis was done using SPSS software version 23.0.  Chi-square test and frequency evaluation was done to evaluate the most frequently used impression technique in FMR. It was found that more than 92% of dental students preferred to use double stage putty wash technique with a (P-value - .743) The present study concluded that most of the dental students preferred to use double stage putty wash impression technique for their dental treatment

Concepts, explanation theories, standards and guidelines on corporate social responsibility: Overview of research and contact with Vietnam

BUI THI THU HANG

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 718-730
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.089

In a developing country like Vietnam, businesses are, in many different ways, making an effort to integrate into the international business community. To achieve this purpose, one of the main strategies is to carry out CSR. Based on content analysis and statistical methods, the study systematically reviewed the existing literature indexed in Google Scholar, Google, and the library. The research's primary goal is to provide a theoretical basis for scholars, especially Vietnamese ones, to reasonably design CSR measurement indicators for future quantitative research. As a result, the paper presented CSR concepts that stand out from each historical period, moreover, placed in connection with theories explaining whether incorporations should engage in CSR activities or not. Besides, the paper introduces a range of international CSR standards and guidelines, with an emphasis on GRI and ISO26000. From the perspective of Vietnam, this country's government also applied ISO 26000 to develop its national standards on CSR. Vietnamese enterprises can also consult GRI to implement CSR activities as well as prepare sustainability reports. They must comply with legal provisions on CSR information disclosure and refer to Vietnamese guidelines such as the Corporate Governance Principles, the Corporate Sustainable Index 2020.

The Effects of 2011 Revised Code of Corporate Governance on Financial Reporting Quality in Nigeria: The Role of Board of Directors and Audit Committee Members

UMAR ALIYU MUSTAPHA; FAUZIAH MD TAIB; NORFADZILAH RASHID

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 218-225
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.027

Nigeria’s fight to enhance investors’ confidence in the environment where pervasive corruption and weak contract enforcement has led the country into instituting general and sector-specific laws to improve business transparency, accountability and unethical earnings manipulations. The 2003 Code of Corporate Governance was amongst the first attempt to induce good governance behaviour but with little progress as the country was embroiled with unethical accounting scandals involving major international companies. The revised 2011 Code of Corporate Governance shifted the full accountability responsibility to boards of directors with an increased role for the audit committee to assist directors in scrutinising financial statements.  This paper examined the enhanced roles of the board of directors and the audit committee in curbing unethical earnings manipulations and enhancing the financial reporting quality.  Findings suggest that the role of the board of directors has not restrained companies from engaging in earnings management although the audit committee size has contributed towards enhancing the financial reporting quality. Nigeria has adopted a rule-based approach to implementing its corporate governance and it has not been successful to induce good corporate behaviour in the absence of good check and balance mechanisms in place. The human governance perspective envisages that the true essence of good governance could be achieved by placing importance on people instead of structures. It is timely that the Nigerian authorities consider this self-regulation perspective as a way forward to promote good governance and eventually, overcome all unethical practices by the corporate managers.

Association of Gender to Mandibular Second Molars with Single Fused Canal: A Retrospective study

RUKHSAAR GULZAR; MANISH RANJAN; J MAHALAKSHMI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 395-401
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.049

The occurrence of aberrant anatomy is one of the causes of endodontic failures when they are not detected accurately. Hence understanding these anomalies is highly important for a dental practitioner. The present retrospective study was conducted to analyse the incidence of a single fused canal in mandibular second molars and its association with gender . Data was obtained from the database of the institute and the preoperative and obturation radiographs were evaluated. The details were entered in an excel sheet and a descriptive statistical analysis and a chi square test  by SPSS. The results of the present study showed a 1.6% chance of occurance of a single fused root with a single canal in a mandibular second molar with a higher predilection for females. These results are statistically significant with a p value of 0.012. From a clinical point of application, a complete examination from multiple angled radiographs and three dimensional assessment must be conducted when an unusual anatomic form is encountered. This will reveal accurate details and will help in preventing iatrogenic errors which often lead to the failure of endodontic treatment. 

Business Process Modeling in Consulting Companies

IRINA ANATOLIEVNA KISELEVA; NATALIA ALEKSEEVNA SADOVNIKOVA; MIKHAIL VLADIMIROVICH KARMANOV; VLADIMIR IVANOVICH KUZNETSOV

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 816-822
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.100

The international practice of leading companies indicates that there is no successful development and sound company performance improvement, particularly, in consulting, without a proper strategy as a complex of measures tailored to achieve the set goal. The relevance of this paper lies in that all business operations are fraught with risks and thus require the development and implementation of a strategy for the consulting company within the scope of various business units.
Businesses face intense competition. Adequate decision-making requires in-depth comprehensive assessments of the situation and reliable forecasting. The main stages of strategy formulation of a consulting company are determined; strategic alternatives are identified; measures to evaluate strategic follow-up are drawn; examples of strategy development in a consulting company are provided.
The objective of this paper is to analyse strategy development processes at consulting companies. The object is consulting companies and their business models.

Leader-Member Exchange as a Moderator of the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Organization Citizenship Behavior – A case of a multinational hypermarket in Erbil City.

KARWAN H. SHERWANI; ALI NATHEER

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 800-807
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.098

The purpose of this research is to develop a model in which the Leader-member Exchange theory works as a moderator between the Organizational Citizenship Behavior and practices of Transformational Leadership theory.
The sample was made up of 92 from managers and employees of Majid Al Futtaim Carrefour Iraq, which is a UAE-based leading retail company in the Middle East, operating in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The researchers used a quantitative strategy by conducting a questionnaire of 26 items. To analyze the data, the researchers has used four analytical tools, descriptive analysis, normality distribution, reliability analysis, correlation Analysis, and regression Analysis to test the moderator.
In this study, the dependent variable is Organizational Citizenship Behavior, the independent variable is Transformational Leadership, and the moderator is Leader-member Exchange, which is believed to influence the relationship between the independent variable and dependent variable.
The findings of the study have evidenced through data analysis and interpretations that Leader-member Exchange as a moderator moderates the relationship between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors to a full extent. The outcomes also suggest the manager who shows transformational leadership styles and establishes a good relationship with the employees, tends to result in better employee citizenship behavior.

Assessment of Tooth Mobility in Periodontitis Patients Below the Age Of 35 Years - An Institutional Based Retrospective Study

B.JOHN ROZAR RAJ; BALAJI GANESH.S; NIVEDITHA.M. S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 587-594
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.072

Tooth mobility is the degree of displacement of the tooth from the socket on the application of force. It is an important clinical feature in the diagnosis of periodontal diseases. The aim of the study was to assess the tooth mobility in periodontitis patients under the age of 35 visiting a private dental institution. This was a retrospective study. Samples were collected from June 2019 to March 2020. Data of the periodontal status of patients visiting a  private dental institution in the age group of 18 to 35 years were collected. Excel tabulation was done and SPSS results were obtained. In this study, it was shown that 1993 patients were diagnosed with periodontal diseases. Among those patients, 1676 patients were diagnosed with localized chronic periodontitis, 302 patients were diagnosed with generalized chronic periodontitis, 10 patients were diagnosed with localized aggressive periodontitis and 5 patients were diagnosed with generalized aggressive periodontitis. Among patients with mobility, 82% had Grade 1 mobility, 13% had Grade 2 mobility and 5% had Grade 3 mobility. From the present study, we can conclude that Grade 1 mobility was seen more in all the age groups when compared to Grade 2 and Grade 3 mobility. It was also found that Grade 1 mobility was predominantly seen in the age group of 25-30 years. The association of tooth mobility in different age groups was found to be statistically significant (p value- 0.023). Grade 1 mobility was more common in male patients. Grade 1 mobility was more common in localized chronic periodontitis patients. The association of tooth mobility with respect to different types of periodontal diseases was found to be statistically significant (p value- 0.004). Localized chronic periodontitis was seen more commonly among all age groups but predominantly in the age group of 25-30 years. The association of different types of periodontal diseases in different age groups was found to be statistically significant (p value- 0.01). Localized chronic periodontitis was seen more commonly in male patients when compared to other types of periodontal diseases. The key to successful management of periodontal disease at younger age patients lies in early diagnosis of the disease and rigorous treatment employing the different treatment modalities followed by meticulous lifelong maintenance therapy.

Better Bank Management for Sustainability - Empirical Risk Evidence from Vietnam

PHAM VAN TUAN, PHD; DINH TRAN NGOC HUY, MBA; VU THI KIM ANH,PHD; LE MANH HUNG,PHD

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 66-71
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.009

Vietnam has reached a low inflation rate of 06% in year 2015, so it is good to see what happen in bank management during the post- low (L) inflation time 2015-2020, in order to propose plans to maintain banking business management sustainability.
Within volatility of multi macro factors, this paper will estimate bank risks with Beta CAPM measurement in the nation in the above selected period.
Next step, we aims to measure and evaluate how much macro factors effects in the market risk of 7 big listed banks with semiannual data. We use synthesis statistics methods, and dialectical materialism method, combined with econometric model with 9 macro variables, and figure out that lending rate and risk free rate have inverse effects on market risk. It implies that increase in lending rate will cause market risk declines whereas increase in Rf will cause beta increases. 
Then, we will suggest recommendations for improving bank management capabilities for sustainable bank management and governance. We recognize that modern advanced bank management solutions are needed for incoming periods.
JEL classification numbers: M21, G12, G30, E58, E62

A Socio-Economic Perspective of B40 Household Budgets in Malaysia

NADIAH ABD HAMID; ZAILAWATI YAACOB; ZURAEDA IBRAHIM; SARINI AZIZAN; NORFADZILAH RASHID5

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 19-24
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.003

This paper explores the main determinants of the socio-economic characteristics in Malaysian households in terms of budget and income. Generally, the amount of expenditures depends on the changes in household budgets; thus, income and wealth are the primary determinants of household budgets and consequently consumption patterns. In the wake of Covid-19, Malaysia’s economy has been highly impacted and people were unable to run businesses or any economic activities except for those classified as essential services such as hospitality, medical, foods and beverages, and retailing. As such, these have impacted the people with lower income earnings, especially the Bottom 40, which is classified as those with household income median of RM3,000. The B40s spend their income mainly on life necessities whereby a higher saving rate would be an assurance for higher future consumption. In view of this, the government must play its role in helping the B40s fulfill their necessities through significant policies such as increasing the amount of Bantuan Sara Hidup (BSH), providing an old-age pension, and addressing poverty problems among B40s as well as drafting a long-term plan to mitigate these problems. 

A comparative study of cost approach on implementation of HRA system in India and Kurdistan region of Iraq – A special reference to process industry.

DR.NAVULUR KRISHNA SURARCHITH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 679-683
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.084

The current study focused on understanding human resource accounting practices of India and Kurdistan region in the process industry. The companies chosen for the current study are Cement Corporation of India Ltd., India and Al Mansoori Petroleum Services Ltd., Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Researcher observed the impact of various cost approaches on implementing Human Resource Accounting systems. The data was collected by constructing a questionnaire and distributed to respondents in two organizations. For the purpose of the data analysis and testing of hypothesis, 570 (386 from Cement Corporation Limited and 184 from Al Mansoori Petroleum Services Limited) have been considered for general evaluation. 46 (26 from CCI and 20 from AMPS) from the above lot has been taken separately confined only to the employees of HR & Finance departments considered for the evaluation. The valuation methods i.e. Historical Cost of Acquisition, Replacement Cost, Standard Cost, Present Value of Future Earnings and Discounted present value of future earnings have significant influence on HRA implementation.

Opportunities and challenges for doing business in vietnam via a multi factor model impacts

PHAM MINH DAT; DINH TRAN NGOC HUY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 149-153
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.019

Currently, FDI inflows in Vietnam has been increasing, during impacts from Covid 19 and China-US commerce war which facilitates opportunities for US and Chinese firms to enter Vietnam market to attract qualified labor sources at competitive salary.
From this fact, it is the time for us to consider to evaluate impacts from multi factors on Doing Business score (DB score) in the country.Authors use both qualitative, analytical and synthesis methods, combined with OLS regression method.  Research results show us that in a 4 factor model, Export and FDI registration and export have positive correlation with DB score, while CPI and Import have negative correlation with DB score. Next, we recognize that CPI and FDI registration have higher coefficient and impact on DB score.
Therefore, The authors propose recommendations for improving DB score in Vietnam from ex-import and FDI attracting policies. The model can be expanded and applied to other emerging markets.
JEL: E61, F21, M20

the impact of work feedback on work engagement: evidence from the jordanian faculty members

ROBERT J. HANSON; MANAL RASHID TAQATQA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 899-913
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.108

This study examined the impact of work feedback on work engagement of faculty members at Jordanian private universities. The increased turnover and burnout among Jordanian faculty members was the reason for examining such relationship.  A quantitative correlational survey design research method was used to collect data from 112 faculty members who are currently employed at Jordanian private universities utilizing Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9) model. Descriptive statistics and correlational frequency were used to answer the research question related to the relationship between the job resources indicators of work feedback, and work engagement. Participants were Jordanian faculty members who are involved in classroom teaching and holders of masters or doctoral degrees. The P-Value was found at a significant level of .000 for each of work feedback on the level of work engagement of faculty members. It was found that by providing work feedback practitioners at Jordanian private universities might increase their faculty members’ level of work engagement and decrease turnover and burnout. Future research recommendations made were to encourage researchers to explore ways that might assist university administrators on improving their techniques and skills related to work feedback to their faculty members.

The Economic Factors Affecting Family In Modern Vietnamese Society

TRAN NGUYET MINH THU

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 790-794
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.096

Rapid modernization and economic development is accompanied with social changes in Vietnam, including changes in family relations in urban as well as rural areas. Among the changes, cohesion among family members becomes less tight and there is an increasing trend of divorce rate and among main reasons is economic reason and other individual and social causes. Using data from a sample survey conducted in 3 provinces/cities in Viet Nam in 2017, the author focuses on analysis of the factors that affect divorce decisions in modern Vietnamese society, thereby, contributing to mitigate the unwanted impacts of divorce, and to the implementation of Vietnam Family Development Strategy to 2020, vision to 2030.

Online Tools for Teaching and Learning

P.A. VASISHTA; ANITHA ROY; VINAY SIVASWAMY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 534-542
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.066

Learning online is education taking place over the Internet. Among other words it's sometimes referred to as "e-learning. "Online learning, however, is only one form of "distance learning"-the paragliding term for any learning that takes place over distance and not in a typical classroom. e-Learning is defined as a learning system focused on formalised instruction but using online tools. Online teaching usually refers to classes that are conducted exclusively online , meaning physical or on-campus class sessions are not available. A thorough literature search was performed using the database  like Pubmed, google scholar, BioRxiv, MESH , Cochran database using the keywords ‘ online tools’ ,’ teaching’ and  ‘Learning’ with no date and year restrictions. The language is restricted to English. 15 articles with similar data have been found which were analysed and have been included in this study. Mind maps were done using Xmind, Diagrams were drawn using brushes redux app and tabular columns were made using Google documents application. The recent articles discussed in this study help us in gaining further knowledge about assessment of the widely used online tool for learning and teaching. In conclusion, Edmodo, Google classroom are more widely used online tools for learning and teaching because it connects teachers and students and is assimilated into a social network.

IS-LM curve in the 2000-2020 period: Some recommendations on macroeconomic policies and digital economic development in Vietnam

PHAM QUOC KHANH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 704-717
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.088

The socio-economic development strategy for the 2021-2030 period with a vision to 2045 requires the proactive and flexible governance of the Government, especially in macroeconomic executives and digital economic development policies.   The IS-LM model is one of the many approaches of economists in research to make recommendations on economic policies and governance of Governments.
The following research focuses on developing and analyzing the IS-LM curve in the 2000-2020 period of Vietnam to serve as a basis for recommendations and contribute to creating a scientific basis for the macroeconomic executives of the Government.  The research results help to point out recommendations related to the direction to operate monetary policy, financial policy and priorities related to sectors / areas that support digital transformation, the development of the digital economy of Vietnam in the coming years.

Kinesics As A Form of Non Verbal Communication: A Textual Analysis Of The Holy Quran

MOHD ALA-UDDIN OTHMAN; ZAWAWI ISMAIL; CHE MOHD ZAID; MOHAMMAD RUSDI AB MAJID; NORDIN HALIAS; ZAILANI JUSOH; MOHD SHAHRIZAL NASIR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 201-207
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.025

Al-Quran is a holy book revealed to the Moslems as a guidance.  The revelation  is very comprehensive, covering all aspects of life. As such, it is no wonder that to date, it has attracted a lot of interests from  scholars who  have tirelessly  been analyzing the contents of the book to gain better understanding of it.  One discipline that has widely been  investigated is communication, specifically non verbal.  This article is written based on a qualitative study undertaken to understand one component of non verbal communication, that is, kinesics.  The study was conducted using content analysis method whereby verses in the Quran were analysed to examine the use of kinesics as a form of communication.  The findings revealed that in al Quran, kinesics can generally be categorized into four namely 1) arm movements 2) head movements 3) leg movements, and 4) body postures including sitting down, lying down, bowing, and prostration.  The study has proven the presence of kinesics as a form of non verbal communication as clearly explicated in Al-Quran.

Nasolabial Angle in Patients with Maxillary Incisor Proclination- A Retrospective study

APARNA. M; NIVETHIGAA B; RAKSHAGAN V

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 427-433
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.053

Nasolabial angle is a key indicator of facial esthetics and plays an important role in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. Nasolabial angle is formed between a tangent to the lower border of the nose and a line joining the subnasale with the labial portion of the upper lip. Normal range of the nasolabial angle  is  90 to 110 degrees.The aim of this study was  to evaluate the gender association of various forms of nasolabial angle in patients with the maxillary incisor proclination. A total of six hundred and thirty five patients between  the age group of 18 to 30 years were taken into study. Their cases reports were reviewed and retrieved from dental records  and the data related to the correlation of nasolabial angle with the proclination of maxillary incisor were retrieved and tabulated. The correlation of nasolabial angle with age and gender distribution of patients with proclination of maxillary incisor was found using chi square test analysis in which P value was < 0.05 and this study is statistically significant.It is thus , important to record the soft tissue details and utilize them during diagnosis and treatment planning  ,so that both functional and esthetic harmony could be obtained.

Prevalence of Malocclusion and Its Relationship with Deleterious Oral Habits Among 18-25 Years Old Adults Attending A Private Dental College- A Hospital Based Cross Sectional Study

AMANTHI GANAPATHI; JAYASHRI PRABAKAR; M. JEEVITHA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 487-497
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.060

Abnormal oral habit could alter a normal growth of oro-facial structure and alo related to malocclusion which is caused by various reasons such as unusual repetitive behaviours in oral cavity To evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion and its association with deleterious oral habits in adults from 18-25 years old. The present cross-sectional study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion and its association with deleterious oral habits in adults, from 18-25years old in south Indian population. Case sheets of 158 patients were evaluated for adverse oral habits and malocclusion. The collected information from the case sheet of the patients was entered in Microsoft Excel 2012.Descriptive statistics were expressed by means of frequency and percentage and Chi-square test was used to find the association between Independent variables (Age and Gender) and Deleterious Oral Habits. Level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Total sample size n=158,out of which patients with biting habits-52.91%,Tongue thrusting-25.58%,Mouth breathing-15.82%,Lip biting-8.86%,Thumb sucking-6.33%,biting and lip biting-3.80%,Tongue thrusting and lip biting-3.80%,Thumb sucking biting, Thumb sucking and  mouth breathing-0.63%. In conclusion, the majority of the study population had a biting habit and Angle’s class I malocclusion and also found  that there was no relationship between Malocclusion and deleterious oral habits among the study subjects enrolled in the present study. 

The Influence of CEO Characteristics on Financial Reporting Quality in Nigerian Non-Financial Listed Companies

UMAR ALIYU MUSTAPHA; NORFADZILAH RASHID; SADIQ ABDULLAHI; ROSEMARY OBIAGERI OBASI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 117-122
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.015

There are several reasons through which financial statements are poorly prepared and reported in order to mislead the end-users. Also, the CEO’s claimed a high performance on their routine duties to achieve a targeted standard in their organisations. It may also be for them to maintain corporate goodwill in the eyes of the business community or to win the power of competitiveness, the craze to satisfy the greed of the company's insiders. The objective of this study is to examine the influence of CEO characteristics on the financial reporting quality of the Nigerian non-financial listed companies. The population of the study is the all non-financial listed companies in Nigeria from the year 2012 to 2017, which saved as the sample of the study. The data was collected using secondary sources from the DataStream, annual reports and account of the selected companies. The analysis was carried out using multiple regression after the necessary post estimations tests for the panel data analysis. The study recognised a negative insignificant relationship between CEO tenure and financial reporting quality, while the CEO ownership provides a positive significant relationship with financial reporting quality using accrual earnings management. The study employed the use of agency and creative accounting theories to justified the proposed hypothesis. The findings of the study highlighted the current contributions of the CEO’s towed the credibility of the Nigerian corporation’s financial reporting practices.

Investigating the Relationship between Manager and Shareholder Using game theory: Applying Accounting Conservatism and Financial Reporting Quality

YOUSEF SAFFAR; FAZEL MOHAMMADI NODEH; FARZIN REZAEI; MEHRDAD SADRARA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 842-856
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.103

The decision-making of managers in today's organizations is crucial due to increased complexity of internal and external influential factors and increased competition among organizations. Game theory attempts to model the mathematical behavior of a strategic situation. This situation arises when the success of one side of the game depends on the strategies selected by other side. The present study aims at finding a strategy to maximize the balance interests of managers and shareholders by applying strategic characteristics of accounting information and accounting conservatism.  The statistical population of study included 132 companies listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange during a period of seven years (2012-2018).  The data analysis method is inferential and SPSS software was used to prepare the data and estimate the models. Pooled data model was used to test the research hypotheses.  The results of testing the research hypotheses show that the combination of strategies of manager low reporting quality-shareholder low reporting quality (m1, S1), manager high reporting quality- shareholder high reporting quality (m2, S2), manager low conservatism - shareholder low conservatism (m3, S3), manager high conservatism - shareholder high conservatism (m4, s4), were selected as poor Nash equilibrium. The study results show that game theory plays a major role in the relationship between managers and shareholders and finding equilibrium points of game can play an effective role in the decisions of game parties (managers and shareholders). Accordingly, it informs the parties of game of the strategy that has highest utility for them.

Assessment of ratio of parents preferring general anesthesia in treating children more than 5 years indicated for full mouth rehabilitation

JERUSHA SANTA PACKYANATHAN; EMG SUBRAMANIAN; GANESH JEEVANANDAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 640-648
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.079

When it comes to pediatric patients, the challenge is greater in terms of compliance of the patient, as patient satisfaction is directly related to quality of care while efficiently managing the fear and anxiety of the child. Sometimes, children require treatment for dental caries to be carried out under general anaesthetic (GA) in a hospital setting. Many parents view DGA (Dental general anaesthesia) as an acceptable and often convenient method of treatment to address their child’s oral health needs. The aim of this study was to evaluate parent’s preference for general or local anesthesia in their children’s dental treatments. This was a retrospective study conducted by evaluating data of 1005 patients who underwent invasive treatments in a private dental college between June 2019 to March 2020. To fulfil the inclusion criteria, patients between the age group of 1-17 years (pediatric patients) should have been provided with dental treatment like pulpectomy, SS crowns or strip crowns or FMR etc. The coding was done in MS excel. The data was transferred to a host computer and processed using SPSS software version 20.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) by tabulation and graphical illustration. Descriptive statistics was used to study the data collected and to analyse frequency and percentage distribution. Chi square test was used to assess association at 5% significance level (P< 0.05). The results showed that within the limitations of the study, it can be concluded that strong association is seen between age and preference for full mouth rehabilitation under GA. There is however no significant association between gender and preference for full mouth rehabilitation under GA. Of those who underwent FMR under GA, 80% were male and 51% belonged to the 5 years and above age group showing a new trend where  patients above 5 years are increasingly opting for treatment under GA.

Factors Affecting The Decisions Of Local People To Participate In Community Tourism In The NorthWest of Vietnam

NGUYEN HUONG; BUI XUAN NHAN; DINH TRAN NGOC HUY; NGUYEN THI TU

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 226-232
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.028

This paper aims to find out factors affecting decision making to join in community tourism via qualitative (analysis, synthesis) and quantitative methods. The Northwest of Vietnam is regarded as a region with sufficient and favorable conditions to develop community tourism. Accordingly, determining what factors affect the decisions of local people to participate in community tourism is of great significance in developing tourism and raising the competitiveness of tourism destinations in this region. On the basis of the collected primary and secondary data, the research paper has identified 4 factors affecting the decisions of local people to participate in community tourism, including: (1) Personal factors, (2) Attractiveness and images of tourism destinations in the Northwest, (3) Supports and investments from the State, local authorities, organization and enterprises in the Northwest, (4) Effects from people around; then proposed solutions to attract local people to participate in community tourism and develop this form of tourism sustainably in the Northwest of Vietnam in the coming time. For instance, we need to exploit the beauty of natural scenes of Nowthwestern mountains, forest and lakes with local attributes to reform a better community tourism in this region.

Choice of Appliance System in Adult Patients with Different Types of Malocclusion

P. DEEKSHEETHA; A.SUMATHI FELICITA; NASHRA KAREEM

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 305-312
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.038

The aim of this study was to assess the choice of appliance system in adult patients namely those over 30 years of age with different malocclusions. There is an array of various orthodontic appliances used for the correction of different malocclusion in orthodontics. The appliances required for a particular type of malocclusion may not be well suited for another type of malocclusion. Orthodontic treatments are generally considered to cause discomfort to the patient and are time-consuming.  Hence, the selection of the orthodontic appliance has a paramount role in the treatment of malocclusion. This was an University based cross sectional study conducted on male and female patients ranging from 30 to 50 years of age who reported for orthodontic treatment. The type of malocclusion, and the type of appliance used to correct the malocclusion present were assessed. The data was collected and tabulated in excel sheet, and exported to SPSS software for statistical analysis. The most common type of malocclusion in patients over 30 years of age who had reported for orthodontic treatment was class I malocclusion (81.43%), followed by class II malocclusion (17.14%)  and the least number of patients had class III malocclusion (1.43% ). Among these patients, fixed appliances were the most commonly used treatment modality (95.7 %). There was a statistically significant difference in the prevalence of malocclusion in patients over 30 years of age with Class I malocclusion being the most prevalent (p=0.000). There was no statistical significance between the different types of appliances used for the correction of class I and class II malocclusion (p= 0.687). Among fixed appliance metal brackets were the most commonly used compared to ceramic and lingual brackets (p=0.000).

Sustainable leadership and task performance of Vietnam textile sector

DR.PHAM VAN HONG; DR.HUONG THANH THI LE; DINH TRAN NGOC HUY; DR. HUYNH XUAN NGUYEN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 251-257
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.031

Vietnam textile industry has contributed much for economic growth and import-export activities of the nation over years, despite of impacts from Covid 19. Our research paper aims to find out the moderating effect of psychological safety within the relationship of entrepreneurial leadership and job performance of textile industry in Vietnam. For this objective, the data was collected from surveys with senior managers. The findings have shown that entrepreneurial leadership had a positive and significant relation with the team task performance and individual job performance. For sustainable leadership, Vietnam textile need to increase task performance in group and as individual. This is to focus on productivity and efficiency and create core values fro Vietnam textile firms.
Last but not least, we recognize the importance between sustainable leadership and psychological security in the textile sector. Our research findings may be expanded for other industries as well as other emerging markets.

Correlation Between the Sagittal Skeletal Relationship and Lower Anterior Facial Height - A Retrospective Study

DR.MATHEW THOMAS MALIAEL; DR.M. NAVEEN KUMAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 402-408
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.050

This investigation aimed to study and evaluate the correlation between the Sagittal Skeletal Relationship and the Lower Anterior Facial Height. A single-center data collection was done. 490 Lateral Cepahalograms were collected and traced. Only adult patients with average were considered for the study. 31 cephalograms were included. Beta angle measurement was used to divide the cephalograms into 3 groups. The lower anterior facial height measurement was made for each cephalogram. The Data was tabulated into an MS Excel spreadsheet. One Way ANOVA analysis was performed to study the correlation between the groups. The average Lower anterior facial height for all the groups 68.47  11.3 mm. The significance derived from the ANOVA test is 0.762. No statistically significant correlation between the Sagittal Skeletal Relationship and Lower Anterior Facial Height in the south Indian population

Causes of Personal Financial Stress in Malaysia: A Phenomenological Study

AHMAD AZRIN ADNAN; SAKINAH MAT ZIN; MOHAMAD IZZUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ; JUNAINAH AHMAD ESA; NORFADZILAH RASHID

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 191-200
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.024

Weak financial planning is often the root cause of individual financial stress in Malaysia. However, this phenomenological study has discovered another major rationale. This paper attempts to explain the causes of financial stress among individuals who are almost bankrupt in Malaysia through a phenomenological approach. Three participants were involved in the observation and in-depth interviews. The classification of phenomenological data in the form of specific themes is analysed through continuous comparison methods. This study found that inaccurate tasawur or consumerism pattern had greater influence on individual financial stress than poor financial planning. The inaccurate consumerism tasawur has generated a mystical element of financial stress which is rarely discussed. These findings established the need to re-evaluate the aspects of sustainable lifestyle culture in Malaysia, and it is worth investigating.

Prevalence and Gender Distribution of Lower Arch Crowding - A Retrospective study

RUSHABH KAMDAR; NIVETHIGAA B; ARUN M

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 600-606
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.074

Malocclusion is an irregularity or malalignment of teeth. Malocclusion can be either skeletal or dental. Several reasons exist that can result in the malocclusion, of which the most common is the tooth size arch length discrepancy. When the arch development is within the expected size or the size of the tooth is abnormally large, it can result in the crowding. Several other reasons have also been attributed with lower arch crowding. This study was done to assess the prevalence and gender distribution in patients with lower arch crowding. This study was carried out in an institutional setting. Data were collected regarding the lower arch crowding in the population and tabulated in the excel and transferred to statistical software SPSS. Descriptive statistics and chi square tests were done. Out of the total population (41545) , 5602 of them had lower arch crowding either alone or in combination with other malocclusion. Among those with lower arch crowding, 3067 of the males had only crowding and 293 had crowding in association with other malocclusion, whereas 1951 of the females had only lower arch crowding and 291 of them had crowding in association with other malocclusions. From the present study, we can conclude that the prevalence of crowding is relatively high(13.48%) compared to any other malocclusion. Higher male predilection in the study sample and more number of cases with crowding as the only malocclusion was also noted. Gender and age association showed a significant association with more numbers of males especially in the age group of 19-35 years in the study population had crowding.

Assessment of Furcation Defects in Diabetic Patients with Chronic Periodontitis - An Institutional Based Retrospective Study

RESHMA THIRUNAVAKARASU; BALAJI GANESH S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 543-554
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.067

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by chronic hyperglycemia and disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. Poorly controlled DM has been associated with increased susceptibility to oral infections including periodontal diseases. It is well documented that one of the main causes of diabetes mellitus is that it leads to periodontal destruction which eventually leads to furcation exposure. This leads to poor prognosis of the affected tooth. Thus the aim of this study is to determine the most common furcation site involved in patients with diabetes. Completed case sheets were collected from June 2019 to April 2020. Data was retrieved and evaluated by 2 reviewers. This university setting study involved 700 sample sizes. Data is tabulated the parameters which are age groups, gender, RBS value and furcation grade. Ranges of RBS values are from 150mg/dl to >551mg/dl. A total of 700 patients case sheets were evaluated and their periodontal status was evaluated. 500 molars were affected (3rd molars exempted). It was found that among all the age groups the most number of participants were seen in 41-60 years (66%). Majority of the affected molars has a grade II furcation involvement (45%). 35.40% had grade I furcation involvement followed by 15.60% of affected teeth with grade III furcation involvement and finally 4% had grade IV furcation involvement. Amongst the teeth with grade I and grade III it was found that 16 was the mostly affected. For grade II furcation involvement it was seen that 46 was mostly affected. Association between grade I, II and III furcation and age groups was statistically insignificant. Finally, 37 was the most affected among the teeth with grade IV furcation involvement. Association between grade IV furcation and age groups was statistically significant (p value=0.006) Thus we can conclude that diabetes mellitus is associated with periodontal disease and in this study it is evident that it involves the furcation area of molars. Diabetic patients are more prone to severe periodontitis with multiple furcation involvement. 

Novel Tumour Suppressor Genes Implicated In Oral Cancer

MADHUMITHAA S; VIJAYASHREE PRIYADHARSINI J; DEVARAJ EZHILARASAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 667-673
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.082

The cancer of oral cavity is the most prevalent with a recorded incidence rate higher in male than in females. In India, oral and nasopharyngeal carcinomas comprise upto half of all malignancies. The influence of carcinogens and region specific epidemiological factors like tobacco, betel leaf and quid chiming, makes it more aggressive and resistant to treatment. Tumour suppressor genes (TSG's) are genes that prevent cells from acquiring malignant characteristics. The aim of this study is to give a brief review on the novel tumour suppressor genes implicated in oral cancer in the last decade. A review with recent information about tumour suppressor genes in association with oral cancer and its role was derived from various sources such as Medline, Google scholar, MESH, Cochrane etc. Novel genes and signalling pathways have been implicated in the process of tumorigenesis in the last few years. The reports and studies discussed in this review would help in gaining knowledge about the role of tumor suppressor genes in oral cancer. A more comprehensive knowledge on the pathways will enable us to choose candidate genes as targets of therapy.

Occurrence of Additional Canals in Mandibular Lower Anteriors In Between Male and Female Patients

DHINESH KUMAR.S; DEEPAK. S; VISALAKSHI RAMANATHAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 617-622
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.076

The endodontic treatment with excellent outcomes depends on the critical identification of the root and its canals anatomy. The successful identification of these anatomies guaranteed the pulp tissue extirpation completely, with efficiency in chemo-mechanical cleaning and shaping. All these lead to the most proper three-dimensionally root canal obturation with the most reliable inert filling. The purpose of this study is to provide clinical data on the presence of additional canals in mandibular anterior teeth among males and females.Patients reported from June 2019 to March 2020 were reviewed. 82000 patient records were reviewed and data related to patients undergone Root canal therapy in mandibular lower anteriors. Data includes age, gender and number of additional canals in lower anteriors. The collected data was tabulated in the excel sheet. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software (version 9.0.3). The prevalence of patients with additional canals in mandibular anteriors  was 8.1% . For females, the prevalence of additional canals was 3.24%  whereas in males it is 4.86%. However,  there is no relation between the gender and presence of additional canals in mandibular anteriors.

Human Genetic Variations Associated with Periodontitis- A Mini Review

NANCY SELVAMARY V; VIJAYASHREE PRIYADHARSINI J; SMILINE GIRIJA AS

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 580-586
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.071

Periodontitis (PD) is a complex, multifactorial disease which involves participation of microbial and host factors. Microbes activate inflammatory response in the host which stimulates the periodontal cells to secrete metalloproteinases and other proteolytic enzymes eventually resulting in the tissue destruction and bone resorption. Numerous experimental reports have gathered information related to the potential biomarkers involved in PD. Genetic component of the host as well as the microorganism has been shown to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Human genetic variation is considered to be a susceptibility factor in relation to PD. These variations could make an individual resistant or susceptible to infections caused by the microorganisms. Also, other factors such as food habits, lifestyle, smoking, alcoholism and poor oral hygiene practice can aggravate the disease. The magnitude of the disease PD that a patient develops is due to factors related to the individual’s response to the bacterial colonization. Several inflammatory markers and the genes encoded by them are discussed in the present review. Thus the review provides a general overview of the genes and their proteins in association with different forms of PD.

Association Between Age and Gender of Patients Underwent Tooth Whitening procedure

YASHILA PERIYASAMY; DEEPAK SELVAM; SUBHASHINI CHANDRASEKAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 571-579
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.070

Tooth whitening has become one of the most frequently requested dental procedures by the public and the public has come to demand more whiter teeth, and a perfect smile. These include home-based products such as toothpastes, gels, and in-office based highly concentrated bleaching agents are applied under professional supervision. The profession and public have been aware of certain risks related to tooth whitening such as increased tooth sensitivity and gingival irritation. New research has shown that there are other risks such as tooth surface roughening, increased potential for demineralization, degradation of dental restorations, and unacceptable color change of dental restorations. The research is also focused on optimizing whitening procedures to reduce tooth sensitivity and to increase the persistence of the whitening. The aim of the study is to find the association between age and gender of patients undergoing tooth whitening. A total of 89000 cases were reviewed between June 2019 to March 2020 for teeth whitening procedure. A sample size of 30 case sheets were reviewed and data was analysed using SPSS software. The results were represented in the form of graphs. Chi Square was done to find the association between age and gender of patients who had undergone tooth whitening procedure and association was found to be statistically not significant (p>0.05). However there the association between the age and gender of the patient and type of bleaching procedure was found to be statistically significant (p<0.05). There are various treatment modalities available for tooth whitening. Dentists should educate patients about the benefits and risks of different whitening methods based on the current research and to suggest the best treatment option based on a correct diagnosis.

Prevalence of Class Iii Malocclusion in Permanent Dentition - A Retrospective study

S.S. SHIVANNI; ARVIND S; DR. BALAKRISHNA R N

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 633-639
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.078

The prevalence of malocclusion varies greatly among different race, ethnicity and geographic locations. Knowledge about the prevalence of malocclusion among the population helps in the early diagnosis and to provide a customized treatment plan for that population. The main aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of  class III malocclusion in permanent dentition.  The data were collected by analyzing the records of 86000 patients between June 2019-March 2020. The study includes 37756 patients above the age of 12 years in their permanent dentition who reported to the University in Chennai. The results were analysed and graphs were tabulated using SPSS software. Out of the total patients assessed, 365 patients (0.96%) had class III malocclusion among which 242  were males and 123 were females. It was further found that among the 365 patients, prevalence of class III malocclusion was 75.34% and class III subdivision was 24.66%. Chi square test done between type of malocclusion and gender was found to be insignificant with P value of 0.933. Within the limitations of the study, it was found that prevalence of class III malocclusion was less in our population with no significant difference in distribution among males and females.

Trypsin and Chymotrypsin Usage in Reduction of Pain Following the Surgical Extraction of Mandibular Third Molars

HARINI G; DR.DINESH PRABU; DR.BALAKRISHNAN R N

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 564-570
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.069

The aim of the article is to evaluate the effect of trypsin and chymotrypsin (proteolytic enzyme ) on pain and swelling after the surgical removal of mandibular third molar. A prospective randomised clinical study was conducted among 30 patients requiring the surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars. All the impacted molars were surgically removed and the patients were administered trypsin and chymotrypsin orally along with amoxicillin. The postoperative pain was assessed on 3rd and 7th consecutive days after extraction. 30 patients requiring the extraction of mandibular third molars were taken in this study.16 patients are male and 14 patients are females. There was the reduction in pain post operatively. The comparison was taken between 3rd and 7th postoperative days. Chymoral Forte can be used as a successful oral enzyme therapy for oral surgery patients, especially after the removal of impacted third molars.

Business Risks and Performance of SMEs in the Malaysian Construction Sector

FAUZILAH SALLEH; WAN NUR FATIHAH ROHAIZAD; NOOR IZYAN SHAFIQA MOHD ZAIB; NUR SHAHRIN NADIA KADIMON; SYARMIDAH SYAHRUDDIN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 25-31
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.004

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), especially their business risks and performance, are the primary economic drivers of the construction sector in Malaysia. Most studies focused on the performance of SMEs, but their business risks were underexplored. With that, the current study aimed to determine the elements of business risks that affect the performance of SMEs in the construction sector within the Malaysian context. For this study, five construction companies in different states were selected as case studies. Financial risk, government regulation, managerial capacity, delay in the project, and technology were identified as the critical elements of business risks that affect the performance of SMEs. Through the emerging new ventures in the business market, the performance of SMEs is undoubtedly one of the vital economic drivers that can boost the country’s economic growth.

Forecast of factors affecting the fair value accounting in Vietnamese listed companies

KIM ANH THI VU; NGOC THI BUI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 102-116
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.014

This study aims to assess the adoption of fair value accounting in Vietnam, and to forecast factors affecting the fair value (FV) application in Vietnamese listed companies. So, we used multivariate regression analysis to assess the impact of each factor on the application of fair value accounting in Vietnam, by implementing a survey of 203 accountants and directors of Vietnamese listed companies in the period from 2017 to 2019. The research results show that: for both small and medium sized enterprises and large enterprises, human resource factors have the strongest positive impact on FV application, followed by benefit factor. The factors of difficulties negatively affect this application. And, the active market factors have contradictory impacts between these two groups of enterprises. Our findings provide the significant perspectives of applying FV in Vietnamese companies, as well as different recommendations to Vietnamese policy makers in developing the legal accounting framework.
JEL classification: M41, Q56

Factors Affecting Consumer Goods Buyers’ Choice in E-Commerce Sites: Evidence from Vietnam

CUONG HUNG PHAM

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 892-898
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.107

The main purpose of this study is to find the factors affecting the consumer goods buyers’ choice on e-commerce sites in Vietnam. By using the quantitative method, the paper examines the theoretical research model and tests four hypotheses. The sample was drawn from the population of e-commerce sites in Vietnam comprising about 1,000 respondents. This study used the questionnaire method to collect primary data to test the hypotheses. Data analysis of the questionnaire was done using SPSS. The results show that there is a correlation between personal preferences of consumers on colors and brands and their actual final choice on e-commerce sites in Vietnam. The most important factor affecting the consumer goods buyers’ choice on e-commerce in Vietnam is the brand of E-commerce site, following by the color and position. Among all educational groups, respondents with a Master degree pay the biggest attention to the site’s color attribute, and those with a Bachelor degree pay more attention to the brand attribute. Women pay much more attention to the location of the products on the screen than men, as do consumers with a PhD degree, over respondents with a Bachelor or Master degree, and foreigners over Vietnamese consumers.

Quality indicators and commodity of apple varieties

BEYAHMEDOV I.A

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 1-4
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.001

The article was informed about research results related to the commodity and quality
indicators to Azerbaijan introduced varieties of apples. The analysis carried out in the north-east
of the country- in the conditions of Guba, Gusar, Shabran regions on the cultivated apple varieties.
This time were analyzed in the following varieties:
- The sorts as Qala, Conaqored, Qrani Smit, Fuji, Simirenko reneti, Qolden Delişse x 972,
Conaqold growned on the grafted of the wild forest apple in the area 5x4 m in 2005 in the village
Timiryazev of the Quba region;
- The sorts as Conaqored, Golden Reinders, Grani Smith, Aydared, Red Vinter, Fuji growned on
the grafted of M-9 in the area 4x1,25m in 2008-2009 in the village Teni hayat of the region
Gusar;
- The sorts as Qala, Conaqored, Qrani Smit, Fuji, Simirenko reneti, Qolden Delişse x 972,
Conaqold growned on the grafted of M-9 in the area 5x3 in 2008-2009 in the village
Dashliyataq of the region Shabran.
The research was carried out on the generally accepted methods on basics of gardening. This
time,the average weight of the fruit was on the basis of the average weight of 100 fruit: many
large - weighing more than 175 g; large - weighing 175-126 g; average - mass 125-101q; small -
weighing 100-76 g; very small - weighing less than 76 grams.
The study chemical composition of apple varieties was carried out in the technology,
biochemistry and fruit processing laboratory of SRIFT. This time, basically has been identified
total and soluble dry substance, sugar, coloring ingredients, ascorbic acid. The soluble dry matter
by refractometric method, vitamin C with the help of Tilsman reagent, sugars according to
Bertrand, coloring items according to Leventhal and Neybayep has been identified .
It was determined that grafted onto the cultivated varieties wild apple woods product intended
for processing industry in comparison, in varieties grown on grafted clone more storage and for
use in case of fresh fruit. The analysis determined that Cır Hajı from local varieties indicators lag
behind a lot introduced new apple varieties despite the fact that dominating according to the
chemical composition the apple varieties introduced earlier.


Gender diversity in job changing researched on the job market of immigrants in dalat city, lam dong province, vietnam

DR. THUY DUNG THI VU

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 154-159
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.020

Dalat has recently marked a big change in its economics field, and it is said that such a significant breakthrough cannot be completely fulfilled if there is an ignorance of the role of female immigrants in Dalat. This paper mainly focuses on job changing of female immigrants in Dalat job market together with some other related factors resulting in such an issue. The diversity of genders can be considered not only in the presence in different working fields, working areas, working positions but also in various working movements of immigrants. The two surprising findings of this research can prove that 1/ there is a movement of male workers towards non-agriculturally- related jobs in some regions, whereas there is a domination of female immigrants in the agricultural sector in Dalat city; 2/ Many research papers have already found the important role of social capital regarding job changing, yet in this research paper a blurred vision of this culprit has been found compared with such other factors as motivation, purpose, education.... The figure of this paper has been extracted from the doctoral thesis of the researcher.

Incidence of Maxillofacial Injury Among Patients Reporting to Private Dental College: A Retrospective Study

DYNA ALBERT; MR MUTHUSEKHAR; KATHIRAVAN SELVARASU

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 649-657
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.080

Maxillofacial injury often results in mortality and morbidity related to functional and esthetic compromise. In developing countries, the greatest threat to sustaining these injuries is in road traffic accidents. It is estimated that 1.3 lakh people end up in fatal death each year due to RTA. The aim of the study is to analyse the age and gender distribution of maxillofacial injuries and to find any association between the etiology of injury with age and gender. This retrospective observational study was conducted among patients reporting to the Department of oral and maxillofacial surgery in Saveetha Dental College, Chennai. Exclusion criteria was patients reporting fractures associated/ secondary to other pathologies (local or systemic), patients with debilitating systemic disease, mentally and physically challenged, patients with head or cervical spine injury. The study data were retrieved from DIAS and analysed in IBM SPSS using descriptive statistics. Among 77 samples included in the study, 85.7% were males and 14.3% were females. Maxillofacial injury was more commonly seen in the 3rd decade of life (35.1%). There was no significant association between etiology and gender and etiology and age. Maxillofacial injury is more prevalent in males in their 3rd decade of life.

Factors affecting farmers’ intention to convert to organic agricultural production – a case study in hanoi, vietnam

PHAM VAN TUAN, PHD; NGUYEN ĐÌNH TRUNG, PH.D.

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 95-101
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.013

In this study, the author has given different basis to build hypothesis and research models to find out the factors affecting the farmer's intention to follow organic agriculture. Firstly, this paper focuses on studying the relationship between attitudes, subjective norms and the ability to control over the intention of converting to organic farming. Secondly, the author studies the effects of comparative behavioral advantages, risk perception, and support policies from government on organic agricultural production. The main research subjects are factors affecting farmers' intention to produce organic agriculture. Hence, this research was conducted based on survey results among farmers. For the intention of adopting organic agriculture, the factor of comparative behavior advantage is considered as the strongest effect (β = 0.189) and the impact of other factors such as attitudes, subjective norms, the ability to control, personal standards, and the government' support policies is negligible. In particular, the study results show that there is no statistical evidences regarding risk perception has a direct and positive relationship with farmers' intention to produce organic agriculture among these farmers (β = 0.021, P-value> 0.05).
JEL: M21, G30

Gratitude: Building Bridges between Buddhism andPositive Psychology

KHATIB AHMAD KHAN; WU YANSHENG; DANABEKOVA AIGERIM

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 928-932
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.110

Gratitude is considered as a feeling of appreciation a person receives whether material or immaterial. With gratitude, people acknowledge the goodness in their lives which can also be cultivated by continuous practice. Moreover, The teachings of Buddhism considers gratitude as an spiritual practice to attain the ultimate purpose of life. The field of positive psychology and Buddhism share a common belief on nurturing constructive emotions, personal strengths and virtues. The psychological studies on Buddhism have gradually shown an interest in the area of gratitude and related dimensions in the light of Buddhist teachings. Therefore, present paper draws on centuries of Buddhist teachings and the relevant research done in the area of positive psychology to explore the nature of gratitude and its benefits in everyday life

Payment system and bank performance: Evidence from Vietnam

MANH HA TRAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 91-94
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.012

This paper investigates the relationship between the business of payment system and the performance of banking industry in Vietnam. Using data of 20 listed banks from 2009 to 2019, we find that the innovations in mobile payment have significant impact on bank performance, while the traditional types of payment show little evidence. We also argue that payment system in Vietnam does not contribute much to the stability of banks’ performance.
JEL classification: G01, G21, G28

Study on the possibility of applying the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology in online insurance business

DR. NGUYEN THANH HUYEN; DR. NGUYEN THI THANH PHUONG; MA. TRAN THỊ THU TRANG; MA. LE THANH HUYEN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 72-78
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.010

In the context of the fourth technological revolution, online insurance has become a new trend of providing insurance products around the world. In Vietnam, some insurance companies have innovatively applied new technologies in their business activities, including online insurance. However, the field of online insurance is still in slow development and there have not been studies to find out about the degree of customer acceptance of this service. Therefore, the research team conducted a survey on customers 'demand for online insurance and researched the factors affecting customers' intention and behavior for using online insurance services through the Unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT). The research team used structural equation modeling (SEM) to evaluate the relationship between the factors in the model. The research results show that risk perception, trust, social influence, and expected performance have an impact on customers' intention to use online insurance and the relationship between customers' intention and behavior for using online insurance.

Need for Orthodontic Treatment Among Adults with Generalized Chronic Periodontitis

Nurul Syamimi binti Mohd Azlan Sunil; Ravindra Kumar Jain M.D.S; Revathi Duraisamy M.D.S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 418-426
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.052

One of the most common etiologic factors of periodontitis is malocclusion. Malocclusion as an etiologic factor to periodontitis is due to certain morphological traits of malocclusion which impede and prevent oral hygiene and self cleaning, which then leads to increased bacterial dental plaque accumulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the need for orthodontic treatment among adults suffering from chronic periodontitis. This study included adults, both males and females who reported to Saveetha Dental College between June 2019 to March 2020. Inclusion criteria included adult patients between 18 to 40 years with chronic periodontitis. Patients outside  the age range were excluded from the study. Around 86000 patient records were reviewed and analysed for the inclusion criteria and the following parameters were extracted; (i) patients’ gender, (ii) patient’s diet and (iii) presence of habits and (iv) orthodontic treatment need. Need for orthodontic treatment was measured using Dental Health Components of Orthodontic Treatment Need (DCH-IOTN). Data was recorded in Microsoft Office Excel (2013) and analysed using SPSS Software Version 26.0. Chi-square test was done to find out the association in need for orthodontic treatment between variables such as patient’s gender, diet and presence of habits. Significant level test was set at p<0.05. A total of 149 patients presented with chronic periodontitis and 63.4% of these patients needed orthodontic treatment (37.9% with need for orthodontic treatment and 25.5% with borderline need). 65.9% females and 62.4% males needed treatment. 96.1% of patients who presented with habits need orthodontic treatment. No statistically significant association was observed in gender and diet (p>0.05). Statistically significant association was found between patients with and without habits (p<0.05). Within the limits of this study, it was observed that the majority of patients with chronic periodontitis needed orthodontic treatment and treatment need was more common in females. Majority of patients with habits needed orthodontic treatment.

Effect of substantial competent team on training after ERP implementation, continual system improvement, department related to decision support and business performance- A study of critical success factors on implementation of ERP systems among process industries.

DR. ROOPAL SHRIVASTAVA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 690-698
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.086

The current research focused on estimating critical success factors that are substantial competent team, training after ERP implementation, continual system improvement, department related to decision support and business performance. The respondents chosen for the current research were employees of process industries in India who are working under ERP platform. Researcher formulated four research objectives and four research hypotheses and the sample size for the current study was 139. The researcher formulated one predictor variable being substantial competent team and three predicted variables as training after ERP implementation, continual system improvement, department related to decision support and business performance. The impact between predictor variable and predicted variables were positive and significant except substantial competent team and continual system improvement which were negative but significant. Organizations may concentrate more on continual system improvement as critical success factor to increase productivity after implementation of ERP systems at department level.

Effect Of Employees’ Attitude Towards ERP Post Implementation On Support Of Top Management And Business Performance – A Study Of Critical Success Factors On Post Implementation Of ERP Systems Among It Industries In India

DR.ROOPAL SHRIVASTAVA; DR.NAVULUR KRISHNA SURARCHITH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 684-689
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.085

The aim of current research is to examine critical success factor which is impact of employee’s attitude towards post implementation on support of top management as well as business performance. The respondents for the current study were employees of IT industries in India who are working under ERP platform. Researcher formulated two research objectives and two research hypotheses and the sample size for the current study was 187. The researcher formulated one predictor variable being employee’s attitude towards ERP post implementation and two predicted variables as support of top management and business performance. The impact between predictor variable and predicted variables were weak, positive and significant. The impact of employee’s attitude towards ERP post implementation is more on support of top management than business performance.  Organizations under information technology may focus more on business performance than support of top management as one of critical successful factors in post ERP implementation.

Association of Tooth Loss in Chronic Periodontitis Patients with And Without Mellitus

PAVITHRA H DAVE; BALAJI GANESH S; MAHESH RAMAKRISHNAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 313-323
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.039

Tooth loss is a negative public health outcome that substantially affects not only the general and oral health status of people, but also their quality of life. Diabetes mellitus is one of the most widespread epidemics experienced worldwide; hence the aim of this study is to find the association of tooth loss in chronic periodontitis patients with and without diabetes mellitus. This cross sectional study consisted of a sample size of 547 patients of which 270 were diabetic patients and 277 were non diabetic patients and were distributed into two groups. After collection of data, it was tabulated with parameters such as name of the patient, age, gender, systemic condition, type of periodontal disease and tooth loss. The cast sheets of patients were obtained from the patient management software. The data of each patient was obtained and tabulated. The most common missing teeth were found to be upper anteriors and it had a higher prevalence of tooth loss in the non-diabetic group (26.82%) than in the diabetic group (18.43%). Association between tooth loss and systemic conditions was done using Chi square test p value- 0.008 and was found to be statistically significant. Tooth loss was higher in the age group of 61-70 years for the diabetic group and in the age group of 50-60 years for the non-diabetic group. The association between diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease is a well known fact. Therefore oral health education programs should be promoted in patients, which aids in early diagnosis and prevention of severe periodontal diseases.

Designing an Excellence Pattern for Effective Human Resources in the Oil Industry

ALI ZAHIRI; MALIKEH BEHESHTIFAR; MASOUD POURKIANI; AYYUB SHEIKHI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 736-750
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.091

The purpose of this study was to design an effective human resource excellence model in the oil industry. The statistical population of the study consisted of two groups: the first group consisted of experts familiar with human resources management and the second group included experts in the field of Iranian oil industry. The research method was descriptive-survey. Data collection was done using Human Resources Excellence Questionnaire and Organizational Effectiveness. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 21, 17.8.8, MINITAB and LISREL. The results indicate that there is a meaningful relationship between the strategies and dimensions of human resources with the components of effectiveness in the oil industry. There is a meaningful relationship between the processes and its dimensions with the components of effectiveness in the oil industry. There is a meaningful relationship between the empowerment and its dimensions with the components of effectiveness in the oil industry.

Preparedness of Interns of a Private Dental Institution to Be A Part of The Task Force in Pandemic Control - A Questionnaire Survey

RESHMI B; D.SRI SAKTHI; ARVIND S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 443-450
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.055

As a normal situation of disease can take over a pandemic role and affect the population around the world,it's necessary for all the doctors and front line officers to be ready to act in case of any emergency at any time. This survey aims to assess the knowledge and attitude of interns,  towards handling a pandemic situation without fear and hesitation. This online questionnaire survey containing 15 items were  used among 100 interns of a private dental college in chennai. The responses obtained  were collected and tabulated in excel and then exported to SPSS, chi square test was used to check the association between gender and knowledge , knowledge and attitude. 13.0% of females had good knowledge when compared to males (4.0%)  and  32.0% males had positive attitudes, when compared to 21% females. It can be concluded that a positive attitude in nearly 50% of the study population with fair to poor knowledge, might not make them competent enough in being a part of the task force. Rigorous training and stringent protocols on infection control would prepare the target population for the new normal situation arising in the world

Interpretation Of Oil Price Shocks On Macroeconomic Aggregates Of South Africa: Evidence From SVAR

Bünyamin Fuat Yıldız; Siamand Hesami; Husam Rjoub; Wing-Keung Wong

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 279-287

The effect of oil prices on macroeconomic aggregates has always been interesting. The recent decline in oil prices has highlighted the effects of oil price shocks both in supply and demand perspective. This study investigates the impact of the oil price shocks on the South African economy using a structural Vector Autoregressive (VAR) model offered by Peersman (2005). The model was established following the economic theory, considering the short and long-term constraints—and widely cited but rarely applied in the literature.This study shows no significant effect from supply and demand shocks to the oil prices in the short-run. Furthermore, monetary policy shocks have no immediate effect on output, and demand shock has no persistent impact on GDP. An interesting result is that oil price shocks have a limited positive effect on output. The reason for this is the high density of alternative carbon-based energy sources unique to South Africa. Finally, the monetary policy shock has an impact on all variables except for output. This study's results highlight the importance of understanding the oil price movements' source since oil price shocks necessarily do not imply a positive effect on the economy. Another result of the study emphasizes the importance of inflation stabilization and the importance of managing economies' supply-side.

Time and cost management on project development in it sector

DR.P.PRAVEEN KUMAR; MS.KEERTHANA. A.R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 629-633
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.086

The main purpose to conduct this study is to know how to implement time management and cost reduction while doing a project. Also to understand the perception of employees in the IT industry about cost reduction and time management practises. This is an empirical study. Descriptive research methodology is used in the study as the research design and  sampling method used is convenience sampling. The size of the sample collected in this study is 77 and primary data is used. The responses are collected from IT employees. The software supported to interpret and analyse the data is IBM SPSS software which is widely used for finding many quantitative solutions. The tools used for the study are frequency analysis, mean analysis and ANOVA to analyse the data. The results of this research were found to be cost management helps to eliminate unnecessary cost elements.

Evaluation of etiology of discoloration, site of discoloured tooth and outcomes of different techniques used for vital tooth bleaching- a retrospective analysis

MADHURA DESHMUKH; NABEEL AHMED

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 184-191
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.022

Smile is a curve that sets everything straight but a healthy smile needs good dental care.The appearance of the dentition is paramount to a large population seeking dental treatment and often the first evidence of variation from normal in human dentition is an observable difference in the color of the teeth.A thorough knowledge of the etiology of tooth staining is of prime importance to dental practitioners in order to reach a correct diagnosis.. The purpose of this study was to assess the etiology, discoloured surfaces and outcomes of different techniques in terms of patient satisfaction for the management of vital bleaching. A total of 31 case sheets were retrospectively analysed from the university database. It was found that Fluorosis was the most prevalent etiology in about 74.19%, Conventional technique was the most prevalent technique in about 83.87% and Upper anteriors were the most prevalent affected area in about 70.97%. It was also found that in both 16-25 yrs and 26-45 yrs age groups, fluorosis was the most prevalent etiology. In 46+yrs, both fluorosis and stains were equally prevalent, p value-0.102 (p>0.05). It was found that fluorosis was the prevalent etiology in both males(64.52%) and females(9.68%), p-value: 0.395 (p>0.05). For all sites, conventional technique is the most prefered technique, p-value: 0.751(p>0.05). The outcome for both Conventional and Power bleach techniques had prevalence of satisfaction, p-value: 0.342(p>0.05). Within the limitations of the study, we conclude that fluorosis was the most prevalent etiology for vital tooth discolouration.  The discolouration of vital teeth was commonly presented in the upper anterior area followed by both upper and lower anteriors. Outcomes for conventional technique were more satisfactory than thermocatalytic.

An examination on causes for anxiety and depression among elderly people

MS.K.C. RAJA SHREE; MS. PRIYA. S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 823-828
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.117

In India, the elder population is one of the fastest growing populations among the world. India has about 110 million of ageing citizens which ranks to the second largest global population and therefore by 2050, it is expected to raise up to 240 million. These elderly people are easily prone to get affected by some mental health problems, in which depression along with anxiety affects their total health and reduces their quality of life. This study identifies some of the factors that contribute to anxiety and depression in elderly people are Loss of pleasure, dependency, self-confidence, isolation, medical conditions, financial status, memory problems, sufferer, identity and physical limitations, death fear, loneliness and being treated badly. Among those factors, loss and sleeping disturbances greatly contribute to the reasons that cause anxiety and depression in elderly people. Future studies to be conducted for the preventive measures for anxiety and depression among elderly people.  Some innovation in preventive measures should be implemented to reduce depression and anxiety among elderly people.

Organisational citizenship behaviour and employee engagement in IT employees

DR.BENITA .S. MONICA; MR.RANJITH KUMAR R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 466-470
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.061

The study focuses on understanding the association between organisational citizenship behaviour and employee engagement in the IT industry. Employee engagement is studied with two dimensions namely job engagement and organisational engagement. Convenience sampling method is used to collect data from 62 employees. Multiple linear regression is used to analyse the data. The results prove that both job engagement and organisational engagement are significant positive predictors of above citizenship behaviour. Suggestions for incorporating employee engagement activities in the workplace is provided for HR managers.

Assessment of Gingival Enlargement in Epileptic patients - A Retrospective study

SUHAS MANOHARAN; SREEDEVI DHARMAN; ARAVIND KUMAR S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 233-240
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.029

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder with  recurrent seizures in patients due to underlying chronic disease.Medications  taken by epileptics can cause gingival enlargement. Gingival enlargement  is aesthetically undesirable and causes difficulty  in  mastication,speech. The aim of the study was to assess the association of age, gender in epileptic patients with gingival enlargement. A retrospective study for presence of gingival enlargement in epileptic patients  was reviewed from patient records and analysing the case sheets between June 2019 and March 2020 in dental outpatient department.Age groups of patients involved in the study are 20-35 years,35-50 years and 50-65 years. Patient age,gender,type of gingival enlargement were also collected. Excel tabulation was done and  results obtained from SPSS version 20. Statistical test performed was  chi square analysis to find the association of gingival enlargement types with age,gender of epileptic patients. 118 case sheets  were studied out of which 70  were females and 48 were Males.Only 8% of the total study group showed epilepsy related drug induced gingival enlargement.Gingival  enlargement of generalised type was seen commonly in males(3.42%)0.063(p>0.05) statistically  not significant,in the age group of  20-35 years(2.85%)P value - 0.696(p>0.05),not statistically significant and localised among both genders in the age group of  20-35 years(1.89%).Periodontal disease was more in generalised gingival enlargement but not significantly associated,p value- 0.788(p>0.05),not statistically significant.Within the limits of the study ,a small percentage of epileptic patients had  drug induced   gingival enlargement.Males showed comparatively higher distribution of generalised gingival enlargement in epileptic patients. Periodontal pathologies were common in epileptic patients with gingival enlargement.

Study on electronic banking towards customer satisfaction

MR. RAM BABU CHERUKUR; MS. SANDHYA RUBY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 937-943
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.132

Electronic banking is a form of banking in which funds are transferred through an exchange of electronic signals rather than through an exchange of cash, checks, or other types of paper documents. Transfers of funds occur between financial institutions such as banks and credit union . Electronic banking system has progressed in the recent years . The study is to understand the customer satisfaction in electronic banking . The main reason that electronic banking came into existence is to ease customer money transaction in any time , any place with out visiting the bank . The study is carried by a survey among the electronic bank users to identify the customer satisfaction . A sample of 205 was used to analysis the research .

Factors of job satisfaction of non-medical employees in healthcare industry

DR.BENITA .S. MONICA; MS. S. RENUGADEVI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 471-477
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.062

This research aims to assess the job satisfaction of workers of various IT employees in the Health care sector. It focuses on the relative relevance of factors of job satisfaction and their impact on employee’s actual job satisfaction. A sample of 114 employees from the hospital sector was used for this analysis. The study indicates the organizational development, policies of compensation and benefit, promotion and career development, work task, relationship with supervisor of the hospital are major factors of job satisfaction. The study is useful for evaluating employee satisfaction with their careers, whether or not they like jobs or specific aspects or measurements of work, such as job efficiency and supervision. 

Assessment of furcation defects in hypertensive patients with chronic periodontitis - an institutional based retrospective study

R. SARAVANAN; BALAJI GANESH S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 277-285
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.035

Periodontal disease is characterised by the loss of connective tissue attachment induced by the presence of putative periodontal pathogens within the gingival sulcus. The presence of furcation involvement is one clinical finding that can lead to a diagnosis of advanced and severe form of periodontitis and potentially to a less favorable prognosis for the affected teeth. The aim of the study is to assess the various types of furcation defects in hypertensive patients with chronic periodontitis. Among a sample of 42110 patients under the age group of 30 to 90 years in the Chennai population who visited a private dental college, a total of 858 patients who had met the inclusion criteria were selected for the study. Demographic details such as age and sex and grades of furcation involvement for all the patients were recorded. The required data was collected and analysed using SPSS(Statistical Package For The Social Sciences) Software. Chi-square test was used to study association between the parameters. The results were considered to be of statistical significance if p < 0.05. In the present study, there were more males (55.4%) than females (44.6%) in the study population and majority of patients were in the age group of 51-60 years of age (36.5%). Generalised chronic gingivitis (46.17%) was predominantly seen among the subjects followed by generalised chronic periodontitis (35.11%)  and localised chronic periodontitis (18.72%). The association between the age groups and furcation in maxillary and mandibular posteriors, also association between the periodontal disease and furcation in maxillary and mandibular posteriors was evaluated, which was statistically significant.(p < 0.05) Within the limitations of the present retrospective analysis, it can be concluded that chronic periodontitis was more prevalent in hypertensive patients. There was lesser prevalence of furcation defects in maxillary and mandibular posteriors in hypertensive patients with chronic periodontitis. Additionally, grade 2 furcation of maxillary posteriors and grade 1 furcation of mandibular posteriors was most seen in the age group of 51-60 years.

Assessment of periodontal health among patients with diabetes mellitus: a retrospective study

NOR MASITAH MOHAMED SHUKRI; ARVINA RAJA SEKAR; ARTHI BALA SUBRAMANIAM

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 28-34
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.004

Periodontitis, dental caries and oral cancer are among the most common dental diseases affecting people globally. Periodontitis has been identified as the sixth complication of diabetes, in which diabetic patients are more susceptible to develop periodontal disease thrice as often as non-diabetic patients. The risk of periodontitis increases in people with poorly controlled diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess the periodontal health among patients with diabetes mellitus. This retrospective study was conducted from June 2019-March 2020 among patients with diabetes mellitus. A total of 200 patients with diabetes were enrolled. Data regarding the periodontal status of the patients were collected from their records and analysis was carried out using IBM Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS version 23). Descriptive statistics (frequency distribution and percentage) and inferential statistics (chi-square test) were done.  In the present study, out of 200 diabetic patients, 116 patients had gingivitis and 84 patients had periodontitis. Prevalence of both gingivitis and periodontitis was higher among patients within the age group of 45-54 years. Also, prevalence of both gingivitis and periodontitis was higher in males than females. Association between age and periodontal status was found to be statistically significant with the p value of 0.04. The present study showed the prevalence of gingivitis and periodontitis among diabetic patients was 58% and 42% respectively.

Factors influencing patients’ fear during hospital visit

MS K.C. RAJA SHREE; MS PONMATHI MANGAI B

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 782-788
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.111

Many people will be experiencing the fear of going to hospitals. These fears have been raised due to many factors. Including the sufferer in medical care security sharpens has prolonged to an extent of require and significance. But amid pandemics, numerous individuals are not going to the healing centre due to the fear of spreading disease. Five phases of fear were identified: at household after conclusion, in the midst of course of action for incision at the clinic, the day of enucleation, the post-clinical surgery visits, and the period after the follow visits at residential. Fear of clinics can be caused due to a traumatic event that has struck the person gravely. In most cases, pros endeavour to recognize the traumatic circumstance to cure the calm. In a few cases, clinical dread may be caused due to Trypanophobia which means the Fear of needles or undoubtedly the panic due to seeing blood. Some people as well make this condition due to the fear of taking medicine. There are a couple of other causes of clinic fear that can be annihilating and this seems to turn out to be life threatening in case cleared out untreated. The usage of Anaesthesia will also influence the fear of patients during hospital visits. A survey has been collected from the patients and people and has analysed the most influencing factor which causes patient fear. The innovations implemented in the health care sector can reduce the patient's fear to a greater extent.

A case study on overtime and its impacts on employees job satisfaction

D. KRISHNAMOORTHY; ARAVINDAN. S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 911-919
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.129

India became the fourth largest auto market in 2019 displacing Germany with about 3.99 million units sold in the passenger and commercial vehicles categories. As the industry grows employment and pressure on employees too grows. This article investigates the influence of overtime on employee’s job satisfaction. It establishes the importance of impact of job overtime on employees, increases work load and creates work family conflicts on them. This study is carried out to analyze the factors influencing job satisfaction, to study the factors that leads to work family conflict and to study the effect of work family conflict on job satisfaction

Oral hygiene practices among family of orthodontic patients- survey

PRIADARSINI T; NAVEEN KUMAR; DHANRAJ GANAPATHY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 148-155
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.017

Orthodontic care can lead to increased demineralisation , tooth decay and gingivitis. Poor oral hygiene is associated with greater incidence of white spot lesions. So, it is a challenging task to maintain acceptable oral hygiene to prevent dental caries and gingival inflammation . The aim of this study was to assess the oral hygiene practices among families of patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. A survey containing 14 questions were sent to patients undergoing orthodontic treatment through an online survey platform and the results were tabulated.  The survey link was sent to patients who underwent orthodontic treatment. Around 60% of the respondents brush the teeth twice a day. 36% of them used extra soft toothbrushes than the hard bristled toothbrush , also 37% of the orthodontic patients and their families don’t use any other aids apart from brushing their teeth. From the results it was evident that the oral hygiene practises among orthodontic patients and their families was found to be good.

Reason for visit to dentist following trauma to primary teeth-A one-year Retrospective study

S.G. VISHNU PRASANNA; DEEPA GURUNATHAN; SARAVANA DINESH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 121-126
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.013

Aim of the study is to identify the clinical cases related to trauma to primary dentition visiting saveetha dental hospital. Traumatic injuries to primary teeth are second most frequent cause of consultation in pediatric dental practice. The most commonly affected primary teeth are upper central incisors and more than one tooth can be lesioned. Evaluation of patients who reported to saveetha dental hospital with trauma to primary teeth. Data was collected from DIAS software. Results were statistically analysed with SPSS software. Mobile tooth was the most common reason for visit to dentist following trauma to primary teeth. Also males in the age group of 5-7 reported more common. The highest prevalence among trauma to primary teeth was more common in age group 5-7 years with a male predominance and most common reason for visit to dentist was mobile tooth caused by trauma which were mostly extracted. Chi square test shows p>0.05, not significant.Within the limitations of the study, them highest prevalence among trauma to primary teeth was more common in age group 5-7 years with a male predominance and most common reason for visit to dentist was mobile tooth caused by trauma which were mostly extracted.

Components influencing consumers in choosing hospital

MS K.C. RAJA SHREE; MR JAYASURIYAA R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 816-822
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.116

The main reason of this study is to determine the relationship between the Consumer and choosing Hospital in the Indian Healthcare Industry and to know about Factors Influencing Consumers in Choosing Hospital. This paper studies factors influencing consumer’s perception towards Choosing Hospital. The study is made on a descriptive basis and the primary data is collected from Patients. The data is collected on probability basis from 108 respondents and is analyzed with the SPSS tool .The collected data were classified, tabulated and analyzed with statistical tools Frequency analysis, Mean analysis. Results express the majority of  respondents were female and of age majority were Less than 25. The need of the study is to Access the factors that influence behaviour of the consumers towards choosing the hospital, to access the facilities from medical centres to access  needed consumers in specific medical service, it is used to identify patient reference in choosing the hospital and to analyse the factors that are considered by consumers while choosing hospital. The objective is to find out factors influencing consumers in choosing hospital, to calculate factorization of factors influencing consumers in choosing hospital and to find out difference between demographic variables and factors influencing consumers in choosing hospital. It is found that choosing a hospital is influenced by Hospital preference, Timing preference and treatment preference and there is no significant difference between Hospital preference, Timing preference and treatment preference. Innovations implemented in hospitals also play a major role in hospital choice.

Oral Health Evaluation in Children with Special needs- A Retrospective Study

KADAM BARI SRIRAM; JESSY P; SANTHOSH KUMAR M P

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 19-27
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.003

Special needs children primarily refer to children whose physical or intellectual capacities have been affected to a certain degree. Oral diseases can be considered as a public health due to their high rate of prevalence and significant social impact. While oral problems considerably affect the general health status of normal children, children with special needs are at significantly higher risk. There is limited literature regarding the oral health status of children with special needs in the area under study.The aim of the study was to evaluate the oral health among pediatric patients with special needs in a Dental Hospital. A retrospective study was carried out using case records of patients who reported to the Department of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry from June 2019 to March 2020. A total of 29 children with special needs were included for the study after considering the inclusion criteria. The age, gender,Simplified Oral Hygiene index scores,Gingival index scores,DMFT scores and Plaque index scores were observed from the case records and tabulated on a spreadsheet.The collected data was analysed by SPSS software version 20.0. The level of significance set at p<0.05.Chi-square test was used to compare the gender wise and age wise oral status of the patients. It was observed that significant association between gender and caries incidence (p<0.05). Within the limits of the study, it can be concluded that oral health in special children has an significant association with gender in regard to caries incidence.Males had poor oral hygiene with higher plaque and gingival scores. In regard to age 8 to 12 year and 13 to 17 year children had poor oral hygiene with high plaque and gingival scores. A preventive dentistry program should be undertaken in future involving parents, teachers, and specialized dental teams to look after the oral health needs of the disabled population.

Assessment of various bone grafts and membranes used for socket preservation - an institutional based retrospective study

ASHIK AHAMED A; BALAJI GANESH S; RAKSHAGAN V

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 91-98
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.010

The loss of alveolar bone may be attributed to various factors such as periodontitis, facial trauma, endodontic pathology and other aggressive steps used during extraction. Socket preservation is a technique in which the extraction sockets were completely filled with a bone substitute material or sealed with membranes in order to prevent bone loss. For a dental practitioner, it is important to have a clear knowledge regarding various bone grafts and membranes used for socket preservation. The aim of the study was to evaluate various bone grafts and membranes used for socket preservation. The participants were patients who reported to Saveetha Dental College for socket preservation procedure. A total of 25 patients had undergone socket preservation procedure during the specified time period. The data were collected and statistical analysis was done using IBM SPSS version 20.0. Patients in the age group of 19-30 years had highly undergone socket preservation procedure. The procedure was carried out mostly in males than females. The most commonly used graft was found to be Bio Oss (60%) and the most commonly used membrane was GTR combined with PRF (48%). Association between site of socket preservation and types of bone graft used was found to be statistically significant ( p-value: 0.001). From the present study, it can be concluded that patients in the age group of 19-30 years had highly undergone socket preservation procedure. The procedure was carried out mostly in males than females. Maxillary anteriors was the most common site. Bio-oss was the most commonly used bone graft and GTR with PRF was the most commonly used membrane among patients who had undergone socket preservation procedure.
 

Association of Recurrent Aphthous Ulcer Among Tobacco Users - A Retrospective Study

AISHWARYA . S; SREEDEVI DHARMAN; SURESH .V

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 63-70
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.006

Recurrent Aphthous Ulcer(RAU)  is one of the most common painful,recurrent  oral mucosal disease that can be single or multiple seen among patients. These present as  round, or ovoid ulcers, with circumscribed margins, having yellow or gray floors and are surrounded by erythematous haloes. The etiology of Recurrent Aphthous Ulcer always remains unclear. Symptomatic treatment is usually done which usually includes topical corticosteroids. The aim of the study is to find out the association  of recurrent aphthous ulcer among the people who use smoking and smokeless form of tobacco.The study was carried out for a 1 year period ( June 2019 to April 2020) .229 patients data (213 males and 6 females) who visited Saveetha dental college and hospitals, Chennai were included. Statistical analysis was done by chi square test. In the study, it is observed that only 3.5% of the males who had tobacco usage habits were diagnosed with Recurrent Aphthous Ulcer. The patients aged between 31-40 years had higher prevalence of Recurrent Aphthous Ulcer (61.15%) compared to other age groups. Among the tobacco users only 1.75% of RAU was prevalent among smoking and smokeless groups respectively. There is no significant association between tobacco users and recurrent aphthous ulcer p value 0.625,p (>0.05). Minor aphthous ulcer (87.5%) were more commonly present compared to major apthous ulcer among tobacco users. Within the limitations of the study, among the tobacco usage patients, males are more prevalent for Recurrent Aphthous Ulcer than females and occurrence of RAU among tobacco users were less.Though there is no association,anti tobacco counselling to be conducted  frequently  to educate them from harmful effects of tobacco.

Assessment Of Vertical Bone Loss Sites In Diabetic Patients With Chronic Periodontitis - A Retrospective Study

APARNA .M; BALAJI GANESH .S; RAKSHAGAN V

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 85-90
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.009

Periodontitis is known as the sixth complication of diabetes mellitus. Alveolar bone loss is one of the major outcomes of periodontitis and diabetes is considered to be the primary risk factors for periodontal disease. Patients with diabetes mellitus have a greater chance of developing destructive periodontal disease as well as greater chance of experiencing progressive alveolar bone loss. The aim of this study is to assess the vertical bone loss sites among diabetic patients with chronic periodontitis. In this study sample size is selected according to inclusion criteria, among patients with both periodontitis and diabetes. Among 10,000 case records evaluated, a total of two hundred diabetic patients had periodontitis who were taken into the study. Vertical bone loss among each patient was assessed from the data retrieved from the dental records of Saveetha Dental College, Chennai. Overall, vertical bone loss was more common in maxillary posteriors than other teeth among diabetic patients with chronic periodontitis. It was commonly seen among males and was profoundly found in the age group of 30 to 50 years. The association between age and gender distribution with vertical bone loss sites was found to be statistically significant.

Patient comfort level among various age groups during orthodontic treatment- a cross-sectional survey

PRIADARSINI T; NAVEEN KUMAR; DHANRAJ GANAPATHY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 162-168
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.019

Orthodontic patients experience pain and discomfort to a varying degree during the course of treatment. One of  the most important goals of orthodontic dental care is helping patients in their attempts to reach an acceptable level of satisfaction with their oral cavity and dentition. Dentofacial problems have known definitive effects on patient satisfaction and comfort with their appliance because it affects esthetics, performance, and function. The aim of this study was to assess the comfort level among various age groups during the orthodontic treatment. A questionnaire comprising 13 questions was created in an online survey platform and the link was shared to the patients . The patient data was collected from the case records of patients visiting Saveetha dental College for treatment. Statistical analysis was done using IBM SPSS software version 20.0.  44% of the respondents feel that their appliance is not at all comfortable and about 32% of the people are embarrassed to wear the appliance in public. Chi-square test was done for the association of gender and embarrassment of wearing appliances in public and the p value 0.001* was found to be statistically significant . This concludes that more male patients feel embarrassed to wear the appliance in public and patients of age group 15-20 years feel that the appliance is more tight , eliciting pain.

Stress level of sales employees due to innovative strategies in automobile sector

DR.GIGI G.S; MS.SHALINI. V

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 500-507
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.067

Work stress plays a major key role in determining the level of job satisfaction of sales employees in the automobile sector. Sales force is the driving force which generates revenue for the top line growth of the company. The objective of the study is to determine the factors of job stress that causes in the sales employee job’s performance. The research had taken samples of 100 sales employees of the automobile sector and primary data is also used. The various tools used for the study are frequency analysis, mean analysis, T-test, ANOVA and regression analysis. This study states that by conducting the stress management programs periodically for the employees it does help to reduce their personal as well as their Professional stress. Organisation support is one of the major factors which influence one’s organisation outcome. Based on the findings it is clear that enriching welfare measures, maintaining reasonable working hours, and healthy working environment would definitely reduce the stress level of each individual and organisational stress among the sales employees and will also contribute efficiency to the organisation.​

An Empirical Research on Perception of Corporate Executives on Career Development

WILLIAM ROBERT. P; DHARSHANA. N. P

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1100-1106
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.155

The research paper titled A Study on Perception of Corporate Executives on Career Development. This paper studies Executive  perception towards Career Development. Descriptive research is applied using a convenience method of sampling with 46 respondents. The tools used of the study are mean analysis, frequency analysis, t-test , ANOVA and Regression analysis.From the study it is found that Career Success is influenced by Career Development.

Prevalence of developmental defects of enamel in children visiting a university hospital in Chennai - a retrospective study

KARTHIGA DEVI .G; GEO MANI; PRADEEP D

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 338-345
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.043

The developmental defects of the enamel (DDE) may be the alternation of enamel that may affect an area of one surface or may be widespread affecting all the surface of the teeth. Early diagnosis of developmental defects of the enamel can prevent the child from having an impact on oral health. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of developmental defects of enamel in children visiting a university hospital in the Chennai population. This was a retrospective study done under a University setting. It was seen that 334 patients had Developmental Defects of Enamel. The data was collected from June 2019 to March 2020. The data was tabulated and entered in excel and the data was analysed using SPSS package software. The overall prevalence of the DDE was found to be 47%. The most common deformity was Hypoplasia (24.3%) and the least common deformity was Molar Incisal Demineralisation and Amelogenesis Imperfecta (0.9%). The most common tooth affected was maxillary left central incisor (5.1%) and the least common deformity was found in mandibular right first premolar and primary dentition (0.3%). There was a statistically significant association between DDE and  buccal surface of teeth. It indicates the need for educating the population about the risk factors for the DDE.

Corporate Governance and Tax Regimes in India

DR.P.PRAVEEN KUMAR; MR.RAJ KUMAR.G

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 603-607
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.081

This paper studies the perception towards essentials of corporate governance practices. Descriptive research is applied using a convenience method of sampling with 64 respondents. The data is collected from the private limited employees. The majority of respondents were Female and the majority of the age group were less than 35 years. The tools and techniques utilized for the examination and results are mean investigation, frequency test and ANOVA. It is discovered that there is no huge distinction between the perceptions towards essentials of corporate administration and the demographic profile of the employees.

A study on the analysis of customer opinion on freight forwarding

D. KRISHNAMOORTHY; SWATHI. S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 858-864
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.122

The study tries to examine the process involved in Freight Forwarding service. With worldwide rivalry today, numerous associations have understood the need of having overall customer issue arrangements inside and outside the business. Some of them have upgraded their vital business base on the client. Drucker stated that making clients is the reason for a business. It additionally intends to build a profundity relationship with mongrel lease clients, keeping them and pulling in new clients. With that specific circumstance, the client relationship with the executives (CRM) has been created as an arrangement and seen as an actualized procedure for client association with the board. client unwaveringly depends on correspondence and connection between people, it isn't about CRM programming.

Patient Preferred Fixed Treatment Modalities For One Or Two Missing Teeth - An Institution Based Retrospective Study

CHANDRA POOJA; PADMA ARIGA; GANESH JEEVA NANDAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 71-76
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.007

Replacement of missing teeth  represents  the  largest category  among  patients  in  clinics  who  are  looking for better esthetic and/or functional teeth. The fixed partial  denture  (FPD) is  one of  the  most commonly preferred  definitive  treatment  options  for  a  single missing tooth.To assess the patient preference of type of fixed treatment modalities a retrospective study was carried out using case records of 1208 patients who reported to the Department of Prosthodontics from June 2019 to March 2020.The number of patients preferring  fixed treatment modalities for one or two missing teeth were observed from the case records and tabulated on a spreadsheet. The collected data was analysed by computer software SPSS version 21 using Chi square test indicating the level of significance.Fixed partial denture was taken as a treatment of choice in 52.2% of the patient and implant was taken as treatment of choice in 47.8% of the patients. Both fixed partial denture and implant treatment were opted more among the male patients than female patients. Below the age of 30 years fixed partial denture was opted by 197(16.31%) of patients and implant by 163(13.49%) patients. Between the age of 31-60 years 369 patients(32.78%) opted fixed partial denture and 380 patients(31.46%) opted implants as treatment of choice.  Above  the age of 60 years, 37 patients(3.06%) and 35 patients(2.90%) had fixed partial denture and implant respectively with 31-60 years age group patients receiving maximum fixed treatments. Patient preferred treatment options with fixed  prosthesis had no significant association with neither age(p value-0.50) nor gender(p value-0.20).

Assessment of disease progression in patients with RMT carcinoma - A retrospective analysis of the associated factor.

SINDHU PRIYA KUPPUSAMY SUNDARA MURTHY; DR. MAHATHI . N; DR. SURESH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 192-198
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.023

Retromolar trigone is a subsite of oral cavity. It is a triangular mucosal area between the ascending ramus of the mandible attached to the muscles of mastication. Only at advanced stages after it involves the mandible or masticatory muscle does it result in severe pain or trismus. Data samples required for study were taken from hospital records. All the collected data were cross verified and compiled together in an excel sheet. Compiled data were statistically analysed in SPSS software. In this study of 27 patients, before treatment about 50% (14) had symptoms of trismus, after treatment out of the 50% of patients with trismus, 35.71% had 2 finger breadth mouth opening (trismus) and the rest of the patients (64.29%) had 3 finger breadth mouth opening.

Luxation injuries in primary teeth - A University based retrospective study

AMINA MEHRIN BANO; DEEPA GURUNATHAN; SRI RENGALAKSHMI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 141-147
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.016

Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) are one of the most serious dental public health problems among children who seek emergency dental treatment. These injuries may influence further tooth growth, resulting in irreversible damage if they occur during the initial stages of development..The aim of the study was to find the prevalence of luxation injury in primary teeth in a university dental clinic in South India , Chennai . The data regarding  pediatric  patients treated for trauma who have visited the hospital during the study periods from june 2019 to march 2020 was retrieved  from the university database, The search resulted with 15 in total of patients who underwent treatments for dental trauma to primary teeth . The age range of the patients included in this study was 3-10 years of age.Data tabulation was carried out in Excel. The data is imported and transcribed in Statistical Package for Social sciences version 16(SPSS,IBM corporation). Descriptive analysis was based on quantitative variables and frequencies for categorical variables. P less than or equal to 0.005 was considered statistically significant with a confidence interval of 95% . A higher prevalence in male(58.3%) children reporting with luxation injuries was compared to female(41.7%) children was observed. The highest prevalence of luxation injuries was subluxation 41.7%, followed by extrusive luxation 25%. It was also observed that female children took less time to report to the clinic when compared to the male children. The increased health awareness and the importance of prevention methods have essentially contributed to the decrease in the prevalence of TDIs, with an increase of subluxation injuries and a male gender prevalence

Workaholic behaviour in police professionals

DR.BENITA. S. MONICA; MS. MALINI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 483-488
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.064

Workaholism is nothing but working excessive hours beyond workplace or financial requirements, by thinking continually about work, with lack of work enjoyment, which are unrelated to actual workplace demands. This study emphasis on examining the impact of workaholism on work engagement. Convenience sampling method is used to collect the data from 58 police professionals. Multiple linear regression is used to analyse the data. The results prove that the work addiction has negative relationships with work engagement, work life conflict and work perfectionism have positive relationships with work engagement. This study provides suggestions for workaholic people in the police profession.

Role of MSME in rural development

DR.P.PRAVEEN KUMAR; MS.N. RAJALAKSHMI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 620-623
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.084

Microfinance moneylenders give little credits to current and hopeful entrepreneurs. These advances help give individuals who might not have the credit or the admittance to conventional financing the chance to procure a higher pay and give occupations to their nearby networks. The measure of microfinance advances differ by loan specialist and can go from $25 up to $2,000. Descriptive research design is adopted to measure the selected topics. The sample size of the study is 46 members of MSME. The study primarily uses primary data. The tools of frequency analysis, mean analysis and ANOVA used in the study to analyse the data.

Association of gender and filled teeth based on DMFT index- A retrospective analysis of patient records

SUHAS MANOHARAN; L. LEELAVATHI; ARAVIND KUMAR .S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 199-205
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.024

Development of caries is multifactorial. Caries is a common disease of the tooth which when caught early can be treated by excavation and restoration of the tooth.Clinical and epidemiological studies show a consistent trend of caries prevalence with females having more caries occurrence than males.The aim of the study is to establish an association between gender and filled teeth.A retrospective  study was done based on  data analysed from 86000 patients records collected in a dental outpatient department.Excel tabulation was done and the results obtained from SPSS version 20. Statistical test performed was the chi square test.In the study a total of 4230 patients were included out of  which 2328 were males and 1902 were females. Using the DMFT Index ,filled teeth status was acquired. Patients were grouped into three, based on filled teeth : 0-7,8-15,15-21. On performing chi square test to find an association between gender and filled teeth, a P value of 0.887 was arrived at, which is not significant. Hence within limits of the study, it was found that there was no clinical and statistical association between gender and filled teeth based on DMFT index.

Impact of remote working on employees in IT industry

DR.GIGI G.S; MS.J SANGEETHA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 537-544
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.072

remote working and employee’s satisfaction, performance is  recently being discussed often as the world is in a pandemic situation, Need for doing research has become inevitable in this field as many employees are working from home with limited resources. many significant factors are chosen for this study. The objective of this study is to know the impact of remote working in the IT industry, to find out the positive and negative consequences faced by employees while remote working, to study the influence of demographic variables on the perception of employees regarding remote working, and to give suggestions to overcome negative consequences. The questionnaire was circulated to remote workers in the IT industry. A total number of 61 respondents were contacted and were given the opportunity to participate in the survey through a convenience sampling method. The results of this research were found to be that communication is the most influencing factor of creating job satisfaction among remote employees in the IT industry and remote working is becoming the upcoming trend.

Customer perception towards tesla electric car’s innovative features

DR.GIGI G S; MR.RAJKARAN L.S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 521-527
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.070

This paper is titled as the customer perception towards Tesla electric cars innovative features. The objective of this particular research was to study the minds and thoughts that the customers had towards electric cars. Electric cars are the future living cars that will be established soon for the customers experiences. The study involves descriptive methodology with the help of primary and secondary data and the survey was taken from 76 respondents, the target audience, the customers for the analyzing purposes. Further the finishing were calculated with the help of statistical tools.

Safety measures followed in hospitals

MS.K.C. RAJA SHREE; MS. SHALINI. R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 829-834
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.118

This study is especially executed to coordinate, spread and accelerate improvements in patient safety within the hospitals. Patient safety discipline is the coordination of actions to avoid harm to patients caused by the healthcare tactic itself. Hospitals were founded to permit care to people who need it and to remain patients safe in their moral duty. The best goal of this text is to reduce the prospect of associated infections. Improve the protection of using the medications. Kinds of safety measures found through this study are environmental safety, medical safety, hygiene, bio medical waste management, sanitation infection control. Because of unsafe medical procedures, numerous patients pandemic suffer annually from disorder, accidents and death. This contributed to the greater understanding of the value of the wellbeing of patients. Patient protection in medical assistance has not been studied to the same extent as there has been more research on new therapies in hospital settings. Attaining a culture of safety requires cherishing the values, attitudes, beliefs and standards that are important to health care organizations and what attitudes and behaviors are relevant and expected for patient safety. Innovation in hospitals is essential to improve the safety practices. 

Prevalence of hypodontia of permanent teeth in children visiting a university hospital in Chennai- a retrospective study.

GOKUL GUNASEKARAN; GEO MANI; SRI RENGALAKSHMI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 270-276
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.034

Hypodontia is one of the most common dental anomalies encountered in the normal dental practices which is a major cause for malocclusion among growing teens and requires replacement in adults. Hypodontia occurs due to congenitally missing teeth  and are not found in radiographs. Early diagnosis would help to determine the eruption pattern of the other teeth and help in treatment planning.The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of hypodontia of permanent teeth in the Chennai population. In this retrospective study design, patient case reports were evaluated, of which 6682 patient case sheets which matched the inclusion criteria were selected  for evaluation for congenitally missing teeth and the treatment performed for each case with congenitally missing teeth was evaluated. The data was then tabulated and analysed in SPSS software. Descriptive statistics and Chi square tests were performed. The total percentage of study population with congenitally missing teeth was 0.64%. Mandibular incisors were the most common congenitally missing teeth.The prevalence of congenitally missing permanent teeth in the Chennai population was found to be 0.64% .

Customer relationship management and innovative strategies in tourism industry

DR.GIGI G S; MS.DIVYA A

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 545-555
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.073

Customer relationship management (CRM) is a mixture of individual, process and technology that tries to understand their company’s customers. Most of the tourism companies coordinated ways to deal with overseeing connections by focusing on customer maintenance and relationship improvement. CRM has developed from progresses in technology and hierarchical changes in customer driven processes. Tourism companies that effectively execute, customer relationship management will receive the benefits in customer loyalty and long run productivity or profitability. In any case, effective execution is most of the tourism company requires customer relationship management all inclusive, cross functional, customer focused business measure re-designing the framework. In spite of the facts CRM is a technology, customer relationship management is an only technology which helps the tourism industry in bringing solutions for the customers in order to satisfy their needs and wants. Dealing with an effective CRM execution requires a coordinated and adjusted way to deal with technology, process and individuals. The sample size of the study is 70 and tools which are used to find secondary data are frequency analysis, mean analysis, independent t test, ANOVA (one way), and regression analysis.

Prevalence of Tooth Wear among different age group of patients visiting Private Dental Hospital- A Retrospective study

H. FIRDUS FAREEN; PRADEEP KUMAR .R; SRI RENGALAKSHMI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 294-301
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.037

Tooth wear is generally defined as irreversible chronic loss of dental hard tissues caused by mechanical and/or chemical processes without the involvement of bacterial plaque. To some degree, tooth wear is physiological and age dependent. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of tooth wear among different age groups of patients visiting private dental hospital. Date of age, gender, type of tooth wear of patients were obtained from the records of the dental hospital.The data was analysed using SPSS software. Chi Square Test was performed to compare two proportions. The analysis was done for: age, gender and the type of tooth wear. The Prevalence rates of tooth wear in dental patients were calculated. The patients were ranged in the age group of 20- 30 years, 31-40 years, 41-50 years and above 50 years. The overall prevalence rate for attrition was seen most commonly in the age group of 31-40 years (43.86%) with higher incidence among males. Patients in the age group of 31-40 years (56.41%) showed highest prevalence for abrasion with higher incidence among males and the prevalence rate for erosion was most commonly observed in the age group of  patients 31-40 years (26.91%) with higher incidence among males which was found to be statistically significant (P<0.05). The study may help in planning patient’s diagnostic protocol and management strategy among dentists.

A study on the challenges faced by hr professionals during pandemic and in post pandemic

DR. PRASANNA SIVANANDAM; MR ASHWATH KUMAR R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 424-428
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.054

The terms 'Human resource management' and 'Human resources’ have generally supplanted the term 'personnel management' and furthermore consider it as a cycle which is associated with dealing with the associations. Human Resource Management is the way toward enlisting the up-and-comers, choosing the correct candidate for particular job, accepting representatives, providing orientation, training and development, assessing the presentation of workers, choosing remuneration and giving advantages, propelling workers, keeping up legitimate relations with workers and their worker's organizations, motivating employees , ensuring employees safety, welfare and health measures of the employees. The objectives of HR in an organisation are as follows: Understand the scope of human resource management (HRM),explain what human resource management is and how it relates to the management process. Many organisations are managing with the Covid-19 coronavirus widespread by ordering or empowering representatives work from domestic all over the world. As the coronavirus spreads, working from domestic is the unused typical for specialists. Representative help programs (EAPs) will be important sources of organizational bolster to help representatives going through challenging times and progress their well- being and resilience. Again, a look on the Net of Science uncovers exceptionally few thoughts about EAPs in Asian nations. This activated organizational reactions such as decentralizing their operations and moving workers out of base camp, particularly in the event that found in huge urban ranges. This in turn driven to organizations re-examining their recompense arrangements to superior reflect emolument levels related with the nearby work showcase. A survey has been collected from the HR professionals from various organisations regarding the various challenges that have been faced by them during pandemic and in post pandemic and to find out the most influencing factors among the various challenges.

Innovative JIT implementation in manufacturing industry

DR.JEGANATHAN GOMATHI SANKAR; MR.ASWIN R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 666-671
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.093

The study discusses the best ways for manufacturers to introduce JIT systems successfully. In order to achieve this aim, a survey is carried out to evaluate the relative significance of choosing JIT implementation strategies and to analyze expert results. It is also used to research and factors influencing the implementation of JIT and to study the implementation of JIT challenges. In order to analyze the primary data, various analytical methods such as frequency analysis for demographic issues, regression for the comparison of the dependent and independent factor were analyzed using SPSS software. The results of this study may provide some insight into the relative value of JIT techniques with regard to the objective of increasing production quality and efficiency. The findings may provide some guidance to those companies that are interested in restructuring their own production systems according to the concepts of JIT.

Customer’s perception towards DUNZO delivery service

DR. MAHESH V.J.; HARI P.

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1080-1086
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.152

The hyping quantity of small - sized shipments and their frequency variation, due to the growth of e-commerce, pose a great challenge to logistics service providers. At the same time, new technologies and contrivances are being developed with the object of hyping the efficaciousness of logistics service providers. Delivered at their position of choice for business this means increased competition. On demand hyperlocal delivery business model connects the transplanted offline business holders to guests through a digital platform. Transplanted offline retailers and service providers got a new development of life for their business ever since the arrival and rise of hyperlocal platforms and Packing the outbound delivery done manually as well as automatically. The findings of the study reveals that the increase in packing, tracking, payment, pricing, schedule delivery having positive linear relationship with respect to customer perception and behaviors. The aim of this paper is to know the perception of customers while delivering a product.

Perception of employers and employees towards artificial intelligence in innovative HRM

DR. BENITA.S. MONICA; MS.SHRUTI VYAS R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 453-459
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.059

Artificial Intelligence is an innovative technology that permits computers to learn and suggest activities dependent on recently gathered data or information. AI can introduce open doors for dominating new abilities and acquiring extra time, permitting HR experts to extend their present parts to be more strategic areas inside their enterprise. Artificial intelligence is adding an individual touch to the new contestants and is enlarging the onboarding encounters of HR by making altered administrations. The sample for conducting this study is collected from the Automobile industry (2 & 3 Wheelers dealership) and the data is collected from the low, middle and top-level management. Tool used to analyze the data collected is Analysis of Variance (Anova), a statistical test of whether two or more population means are different, and therefore generalizes the t-test beyond two means. Results for the test conducted provided that there is no significant difference between the age and the described factors. This study will be useful for the HR professionals, who believe that implementing AI in the field of HR will replace humans and will help them with spending more time for their strategic fields rather than spending time for less prioritized HR functions.

Employees’ mental wellbeing, organizational outcome and innovative practices during covid-19

DR.GIGI G.S; MS.PAVITHRA .R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 528-536
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.071

This study is conducted to analyze mental wellbeing of employees’ and its organizational outcome during COVID-19. Due to this global pandemic, the Nation’s economy has declined and hence many organizations decided to cut down the cost by lowering the salary package and to terminate few employees. Organization shifted to remote working  but this caused a negative impact on employees’ mental health. Employees are stressed due to workload, lack of communication, work life balance, insecurity of job, anxiety and other reasons during COVID-19. The dependent factor called organizational outcome is influenced by the factors namely employee wellbeing, virtual communication, organizational support and social media. The researcher circulated questionnaires among Information technology (IT) industry employees. The sample size of the study is 90. Various analytical tools such as frequency analysis, mean analysis, T- Test, ANOVA and Regression for comparing the dependent and independent factor have been analyzed using SPSS software in order to analyze the primary data. From the results, It is inferred that the organisation's support is the most influencing factor. Providing mental wellbeing training and programs, implementing new policies which help in bringing positive impact on employees and their performance which results in effective organization outcome.

Job helping & restraining factors: Effect on employee motivation

DR.BENITA .S. MONICA; MS.M. NISHANTH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 478-482
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.063

The motivation of employees should be seen as a force that influences the leaders to attain specific goals and objectives of the organisation. Fundamental reason for this study is to find out what sort of elements impact employee Motivation. The samples are collected from 75 employees working in the retail industry (household appliances) through a self-managed survey. Regression analysis is used to identify the influence of employee motivation on employee performance, using four variables: employee inspiration, employee execution, helping variables, and adequacy. The consequences of this review indicate that there is a necessary and encouraging relation between the motivation of employees and the performance of employees. In addition, it is reasoned that intrinsic rewards have a large amount of huge positive relationships with representative execution and worker inspiration.

A study on stressors of academic stress among students pursuing entrepreneurship professional courses

MS.B. NEERAJA; MS. JANANI .E

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 703-709
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.099

Stress can exist when working at a fast place, doing difficult problems, or listening to someone shout at you. It can be brought about through conflicts, making decisions, or otherwise straining abilities, or it can exist because of numerous social demands on time. We have noted that emotional states tend not to be long lasting, whether they are unpleasant emotions like fear, or pleasant ones, such as joy. Yet on occasion such states may persist for long periods of time, or they may reach excessively high levels. When this happens, the result typically is labeled "stress", and its manifestation in psychological as well as physiological terms. The sample was selected by using a simple random sampling technique. The present study reveals that the higher secondary students are having moderate level of academic stress and irrespective of sub samples of the higher secondary students are having moderate level of academic stress. The male student's academic stress is higher than female students. The urban student's academic stress is higher than rural student. The students whose parent's education as literacy level academic stress is higher than their counterpart.

Process of building a dataset and classification of vark learning styles with machine learning and predictive analytics models

D. KRISHNAMOORTHY; DUVVURU LOKESH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 903-910
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.128

As there is a rise in the online and customized learning platforms, learning style preferences give us insight into better utilization of educational resources available. VARK learning styles are developed by Fleming and Bonwell on the premises of preferred intake of information by the students. VARK model describes four sensory modalities Visual, Kinesthetic, Read/Write and Auditory respectively for the input. Initially learning styles are calculated using the VARK questionnaire as an instrument. In this case machine learning and predictive analytics can help classify learning style by including all the descriptors including demographic and behavioural. This study will explore the data mining process from the raw data collected from the college students through a questionnaire which is an integral part before the analysis to determine possibility to use different descriptors. This study primarily aims to classify the students based on VARK learning styles based on their sensory modalities and build a predictive model using the variables that can influence the learning styles. This study explored the relationship between demographic factors like school and place people grew up. Results proved to contradict those factors. We concluded that with the growth of big data learning style classification, a blend of model algorithms or stacked algorithms like voting classifier can be used to adapt to a user application.

A study on website quality and its impact on customer satisfaction with reference to ecommerce companies

D. KRISHNAMOORTHY1; R.P. VIGRAM

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 888-895
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.126

Online shopping is a form of electronic commerce which allows consumers to directly buy goods or services from a seller over the Internet using a web browser. Consumers find a product of interest by visiting the website of the retailer directly or by searching among alternative vendors using a shopping search engine, which displays the same product's availability and pricing at different e-retailers. As of 2020, customers can shop online using a range of different computers and devices, including desktop computers, laptops, tablet computers and smartphones. An online shop evokes the physical analogy of buying products or services at a regular "bricks-and-mortar" retailer or shopping center; the process is called business-to-consumer (B2C) online shopping. When an online store is set up to enable businesses to buy from another businesses, the process is called business-to-business (B2B) online shopping. This Study explains how the customer gets satisfied with the quality of online shopping websites. we collected various response from 201 respondents based on the satisfaction with website quality of ecommerce websites.

Reason for visiting the dentist following injury to permanent teeth among 12- 17-year-old-a retrospective study

KIRTANA GOPALASAMY; DEEPA GURUNATHAN; PRADEEP D

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 316-323
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.040

Traumatic injuries to permanent teeth in Pediatric patients must occur in the maxillary anterior tooth region and is one of the most common causes of visit to the dentist in emergency situations. Visiting the dentist following any trauma to the permanent teeth is of at most importance and their early management will help in managing any serious problems that may occur if left untreated. The retrospective study was conducted among patients who visited an institution in Chennai. The patients records were reviewed and the data of patients who visited between June 2019 to March 2020 were analysed. 2030 Pediatric patients who visited the dentist following traumatic injury to permanent teeth were included in the study. Retrospective analysis was done based on the collected data. Statistical analysis was performed in SPSS Software, data was analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics. 41.7% of patients reported with a chief complaint of fractured teeth. Males were most affected by traumatic injury (70.6%). The 12-17 years age group was most affected in the maxillary anterior region (55.90%). From this study we were able to conclude that fractured teeth was the most common chief complaint among patients reporting with traumatic injury and they complained of aesthetics being the most common concern. 12-17 years was the common age group affected by traumatic injury and the most component region to be affected was the maxillary anterior region. Males were most commonly associated with traumatic injuries then when compared to females. Patients with fractured teeth were the most common chief complaint and they visited the dentist within 1 year of the injury. It was seen that patients with ellis class 3 fracture was the most common traumatic injury and they visited the dentist within 1 year of the injury.

Impact of work from home on employee wellbeing during pandemic

DR. BENITA.S. MONICA; MS. GHAYATHRI N

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 442-446
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.057

The research paper title work from home: A study on wellbeing of employees during work from home during coronavirus pandemic. The main objective of the study is to know how the employee wellbeing is affected due to work from home. Especially in the IT industry the work life balance of the employees is affected badly. The descriptive research is used in this study as the research design and the sampling method is used as the convenience sampling. The size of the sample collected in this study is sixty (60) also the primary data is used. The statistical tools used in this study are frequency analysis, mean analysis and regression. Regression analysis is used to measure the wellbeing of the employees during COVID-19 pandemic. The components used to measure the impacts of work from home on employee wellbeing are work demands, home demands, work interfering with family, family interfering work and employee wellbeing. This analysis will be useful for the human resource managers to know the wellbeing of the employees during work from home.

A study on customer satisfaction towards the after sales services in the context of automobiles in chennai

WILLIAM ROBERT. P; RAHUL. R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1115-1122
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.157

In the automobile industry after sale service plays an important role whether it is before
buying a product or after buying a product.The main reason of this study is to determine the impact
of Customer Satisfaction on after sales services in the context of Automobiles in Chennai and to
know about the factors which influences customer satisfaction. The data is collected on probability
basis from 71 respondents and is analysed with the SPSS tool. The collected data were classified,
tabulated and analysed with statistical tools Frequency analysis, Mean analysis, Independent t Test,
One-way Anova and Regression analysis. The results showed that the majority of the respondents
were male and of age between 21-30 years who use a car or bike. It is found that Speed of Service
and Cost of Service of after sales service is significant on the Customers


Social media innovation on consumer buying behaviour

Dr.JEGANATHAN GOMATHI SANKAR; Mr.DEVANAND. K

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 646-650
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.089

Online media is fundamental to advanced promoting of brands. Organizations use it to arrive at a huge number of potential and current clients. There are some different web-based media like Instagram, Facebook, twitter, LinkedIn, etc., by which consumer buying behavior is decided. A questionnaire was prepared and data was collected from a sample of 100 consumers who live in and around Chennai. The data was analyzed by variables such as Names of the Social media, Advertisement, and Customization. The findings show that Name of the Social media (0.26) and Advertisement (0.184) having positive linearity. Relationship with respect to Product purchase. The Customization (0.491) has a higher number of positive responses with respect to Product Purchase intention.

A study on the role of bank in the growth of indian economy

MR.P. WILLIAM ROBERT; MR. KRISHNABALA K

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1015-1022
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.143

Banking sector in India witnessed a tremendous growth because of innovation technology and product. The research paper titled the role of banks in the growth of Indian economy. This paper studies factors influencing the role of the Bank in the growth of Indian economy. Descriptive research is applied using a convenience method of sampling 109 respondents. The tools  used for the study are mean analysis, frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA and factor analysis. It is found that Modern business, business facilitator, employment opportunity, banking services, finance assistance, agricultural sector, trade, loans are the factors influencing the role of the Bank in growth of Indian economy and there is no significant difference between the customers and perception towards Indian economy.

Prevalence of dental fluorosis based on gender predilection

JITESH .S; DR. JESSY; DR MADHULAXMI MARIMUTHU

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 247-252
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.031

The aim is to assess the gender predilection of dental fluorosis among the Chennai population. The retrospective study done using case records of patients. Patients with dental fluorosis were included in this study. Patients who were medically compromised and with other developmental anomalies of teeth were excluded from the study. Data about the dean fluorosis index and demographic details were retrieved from case sheets and tabulated. Analysis of the data was performed using SPSS version 23.0, both descriptive statistics and Chi square tests were performed. The present study showed the dental fluorosis was more prevalent in males (69.20%) than females (30.80%). Among the study population,mild fluorosis(50%) was found to be a more common type of severity of fluorosis followed by moderate fluorosis(30%) and there was significant association between the severity of fluorosis i.e dean fluorosis index and gender (p < 0.05 ) showing statistical significant difference. Within the limits of the present study, it can be concluded that dental fluorosis is more prevalent among males than females. Mild fluorosis was found to be a more common type of severity of fluorosis followed by moderate fluorosis and there was significant association between the severity of fluorosis and gender.

A study on customers perception towards online banking during covid-19

MR. RAM BABU CHERUKUR; MR. SIVAKUMAR S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 980-986
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.138

Online banking is increasingly becoming popular because of convenience and flexibility. The present paper explores the major factors responsible for internet banking based on respondents’ perception on various internet  applications. It also provides a framework of the factors which are taken to assess the internet banking perception. The banking industry has been rapidly developing the use of  online banking as an efficient and viable tool to create customer value. It is one of the popular services offered by the traditional banks to provide speedier and reliable services to online users. With the rapid development of computer technology as a commercial tool, Internet banking can be used to attract more customers to perform banking transactions in related banks. However, the main problem of Internet banking faced by the providers is that a large number of the banks’ customers are not willing to use the Internet banking services offered. This happened due to the services offered through Internet banking have yet to satisfy their customers. Customer satisfaction is an important factor to help banks to sustain competitive advantages. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to search and examine the factors which influence customer satisfaction towards Internet banking. 

Empirical investigation on portfolio decision making of individual investors

MS.B. NEERAJA; MR.P. SOBANRAJA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 749-756
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.106

The research aim is to assess the Investigation on Portfolio Decision making of Individual Investors. This study helps the investors to make an investment in various kinds of avenues like Mutual funds, Shares, Gold, Saving account, Real estate, Fixed deposit, etc. The Primary purpose of any investor is to limit hazard and maximize return. A sample of 152 employees from various organizations and students by providing the google forms and collecting the real time data and it is used for this analysis. This study helps us to find out to know about the individual preferences on investment, to maximize return on investment, to know the knowledge of investment and to know about the factors considering investment decisions.

A Study On Impact Of Digital Marketing In Customer Purchase In Chennai

MR. RAM BABU CHERUKUR; Ms. PADMA PRIYA V

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 967-973
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.136

The aim of this paper is to study digital marketing in consumer purchase decisions and to find out as to whether the consumers are aware of digital marketing and the digital channels influence in their purchase decision. The study is carried out through surveys from101 respondents. The results of the survey are analyzed using Regression .The findings revealed that customers are aware of digital marketing and shopping goods through digital channels in their purchase behaviour. The study is performed in a particular need to learn to meet global customers where they spend most of their time on the internet. So digital marketing helps you create brand awareness through channels such as social media ,e-mail,website,search engines to get the clear picture about the impact of digital marketing on customer purchase decisions.

Retail investors perspectives towards equity investment decision on innovative business

MS.B. NEERAJA; MR.V. DHILIP

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 743-748
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.105

The aim of this research is on perspective of retail investors towards equity investment decisions in this report its deal with how an individual or retail  investor view of perspective towards  equity investment.Each and every person perspective is different that will based on the situation the investor been through, education status, experience of investors towards stock, there financial positions, families, friends, relationships and lot more will be directly influenced the individual or retail investors perspectives towards the equity investment. But the thing is their perspective may be different based on lot situations but the main motivation or intention of any type of investor is the same that is to get maximum return of the investment made on the equity of the shares. And this paper helps to understand how the investors, that is the individual investors or retail investors, determine equity based on the need of investors and also their perspective among equity. Also this research report states with shares, stock market, NSE, BSE, SEBI, India economy influenced by stock markets and lot more this paper. This paper concluded with the very basic methodology of stock , share, equity of the individual or retail investors perspective in India.

Customer perception towards electric two-wheeler innovation

DR.JEGANATHAN GOMATHI SANKAR; MR.HEMANTH KUMAR.G

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 685-690
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.096

The research paper titled a study on customer’s perception towards electric two-wheeler. The objective of the study is to identify the factors that influence electric bikes purchase. Explanatory research is applied using convenience method of sampling with 145 respondents. The tools used of the study is frequency analysis, independent T-test, one-way ANOVA, regression analysis. It is found that factors related to customer perception are charging time, a smaller number of models, distance travelled for one full charge and environmental concern.

Evaluation of preference of interim cements used for provisional restorations in fixed dental prosthesis - a retrospective study

NEPPALA GOWTHAM; NABEEL AHMED

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 156-161
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.018

Provisional or temporary cements play an important role in Fixed prosthodontics. There
are numerous types of temporary cements, mainly used temporary materials are eugenol-based,
non-eugenol based, and resin based. The aim of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to assess
the preferred type of provisional cements used in temporization of fixed prosthesis. A crosssectional,
descriptive study was conducted in a university, on randomly selected individuals. The
study group consists of adult patients who attended the outpatient Department of Prosthodontics
from June 2019-March 2020. 86,000 case sheets were reviewed and sampling was done using
simple random sampling. Descriptive analysis and chi square test is done in SPSS software version
23.0 by IBM to evaluate the correlation between age and profession with the type of provisional
cement used. In 71.9% of the cases zinc oxide eugenol was prefered for temporary cementation.
Association of graduation level and choice of temporary cement showed statistical significance(p -
0.00, p<0.05). We conclude that Zinc Oxide Eugenol was preferred for temporary cementation of
provisional restorations, followed by Temp bond and IRM. Most of the postgraduates prefered IRM
for temporary cementation of provisional restorations.

Consumer behavior of women towards purchasing decision on passenger cars

DR. MAHESH V.J; DILIP KUMAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1087-1093
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.153

The present study focuses on the purchasing behaviour of women towards cars. The study examines the factors which influence women buyers while purchasing a car. Women are prone to various factors while purchasing any automobile, such as driving comfort, performance, after sales service, opinion from their friends, parents, partner, and colleagues. The survey has been conducted in analyzing women consumers preferences on purchasing a car. Data collected among 100 women respondents from different fields. This study attempts to understand the buying decision process of women individually or in group. The main aim of the study examines the preferences of women while purchasing a car. This survey will be helpful for the automobile industry and others who like to study the purchasing behaviour of women consumers.

A study on impact of managing employee grievances on employee productivity

DR. PRASANNA SIVANANDAM; MS. SHUBHEE CHATURVEDI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 414-418
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.052

Employee grievances are considered to be one of the most crucial factors in the workplace. Any workplace which is flooded with grievances have a direct impact on productivity of employees, which ultimately leads to an adverse impact on overall productivity of organisation. This study is to find out the impact of employee grievances on the job productivity and the sample size is  44 which includes the responses of the employees from the following sectors : Information technology, Aviation, Education, Healthcare. Grievances are mostly connected with Compensation, motivating forces, Work pressure and security and if not well taken care of, it will lead to dissatisfied employees who are consistently demotivated and disappointed in their job which ultimately affects the job productivity.

Milestones In Diabetes Research

DIVYA DHARSHINI .A; ANITHA ROY; MURALIDHARAN . N.P

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 112-120
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.012

Diabetes is a lifestyle disease which grows epidemically at an alarming rate. Solomon Berson and Rosalyn Yalow measured how much insulin was in a diabetic’s blood which led to the discovery that some people with diabetes could still make insulin. There is  Type-1 and Type-2 diabetes other than gestational diabetes . Diabetes is a mysterious illness with a wide array of complications. It has become a severe socio-economic burden on the developed and underdeveloped countries. It has been reported that half of the death is due to high blood sugar level. Despite many scientific milestones achieved in providing better healthcare facilities and in the treatment and mitigation of this disease, it still imposes a severe threat in countries with middle and low-level-income groups of population and many patients suffering from diabetes are still unable to achieve desired glycemic level. Recent explorations in drug discovery have opened new avenues in the development of new classes of drugs. Focusing on the emerging trends and advances in the field of diabetes treatment, the review will highlight the recent scientific and technological advancement in the development of newer generations of drugs or regimens over the past few decades.

Innovation of swift: how it works – gains & risks

MR.P. WILLIAM ROBERT; MS. SUBHASREE K

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1007-1014
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.142

The research paper titled “Innovation of  SWIFT: How It Works – Gains & Risks” explores the various aspects of the interbank transfer worldwide including the gains and opportunities along with the risks involved in such transactions. Descriptive research is applied using Snowball sampling with 117 respondents. The tools used for the study are frequency analysis, mean analysis, factor analysis, independent t-test and ANOVA. It is found that six major factors which  influence SWIFT  are services, control, comprehensive, features, efficiency, attributes. There is no significant difference between SWIFT awareness of customers with respect to perception of SWIFT and is a significant difference between Gender with respect to the variable Service, Control and Attributes. Moreover there is a significant difference between interbank transfers with respect to Control. Also there is a significant difference between education with respect to efficiency and Income with respect to control, comprehensive and efficiency. Moreover there is a significant difference between occupation with respect to services, control and comprehensive.

Pandemic impact: challenges faced by entrepreneurs of logistics industry

DR.GIGI G S; MS.S. SWETHA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 515-520
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.069

Pandemic impact is one of the major causes that has affected and disrupted the flow of the logistics industry. Specifically during the covid-19 days, the industry had been clueless to handle tough times. The main aim of this study is to know the factors that had caused impact on the industry during the Covid times and to identify the main reason behind the struggle in shipping various products on time. Here this study involves a descriptive research method as research design and samples for the finding purpose were collected from 90 respondents along with the help of primary data. The research findings were analysed using tools like frequency analysis, mean analysis, independent t test and ANOVA analysis. It is evident that the major impact reasons were due to shortage of labour, lack of safety measures, shipment difficulties, transport isolation that made the industry to face difficult times.

Behaviour study on retirement financial planning of employees in private sector

MS.B. NEERAJA; MR.MANOJEE .P

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 737-742
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.104

The purpose of this study is to determine the factors influencing retirement planning  among young professionals in the private sector .There are certain factors which determine  retirement based on financial literacy, job satisfaction and savings behavior. Financial  plan helps  with funds. Financial  plan should be goal oriented and it should take care of needs in the most crucial period of life. This paper aims to evaluate the relevance of demographic and  psychological factors in making saving and investment decisions with focus on retirement  financial planning. The study is based on primary as well as on the secondary data.  To understand various frameworks and predict the variables, research papers and articles  would be referred. Most of the people preferred bank deposits by  investing for purchasing home and long-term growth but, most of the  investors were not aware of investing their money in mutual funds and shares. This  research would be relevant in getting insight into factors and issues faced by the  individual while making financial plans for retirement. Primary data on demographic  and psychological variables would be collected through structured questionnaires. In  which it helps encourage the young professionals to save and invest for retirement.

Role of c-reactive protein in cardiovascular diseases - a review

D.ANGEL MARY; DR. LESLIE RANI.S; DR. BRUNDHA M.P

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 355-371
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.045

Circulating level of C - reactive protein depicts the cardiovascular condition. By reviewing available studies, the current study determines that CRP level ( c- reactive protein level ) within the upper quantile of the normal range constitutes an increased risk for cardiovascular events or diseases. CRP levels within the upper quartile/quintile of the traditional range indicates increased risk for cardiovascular events. High CRP levels in acute myocardial infarct after treatment shows an alarming sign. This is due to the response of the body to the inflamed atherosclerotic (coronary) vessels and adjacent myocardium. Localized CRP in infarcted myocardium activates the complement system, resulting in inflammation and thrombosis. After reviewing many literatures with correlation between CRP and cardiovascular disease, the current study explains the pathogenesis and its role in diagnosing myocardial infarction. The background of this current study may provide directions for prevention of cardiovascular events.

Review on immunity in viral infections

RINKI SUSAN GEORGE; MURALIDHARAN .N.P; ANITHA ROY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 394-401
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.049

Novel interactions and effective modelling of the immune function is necessary for the development of antiviral mechanisms against the infectious viral disease . The immune system is intrinsic to health and is variable in humans due to the heritable and non-heritable influences. The key to identifying the risk of immune mediated and infectious diseases must be to understand and know the human immune system. The main components that develop immune responses include natural killer cells, cytokines, vaccines, Helper T cells. The cytokine and the chemokines play a crucial role in the induction of the antiviral mechanisms thereby deteriorating the level of viral replication. The natural killer cells are effector cells of the innate immune systems. The helper T cells play a pivotal role in inducing cell mediated immunity. The plasmid DNA vaccines  induce strong and long lasting humoral (antibodies) and cell mediated (T- helper cell , other cytokine function cells and cytotoxic T cells), immune response without creating a risk of infection to the host's immune system. The cell mediated immunity is a type of immune response that involves the activation of the phagocytes, cytotoxic T-lymphocytes and various cytokines in response to the antigen without the production of antibodies. The mucosal immune system is an adaptive immune system associated with mucosal sites such as the gut mucosa that comprises Peyer's patches, cryptopatches, isolated lymphoid follicles in the gut antimesenteric wall, and the mesenteric lymph nodes. The aim of the review is to highlight the various antiviral defense mechanisms to boost the immunity.

A study on employee retention strategies in an it industry

MR. RAM BABU CHERUKUR; Ms. MINI J

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 951-958
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.134

The main aim of this study is to determine the various retention strategies adopted in an IT industry and also to know its impact on employee’s satisfaction towards these retention strategies undertaken by them. Here the study involves a descriptive research method as research design and samples for the finding purpose were collected from 180 respondents along with the help of primary data. The research finding was analysed using tools like Frequency analysis, Mean analysis, Independent T-test, One way ANOVA analysis and Regression analysis. Regression analysis is used to identify the employee satisfaction rewards retention strategies in an IT industry. It is evident from the result that the majority of  respondent employees are highly satisfied towards the growth and recognition strategies undertaken by IT companies.

Evaluation and analysis of coronoplasty procedures- a retrospective study

MONISHA .K; NASHRA KAREEM; ARAVIND .S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 219-224
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.027

Coronoplasty is the mechanical elimination of occlusal supracontact that may be present during functional moments. It deals with selective grinding or reducing of occlusal areas with the purpose of influencing mechanical contact, primitive contacts. The aim of the present study was to evaluate and analyse the number of coronoplasty procedures done among patients and the quadrant in which coronoplasty procedure was most prevalent. This study was carried out in a one year period (June 2019 to April 2020) on 56 patients (33 male patients, 23 female patients) who reported to a Private hospital, Chennai. All available data was extracted from an electronic dental record where the patient's case sheet was reviewed and results were obtained through SPSS analysis. From the results obtained 54.7 % males and 45.3 % females had participated in the study. Among the study population, quadrant 3 (42.17 %) had the most number of patients with coronoplasty treatment.Coronoplasty procedures was highest in 31-50 years amongst other age groups and males who underwent coronoplasty were more prevalent compared to females. The study concludes that the number of coronoplasty procedures reported to the hospital where 83 and quadrant 3 had the most number of procedures performed but the study was not statistically significant. Hence to conclude, the results of the present study are useful for generating hypotheses for further research with larger sample size and long term follow ups in order to create awareness about the importance of occlusal adjustment procedures. 

Prevalence of aphthous stomatitis reported in a private dental institution - a retrospective study

DHANVANTH . M; UMA MAHESWARI .T.N; DEEPIKA RAJENDRAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 135-140
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.015

Aphthous ulcers or recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) are benign ulcerated lesions common in oral mucosa with uncertain etiology, considered as immunologically mediated hence management of recurrence becomes challenging .The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of various clinical types of Aphthous stomatitis reported in Oral Medicine Department of Saveetha Dental College. A total of 44 cases were collected from the Oral Medicine Department of Saveetha Dental College. The incomplete documented cases were not included. Statistical tests were used to calculate the frequency of age, gender, type of Aphthous ulcer and site of aphthous ulcer. The Pearson chi square test was used and analyzed in SPSS version 26. The comparison of frequency of age showed that aphthous ulcer was common in 20 to 35 years of age. On analysis of frequency distribution of Aphthousstomatitis  males were higher [68%] than females [32%]. On comparing the clinical types of Aphthous ulcer , minor aphthous ulcer [79.5%] was higher than major aphthous ulcer [13.6%] and Herpetiform ulcer [6.8%] was least prevalent.On comparing the various site of Aphthous ulcer, tongue prevalence  [36.6%] was higher. Pearson chi square association analysis of type of aphthous stomatitis with clinical site revealed statistical significance with  p value <0.05.Minor aphthous ulcer more prevalent in tongue while major aphthous ulcer in labial mucosa and  herpetiform in buccal mucosa.

Perception on the factors influencing potential candidates to select their employers

DR. MAHESH V.J; SAI KUMAR K.J

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1094-1099
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.154

Career is an imperative aspect of everyone's life and it has a huge impact on the lifestyle, quality of life, and thereby happiness. Hence, a lot of variables are involved while selecting an organisation. Variables can often differ according to an employee’s personal obligations, life requirements and career path. The objective of this research is to compare the major factors that can influence a potential candidate while selecting an employer. The factors considered for this research are financial benefits, commuter benefits, paid leave benefits and healthcare packages. This study involves quantitative analysis where a questionnaire was distributed to 106 UG/PG graduates. The hypotheses were tested using the Anova analysis method. The results of the research revealed that the health care package is the important factor that can influence the candidate to select an employer. This research can be useful for an organisation to improve their recruitment policy and employee wellness.

A study on job satisfaction in the consultancy industry

DR. PRASANNA SIVANANDAM; MS. GAYATHRI .G

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 429-435
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.055

In this paper, I study about employee job satisfaction where employees need organisational and personal satisfaction. Employee job satisfaction is the key to success for any company. Job satisfaction is the key indicator of their attitude towards their work, superior and environment.  This study is to find about the level of satisfaction in the consultancy industry through implementation of a job satisfaction survey. Due to the stressful work environment prevailing  in the companies, the physical health and mental well-being of the employees are at stake.  Satisfaction is important because it improves the firm’s ability to predict needs and employee  dissatisfaction. The sample size is 30. Using a unique combination of firm-level data and  information from job satisfaction surveys, the empirical analysis reveals that the employee  needs job security at the most. 

Service factors influence on customer satisfaction in innovative e-commerce

DR.JEGANATHAN GOMATHI SANKAR; MR.SURYA H

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 651-656
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.090

The research paper titled customer satisfaction in E-commerce industry. The objective of the study is to identify the factors that influencing customer satisfaction in E-commerce industry. Descriptive research is used in the study as the research design and the sampling method used is convenience sampling. The sample size of the study is 150 respondents and it is analyzed using SPSS tool. The collected data were classified, tabulated and analyzed with statistical tools such as frequency analysis and Regression analysis. It is found that factor affecting customer satisfaction are delivery problem, privacy and security, service recovery. Among the factors, Service recovery factor positively influences the customer satisfaction.

Work life balance and career plans of female dentist entrepreneurs

DR. BENITA.S. MONICA; MS. JACKLIN MARY.J

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 436-441
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.056

Work-life balance is a significant constituent of a healthy workplace. Keeping up work-life balance lessens the pressure and forestalls burnout in the working environment. The objective of the study is to know the impact of work-life balance on success criteria and family issues. In spite of the fact that finding a work-life balance as a dental specialist is troublesome, it altogether impacts general satisfaction, so the significance of discovering this parity couldn't be more important. The personal family issues and the thrive to go forward in their career is highly influenced by the kind of balance they have between job and personal life. Descriptive research is used in the study and the study is focused on 67 female dentists. Work life balance affects the personal issues faced rather than the success criteria of female dentists. Based on the results, implementations are suggested for the female dentists to overcome the challenges and acquire balanced work life.

Evaluation of non-vital teeth with various endodontic pathologies-a retrospective study

PRASHAANTHI . N; IFFAT NASIM; SHANTHA SUNDARI .K.K

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 11-18
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.002

Most of the time non-vital teeth are associated with various pathologies. The early intervention would save the teeth from its loss. Depending on the etiology and the duration, the pathology differs among the non-vital teeth. The aim of this study was to evaluate   non-vital teeth with various endodontic pathologies. This retrospective study included patients who were diagnosed with non-vital teeth from July 2019 to March 2020 in a dental hospital. The case records of all patients were retrieved which included the clinical , radiographic examination and treatment done for the patients. Variables such as age, gender, any associated endodontic pathologies were retrieved from the case sheets. Data was tabulated and was subjected to statistical package IBM SPSS version 20.0.Around 80,000 patients were reviewed and 238 patients met the inclusion criteria.Out of 238 patients, 71.8% were males and 28.2% were females.On analysing the prevalence of non vital teeth among different age groups, 21-30 years age group (32.8%) were more affected. On comparing the non vital teeth with endodontic pathology ,non-vital teeth without periapical lesion (74.4%) were found to be in a higher prevalence. Among non-vital teeth with endodontic pathology, periapical abscess (14.3%) was found to have higher prevalence followed by periapical cyst (2.9%) and calcified canal (2.9%).On analysing the prevalence of non vital teeth among gender , males (71.8%) were more affected. No statistically significant association was found between age, gender and non vital teeth. (p>0.05).Within the limitation of the study, the prevalence of non-vital teeth without periapical lesion were found to be higher. Among non-vital teeth with endodontic pathology, the most common pathology was chronic periapical abscess.Males were more affected with non vital teeth and had higher prevalence among the 21-30 years age group.

A study on trade barrier and export intention of shrimp with special reference to Chennai

D. KRISHNAMOORTHY; G. DINESH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 896-902
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.127

In a shrimp exporting the SIMP (Seafood import monitoring program), Turtle excluding device, Antidumping, Price fluctuations are the most trade barrier in global market. This paper examines the perspective of trade barriers in exporting shrimp to the other country. This study revealed major trade barrier information on exporting shrimp to US and EU.

An exploration on occupational hazards towards healthcare workers

MS.K.C. RAJA SHREE; MS. BAVITHRA B

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 789-795
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.112

Medical services laborers are the individuals whose work it is to ensure and improve the soundness of the networks. Together these wellbeing laborers, in the entirety of their variety, make up the worldwide wellbeing labor force. Medical care laborers to be all individuals occupied with activities whose essential aim is to upgrade wellbeing. Despite the fact that it's conceivable to forestall or decrease medical services specialist openness to these dangers, medical care laborers keep on encountering wounds and ailment in the work environment. Clinics have numerous exact dangers which can surely affect the wellness of workers. These dangers include natural and compound dangers, ergonomic dangers, hazardous medications, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, move work, stress, and viciousness. They might be taken out or diminished through heaps of innovations in positive control techniques, for example, design end, replacement, designing controls, authoritative controls, and private protecting hardware, so as of inclination. Medical services staff are presented to a wide scope of wellbeing dangers in the workplace, including biological,chemical , physical, ergonomic and psychological Hazards. This paper considers the main word related openings of medical care laborers.

We are wise enough to hide: incidence of impacted tooth excluding third molars- a retrospective study

SAM JOHN KOSHY; MADHULAXMI M; SIVA KUMAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 127-134
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.014

Tooth eruption is a process whereby the forming tooth migrates from its intraosseous location in the jaw to its functional position within the oral cavity. A variety of eruption problems arise during the transitional dentition period and one such problem is ectopic eruption. Ectopic eruption is a disturbance in the usual course of tooth eruption which may lead to impaction of the said tooth. This study sheds light to all impacted teeth in the oral cavity excluding third molar teeth. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of impacted teeth excluding third molars that need surgical removal. This is a single centre retrospective study done from June 2019 – March 2020. Out of 786 patients who underwent surgical removal of their impacted teeth, 51 patients were considered for the study based on the inclusion criteria. The parameters examined and processed with relevance to impacted teeth were type of impaction based on tooth and its location of impaction, age and gender of patient. IBM SPSS Version 20 was used for statistical analysis. The most common tooth of impaction excluding third molar impactions was canines accounting for 51% of the total cases. There was a definitive predilection for male over females on the incidence of ectopic impactions (64.7%). The association of age of the patient and tooth of impaction revealed the incidence of canine impaction in the age group of 11-20 years and Para molar impactions in the age group of 21-30 years, which is statistically insignificant as p=0.273>0.05, by Chi square test. This study concludes to establish the predominance of canine impactions that arise in the age group of 11-20 years with gender predilection in males.

Aesthetic management of anterior discolouration of teeth - an institution based retrospective study

J. CHANDRA POOJA; DR. PADMA ARIGA; DR GANESH JEEVANANDAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 331-337
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.042

Dental aesthetics has considerable impact on a person's confidence  in a society. The darkening of the anterior teeth causes concern for adolescents due to the compromised physical appearance.The aim of the study was to  assess different aesthetic treatments preferred by patients  for anterior teeth discolouration in a university hospital setting .A retrospective study was carried out using case records of 76 patients who reported to the Department of Aesthetic dentistry from June 2019 to March 2020.The various methods preferred for treatment discolouration of anterior teeth were observed from the digital records and tabulated on a spreadsheet. The collected data were analysed by computer software SPSS version 21 using Chi square test indicating the level of significance. The common reasons for discolouration were fluorosis(22.4%),tobacco stains(10.5%), post root canal treatment(60,5%) , enamel hypoplasia(1.3%),traumatic injury(2.6%) and  unknown reasons(2.6%) and the most common reason for discoloration was post root canal treatment(60.5%) and the treatment for management of discolouration were directing veneering(7.9%), indirect veneering(5.3%), vital bleaching(25%) and non vital bleaching(61.8%) and the most preferred treatment was non vital bleaching(61.8%). Among the age groups 18-66 male patients below the age group of 30 desired treatment for their anterior tooth discolouration compared to the other age groups. The reason for discolouration had significant association with age(p value-0.00) and no significant association with gender(p value-0.82). Regarding the treatment preferred for discolouration age had no significant association(p value-0.94) while gender had significance(p value-0.02).

A study on factors influencing consumer perception on general insurance

MR.D. KRISHNAMOORTHY; MS SANDRA K JAYAKUMAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 842-848
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.120

The world is changing everyday with that the risk and uncertainties also increases. The research paper titled ‘A study on consumer perception on general insurance’. The objective of this study is to analyse factors which affects the consumer perception on general insurance. The research design used in this study is descriptive research design and the technique used is Simple random technique. The sample size of this study is 110 respondents and primary data is used. The tools used for this study are Frequency analysis, Mean analysis, Independent T test and ANOVA. In this study we found that there is a significant difference among Age, Education and Occupation with respect to consumer perception towards insurance policy and there is no significant difference among income with respect to consumer perception towards insurance policy. We can conclude that Appropriate and Timely service, Reliability of the company, Quality of service, Customers convenience and Relationship with customer are the factors which affect the consumer perception towards General Insurance.

The challenges faced by marine industry in logistics

DR.GIGI. G S; R. AISHWARIYA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 571-578
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.076

As far as the Indian subcontinent, shipping plays a vital role within the transport sector of India’s economy. Indian Shipping companies,  Indian marine sector is  at an advantageous position the large coastline of 7,500 km. With a coastline close to 7517 km and twelve major and 187 minor ports India happens to be a possible destination for shipping and trans shipment . This paper comprises of the introduction, the background and challenges faced by the marine industry in logistics, literature review,  theoretical aspects of marine logistics. The data analysis and the research findings are discussed.   The outcome of the research analysis are mentioned the last  it has the details about how to overcome the challenges, methods to solve the issues and improve the marine logistics are  been  enlightened.

Customer perception about innovative safety food delivery during lockdown

DR.JEGANATHAN GOMATHI SANKAR; MR. NAVEENKUMAR S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 657-660
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.091

The research paper titled the customer perception in online food delivery safety during covid. The objective of the study is to identify the factors that influencing customer perception in online food delivery safety to satisfy customer. Descriptive research is used in the study as the research design and the sampling method used is convenience sampling. The sample size of the study is 170 respondents and it is analyzed using spss tool. The collected data were classified, tabulated and analyzed with statistical tools such as frequency analysis and mean analysis. It is found that factor affecting customer perception in online food delivery are delivery problem, preventive and secure,safety service.Among the factors, safety service factor  are major  influences the customer perception at the time of covid.

A study on effective home delivery of commodities by online grocery stores

D. KRISHNAMOORTHY; AADITHYA R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 874-880
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.124

This study is all about effective online grocery delivery. Delivery changed into a hassle which affected the ease of online purchasing. However to conquer this many outlets which includes on line outlets in Taiwan introduced in a shop choose up service. This now supposed that clients may want to buy items online and choose them up at a close-by comfort shop, making online purchasing greater fine to clients. In the occasion of a hassle with the object (e.g., the product changed into now no longer what the patron ordered or the product changed into now no longer satisfactory), purchasers are worried with the convenience of returning an object in trade for the suitable product or a refund. Consumers may also want to touch the retailer, go to the publishing workplace and pay to go back shipping, after which await a substitute or refund. Some on line corporations have greater beneficent go back regulations to atone for the conventional benefit of bodily shops. This study takes four companies, for example Flipkart, My Kirana, Big Basket and Grocery Bazaar. This shows how they are doing the online grocery business effectively.

Acceptance towards space maintainer in paediatric population with premature primary tooth loss- an institutional study

NURUL SYAMIMI BINTI MOHD AZLAN SUNIL; JESSY P. M.D.S; REVATHI DURAISAMY M.D.S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 402-408
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.050

Space maintainers are the most commonly used appliance for interceptive orthodontics. Space maintainer is mainly used when there is premature loss of deciduous molar to eliminate or reduce the severity of developing malocclusion.The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptance of space maintainer in paediatric patients undergoing extraction of early loss of primary teeth. This study included children below the age of 9 years, both male and female, reported to Saveetha Dental College between June 2019 to March 2020 with the history of primary tooth extraction. Inclusion criteria included paediatric patients below 9 years of age who were indicated for space maintainers. Exclusion criteria included adult patients, medically-compromised patients, patients with special care needs and patients with congenital missing teeth. A total of around 1700 patient records were reviewed and analysed for the inclusion criteria and the following parameters were gathered; patients' age,  gender, patients acceptance towards space maintainer and type of space maintainer given. Data was recorded in Microsoft Office Excel (2013) and analysed using SPSS Software Version 26.0. Chi-square test was done to find out correlation between variables. Significant level test was set at p<0.05. The results proved that a total of 702 children indicated for space maintainers. Acceptance of space maintainer was observed in 10.3% of patients.Statistically significant association was found in acceptance of space maintainer between age groups (p<0.05). Within the limits of this study, it is concluded that 10.3% acceptance of space maintainer was found among patients. Children with 6 years of age had a favourable acceptance towards space maintainers. The deleterious effect in non acceptance space maintainer and awareness about the preventive orthodontics should be instilled among parents and children.

Health care sector: empirical relationship between patient care and ability to pay

MR.P. WILLIAM ROBERT; MS. FATHIMA PARVEEN M

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1031-1038
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.145

Health care industry is witnessing a potential growth sector for investment. Many potential investors wants to startup the enterprise and became the Entrepreneur in this sector.The research paper titled Empirical relationship between Patient care and ability to pay. The objective is to study the impact of Patient care on the ability to pay. Descriptive research is applied using convenience method of sampling with 102 patient. The majority of respondents were Female and their age group is 18-25 years. The tools used is mean analysis, frequency analysis, T-test, Anova and Regression analysis. It is found that factors influencing the patient care is influencing the ability to pay and there is no significant difference between demographic variable with respect to Patient care and ability to pay.

Association of third molar eruption and frictional keratosis - a retrospective study

VAISHNAVI SIVAKALI SUBRAMANIAN; G. MARAGATHAVALLI; ARAVIND KUMAR S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 324-330
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.041

Frictional keratosis represents increased keratin production in response to chronic mechanical irritation. The retromolar pad and edentulous alveolar ridge are the most common sites of involvement due to trauma from food being crushed against the mucosa during mastication. A fractured tooth or rough restoration may lead to the development of frictional keratosis on the adjacent lateral tongue or buccal mucosa.These lesions do not undergo malignant change and should resolve after the source of irritation is eliminated. The aim of the study was to investigate the association of a third molar eruption with frictional keratosis among the patients of Saveetha dental college. A total of 200 patients with keratosis were taken into the study from Saveetha Dental College, Chennai. The data was collected from case sheets of patients who reported for various dental treatments between the period of June 2019 to March 2020 which consists of patients' demographic data, personal history, medical history, intra and extraoral findings and photographs which are taken with patients' concern. Chi square test was done using SPSS..The results showed 20-30 year old patients were seen maximum with all the reported clinical findings.This proportion decreases with increase in age groups.Maxillary third molars had maximum number of buccoverted teeth (18 - buccoverted 21% and sharp cusp 3%) (28- buccoverted 9.5% and sharp cusp 6.5%) and mandibular third molars were reported with maximum number of sharp cuspal tips (38-35% sharp cusp and 5% buccoverted)(48- 9% sharp cusp and 1.5% buccoverted).Within the limitations of the study, the results show that buccoverted third molars are the most common reason that causes frictional keratosis followed by sharp cuspal tips and cheek biting habits. However tobacco pouch keratosis is also seen among the patients.

Assessment of post-operative pain, swelling and trismus following mandibular third molar extraction after local administration of dexamethasone - a retrospective study

KARTHIGA DEVI G; PRADEEP D

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 346-354
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.044

The aim of this study was to assess the post operative pain, swelling and trismus following mandibular third molar extraction after local administration of dexamethasone. This study was conducted among 142 patients who had undergone surgical removal of mandibular third molar reported to a private dental hospital from June 2019 to March 2020 . Data was collected and tabulated in excel. Data was analysed using SPSS version 20 . Results of this study showed that among 142 patients, consisting of 63 females (44.37%) and 79 males (55.63%). There was no statistically significant association between age, gender, tooth number and dexamethasone. Patients experienced less postoperative pain, swelling and trismus after local administration of dexamethasone. We conclude from the present study that the dexamethasone decreases the pain, swelling and trismus following mandibular third molar extraction.

Assessment of prevalence and gender distribution of hypodontia in maxillary dentition

MILONI SURESH SHAH; ARAVIND KUMAR SUBRAMANIAN; MARAGATHAVALLI GOPAL

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 372-378
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.046

Congenitally missing teeth or as usually called hypodontia, is a highly prevalent and common developmental dental anomaly where there is congenital absence of one or more teeth. It is the most prevalent dental malformation in humans that could affect and influence the orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning.  Besides an unfavorable appearance, patients with missing teeth may suffer from malocclusion, periodontal damage, insufficient alveolar bone growth, reduced chewing ability, inarticulate pronunciation and other problems.The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the prevalence and gender distribution of hypodontia in maxillary teeth, excluding the third molars. Orthopantomogram of orthodontic patients above the age group of 14 years were examined for evidence of hypodontia. The casts were used as an additional means of confirming the diagnosis. Retrospective data of patients were collected and those patients who had missing teeth were first segregated. From among those the patients details with congenitally missing teeth were then sorted. 15 patients with congenitally missing teeth excluding third molars were found fulfilling all the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data was analysed using SPSS statistical software, descriptive and analytical statistics was done with Chi square test. It was observed that hypodontia of maxillary teeth was more predominant in maxillary lateral incisors (n-12;80%)followed by maxillary premolars (n-2;13.4%) and canines(n=1;6.7%).Occurrence of hypodontia was more predominant in females(53.3%) when compared to males (46.7%) (p>0.05); hence statistically not significant. Early diagnosis and appropriate management might help in the attainment of ideal occlusion without the need for extensive orthodontic therapy

Association of gender in patients with extractions of endodontically treated teeth

DHINESH KUMAR SANGGAYA; DINESH PRABU; VISALAKSHI RAMANATHAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 206-211
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.025

The key to successful endodontic treatment is to thoroughly debride the canal system of infected or necrotic pulp tissue and microorganisms, and to completely seal the canal space, thus preventing the persistence of infection and/or reinfection of the pulp cavity.The aim of this study is to provide clinical data on the prevalence of endodontically treated tooth extractions.
8547 patients visiting Saveetha Dental College were used as the samples in this study to assess the extraction of its  endodontically treated tooth or non endodontically treated tooth with ethical permission and approval for the project. Collected data was tabulated in Excel and statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square test. The results show that endodontically treated tooth extraction is 70% while non endodontically treated tooth extractions is 30% with male predominance. There is no association seen with gender and extractions of endodontically treated tooth tooth extraction statistically.

Preferences of regular metal brackets among patients reporting to dental hospital- an institutional based retrospective study

H. FIRDUS FAREEN; SRI RENGALAKSHMI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 241-246
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.030

The technology used to make orthodontic products and materials has advanced at an exponential rate. Newer materials, methods, and designs are coming up on a daily basis. These products help the orthodontist to give the best functional and aesthetic results to the patient. Orthodontic brackets have evolved from Angle's era to the MBT brackets followed by lingual brackets. These brackets have made the life of the orthodontists much easier. As technology is advancing many more newer materials and designs are coming forward. The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency of use of regular metal brackets among patients reporting to dental hospital in chennai, in the period of June 2019- March 2020. The clinical records of 1362 patients undergoing orthodontic treatment were evaluated. The prevalence of patients treated with regular metal brackets according to sex, gender and the different types of orthodontic brackets were assessed. Chi-square test was used to determine associations between variables, while the chi-square test for trends was used to assess the frequency of patients treated with regular metal brackets in comparison to others. The most frequently preferred brackets by patients were the regular metal brackets (99.5%) in comparison to other types of brackets. There was no statistically significant difference in patients treated with regular metal brackets with respect to  age and gender. Thus, it can be concluded that the regular metal brackets are still being widely chosen by patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. Hence, awareness of different types of brackets and their uses should be brought among patients undergoing orthodontic treatment.

Patients visit to hospitals during covid-19

DR.BENITA. S. MONICA; MR.NITHISH KUMAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 495-499
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.066

The need for non-coronavirus people to seek medical assistance by visiting a hospital has decreased significantly during this pandemic situation. This study has emphasized on understanding the patient perception towards visiting hospitals during pandemic situations. The data was gathered from 77 patients who visited hospital during COVID - 19. Regression analysis was used to assess the strength of the relationship between fear of visiting hospital and level of knowledge regarding COVID-19. The results proved that the level of knowledge had a positive effect over fear of visiting hospitals.

An inquiry on mental health of hospital personnel during pandemic

MS K.C. RAJA SHREE; MS V.A. SAMNA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 835-841
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.119

The Chinese-born Noval Corona infection disease (COVID-19) It has crossed borders exponentially, infecting individuals around the world.Health care staff face an unparalleled level of emotional pressure associated with COVID19 across technical and personal realms. The goal of this study was to find the impact of mental health on hospital personnel particularly in Andaman and Nicobar Islands government and private medical care frameworks. The examination consisted of 61 participants. Survey questionnaire was provided digitally and manually in person to the respondent. The pervasiveness of stress (37.2%), worry about relatives (41.0%) and isolation (36.1%) were accounted for in the study as an outcome. Protective measures while taking care of patients, checking manifestations, awareness programs, and strategic planning at hospitals should be done. Innovation should be implemented in the healthcare setting to improve the mental health of hospital personnel during pandemic.

Behavioural perspective of individuals towards mutual fund investments – a critical analysis

MS.B. NEERAJA; MS.E. AYSHWARYA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 724-729
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.102

In this research study we are getting to see about mutual funds in India. There are many investments in India like equity share, mutual fund, fixed deposit, public provident fund, land, gold, etc. open-end fund may be a pool of cash for several investors in India. Mutual funds are one among the important investments that a lot of investors get good offers to take a position in. The securities purchased by the investors are referred because of the fund’s portfolio. Mutual funds give opportunities to small investors to require part within the capital market with none high risk. This study was conducted to research and compare the performance of various sorts of mutual funds in India and concluded that equity funds outperform income funds. This study further concludes that equity fund managers possess significant market timing ability and institutions funds managers are ready to time their investments, but brokers operated funds didn't show market timing ability. Further, it's been found empirically that fund managers are ready to time their investments with the conditions within the market, and possess significant timing ability.

An Empirical Research on the Job Satisfaction and Job Performance of Rice Mill Workers

WILLIAM ROBERT. P; PRAVEEN. G

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1039-1047
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.146

The research paper titled the relationship between Job Satisfaction and Job Performance. This paper studies factor influencing Job Satisfaction toward Job Performance. Descriptive research is applied using convenience method of sampling with 71 respondents. The data is collected from the Rice Mill workers. The majority of respondents were Male and their majority of Age group were36-25 years. The tools used of the study is mean analysis, frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA and  Regression. Through analysis it is found that there is no significant difference between the Job Satisfaction and Job Performance because of the improper working of machineries and lack of technologies in Rice mill Sector.

A survey on influence of media in healthcare

MS.K.C. RAJA SHREE; MS. HAMSHINI K.S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 796-803
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.113

Media is one of the most novel and helpful creations by humankind. In this day and age it's almost unimaginable for somebody to dodge the media absolutely in their everyday life. This is on the grounds that it has a more noteworthy impact among individuals. It has gotten a fundamental part in human existence. Media can be utilized for different exercises, for example, sharing data, realizing what occurs far and wide, becoming acquainted with new innovations, likewise accommodating in investigations, explores, business related exercises and so forth. In the healthcare field also it has its own impact, directly from thinking about the emergency clinics to counselling the specialists. It has been created over recent years and appears to be incredibly open by individuals. Impact of media has its own effects in medical services which is both positive and negative. It is demonstrated that the media somewhat improves the way of life. The impact of media varies from individuals to individuals contingent on their use of media, for example, TV, radio, Whatsapp, Facebook and so on having a review on the media's impact there are more certain components than that of the negative ones. The major goal of the study is to interpret the media’s ascendancy and innovations in the healthcare industry.

Money market executive’s perception towards peer-to-peer (p2p) lending

DR.P.PRAVEEN KUMAR; MS.YUVASREE .V

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 585-590
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.078

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) refers to social lending and it is an emerging wealth management service that allows individuals to procure loans directly from investors without the intervention of a financial institution. P2P investors obtain better returns on their cash savings through lending in P2P lending platforms mostly through online web pages. The P2P model facilitates matching of individual investors with borrowers by assessing the creditworthiness on a periodical basis. P2P renders services for recovery of loan through this platform. Better interest rates are possible using these P2P online platforms. Borrowers who fail to obtain loans from traditional financial institutions can avail the services of these online platforms. The model also helps budding entrepreneurs to get their startups off the ground and it is a relatively new approach where borrowers can obtain loans from numerous individual investors pursuing multiple objectives when they pick loans to invest. Though P2P lending might seem like an attractive investment this is still a technically young industry.

Steps to be followed when home currency is weak

DR.P.PRAVEEN KUMAR; MS.S.MAQSOODA NAAZ

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 591-597
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.079

The study of the research paper deals with the money market and the appreciation of home currency value. The exchange rate mainly depends on the value of the home currency and the investments made by the people in the country. Investment plays a major role in currency appreciation. Trading with more than one currency at global level is called as Foreign Exchange. The Forex market deals with the currency exchange at global level. The value of home currency depends on the rate of exchange. The exchanging rate of currency can affect the trading factors of the country. Even the currency value can be determined by the import export of the country. Inflation plays a vital role in the Forex market. The inflation is expected to have a pessimistic impact on the exchange rate, low inflation does not assure favorable exchange during high inflation rate has a negative impact. Investments made by people of the country helps to avoid inflation.

India’s Growth Strategy Through NITI Aayog

DR.P.PRAVEEN KUMAR; MR.NAGARAJAN. S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 598-602
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.080

The NITI Aayog was implemented to carry new plans. Its first order is to go about as a research organization. It is well known as a bridge through which new and imaginative thoughts occur from a single imaginable source - industry, the scholarly world, common society, or unfamiliar authorities and stream into the administration framework for usage. It has customary meetings to generate new ideas with partners from different ventures and areas. We distinguish the prescribed procedures in various states in different areas and afterward attempt to imitate them in different states.          The information is then utilized at the most noteworthy policymaking levels to set up responsibility and improve execution. This exhibition and result based ongoing observing and assessment of government work can significantly affect improving the proficiency of administration. There's a need to legitimize direct charges for both corporate expense and individual annual duty, facilitating the assessment consistency trouble which alongside demonetization and GST will support India's expense to GDP proportion. Utilizing such information, additionally concoct execution-based rankings of States across different verticals to cultivate a feeling of serious federalism. Move Hack expected to achieve creative, dynamic, and adaptable answers for issues about portability. This study tries to examine whether the function of NITI Aayog is more reliable and find the perception of literate people on the functions of NITI Aayog in Chennai city.

Perception of investors towards creating shareholders value

DR.P.PRAVEEN KUMAR; MS.S. PADMAVATHI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 608-613
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.082

Investing in the stock market has its own benefits. Investing in the stock market will primarily help to grow money, by earning more profit from the invested amount. Taking high risk, by investing in risky investment avenues like in the stock market, would eventually help to increase or grow money. As taxes and inflation of a country have a major impact on wealth, investing in equities would protect and slow the negative impact on both. By regular payment of dividends to shareholders, regular investment income would be maintained by the investors which would help to meet their financial goals. Stock market has wide choices of financial instruments for investing like bonds, shares, derivatives, etc., which would benefit an investor to reduce the risk level by diversifying. Irrespective of shares owned by the investors, a portion of ownership is acquired and would benefit in voting rights and advice in strategic decisions made by the company. An analytical study is conducted on shareholder value creation with a sample of 87, through which different types of investors have delivered their perception on value creation. Different statistical tools are applied to identify their perception.

Barriers to climate adaption in farming

DR.P.PRAVEEN KUMAR; MR.SATHEESH KUMAR.K2

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 614-619
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.083

Descriptive research is applied by using a convenience method of sampling with 70 respondents. The data is collected from the farmers. The majority of respondents were both male and female and their majority of age group were less than 35 years. The tools used for the study are mean analysis, frequency analysis, t-test and ANOVA. It is found that farming is the factor influenced by climate and farming has barriers to adapt to the climate. Cultivating expects a fundamental part in the economy of non-modern countries, and gives the essential wellspring of food, pay and work to their common masses. It has gotten logically clear over the last couple of years that the start of both monetary master and system makers regarding the work of cultivation in money related improvement has experienced a huge headway. Around one fourth of the Earth's bound surface is as of now a work in progress with more land changed over to manage creation. Humanity has similarly gotten skilled at raising yields through using inputs like manures, pesticides and common waste products. Anyway in various more shocking countries with low benefit rates and creating masses, agribusiness continues wandering into immaterial and sensitive grounds. It adds to the monetary new development. In light of the public compensation level, similarly as people's lifestyle is improved. 

A study on innovative reverse logistics and its impact of customer satisfaction

MS.B. NEERAJA; MR. NISHANTH. S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 730-736
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.103

Companies are also looking for new ways to enhance their operation, customer loyalty and remain ahead of the game with their rivals in the dynamic world of production. For the past decade or so, reverse logistics has been considered a method to bring these items to life.This thesis paper aims to shed some light on the fundamentals of reverse logistics and how a management approach can be used for reverse logistics. This paper highlights the basics of reverse logistics and discusses what kind of decisions today's logistics managers have to take to develop their logistics model on a daily basis.A increasing concern to control rising global emissions has been emerging, this paper also highlights some of the impact on the environment of reverse logistics decisions and vice versa. In the theoretical history portion, the study begins by collecting the work of scholars and logistics experts in the field of logistics.A small picture of the degree to which reverse logistics has entered the manufacturing world has been drawn through a study conducted in a few manufacturing firms in India.

Innovative consumer behaviour towards sports wear

DR.JEGANATHAN GOMATHI SANKAR; MR.RISHIKESH. R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 661-665
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.092

The research paper titled the consumer behaviour towards sportswear. The objective of the study is to analyze the consumer behaviour towards sportswear. Descriptive research is used in the study as the research design and the sampling method used is convenience sampling. The sample size of the study is 90 respondents and it is analyzed using SPSS tool. The collected data were classified, tabulated and analyzed with statistical tools such as frequency analysis, T-test, Mean analysis and ANOVA test. It is found that factor affecting consumer preference, brand preference, price, quality and comfort on sports products.

Impact of social media advertisement on consumer purchasing behaviour

DR.MAHESH V.J; THANUSHREE H

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 634-638
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.087

The latest trend in marketing is advertising and purchasing through social media. Currently the majority use social media and are greatly attracted towards the new brands which are advertised in social media. Consumers are highly influenced by online advertisements that come in various social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, Pinterest, YouTube, etc. social media easily take the attention and impel the consumers to go beyond the window shopping which is purchasing. Social media has become an effective marketing tool to create brand awareness. The consumer’s choices have narrowed down and in need of an influence to convince the consumer choices. Attractive and informative or well drafted content can glue the consumers towards specific brands or services. Surveys have been taken to find specific impacts on the consumers purchasing behaviour through social media advertisements. The main aim of this paper is to study the impact of social media advertising on consumer purchasing behaviour.

An investigation on public knowledge towards biomedical waste management

MS.K.C. RAJA SHREE; MR. PRAVEEN. B

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 811-815
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.115

Biomedical waste management The effect of hospital waste on health and the environment is important. It can be seen from this research that there is an immediate need to raise alertness, education on medicinal waste issues.To assure health and environmental protection, a proper waste management strategy is required. More information on effects, disposal to specific conclusions is needed to be collected. For developing countries, find options and suitable technology. Need thorough analysis of waste and aspects. Partly because agriculture has become less and less productive. By 2030, 65 percent of the world's population is projected to be living in cities. Due to low and lack of awareness, the infrastructure needed for this lop-sided growth of the cities is due to waste collection in the unplanned extensions in larger cities. The air quality in the city's surroundings is so bad that is estimated that about two million children under the age of five die each year from respiratory infections..It is a mystery how the wealthy are callous to the climate, such as doctors and higher officials working in such public places and part of their day time in these places. In fact, hospitals produce a large amount of hazardous waste. In establishing countries such as India,the amount of non liquid waste produced by hospitals has increased rapidly and innovations are implemented.

An exploration on ethical norms followed by healthcare professionals

MS.KC RAJA SHREE; MS. BHAKIYALAKSHMI M

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 769-774
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.109

Ethics is characterized as the moral standards that regulate the actions of a person or individual. Healthcare professionals are people who provide health care services and treatment based on their knowledge and experience. Medical ethics is the relevant subject of ethics that analyzes scientific medicinal drugs and associated medical research. Medical ethics is primarily based on the set of values that an expert can talk to in case of misunderstanding or conflict. Ethical Norms followed by Healthcare professionals is influenced by various factors such as Behaviour, Knowledge and Working environment. This study focuses on the various ethical factors influencing health care professionals. This study is conducted to find out the ethical norms followed by the healthcare professionals and to find out the determinants of ethical norms followed by Healthcare Professionals. The conclusion of the study shows that among the factors behaviour, knowledge and working environment behaviour factor have a positive linear relationship and innovation towards Ethical norms.

Influence of organizational climate on job satisfaction and commitment of employees in innovative small-scale business

MS.B. NEERAJA; MR.B. KRISHANAKANTH PATHAK

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 757-763
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.107

Climate consists of a collection of features that define an organization, differentiate it from other relatively long-term organizations and influence the actions of people in it.. The purpose of this article is to present, by using ability of a model, the determinants of organizational way of life which influence creativity and innovation and to check whether or not a relationship existed between the variables job delight and organizational tradition of personnel within a service organization. The populace is collected from thermal power plant industry, and the data is collected from all levels of management (low, middle, top-level) 200 personnel of which fifty had been excluded from the research because of low levels of literacy.. The relationship between creativity, innovation and way of life is discussed in this context. Against the history of this model, the determinants of organizational culture were identified. The determinants are strategy, structure, support mechanisms, commitment, and job satisfaction, behavior that encourages innovation, organizational climate and open communication. The impact of every determinant on creativity and innovation is discussed. Values, norms and beliefs that play a position in commitment and job satisfaction can both support or inhibit creativity and innovation depending on how they have an effect on character and employees’ performance and behavior. This is additionally defined in this article.

A comprehensive study on public awareness about electronic medical records

MS.K.C. RAJA SHREE; SHAMEEM FATHIMA S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 804-810
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.114

Electronic Medical Record (EMR) framework is a longitudinal electronic record comprising all patient data. It allows patient data information to keep an advanced clinical report. In others viewpoint, should be a digitalised variant to hospitalised persons clinical report should documented in manual outline.EMRs are something beyond a substitution for paper records. They adequately permit correspondence and coordination among individuals from a medical care group for ideal patient consideration. Digital medical record exploits medical assist regarded a record registered report diverse extensive stretches. An EMR is standard online medical data used by physicians and other healthcare professionals for examination and treatment of patient issues. The frameworks coordinate accurate documentation involved to implement changes in setting appointing, charging, check out. EMR became an important innovation and a tool for record keeping and transferring medical records. Improve quality, security, effectiveness, and decrease health variations. Maintain privacy and confidentiality of patient well-being data. Although patient clinical records are more available and accessible than ever before, processing system upgrades are continually enhancing medical data information workflow and physician-patient interactions.

A study on trend analysis of spices export from India

D. KRISHNAMOORTHY; VINITH RAJA S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 865-873
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.123

The research paper titled “ A study on trend analysis of spices export from India” is an attempt to predict the factors influencing the export of spices in India. In this analysis we have predicted the export quantity and value of spices for the year 2021 by using the secondary data of quantity and values for the past 5 years. Through this analysis exporters will be able to analyse the international market and predict the demand for export of spices in future.

Supply chain management in advance tech energy edibles india.

MR.D. KRISHNAMOORTHY; MISS JAYSHREE KORAH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 881-887
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.125

This article is all about Supply Chain Management in “Advance Tech Energy Edibles India Ltd.” is the research work that deals with different processes and techniques adopted by various FMCG retail Organizations, specifically and to find gaps that needed to be filled for improvement in FMCG retail. Supply chain management for retail companies strives to control product quality, inventory levels, timing and expenses. A clear supply chain strategy with differentiated service offerings and delivery terms is essential to optimizing the balance of cost and required customer service. An integrated approach considering supply, production, transportation, operations and service is crucial to design the most competitive retail logistics concept for the company. We collected primary data and secondary data about oil manufacturing and how they make logistics on it. To study the influence of demographic variables on customer perspective. To know the relationship between profession and delivery. The article was basically based on the customer's view on the logistics system in the edible oil industry but it consisted of so many things which I learnt, like how to manage people, how to get maximum output from the people and how to make a balance in sales. If a company’s product is good then it does not have to worry about things and competitors.

A study on stress management in HDFC bank in Chennai

MR. RAMBABU CHERUKUR; Ms. JOHANNA SWEETY SHERLIN S N

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 927-936
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.131

The purpose of the study is to know about the stress management in HDFC Bank. The study focuses on knowing the stress level in the banking sector particularly in HDFC bank. In recent times the employees in the banking sector are facing stress, depression, sleeping disturbance, etc. This is due to inability of employees to cope up with the updating technology, trends and strategies in the banking sector. The emerging new technologies and over use of computers leads to stress for the employees. Not only the wellbeing also the physical wellbeing is affected due to stress. This is an empirical study with descriptive research methodology. Surveys were taken through questionnaires. Totally sixty responses were collected from the employees of HDFC bank. The questionnaire contains nine questions that measure the employee involvement and stress overcome strategies. The software used in this study is SPSS software. The analytical tools used to measure the demographic variables are frequency analysis and the mainstream that relates the research that is analysed by mean analysis, t-test and one way anova test. This research finally concludes that banking sector employees are undergoing stress due to that they are not willing to leave the job instead they are trying to overcome stress with different strategies.

An Empirical Research on the Perception of Job Seekers towards the Use of E-recruitment in Chennai

WILLIAM ROBERT. P; REGINA. K

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 999-1006
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.141

Human resource department (HRD) have undergone many changes in the present scenario.There are various innovations happening in HRD. The sourcing of candidates is transformed into e-recruitment. The study is aimed at understanding the perception of job seeker’s towards the effectiveness of E-recruitment. Descriptive research design was adopted as it explains the study and aims at finding the Perception of Job Seekers towards the Use of E-recruitment in Chennai. Primary data was collected from the 86 respondents by using Convenience sampling. The questionnaire is divided into various sections like demographic variables, independent variables includes attitude and dependent variables as intention to use. The collected data were classified tabulated and analyzed with statistical tools like frequency, mean analysis and Regression analysis. The results showed that the variables Comfort and Attitude are influencing the Intention to use.

Public Awareness Towards Telehealth Services

MS.K.C. RAJA SHREE; MS. ASWANI J

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 775-781
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.110

The study is to identify the variables such as digitalization, convenience and privacy categories which includes the factors like telecommunication, smart watch, medical devices, social media, health apps, cost reduction, long travels, waiting time, potential adopters, specialist care, data privacy, security, doctor-patient interaction, confidentiality, patient’s doubt clearance and electronic medical record, all together showing to what level it influences people to approach telehealth. Telehealth innovations influence the people with their services where technology has the potential to increase the quality of healthcare and make it available to more people. Telehealth  provides opportunities for health care to become more efficient, better organised and closer to home. The study finds out people's understanding on Telehealth services and measures the relationship among various factors that influence Telehealth practices among people. The conclusion of the study states about various factors that influence people to prefer Telehealth, such as digitalization, convenience factors and privacy factors, where it all has a positive linear relationship towards telehealth approach.

Role of financial intermediaries in capital market

DR.P.PRAVEEN KUMAR; MS.G. SANTHYA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 624-628
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.085

This study tries to examine the role of financial intermediaries in capital market. And also looks over the impact of financial intermediaries on capital market development. Financial intermediaries exist for the profits within the Financial system. Capital market is the place where the savings and the investment have been done between the suppliers and the people who need the capital. The financial intermediaries arise to reduce the information of risk management and the mobilisation of the savings. These intermediaries assist the investors to grow their money by the way of investments. This paper comes to the opinion that financial intermediaries play a major part in the economy and helps the investors easily make investment in the capital market.

A study on e-logistics service quality and its impact on customer satisfaction in e-commerce industry

MR.D. KRISHNAMOORTHY1; MS. SANDHIYA M

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 849-857
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.121

The study is to identify the elogistics service quality dimensions and customer satisfaction on e-commerce the variables such as Information technology, convenient service reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy, tangibles.E-logistics is a new industry, in specific computerised arrival of worldwide business and strong network in e-commerce. The incorporation of technology with management of logistics has become a necessity for effective logistics management. The effect of models and activities of e-logistics include the organisation’s forward and reverse logistics functions. In today, The business climate is highly competitive, the importance of rapidly changing knowledge, and the importance of communication systems have been well known for overall success and in some situations even the sustainability of every operation in logistics.The study finds out the customer satisfaction on elogistics service providers by the e-commerce industry. The conclusion of the study states various factors that influence people to buy on e-commerce, such as customer satisfaction on responsiveness, assurance, empathy and tangible factors increase positive relationships but when the reliability factor decreases the customer satisfaction.

A study on employee training and development in Hyundai organisation – Chennai

MR. RAM BABU CHERUKUR; MS. MOHANA PRIYA.K

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 944-950
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.133

Training and development makes employees more productive. Training and development are becoming big business nowadays and more important for any organization that wants to take advantage of changes, techniques and improvements. The existing workforce is trained to increase their productivity, newly joined employees will also be trained and motivated to contribute their best towards the organization. The employees will be more confident about themselves and passionate about their job. They will adapt to technological changes and innovations more readily. Training and development need assessments, training design and delivery and transfer of training. Growing business environment needs new ideas like updated and strategic training and development to make business grow fast as well , we need to adapt ourselves for the future business environment, making our employees updated will give the best result for the organization. Nowadays many organizations are spending much to train their employees and make them updated. The training program has to be designed perfectly for the employees to achieve long and short term goals of the organization and employees as well. After the training and development program every employee has to be evaluated by their performance and should get their feedback.

HR Recruitment Through Chatbot- An Innovative Approach

DR.GIGI G.S; MS.PRISCILLA GUNASEELI.S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 564-570
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.075

Artificial Intelligence is used in all the sectors, among which chatbot is a new trend. Chatbots are used in many sectors, where HR chatbot have taken over the HR industry This research paper titled HR Recruitment through chatbot helps to know about how chatbot is useful in recruitment for HR managers and to know whether these chatbots will replace hiring managers in the upcoming years or not. A descriptive research is used in the study for a sample size of 113. The tools used in the study are mean analysis, frequency analysis, Independent sample T test and ANOVA. It is found that factors influencing the study are need for chatbot, technical issue, evaluation and installation. From the study it’s been inferred that chatbot can help the HR manager in saving their time by selecting the qualified and helping the HR manager by bringing the recruitment to further process but it can’t replace a HR manager.

A study on factors causing stress among doctors

MS.K.C.RAJA SHREE; MS. SHARMILA ALAGESAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 764-768
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.108

Work stress can affect  doctors physical and mental health by reducing their efficiency and having a pessimistic effect on their  quality of life. Stress among doctors is a synergy between the challenging nature of their work and committed personality .Doctors are having a highly demanding nature of work ,both the lack of control and inadequate rewarding systems in the workplace making doctors stressful.  Handling unexpected responsibilities may increase the  Stress .Work stress  can be induced by various factors such as excessive workload and extended work hours to handle critical cases and serious working environments..work stress will  also cause a negative impact on their family life . Many factors can enhance stress , including  low career growth, lack of managerial relationship with staff, poor working environment and prolonged working hours. Innovation should be implemented in order to reduce work stress among doctors.

Evaluation of association between Parafunctional Habits and Temporomandibular Joint Disorders among dental patients

VAISHALI . S; SANTHOSH KUMAR M P; REVATHI DURAISAMY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 77-84
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.008

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are degenerative, musculoskeletal conditions associated with morphological and functional deformities. The etiology of TMD is considered multifactorial in nature and has been related to trauma, malocclusion, parafunctional habits such as bruxism, nail-biting, and non-nutritional sucking. The occurrence of TMD associated with parafunctional habits is in the ratio of women to men in 4:1. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between parafunctional habits and temporomandibular disorders among dental patients. In this retrospective study, 51 patients with TMD as cases and 51 patients without TMD as controls were included in the study. Presence of parafunctional habits like thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, nail biting, lip biting and mouth breathing were assessed in both the groups using case sheets. Demographic details like age, gender were recorded. Excel tabulation and SPSS version 23 was used for statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics was done to describe the age and gender of the study population and they were expressed in frequency and percentage. Chi-square t test was used to test the associations between parafunctional habits and TMD; age and parafunctional habits; gender and parafunctional habits and results obtained. In this study, of 102 patients, 54.90% were males and 45.10% were females and the 21-30 years age group had a maximum number of participants (50.98%). TMD was predominantly present (29.41%) in patients with parafunctional habits than in patients without parafunctional habits (22.55%) and the results were statistically significant. (p = 0.001). The association between age and parafunctional habits was statistically not significant (p>0.05). The association between gender and parafunctional habits was statistically not significant (p>0.05). Within the limits of the study, it is evident that there is a strong association between parafunctional habits and Temporomandibular disorders among the dental patients. Thus parafunctional habits can be considered as a risk factor for TMD. It was also observed that there was no significant association of age and gender of the patients with parafunctional habits.

Perception of job seekers towards innovative e-recruitment

DR.BENITA. S. MONICA; MS. THOSHINI PRIYUSHA K

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 447-452
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.058

The increase in recruitment activities using the Internet, especially during the pandemic, result in financial savings of up to 90% of the costs incurred in traditional recruitment.The objective of the study is to understand the perception of job seekers regarding the usefulness of E-recruitment. Descriptive research is used in the study and sampling method used is convenience sampling. The sample size of the study is 100 and data is collected through a structured questionnaire. The results prove that factors under perception of E-recruitment are information, effectiveness and efficiency, usage of site, social media, job availability, decision making, internet information and service. It states that there is no significant difference between the demographic variables and perception of E-recruitment in job seekers

Theories of continental drift

VISHVANTH D VEERAIYAN; DEEPAK NALLASWAMY VEERAIYAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1063-1066
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.149

Continental drift is the process of Continental plates moving. The movement is very slow, and it might take even years to show the impact on the Earth. The movement depends on gravity, convection drift, and plate formation. Gravity impacts the movements as the mantle(The layer below the crust) is always spinning because of gravity and the plates are located on the mantle. Convection drift impacts on the movement because convection drift  is a cycle of melting and cooling of rocks in the mantle which can slowly impact the movement of the Plate. Plate Formation also affects the way the plates move as the new plates formed pushes the nearby plates causing Movement.

Factors of employee retention in IT industry

DR.BENITA. S. MONICA; MS.G.SOWMYA REDDY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 489-494
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.065

Organisations spend a lot of resources for training talented employees and making them worthy, retention of such employees is a crucial task for an organisation. The target of the current study was to research explicit maintenance factors that prompted the authoritative responsibility of high innovation workers. The sample for the data is collected from the 62 expert IT professionals from a reputed IT company in Chennai. The Organizational Commitment Scale and a maintenance factor estimation scale were managed. The most applicable logical variables were pay, work qualities, employee’s assistance and work/life balance strategies, which seemed to impact the improvement of hierarchical responsibility in high innovation employees or representatives. The implications of the study are also examined. The study focuses to help the organizations to determine the retention strategies for the maintenance of employees.

Work from home experiences during COVID -19 pandemic among IT employees

DR.MAHESH V.J; MR. SANJAY KUMAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 639-645
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.088

COVID-19 pandemic has enforced the concept Work from Home (WFH) into an officially mandated, strictly enforced rule. Now, the WFH concept is emerging from all sectors, from IT sectors to teaching sectors. WFH concept is new to the majority of the employees, as the COVID 19 has forced almost all the employees of all the sectors. As the employees are experiencing a new environment, this paper attempts to find out the experience of the employees in working from home during this pandemic. The study found that willingness to work from home is entirely influenced by their dependents at home like parents/partner/children, comfortable space at home, suitable environment at home and good internet connectivity..

Association of habits with clinical symptoms in oral submucous fibrosis patients - a retrospective study

SAI SUDHA MAHAJAN; HANNAH R; PRATIBHA RAMANI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 176-183
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.021

Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSMF) is a potentially malignant disorder and its early diagnosis is essential to reduce malignant transformation into oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and thereby reduce morbidity and mortality. This study assessed the chewing habits of the patients visiting Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals with regard to consumption of areca nut and its products, frequency and duration of habits as well as clinical symptoms and signs in OSMF. The aim of this study was to associate the habits with clinicopathological findings in OSMF patients. An institutional based  retrospective study was conducted among 64 cases clinically diagnosed with OSMF. A detailed habit history and clinical signs and symptoms were recorded and appropriate statistical analysis was done. The study included 62 OSMF cases of both the gender groups; males (87.5%) and females (12.5%) of age group between 22 to 65 years. In this study, the most common habit was noted to be pan chewing and the commonest clinical symptoms was found to be restricted mouth opening (39%) and associated pain symptoms (28%). A very common clinical site for this lesion was found to be the buccal mucosa bilaterally (79.69%). The habit patterns and clinical features of OSMF are important to facilitate prompt diagnosis and management in order to monitor its clinical severity and progression to OSCC.

Assessment of periodontal abscess among diabetic patients visiting a dental college -a retrospective study

G. NITHYA KARPAGAM; SANKARI MALAIAP PAN; DINESH PRABU

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1-10
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.001

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterised by destruction of supporting structures of teeth.Diabetes mellitus is a syndrome of abnormal carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism that result in acute, chronic complications due to the absolute or lack of insulin.The progression of periodontal disease is influenced by factors like microorganism, host response, systemic background and genetic makeup of the host.1 Chronic hyperglycemia results in production of advanced glycation end substances (AGEs) in the tissues, which have protean effects on the periodontal microenvironment.The aim of the study was to assess the periodontal abscess among diabetic patients visiting dental college. A retrospective data of all the patients reported  for periodontal therapy to dental college was collected. The data was extracted  from the patients records. Data segregation was done based on  age, gender,site of periodontal abscess, blood sugar value probing depth, clinical attachment loss and mobility. After data collection statistical analysis was done in IBM SPSS software version 20. A total 50 diabetic patients with periodontal abscess were evaluated in this study and it showed about 64% of males and 36% % of females with periodontitis had diabetes. The most common age group that was affected was 36-45 years by 36%. The most prevalent site with periodontal abscess is lower left posterior by 24%. Probing depth of 5mm was seen mostly in patients with diabetes and periodontitis (34%). Clinical attachment loss of 6mm was seen mostly in patients with diabetes and periodontitis (50%). Grade 2 mobility was seen predominantly in patients with abscess(48%). Patients with periodontal abscess had blood sugar level above 200mg/dl by 50%. The chi square test was performed to determine the correlation between age of the periodontitis patients and the random blood sugar levels, the P value obtained was 0.045 (p<0.05) statistically significant. The most prevalent age group that was affected with periodontal abscess was  between 36-45 years. The males  were more  affected with  periodontal abscess among diabetics. The predominant site involved with periodontal abscess was the  lower left posterior region. The association between the  blood sugar levels  and age was significant statistically.

A study on factor influencing employee motivation in work environment

MS.B. NEERAJA; MR.P. NIRANJAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 691-696
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.097

Representatives are the main resources of an association. Additionally, in the present exceptionally serious world representatives are the elements which decide achievement or disappointment of an association. They are the ones who cooperate with the client on an everyday premise and complete the entire activity. As such the associations need to focus on the happiness of the representatives. What's more, as quality HR gets an ever increasing number of meager, the organizations need to pay more notice as per the general inclination of workers. Likewise, notwithstanding the fulfillment of the representative, the business has a task to carry out in the inspiration of the worker. In the event that the worker is propelled towards the work, at that point it is probably going to yield more outcomes.

A study on non-performing assets and their impact on public and private sector banks

MR. RAMBABU CHERUKUR; MS. LEKHASHREE. V

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 974-979
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.137

Banks are struggling with challenges related to NPA’s. The objective of the study is to examine the reasons for the rising NPAs and its impact on public and private sector banks.The research findings were analysed using tools like frequency analysis, mean analysis and ANOVA analysis.The sample size of the study is 83 and respondents were customers of the bank.This paper focuses on the reasons behind the NPA and its impact on public and private sector banks.

Analysis of site of perforation during access preparation - a retrospective study

PRIADARSINI T; SOWMYA K; DHANRAJ GANAPATHY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 212-218
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.026

Perforation results in communication between the root canal walls and the periodontal space. It is commonly caused by operative procedural accidents or due to extensive caries, external and internal inflammatory root resorption . Perforations during a root canal treatment may increase the risk of failure for the involved tooth. The prognosis of a perforated tooth depends on factors like location and the size of the perforation, potential microbial colonization of the endodontic system, the time lapse between the occurrence of the perforation and repair, and the type of filling material used. For the long-term success of the root canal system, it is essential to emphasize disinfection and sterilization at the perforation site and the remaining root canal system. Nonsurgical management is possible with predictable prognosis if the right treatment is planned and executed.The aim of this study was to find the association of age, gender and tooth arch with the site of perforation during access cavity preparation. The data was collected from patients visiting Saveetha dental College for treatment. Totally 41 perforations were identified and treated completely. The data was entered in excel sheet and exported to IBM SPSS software version 20.0 and statistical analysis done. The number of perforations were higher in females and in the age group above 40 years, however no significant association was found for site of perforation with age and gender. Number of coronal perforations were more than furcal perforation and this association between tooth arch and site of perforation was found to be statistically significant (P value- 0.006 < 0.05; Chi square test). Proper knowledge of anatomy and principles of access cavity is essential to prevent these iatrogenic errors.

Estimation of prevalence of gingival enlargement - a population-based study

KALAIVANI N; DR. N.D. JAYAKUMAR; MAHESH RAMAKRISHNAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 309-315
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.039

Gingival enlargement is an increase in the size of the gingiva. It is also known as the gingival hyperplasia or hypertrophy. They can be categorised based on their etiology, pathogenesis, location, size and extent. Inflammatory gingival enlargement is a most common form and clinically present as soft and discolored gingiva. Drug induced gingival enlargement is a well recognised adverse effect of certain systemic medications. Calcium channel blockers, Anticonvulsants and Immunosuppressants are frequently implicated drugs in the etiology of drug induced enlargement. The aim of the study is to assess the prevalence of gingival enlargement and its distribution.
Objective:

To assess the prevalence of inflammatory and drug induced enlargement.
To compare the prevalence of gingival enlargement in different age groups.
To compare the prevalence of gingival enlargement in male and female.
To compare the prevalence of gingival enlargement in response to different types of drugs.

The study was a retrospective, University based study. Case sheets of patients visiting the dental outpatient ward June 2019 to March 2020 were collected. Patients diagnosed with gingival enlargement were sorted and tabulated in Microsoft excel sheet and analysed using SPSS software. In the present study, out of 40,000 patients, the prevalence of inflammatory enlargement was found to be 0.1% and the drug induced enlargement was 0.03%. Drug induced enlargement was more prevalent in males than in females, whereas inflammatory enlargement was more prevalent in females than males, there was no statistically significant difference in the prevalence rate between age groups (p= 0.362) and gender (p= 0.210). On comparing the drugs, phenytoin was consumed by  one third of the population (43%) but had a higher prevalence rate of 65% than antihypertensive drugs (28% )and immunosuppressants (7% ).

A study on analysis of performance appraisal at imind technologies

MR. RAM BABU; MS. SREEMATHI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 987-991
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.139

The research paper titled Performance  Appraisal : A study on analysis of performance appraisal at IMIND Technologies. The  objective of the study is to find  out various performance appraisal techniques followed and to know the awareness of performance appraisal system,analyse the performance appraisal system practiced in IMind Technologies ,to  know the employees opinion regarding Performance Appraisal system practiced IMind Technologies,  and also to know the important factors influencing the employees in Performance System. Exploratory  research and causal research is used in the study and the sample size of the study is 86.The tools used in the study are mean analysis, frequency analysis, Independent sample T test and ANOVA. It is found that  the performance appraisal system is followed in the organization but it is not outstanding and Also  clear that employees are satisfied with the content of the appraisal system in the relation to their job but the performance appraisal system in organization does not help them in identifying their potential for growth and also employees accept  that  purpose of performance appraisal practiced is for promotional rewards  and for training but here in the organization where the respondents don’t get both monetary and promotional reward.

Comparison of arch bar removal with and without the usage of local anaesthesia

P. DEEKSHEETHA; BALAKRISHNA R N; NASHRA KAREEM

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 379-386
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.047

The aim of this study is to assess the arch for removal With local anaesthesia versus arch bar removal  without anaesthesia.  Intermaxillary fixation is the most commonly used treatment modality In patients with maxillofacial trauma. On removal of the IMFs General anaesthesia and various  forms of local anaesthesia and local anaesthetic techniques in the form of infiltrations, nerve blocks, topical local anaesthetic spray, topical local anaesthetic gel.This was a University-based study. The data was obtained by reviewing case sheets of patients  from June 2019 to March 2020. The case sheets of the patients who had undergone intermaxillary fixation were appraised to assess if the arch bars were removed using local anaesthesia or without the usage of a local anaesthetic agent. 97%  of the patients were given local anaesthesia for the removal of the arch bars. Lignocaine with adrenaline was the most commonly used (96%) local anaesthetic solution. 2ML of the local anaesthetic solution was the common amount of local anaesthetic solution used (35%)

Venture capital investment:survey on problems and prospects faced by the entrepreneur

MR.P. WILLIAM ROBERT; MS. JENAPRIYA R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 992-998
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.140

The research project titled A study on venture capital investment and survey on problems and prospects faced by the entrepreneur. This paper studies problems and prospects of the entrepreneur  on venture capital investment and importance of venture capital investment. Descriptive research is applied using a convenience method of sampling with  60 respondents. The tools used for the study are mean analysis, frequency analysis, Independent t test, ANOVA and factor analysis. It is found that individuals seeking venture capital might need to adjust their  approach to different capitalists, recognising the diversity involved. Niche’s of venture capital exist due to structure and rules of capital markets.

Demographic variations in maxillary pathologic lesions - an institutional study

SHIVANGI GAUR; MADHULAXMI M; HEMAVATHY O R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 260-269
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.033

A variety of benign and malignant lesions involve the maxilla and maxillary sinus. The presenting features, symptomatology and advanced diagnostic imaging techniques help in achieving a differential diagnosis however histopathological examination remains the mainstay of definitive diagnosis. This study aims to identify the frequency of isolated maxillary pathologic lesions (benign and malignant)  and its gender and age distribution.  After clearance from the institutional ethical committee, a retrospective study was performed for a period of ten months from June 2019 to March 2020 in our institution. 90 cases of pathology were reviewed out of which 29 were included in the study based on the inclusion criteria. 68.97% males and 31.03% females reported with pathologic lesions of the maxilla alone in our center. Malignant maxillary lesions show the highest frequency of occurrence in 17.24% in the 41-60 age group (p value-0.233). Treatment modalities used for various lesions diagnosed in the maxilla showed the highest degree of association with surgical excision being the most commonly performed for malignant lesions and enucleation for cysts and benign tumors (p value- 0.000). Maxillary benign pathological lesions have a tendency to mimic malignant lesions. Hence it is important to document and identify lesions most commonly encountered in a particular population to provide for adequate and appropriate treatment care needs.

Workplace incivility and its causes among nurses in andaman and nicobar islands

DR.GIGI G.S; MS.JAYA KUMARI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 556-563
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.074

Workplace incivility is one of the major concerns in the healthcare industry. The objective of the study is to understand the concept of workplace incivility, to examine the factors causing workplace incivility, to examine the various steps to eliminate workplace incivility, to find out the influence of demographic variables on workplace incivility and to give suggestions to the targets to cope up with workplace incivility. Descriptive, exploratory and casual research methodology is used, the statistical tools used for analysis are frequency analysis, mean analysis and one way ANOVA. The key cause for workplace incivility among nurses was found to be physicians, and none of the demographic variables such as age, gender, and work experience, hospital location, marital status, and qualification affected workplace incivility.

Behavioural analysis of customer involvement in innovative green supply chain management

MS.B. NEERAJA; MR.KARAN .V.K

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 710-716
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.100

The part of clients in the green supply chain, the board should be distinguished and perceived as a significant research zone. This paper is an endeavour to investigate the contribution part of clients towards the Green Supply Chain (SC). An observational exploration approach has been utilized to gather essential information to rank various factors for successful client association in green idea usage in Supply Chain. Relevant connections among factors have been built up utilizing specialists' suppositions. The exploration may help rehearsing directors to comprehend the communication among factors influencing client contribution. Further, this comprehension might be useful in encircling the approaches and procedures to green Supply Chain. Examining connection among factors for powerful client association in GSCM to build up the basic model in the Indian point of view is an exertion towards advancing condition cognizance.

A study on the factors influencing job satisfaction of IT employees

MR. RAM BABU CHERUKUR; Ms. SOUNDARIYA P

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 959-966
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.135

The main purpose of the study is to work out the factors affecting IT employees' job satisfaction and to seek out the extent of job satisfaction. The study is completed on a descriptive basis, and IT employees collect the first data. The info is collected from 110 respondents on the idea of probability and is analysed with the SPSS tool. Statistical methods Frequency analysis, mean analysis and multivariate analysis were wont to define, tabulate and interpret the info collected. The result revealed that the bulk of respondents were female which the group of but 30 workers is permanent. Interpersonal friendship, personal growth and career advancement features a positive influence on the worker Job satisfaction among the "Pay and benefits" factor."

A study on training and development of mid-level ophthalmic personnel (MLOP) in aravind eye hospitals (AEH)

DR. PRASANNA SIVANANDAM; MS. RAHMATH NISHA A

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 409-413
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.051

Aravind Eye hospital (AEH) is one of the self-funding healthcare delivery models where it creates value for its entire customer base, but captures the value only from a part of it by offering free-of-cost or at cost, high-quality service. It serves nearly 6,000 outpatients in the hospital every day like registration, vision test, preliminary exam, refraction, final exam, counseling and recommendation for surgery with the assistance of MLOP’s (Mid-level ophthalmic personnel) while contributing their services. The MLOP’s are played as the backbone (60% of the workforce) for supporting the physicians when providing the treatment. This study focuses on how the training and development programs are handled for MLOPs in AEH by considering various factors like Induction training, Self- transformation, Career growth, personal development, and organizational strategy in their training programs and how it effectively creates a positive impact in their development within the organization.

Innovative celebrity endorsement and consumer purchase

DR.JEGANATHAN GOMATHI SANKAR; MS.INDHUJA .M

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 678-684
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.095

The research paper titled to study about the impact of consumer buying behaviour on celebrity endorsement. The objective of the study to study and examine the purchase intention of celebrity endorsement in respect to brand quality, brand usage and brand recognition. The tools used in the study are frequency analysis, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, regression analysis. It is found that consumer behaviour relates t the brand perception, brand quality and brand image.

Prevalence Of Tooth Injuries Among Children 2 To 13 Years Of Age Reporting To Dental Hospital- An Institutional Based Retrospective Study

H. FIRDUS FAREEN; DEEPA GURUNATHAN; SRI. RENGALAKSHMI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 169-175
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.020

Traumatic dental injuries present complex injuries of the dentoalveolar system. Trauma to primary and permanent teeth and their supporting structures is one of the most common dental problems seen in children. The purpose of this study was to analyse the prevalence of  traumatic dental injuries (TDI) in primary and permanent teeth among childrens 2 to 13 years of age visiting the dental hospital in Chennai, in the period of June 2019 - March 2020. Date of age, gender, type of teeth i.e primary or permanent, type of dental injury and the dental treatment were obtained from the records of the dental hospital. The data was analysed using SPSS software. Chi Square Test was performed to compare two proportions. The analysis was done for: age, gender, type of injury, treatment done for the injury in this study. Most common type of dental injury in primary teeth is luxation (26.3%) and in permanent teeth is complicated crown fracture (38.9%). Traumatic dental injury was observed most frequently in the age group of 2 to 3 years in primary teeth and 10 to 11 years in permanent teeth with 68.4% and 69.4% of gender predliction in boys with primary and permanent dentition respectively. In the primary dentition, the most commonly performed treatment was extraction whereas the most common treatment performed in permanent dentition is pulpectomy. The results of this study show that emergency intervention to traumatised teeth is important for good prognosis of teeth and oral tissues. Therefore, the parents should be informed about dental trauma in schools and dental hospital physicians should be subjected to postgraduate training.

A retrospective analysis on flap design used in mandibular carcinoma - a hospital-based study

HARINI .G; KATHIRAVAN SELVARASU; DR. BALAKRISHNA R N

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 302-308
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.038

The squamous cell carcinoma is by far the most commonly found tumour of the oral cavity. This includes the tongue, floor of mouth, retromolar trigone, and lips. The mainstay of treatment for these patients in the surgical resection, neck dissection,radiation,and local nodal basins in the neck. The aim of the study is to investigate the flap design used in Mandibular carcinoma among the patients who visited the Department of oncology between june 1 st 2019- 1st april 2020. Data was extracted by reviewing patient records. Out of 57 patients 22 patients were diagnosed with mandibular carcinoma. There was male predominance with 90.91% followed by females with 9.09%. The age group of 51-60 (50%) followed by 41-50 years (36.36%) was affected by mandibular carcinoma. Buccal carcinoma (77.27%) was the most commonly affected site. Cheek splitting was the most common flap used to excise the carcinoma. (63.64%) followed by lingual-releasing flap(16.16%), lip-splitting flap(9.09%) and visor flap(9.09%). Regarding the site of carcinoma and type of approach used, cheek splitting approach was used predominantly for buccal carcinoma lesions; lingual releasing approach was used to operate retromolar trigone carcinomas; Lip-splitting approach and visor flap approach were used for tongue carcinomas .The association between the design of flap used and site of occurrence of lesion was found to be statistically significant (p value- 0.02).

Innovative stealth marketing strategies and its ethical issues

DR.GIGI G S; MS.JAHNAVI .C

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 508-514
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.068

People have been bombarded by advertising for decades; every TV channel watched in, every social media page posted, every magazine opened, the advertisements are there. Audiences have grown with this.We have learned to filter messages, prevent advertisements from our views and minds, and exercise selective attention and concentrate on only what we want In fact, consumers now have the potential to 'protect' themselves from different marketing ads with technology such as remote control, ad blockers, web filtering, and many more.From an ethical perspective, this paper will address the issue of stealth marketing within the scope of its practises. Issues to be addressed include the impact of stealth marketing on audiences, the rationale for the practise, and some recommendations. Here this study involves a descriptive research method as research design and samples for the finding purpose were collected from 85 respondents along with the help of primary data. The research findings were analyzed using tools like frequency analysis, mean analysis, independent t test and ANOVA analysis.

Incidence and Patterns of Mandibular Fractures: A Retrospective Institutional Study

RAJA SHRI; M P SANTHOSH KUMAR; KATHIRAVAN SELVARASU

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 35-62
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.005

The aim of this study was to assess patterns of mandibular fractures and its relationship with etiology. This descriptive, cross-sectional study analyzed all patients aged above 8 years who had been clinically or radiographically diagnosed with mandibular fractures from June, 2019 to March, 2020. Patients with pathological fractures or blast injuries were excluded. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 20.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY) and results obtained. Among 46 patients involved in mandibular fractures 41 were men (89.1%) and 5 were women (10.9%), and the majority of trauma patients (34.8%) were aged 21-30 years. The most frequent cause of mandibular fracture was road traffic accidents (RTA) mostly due to drunken driving (RTAs; 59.4%), followed by falls (18.8%). In patients with unilateral fractures, the most frequent site was the angle (23.9%), followed by the parasymphysis (15.2%). In patients with bilateral fractures, the most common sites were the dentoalveolar area (13%). All these results were statistically significant. p<0.05. On comparing the association between type of mandibular fractures and the other associated fractures, the results were statistically not significant. p>0.05. More mandibular fractures were present in men than in women mostly among the young adults. The most common etiological factor for mandibular fractures was road traffic accidents due to drunken driving, followed by falls. The most frequently fractured site was the angle of mandible followed by parasymphysis. The incidence of RTAs and resultant fractures may be reduced by strict prohibition of drunken driving, mandatory wearing of helmets, maintaining speed limits, and obeying proper traffic rules.

Green initiatives and its reflection on green human resource management in IT companies

DR. MAHESH V.J.; MR. GAUTHAM. T

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1067-1072
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.150

The research paper titled a Study on green initiatives and its reflection on green human resource management in IT Company. Descriptive research is applied using a simple random method of sampling with 74 respondents. The main aim of this paper is to show the impact of green human resource and its practices in the IT industry. Green Human Resource Management (GHRM) is a set of practices used by a company to reduce its carbon footprint. It has been observed that there is an increased awareness within the business environment on the motivation on going green and adopting various techniques to manage the environment. GHRM is a budding concept which is ready to explore green economic sides of business as the business world is going global. It is important for the company to follow GHRM to maintain its image by being an eco -friendly company which results in greater efficiency, low costs and better employee engagement and retention. It is found that practicing GHRM is influenced by factors like Green focus on CSR, Green Recruitment and Selection, Green Training and Development, Green Transportation, Green Printing, E-filing and Energy savings.

Service quality of e-Commerce logistics services

DR.JEGANATHAN GOMATHI SANKAR; MR.GOPALAKRISHNAN T

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 672-677
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.094

The research paper titled the service quality in E-commerce logistics services. The objective of the study is to identify the factors that influence service quality in the E-commerce logistics industry. causal research design is used in the study as the research design and the sampling method used is convenience sampling. The sample size of the study is 85 respondents and it is analyzed using the SPSS tool. The collected data were analyzed with statistical tools such as frequency analysis and Regression analysis. It is found that factors affecting customer satisfaction are packing factor, communication factors, delivery speed and quality factor. Among the factors, The packing factor has a strong positive linear relationship with customer satisfaction.

A study on scientific screening process in a recruitment consultancy firm

DR. PRASANNA SIVANANDAM; MS. POOJA MUDALIAR

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 419-423
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.053

Recruitment is an essential task of every company and applicant screening is one of the main step in the process of recruitment. Whether or not the applicant qualifies is determined by the screening process. In this phase, candidates resume playing a vital role. The main objective of the study is to determine the effectiveness of the screening process in recruitment consultancy firms and to include recommendations for the enhancement of the business and prospective jobseekers to make them eligible for selection. To get the data from the respondents, a structured questionnaire was developed. The questionnaire was circulated to workers working at different consulting firms.

Employee retention strategies in IT sector – a perceptual survey

DR. MAHESH V.J.; NARMADHA K. R.

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1073-1079
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.151

This study has been conducted to examine Employee Retention Strategy used in the IT sector to retain their employees. Employee Retention refers to the different practices which let the employees retain in an organisation for a longer period of time. Each organisation invests time and cash to prepare a new employee, make him a corporate prepared material and carry him at standard with the current employees. The organisation is totally at loss when the employees give up positions once they are completely prepared. Employee retention considers the different estimates taken with the goal that an individual stays in an organisation for the greatest timeframe. Retention strategies are policies and plans that organisations follow to decrease worker turnover and attrition and guarantee employees are locked in and gainful long haul. The critical test for organizations is guaranteeing a retention methodology lines up with business objectives to guarantee the most extreme degree of profitability. The questionnaire was conducted to gather primary data, and it is directly led from the employees to recognize the elements that make them resolved to serve their current organisation. The findings of the study reveals that the increase in rewards and recognition, good working environment, supervisor support and contribution of increased supervisor support career opportunity has a positive significant impact on Employee Retention in the IT sector.

A study on the impact of e- banking on customer satisfaction in India

WILLIAM ROBERT. P; DEVI PREETHA GOWTHAMAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1023-1030
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.144

Presently the financial service sector in banking industry is undergoing various innovation.The paper titled is to determine the impact of E-banking on Customer Satisfaction. The objective of this study is to determine the E-banking factors on Customer Satisfaction. Descriptive research design is used in this study.The data is collected on probability basis from 117 respondents and is analyzed with the SPSS tool. The collected data were classified, tabulated and analyzed with statistical tools Frequency analysis, Mean analysis, Independent sample Test,One way Anova and Regression analysis. The result showed that majority of the respondents were female and of age is between 18-25 years who uses E- Banking. Findings of regression analysis is the factors of E-banking is influencing the Customer satisfaction.There is no significant difference between Gender,Marital status and Type of account with respect to perception of E-Banking and Customer satisfaction and there is no significant difference among Age level,Education,Place of Residence,Occupation,Reason with respect to use, Transaction and Encourage to use E-banking with respect to perception of E-banking and Customer satisfaction.

A study on customer satisfaction on e-payment applications

MR.RAM BABU CHERUKUR; Ms. SRILAKSHMI HARSHITHA P

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 920-926
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.130

The present study focuses on the customer satisfaction towards mobile wallets. This study examines the factors that influence customers satisfaction while using mobile wallets. Nowadays everyone uses their smartphones to make their day today transactions using mobile wallets. Mobile wallets create a huge impact among the people. The present study is carried by a survey conducted among the mobile wallet users to identify the satisfactory levels of them. The study focuses on the level of satisfaction and factors that satisfy the customers in using mobile wallets.

Preference Of Analgesic Drug For Pain Control Following Extraction Of Teeth - A Retrospective Study

HARIPPRIYA KARTHIKEYAN; ABHINAV RAJENDRA PRABHU; VISALAKSHI RAMANATHAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 387-393
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.048

The aim of this retroperspective study was to assess the preference of analgesic drugs administered for pain control following dental extraction of teeth. The study was conducted in a  University based setting.The study group of this research were patients who reported to the clinics with moderate to severe toothache/ dental pain who required tooth extraction.Case sheets were reviewed between June 2019 to March 2020.Data were analyzed using SPSS software (IBM SPSS Statistics, Version 24.0, Armonk, NY: IBM Corp).  Chi square test was applied to find the association between the parameters and the level of significance.A total of 7888 patients were involved in this study.  45.7% were female patients and 54.3% were male patients. About 70.3% of the population falls in the age category 21-60 years.Around 45.8% of the population were prescribed with Paracetamol. The commonly prescribed combination analgesic of choice was Paracetamol and Aceclofenac for  26.6%  of the patients. We conclude that middle aged patients in the age group 21-60 years were prescribed Paracetamol as the first analgesic of choice for postoperative dental pain control.

A study on regulatory compliance of KYC in financial service industry

DR.P.PRAVEEN KUMAR; MS. R.PUNITHA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 579-584
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.077

The main aim of the study is to determine the need and significance of Know Your Customer (KYC) in the financial sector. A descriptive research design is used in this study since it is most suitable due to the characteristics of the purpose of the study. In this study, a statistical method is used to determine the sample to ensure that the size of the sample is representable for the whole population. The size of the study is 72 and primary data is collected through questionnaire. Tools used in this study are frequency analysis, mean analysis, independent t test and ANOVA. It is found that there is no remarkable differentiation between demographic variables and perception towards the need of KYC.

Management of open apex in maxillary incisors with mta - a retrospective study

PRIADARSINI T; SOWMYA K; DHANRAJ GANAPATHY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 253-259
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.032

Open apices commonly arise secondary to pulpal necrosis as a result of caries or trauma in an immature tooth with incomplete root formation. The conventional method of apexification with calcium hydroxide has certain disadvantages such as a very long period of treatment, tooth fracture and an incomplete calcification of the bridge. MTA has gained importance as an alternative treatment for management of open apices as it overcomes these disadvantages. The aim of this study was to determine the number, age and gender distribution of MTA apexification done in maxillary incisors.This study included data of 41 patients who had undergone apexification using MTA in maxillary incisors. The data was collected from the case records of patients visiting Saveetha dental College for treatment. A total of 47 teeth that underwent MTA apexification were identified. Of the total subjects, 83% were males and 17% were females. 51.06% of the teeth that underwent MTA apexification belonged to the age group <15 years and 48.04% to the group >15 years. Statistical analysis was done using IBM SPSS software version 20.0. No significant association was found between gender and different age groups in patients that underwent MTA apexification (P value- 0.701 >0.05; Fisher’s exact test). MTA apexification was done predominantly in males in both age groups.

Prevalence of pericoronitis in impacted mandibular third molar: A Retrospective analysis of 86,000 patient records over nine months

FATHIMA BAREERA REZVI; ARTHI BALASUBRAMANIAM; MANJARI CHAUDHARY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 286-293
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.036

Third molar impaction has become an important clinical issue.The impacted teeth may have many pathologies such as pericoronitis, periodontitis, root resorption, space infection and coronal and root caries. The study was aimed to find the prevalence of pericoronitis in impacted mandibular third molars. This retrospective study was conducted using records of patients visited private dental college. A total of 102 case records with information on impacted mandibular third molar and pericoronitis were retrieved. Data collected  from their records were entered and subjected to statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square association was done to find the prevalence and association between impacted mandibular third molars and pericoronitis. Out of 102 subjects, 87.3% of patients with impacted mandibular third molars had pericoronitis and it was more in males (47.1%) when compared to females (40.2%). It was more prevalent in the age group of 21-30 (57.8%) and in the left mandibular third molar, 38 (51.0%) when compared to the right, 48 (36.3%). There was no significant association of pericoronitis with age, gender, tooth number (p>0.05).Within the limits of the study majority of patients with impacted mandibular third molars had pericoronitis and it was more prevalent in males and in the age group of 17-26 years. Prevalence of pericoronitis was high in the impacted left mandibular third molar compared to the impacted right mandibular third molar. 

Customer's satisfaction on logistics service quality provided by innovative e-commerce sites

MS.B. NEERAJA; MR.O.S. VENKATESH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 697-702
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.098

The main aim of the study is to find out the customer satisfaction on logistics quality service of ecommerce. To provide valuable suggestions to the logistics and the e-commerce business to enhance the customer satisfaction, With the help of the real time data collected from students and employees by issuing questionnaires with the help of google forms. By getting the real time data we can easily predict the needs and wants of the customers. analyzing the data by working on SPSS software with various statistical tools. The results derived from this report will be useful from many e-commerce and logistics businesses. This study has been conducting By finding out the gap between customer satisfaction and logistics on e-commerce. 

A study on effect of credit card on customer satisfaction in chennai

WILLIAM ROBERT. P; MAHESHWAR. A

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1055-1062
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.148

Banking sector growth is infinite due to various innovation services.The main reason for this study is to determine the Effect of Credit Cards on Customer Satisfaction in Chennaiand to know about the factors which influence customer satisfaction. The data is collected on probability basis from 107 respondents by using Convenience sampling and is analyzed with the SPSS tool .The collected data were classified, tabulated and analyzed with statistical tools Frequency analysis, Mean analysis, Independent t test one way anova and Regression analysis. The results showed that the majority of the respondents were male and aged 18- 25 years who use credit cards. The result shows that the customers are agreeing towards credit cards and the factors of credit card influencing the customer satisfaction.

Job-related stressors: challenges and hindrances in innovative work

DR.BENITA .S. MONICA; MS. NITHYASHREE K

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 460-465
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.060

Work Stress is one of the most demoralizing and perilous hindrance which affects the overall effectiveness of any employee. Especially in the IT industry, where the intellectual ability of employees plays a major role, work related stressors need to be identified. The objective of the study is to examine the job-related stressors experienced by employees in the IT sector. Some of the work-related stressors considered in the study are job insecurity, workload, feedback and suggestions, daily challenge in work and daily hindrance in work. The sample size of the study is 60 and respondents were IT employees. Regression analysis is used to identify the significant stressors suffered by employees. The results suggest that workload is the significant stressor of work stress. Suggestions are given to line managers to help them handle the stress experienced by their workers.

A study on income tax deduction and opinion in india

WILLIAM ROBERT. P; ABINASH A

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1048-1054
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.147

The research paper titled “The role of tax payers in India and the growth of Indian economy. The objective is to study the factors influencing the taxpayers perception towards the Indian tax system. Descriptive research is applied using a convenience method of sampling 80 respondents. The data is collected from taxpayers, employees, businessmen. The tools used here are mean analysis, frequency analysis, t-test, Anova and regression. It is found that the majority of the age group is 36-45 years. The objective of the study is to find out the measure cost of compliance with the income tax of Indian corporations. The allowances, deductions, exemptions, rebates and reliefs were given as per legal regulations according to the law.

Patient’s perspective about the photographs taken during the orthodontic therapy for documentation

SUHAS MANOHARAN; REMMIYA MARY VARGHESE; ARAVIND KUMAR .S

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 99-111
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.011

Clinical Photography is an important requirement for better clinical diagnosis, treatment planning and case documentation in modern Orthodontics.The primary purpose of dental photography is clinical recording of intra oral and extra oral manifestations. Other secondary uses may be marketing , education , communication, dento legal documentation. Dental photography also improves the quality of care provided and overall status of a dental practice. Main purpose of dental photography in orthodontics is documentation for explaining and demonstrating various stages and processes  involved in  a treatment and to assess the treatment progress. Till date there are no existing surveys on dental photography from a patient's perspective. A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted among the patients undergoing orthodontic therapy .The sample size of 300 patients were selected. A close ended questionnaire was used to assess the patient perspective about the dental photographs taken during the orthodontic therapy. A survey software was used to reduce sampling bias.Repeated answers or questioning were avoided. All patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment were included in the study. Chi-square tests are applied to find the association between the parameters and the level of significance.Patient  satisfaction and comfort is of utmost importance. Hence changes in the design can be brought about in retractors or mirrors to improve the comfort of the patient during clinical photography. Within the  limits of the study, the result of  the study has shown that there was positive experience regarding dental photography for orthodontic purposes from the majority of the patients.

Analysis of cervical abrasions requiring rct - a retrospective study

PRIADARSINI T; SOWMYA K; DHANRAJ GANAPATHY

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 1107-1114
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.156

Cervical abrasion is the wear of the hard tissues in the neck of the tooth, produced by a constant frictional mechanical process. Clinically, cervical abrasion initially appears as a small horizontal groove near the cementoenamel junction. Later , on progression ,  the walls form a wedge with polished glassy surfaces. These lesions usually have a multi-causal origin. Dental abrasion is most commonly seen at the cervical necks of the teeth, but can also occur in the interdental area from vigorous and incorrect use of dental floss. Toothbrush abrasion has long been held as the prime cause of cervical abrasions. Mild cervical abrasions can be restored , whereas deep cervical lesions have to be treated endodontically or extracted based on the prognosis of the tooth. The aim of the study was to determine the number and teeth distribution of cervical abrasions requiring root canal treatment and to evaluate its association with age and gender. Totally 115 patients who had cervical abrasions with pulpal involvement visiting Saveetha dental College for treatment were included in the study. A total of 173 teeth with cervical abrasions requiring endodontic treatment were identified. Data tabulated in excel sheet and exported to IBM SPSS software version 20.0. The results showed that more than half the teeth affected were the premolars (56.07%). Males  and population in the age group 40-60 years had more number of teeth with cervical abrasions requiring root canal treatment. A significant association was found for the type of teeth affected with age  (P value- 0.030 >0.05; Fisher’s exact test) but not with gender(P value- 0.219 >0.05; Chi square test). Early diagnosis and intervention can prevent the progress of the cervical lesion.

Study on implementation and impact of GST in India

MS.B. NEERAJA; MR. VIGNESH. D

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 717-723
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.101

This research aims to assess the implementation and impact of GST in India. GST creates revenue to the government and helps to reduce malicious activities of tax. A sample of 185 employees from the IT sector and other sectors by issuing google forms and collecting the real time data and it is used for this analysis. By analyzing the data by using SPSS software and some statistical tools. This study has been conducted to find out the impact and awareness of GST.

Adaptive capacity of workers depending on working conditions by industry of the republic of kazakhstan

BISAKAJEV S. G.; ABIKENOVA SH. K.; BEKEEVA S. A; DZHUMAGULOVA N.G.; YESPENBETOVA ZH. KH.

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 176-181
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.023

The problem of ensuring safe working conditions and maintaining the working capacity of employees of enterprises is important in any economic sector. This is a broad and complex task requiring coordinated joint work of labor protection specialists, hygienists, trade union workers, etc. In Kazakhstan, unfortunately, despite the measures taken, there remains a high proportion of those working in hazardous working conditions, which in some sectors reaches 65-70%. In this regard, it is of interest to study the adaptation process, that is, to increase the body's resistance to external factors, and to control these processes. Purpose: to assess the impact of working conditions on the adaptive potential of the body of workers by comparing hemodynamic parameters (blood pressure, heart rate) and adaptation (adaptive potential of the circulatory system, physical condition index, body mass index), taking into account the working conditions of production personnel at enterprises of construction, mining and manufacturing, transportation and agriculture. Methods. When studying the problems of adaptive potential, a biomedical approach was used, i.e. comparison of indicators of the functional state of the body and the ability to adequately respond to adverse factors of the working environment. The assessment of the adaptive potential of workers was carried out according to a method based on measuring height, body weight, heart rate at rest, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Results. The adaptive potential of the body of 296 surveyed workers (166 professions, age 31-70 years), most of them are assessed as satisfied (43%), at the same time, there is an unsatisfactory adaptation in 15%, failure of adaptation in 5% of workers. Conclusions: Harmful working conditions lead to a deterioration in the functional state and depletion of the adaptive reserves of the body of workers. In this regard, timely preventive measures are needed to preserve the working capacity of workers. This method can be used as an express method for assessing the functional state of workers.

Investments in An Economic Entity’s Security Management

IRINA VICTOROVNA FILATOVA; VLADIMIR FEDOSOVICH GAPONENKO; ANDREY ANATOLYEVICH ELTSIN; YURI STEPANOVICH KOSTYRYA; EKATERINA ALEKSEEVNA TRISHKINA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 74-77
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.009

The research reveals the essence of an investment process in the framework of an economic’ entity’s security management. The analysis is carried out in the category context. The goal, object, subject and research tools are defined further in the study. The study’s conclusion reveals that the tools used for investing into an entity’s economic security fully coincides with economic security management tools.

Analyzing the Mediating Role of Organizational Commitment in the Relationship between Psychological Capital and Human Resource Productivity

MEHDI SADEGHI FARD; SAEED SAYADI; MASOUD POURKIANI; SANJAR SALAJEGHEH; HOJAT BABAEI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 116-127
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.015

The aim of this study is to identify the mediating role of organizational commitment in the relationship between psychological capital and human resource productivity. This study is an applied study in terms of aim and descriptive-correlational in terms of way of collecting data based on structural equation modeling. The statistical population of the present study is the employees of the affiliated departments of one of the governmental organizations of South Khorasan province, which included about 700 people in 2019. The sample size was 520 people and was selected using random sampling method. To collect the data, valid (Setiyanto & Natalia, 2017) Organizational Commitment Questionnaire and Luthans et al Psychological Capital Questionnaire were used, and a 31-item questionnaire was used to measure the variable of human resource productivity. In this questionnaire, the dimensions of ability, understanding and recognition, organizational support, motivation, feedback, credibility and adaptability were extracted from (Kumar & Agarwal, 2019) human resource productivity model and the dimension of effort was extracted from (Karakus et al., 2019) human resource productivity model. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used to assess the reliability of the questionnaires, and the results indicated an acceptable value for the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The results of structural analysis of the research showed a positive and significant effect of psychological capital on human resource productivity (0.160) and also a positive and significant effect of psychological capital on organizational commitment (0.889). The results showed a positive and significant effect of organizational commitment on human resource productivity (0.847). Also, the research results indicate that psychological capital both directly and indirectly affects the productivity of human resources (0.753) through organizational commitment. Thus, the mediating effect of organizational commitment on the relationship between psychological capital and human resource productivity was confirmed.

Mechanism of professional adaptation of remote workers

O. Y. EMELYANOVA; V.S. SAMSONOV; I.V. SHERSHEN; M.A. KRAVETS

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 41-43
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.003

The article discusses the issue of adaptation of teleworkers to the conditions of professional activity, which is relevant in modern labor policy. A range of problems that hinder adaptation and act as a trigger for the escalation of personal psychological problems are outlined: a symbiosis of business and household responsibilities in a home office, difficulties in organizing communications, etc. The internal and external "levers" of influence on the adaptation process of a remote worker are revealed. Particular attention is focused on institutions (educational organizations, government agencies to support vulnerable categories of the population and employment services, non-profit organizations and organizations in the business sector) that are able to accompany and optimize the adaptation mechanism for remote workers in organizational and methodological terms.

Transformation of the organizational culture of civil service employees

EMELYANOVA O. Y.; KRAVETS M.A; SHERSHEN I.V.

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 44-46
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.004

The work investigates trends in the activities of state civil servants. The roles that a civil servant should play in modern conditions are determined. Revealed the need to change the skills of officials. The problems of culture of civil servants and directions of its improvement are identified.

Presenting a Developed and Effective Model of Organizational Culture Regarding the Existing Problems and Challenges (A Case Study of Refah Bank of Iran)

HOSSEIN SHABANI; MASOUD POURKIANI; SANJAR SALAJEGHEH; SAEED SAYADI; HOJAT BABAEI

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 108-115
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.014

Organizational effectiveness as the most significant objective of any organization is the goal that all organizational efforts are made to achieve. Thus, the aim of this paper is to provide a developed and effective model of organizational culture considering the existing problems and challenges. This research is applied in terms of purpose, descriptive of correlational type in terms of nature, and a survey in terms of method. The statistical population is the employees of the Refah Bank of Iran. The sample size was 344 people who were selected by stratified random sampling. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect information. The questionnaire of organizational culture was set up in 9 factors and 42 sub-dimensions (indices), the questionnaire of challenge and problem identification was set in 3 factors and 18 sub-dimensions (indices) and the questionnaire of organizational effectiveness was set in 4 factors and 28 sub-dimensions (indices). The face and content validity of the questions was confirmed by experts. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was calculated higher than (0.7) which indicated the internal consistency of the items confirming reliability. In order to analyze the data, structural equation modeling was applied through using amos software. The results indicated a significant relationship between organizational culture and the identification of challenges and problems (p = 0.001, β = 0.486). Considering the positive path coefficient, this relationship is incremental (direct). The results also showed a significant relationship between identification of challenges and problems with organizational effectiveness (p = 0.001, β = 0.441). This relationship is incremental (direct). The results indicated that organizational culture indirectly and through identifying challenges and problems affects organizational effectiveness by the amount of (0.214). The rate of indirect effect through the identification of challenges and problems is equal to (0.214).

Criteria and indicators of effective environmental management

SAIDA OLEGOVNA APSALIAMOVA; BELLA OLEGOVNA KHASHIR; OLEGE ZACHIRIEVICH KHUAZH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 47-54
DOI: DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.005

The policy in the field of environmental development is determined by the implementation of measures for the implementation of the constitutional rights and obligations of citizens of the Russian Federation by the legislative and executive authorities in this area, on the basis of the "Fundamentals of state policy in the field of environmental development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030" approved by the President of the Russian Federation».  According to Article 72 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the joint jurisdiction of the Russian Federation and the constituent entities of the Russian Federation includes:
- issues of ownership, use and disposal of land, subsoil, water and other natural resources;
- nature management;
- environmental protection and environmental safety;
- specially protected natural areas;
- administrative, administrative procedural, land, water, forestry legislation, legislation on subsoil, on environmental protection.
The strategic goal of state policy in the field of environmental development is to solve socio-economic problems that ensure environmentally oriented economic growth, preserve a favorable environment, biological diversity and natural resources to meet the needs of present and future generations, realize the right of every person to a healthy environment, strengthen the rule of law in the field of environmental protection and environmental safety.

Evaluation of E-Government Effectiveness in Tehran Water and Wastewater Company

SEYED MOJTABA HOSSEINI; ALIREZA ESLAMBULCHI; MOHAMMAD REZA RABIEE MANDEJIN; ALI ASGHARI SAREM

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 137-146
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.017

In line with the development of e-government, Tehran Water and Wastewater Company can examine its current status from various aspects of ICT development and improve their desirability by planning on relevant indicators and criteria. In this regard, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of e-government development. Statistical population in the qualitative part was the managers and in the quantitative part of the research it consists of a number of managers in the field of information technology of Tehran Water and Wastewater Company with 13 subsidiaries comprising 240 persons. The sample size was determined by Cochran formula and simple random stratified method. 148 individuals were selected as sample size. In order to collect data in the qualitative part, an open questionnaire was used and in the quantitative part a closed questionnaire was used. Expert opinion was used to determine the validity of the questionnaire and Cronbach's alpha was used to determine the reliability, and the results showed that the reliability was confirmed. Structural equations with AMOS software were used for data analysis. The results showed that the model has 7 dimensions which include structural, behavioral, environmental, process factors, output, outcome and impact that can be effective in applying e-government in Tehran Water and Wastewater Company, also the necessary investigations for fitness of the results showed that the proposed model has a good fit. Therefore, this model can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of e-government application in Water and Wastewater Company.

On new mechanisms for the formation of technological superiority in modern conditions of innovative development

OSTROVSKAYA A.A.; STRENALYUK V.V.; SEMENOV A.S.

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 200-204
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.025

The study of trends in the development of the world economy showed the importance of innovations. In modern conditions of increasing competition in the high-tech markets, the role of management approaches and mechanisms used by players in these markets for a successful competitive struggle is increasing. The methods and approaches developed in the framework of strategic marketing have not lost their relevance at the present time. This paper shows the principal approach to reach the excellence in innovation development. World experience is presented in this work in the way to search the solution. Outsourcing approach is shown as a primary method of technology advance achievement.

Unique technological competencies and requests for external innovation - new diversification mechanisms and management objects in the innovation sphere

A.I. KASHIRIN; P.A. KASHIRIN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 205-216
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.026

The study of trends in the development of the world economy showed that the formation in the near future of new global markets in the research and production sphere and the corporate sector, actively interact with each other. That can be named as the market of technological competencies and the market of problems and tasks. The role and place of technological competencies, as well as problems and tasks, as new objects of management in the innovation sphere are determined. The concepts of “unique technological competencies” and “requests for external innovations” are formulated. The basis of the latter are the problems and tasks of business. In addition to the term “key competencies of a company” that has become established in modern scientific literature, a new “unique technological competence of a team of specialists” has been introduced, in addition, a new concept is proposed in the form of “owner of a problem or task”, which together represent new subjects of management in the innovation sphere. It has been established that “unique technological competencies of teams” are the essential basis of the Centers of Global Excellence and Centers of Global Competitiveness, and measuring organizations in terms of the number and quality of such centers they have is a new approach to assessing the potential for innovative development. On the basis of practical examples, it is shown that the creation of management systems for these objects and entities opens up new, previously almost never used, ways of diversification and commercialization.
 

Development of e-governance in Ukraine based on the concept of m-governance

LEVCHENKO SVITLANA; KOZHYNA ALLA; IVANYUTA VIKTORIYA; KRAVETS IRYNA; SHASHYNA MARYNA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 128-136
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.016

Technological solutions within the concept of m-governance accelerate the provision of public services to citizens under certain conditions. The main prerequisites for efficiency are the expected perception of technology, trust in the government’s actions, the expected efficiency and quality of electronic communications. The purpose of the research is to study the trends and problems of e-governance development in Ukraine on the basis of the concept of m-governance through the assessment of the usability of the mobile application of the government “Diia” (“Action”). This study is based on the concept of m-governance, a technocentric approach to quantifying the usability of mobile applications within the digital concept of Ukraine “Country in your smartphone”. Based on a survey of 800 users, the usability of the mobile application “Diia” was assessed.  The article is based on a comparison of the practice of developed and developing countries. It has been revealed no differences in the effectiveness of the integration of the concept of m-governance. The results prove the importance of usability criteria in the use of mobile applications, but there is no connection between the socio-economic characteristics of users and usability. The study proves the importance of emotional components in the integration of the concept of m-governance: trust, perception, expectations of citizens. Integration strategy and tactics are important, as digital user skills and application specifications (visibility, user control and freedom, consistency and standards, error prevention, recognition, flexibility and efficiency of use, aesthetic and minimalist design, help users recognize, diagnose, and recover from errors, help and documentation). Both the government and citizens are responsible for the effectiveness of technological interaction solutions. The study proves that the government should ensure the formation of confidence in the effectiveness of technology, develop a strategy, tactics of integration based on best practices. On the other hand, citizens are responsible for their own technological readiness through an objective assessment of digital skills.

Integrated Approach to Organisation of In-Service Training of Professionals Intended to Work for Public Governmental Bodies

IVO SVOBODA; TETIANA ALEKSANDRIUK; TETIANA DULIK; ANASTASIIA KLYMENKO; IVAN RUDIANYN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 182-190
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.024

The purpose of the study was to identify how the integrated approach to the organisation of in-service training relied on an English language-based simulation team project simulation team project entitled “Build a Fair and Just State of 1000 people” influences the professional and personal qualities of the civil servants, and how the sampled individuals perceive the intervention. The study utilized quantitative and qualitative methods to establish the cause-effect relationships that had occurred in the variables due to the integrated approach used to organise the in-service training of the civil servants. The course participants’ professional efficacy, motivation, decision-making were the variables for the study. Five commonly used online psychometric tests for the civil servants were the instruments to measure the variables before and after the treatment. The project seen as the integrated approach to organising the course of in-service training of the civil servants brought positive changes to the participants’ professional efficacy, motivation, and decision-making. The sampled students acknowledged the effectiveness of this educational intervention and expressed satisfaction with its content, delivery mode, and the experience they gained from it. This study addressed the loopholes in the in-service training system of the civil servants such as succeeding in English language fluency and specific managerial skills and demonstrating certain beliefs, values, and behaviour patterns which were mentioned in the above document as the issues of reforming the training system of civil servants in Ukraine. The study implies that simulation games are an effective approach in training civil servants because they help them absorb professional knowledge through solving job-specific tasks. It also seems suggestive that the training system could be more decentralised, function-through-context-based with an assessment system that is flexible and situational based more on the practical than the theoretical component.

Opportunities for increasing labor efficiency based on human capital management

ANASTASIA V. VASILIEVA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 147-153
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.018

An approach is proposed that makes it possible to increase the efficiency of labor at the level of the type of economic activity through the management of the human capital of organizations. Based on the analysis of the rating of the human development index, the most important gaps in the key parameters of the rating were identified and the priority directions for increasing the level of the human development index were substantiated. The structure of the system for managing the formation of human capital within the framework of the type of economic activity was formed, on the basis of which a hierarchy of tasks for managing human capital was developed in the scale of the type of economic activity based on the Ishikawa diagram. The author's algorithm for assessing the influence of factors of the external and internal environment on the state of human capital in the scale of the type of economic activity has been built, and the key factors of motivating intellectual workers to continue working in this organization have been identified.

Improving the methodology for selecting development projects for an industrial enterprise

MARINA N. MURATOVA; EKATERINA YU. KAMCHATOVA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 154-158
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.019

The article describes the main elements of the methodology for selecting projects for the development of an industrial enterprise based on a combination of a resource approach and a utility methodology. The main internal indicators of the potential of an industrial enterprise are described, as well as indicators of the potential of the enterprise. On the basis of the system of indicators, a scale of criteria for expert assessment of the enterprise's ability to implement a development project has been developed. The possibility of using the technique for a real industrial enterprise is shown. The main features of the use of the resource approach in the practical activities of industrial enterprises that implement the project approach to the activity development program are considered.

Basic principles of the national strategy and action plan for biodiversity conservation

BELLA OLEGOVNA KHASHIR; OLEGE ZACHIRIEVICH KHUAZH; SAIDA OLEGOVNA APSALIAMOVA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 55-62
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.006

The national strategy for the conservation of biodiversity in Russia is formulated on the basis of the goals of the strategy formulated as follows, that the conservation of the biodiversity of natural biosystems at a level that ensures their sustainable existence and non-depletion use, this goal was defined as a general direction of movement for the long term and was not limited to any time period. 
Preservation of the diversity of domesticated and cultivated forms of living organisms and man-made ecologically balanced natural and cultural complexes at a level that ensures the development of an effective economy and the formation of an optimal environment for human life.
At the same time, the conservation of biodiversity meant a set of active actions aimed at achieving the goal of the strategy and including both direct measures for the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of biodiversity, and the application of the socio-economic mechanisms described in the strategy that determine the impact on biodiversity of various population groups and business structures.

Modern Paradigm of Rural Public Management: The Case of Ukraine

LARYSA I. KALACHEVSKA; OLENA P. SLAVKOVA; SVITLANA M. LUKASH; ALINA M. BRYCHKO

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 82-89
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.011

Effective public management is a guarantee for ensuring stable long-term rural development in Ukraine. The aim of this research is to develop a set of directions for improving the efficiency of public management of Ukrainian rural areas based on the assessment of their development, identification of problems of rural management and learning from the experience of the European Union. The following methods are used: quantitative analysis of statistical data on the socio-economic development of Ukrainian rural areas and agriculture in Ukraine for the time period of ten years using one-dimensional statistical methods (UT) based on dependent, representative, and probabilistic sampling; comparative assessment of public management and state administration by means of literary review; “goal tree”, SMART-technology and analytical form of Boolean algebra logical function used for forming a goal hierarchy by every subject of rural public management in Ukraine, as well as achieving the common general goal of PM in Ukrainian rural areas; formation of an integral indicator for assessing the quality of rural public management within the framework of the developed assessment methodology; quantitative identification of consumers’ key requirements regarding services of state and municipal government institutions in the framework of effective rural public management based on the use of panel data. This article reveals trends and problems of rural public management in Ukraine and concludes that it is necessary to improve the efficiency of such management, for which a set of optimization measures is being developed.