Kap Survey on Management of Defective Amalgam Restorations Among Dental Practitioners In Chennai
Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government,
2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 3215-3227
AbstractBackground: Dental restorations were a requirement since the time dental cavities have been prevalent in humans and that has been so for ages and it has not always been treated the best way. The time and availability of the technique and methods as it is now were not so in the earlier times. Amalgam restorations are one of the old restorative materials that are to be performed with great skill, patience, and proper technique. Defective amalgam restorations can be made to serve the purpose with the advent of repair techniques.
Aim: To assess the knowledge and perception regarding the management of defective amalgam restorations among dental practitioners in Chennai.
Methods: A survey questionnaire regarding the management of defective amalgam restorations was prepared on a survey platform and distributed among 100 dentists randomly to analyze the perception of the participants towards the management of defective amalgam restoration. The survey questions are such that they try to assess the knowledge, experience, and the level of improvisation of the dentists regarding the repair of amalgam restorations. Convenient sampling was done and a sample size of 100 was chosen. The results obtained from the survey were then analyzed using SPSS 22.0 and the chi square test was done to assess the significant association between the field of practice and their responses to the questions and the graphs were plotted.
Results: From the survey results it was evident that the dental practitioners find removal and replacement quite hectic and hence would like to have the alternate option of repair of the existing restoration if it is possible. Repair does seem to be a valuable idea on ways to manage defective amalgam restorations Repairing an amalgam restoration would save time for the dentist and money for the patient but due to the lack of certain techniques and instruments, it is not widely practiced. Replacement is mostly carried out for management of defective amalgam restorations. It does involve more time and expense but the purpose of managing a defective amalgam restoration is served.There was no significant association between the field of practice of the dentists (specialists/ general practitioners) and their response to the question for the majority of the survey questions.
Conclusion: Repair does seem to be a valuable idea on ways to manage defective amalgam restorations rather than replacing it, but majority of the participants preferred replacing the restoration as they were not confident on methods to repair, and believed replacement would benefit the patients by increasing the longevity of the restoration.
- Abraham, J. E., Svare, C. W. and Frank, C. W. (1984) ‘The effect of dental amalgam restorations on blood mercury levels’, Journal of dental research, 63(1), pp. 71–73. doi: 10.1177/00220345840630011801.
- Carrotte, P. (2001) ‘Do You Bond Your Amalgam Restorations?’, Dental Update, pp. 44–44. doi: 10.12968/denu.2001.28.1.44.
- Casagrande, L. et al. (2017) ‘Repair may increase survival of direct posterior restorations - A practice based study’, Journal of dentistry, 64, pp. 30–36. doi: 10.1016/j.jdent.2017.06.002.
- Dahl, J. E. and Eriksen, H. M. (1978) ‘Reasons for replacement of amalgam dental restorations’, Scandinavian journal of dental research, 86(5), pp. 404–407. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0722.1978.tb00644.x.
- Deogade, S., Gupta, P. and Ariga, P. (2018) ‘Effect of monopoly-coating agent on the surface roughness of a tissue conditioner subjected to cleansing and disinfection: A Contact Profilometric In vitro study’, Contemporary Clinical Dentistry, p. 122. doi: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_112_18.
- Devlin, H. (2012) ‘Students’ perception of the prognosis for a single-surface amalgam restoration’, European Journal of Dental Education, pp. 86–90. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0579.2011.00722.x.
- Dua, K. et al. (2019) ‘The potential of siRNA based drug delivery in respiratory disorders: Recent advances and progress’, Drug development research, 80(6), pp. 714–730. doi: 10.1002/ddr.21571.
- Duraisamy, R. et al. (2019) ‘Compatibility of Nonoriginal Abutments With Implants: Evaluation of Microgap at the Implant-Abutment Interface, With Original and Nonoriginal Abutments’, Implant dentistry, 28(3), pp. 289–295. doi: 10.1097/ID.0000000000000885.
- Ezhilarasan, D. (2018) ‘Oxidative stress is bane in chronic liver diseases: Clinical and experimental perspective’, Arab journal of gastroenterology: the official publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology, 19(2), pp. 56–64. doi: 10.1016/j.ajg.2018.03.002.
- Ezhilarasan, D., Apoorva, V. S. and Ashok Vardhan, N. (2019) ‘Syzygium cumini extract induced reactive oxygen species-mediated apoptosis in human oral squamous carcinoma cells’, Journal of oral pathology & medicine: official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology, 48(2), pp. 115–121. doi: 10.1111/jop.12806.
- Ezhilarasan, D., Sokal, E. and Najimi, M. (2018) ‘Hepatic fibrosis: It is time to go with hepatic stellate cell-specific therapeutic targets’, Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international: HBPD INT, 17(3), pp. 192–197. doi: 10.1016/j.hbpd.2018.04.003.
- Foster, L. V. (1994) ‘Validity of clinical judgements for the presence of secondary caries associated with defective amalgam restorations’, British Dental Journal, pp. 89–93. doi: 10.1038/sj.bdj.4808518.
- Gheena, S. and Ezhilarasan, D. (2019) ‘Syringic acid triggers reactive oxygen species-mediated cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells’, Human & experimental toxicology, 38(6), pp. 694–702. doi: 10.1177/0960327119839173.
- Going, R. E. (1972) ‘Microleakage around dental restorations: a summarizing review’, Journal of the American Dental Association , 84(6), pp. 1349–1357. doi: 10.14219/jada.archive.1972.0226.
- Gomathi, A. C. et al. (2020) ‘Anticancer activity of silver nanoparticles synthesized using aqueous fruit shell extract of Tamarindus indica on MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line’, Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology, p. 101376. doi: 10.1016/j.jddst.2019.101376.
- Gordan, V. V. et al. (2015) ‘The Decision to Repair or Replace a Defective Restoration is Affected by Who Placed the Original Restoration: Findings from the National Dental PBRN’, Texas dental journal, 132(7), pp. 448–458. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26470521.
- Hanson, A. L. et al. (1982) ‘Determination of light elements in amalgam restorations. [Dental amalgam]’. doi: 10.2172/5320018.
- Hilgert, L. A. et al. (2016) ‘A study on the survival of primary molars with intact and with defective restorations’, International journal of paediatric dentistry / the British Paedodontic Society [and] the International Association of Dentistry for Children, 26(5), pp. 383–390. doi: 10.1111/ipd.12215.
- Hussainy, S. N. et al. (2018) ‘Clinical performance of resin-modified glass ionomer cement, flowable composite, and polyacid-modified resin composite in noncarious cervical lesions: One-year follow-up’, Journal of conservative dentistry: JCD, 21(5), pp. 510–515. doi: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_51_18.
- Janani, K., Palanivelu, A. and Sandhya, R. (2020) ‘Diagnostic accuracy of dental pulse oximeter with customized sensor holder, thermal test and electric pulp test for the evaluation of pulp vitality: an in vivo study’, Brazilian Dental Science, 23(1), p. 8. Available at: https://188.8.131.52/index.php/cob/article/view/1805.
- Jeevanandan, G. and Govindaraju, L. (2018) ‘Clinical comparison of Kedo-S paediatric rotary files vs manual instrumentation for root canal preparation in primary molars: a double blinded randomised clinical trial’, European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, pp. 273–278. doi: 10.1007/s40368-018-0356-6.
- Jose, J., P., A. and Subbaiyan, H. (2020) ‘Different Treatment Modalities followed by Dental Practitioners for Ellis Class 2 Fracture – A Questionnaire-based Survey’, The Open Dentistry Journal, pp. 59–65. doi: 10.2174/1874210602014010059.
- J, P. C. et al. (2018) ‘Prevalence and measurement of anterior loop of the mandibular canal using CBCT: A cross sectional study’, Clinical implant dentistry and related research, 20(4), pp. 531–534. doi: 10.1111/cid.12609.
- Khirtika, S. G., Ramesh, S. and Muralidharan, N. P. (2017) ‘Comparative Evaluation of Antimicrobial efficacy of 0.2% Chlorhexidine, 2% Iodine and Homemade Mouthrinse as an Anti-Caries Agent-A Clinical Study’, Research journal of pharmaceutical, biological and chemical sciences, 9(11), pp. 2114–2116. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sindhu_Ramesh2/publication/321889363_Comparative_evaluation_of_antimicrobial_efficacy_of_02_chlorhexidine_2_iodine_and_homemade_mouthrinse_as_an_anti-caries_agent-_A_clinical_study/links/5b39e228aca2720785010854/Comparative-evaluation-of-antimicrobial-efficacy-of-02-chlorhexidine-2-iodine-and-homemade-mouthrinse-as-an-anti-caries-agent-A-clinical-study.pdf.
- Kopperud, S. E. et al. (2016) ‘The Post-Amalgam Era: Norwegian Dentists’ Experiences with Composite Resins and Repair of Defective Amalgam Restorations’, International journal of environmental research and public health, 13(4), p. 441. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13040441.
- Kumar, D. and Antony, S. (2018) ‘Calcified Canal and Negotiation-A Review’, Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, 11(8), pp. 3727–3730. Available at: http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:rjpt&volume=11&issue=8&article=088.
- Malli Sureshbabu, N. et al. (2019) ‘Concentrated Growth Factors as an Ingenious Biomaterial in Regeneration of Bony Defects after Periapical Surgery: A Report of Two Cases’, Case reports in dentistry, 2019, p. 7046203. doi: 10.1155/2019/7046203.
- Manohar, M. P. and Sharma, S. (2018) ‘A survey of the knowledge, attitude, and awareness about the principal choice of intracanal medicaments among the general dental practitioners and …’, Indian journal of dental research: official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research. Available at: http://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2018;volume=29;issue=6;spage=716;epage=720;aulast=Manohar.
- Mathew, M. G. et al. (2020) ‘Evaluation of adhesion of Streptococcus mutans, plaque accumulation on zirconia and stainless steel crowns, and surrounding gingival inflammation in primary …’, Clinical oral investigations. Available at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00784-020-03204-9.
- Mehta, M. et al. (2019) ‘Oligonucleotide therapy: An emerging focus area for drug delivery in chronic inflammatory respiratory diseases’, Chemico-biological interactions, 308, pp. 206–215. doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2019.05.028.
- Menon, S. et al. (2018) ‘Selenium nanoparticles: A potent chemotherapeutic agent and an elucidation of its mechanism’, Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, pp. 280–292. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2018.06.006.
- Moncada, G. et al. (2015) ‘Longitudinal results of a 10-year clinical trial of repair of amalgam restorations’, Operative dentistry, 40(1), pp. 34–43. doi: 10.2341/14-045-C.
- Moncada, G. et al. (2017) ‘Long-term Performance of Refurbished Amalgam Restorations: 10-year Follow-up’, Oral health & preventive dentistry, 15(5), pp. 435–445. doi: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a38775.
- Mortazavi, S. M. J. et al. (2008) ‘Mercury release from dental amalgam restorations after magnetic resonance imaging and following mobile phone use’, Pakistan journal of biological sciences: PJBS, 11(8), pp. 1142–1146. doi: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.1142.1146.
- Nandakumar, M. and Nasim, I. (2018) ‘Comparative evaluation of grape seed and cranberry extracts in preventing enamel erosion: An optical emission spectrometric analysis’, Journal of conservative dentistry: JCD, 21(5), pp. 516–520. doi: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_110_18.
- Noor, S. S. S. E., S Syed Shihaab and Pradeep (2016) ‘Chlorhexidine: Its properties and effects’, Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, p. 1755. doi: 10.5958/0974-360x.2016.00353.x.
- Panchal, V., Jeevanandan, G. and Subramanian, E. M. G. (2019) ‘Comparison of post-operative pain after root canal instrumentation with hand K-files, H-files and rotary Kedo-S files in primary teeth: a randomised clinical trial’, European archives of paediatric dentistry: official journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry, 20(5), pp. 467–472. doi: 10.1007/s40368-019-00429-5.
- Pc, J., Marimuthu, T. and Devadoss, P. (2018) ‘Prevalence and measurement of anterior loop of the mandibular canal using CBCT: A cross sectional study’, Clinical implant dentistry and related research. Available at: https://europepmc.org/article/med/29624863.
- Popoff, D. A. V. et al. (2011) ‘Repair of amalgam restorations with composite resin and bonded amalgam: a microleakage study’, Indian journal of dental research: official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research, 22(6), pp. 799–803. doi: 10.4103/0970-9290.94672.
- Prabakar, J. et al. (2018) ‘Comparative Evaluation of Retention, Cariostatic Effect and Discoloration of Conventional and Hydrophilic Sealants - A Single Blinded Randomized Split Mouth Clinical Trial’, Contemporary clinical dentistry, 9(Suppl 2), pp. S233–S239. doi: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_132_18.
- Rajendran, R. et al. (2019) ‘Comparative Evaluation of Remineralizing Potential of a Paste Containing Bioactive Glass and a Topical Cream Containing Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate: An in Vitro Study’, Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada, pp. 1–10. doi: 10.4034/pboci.2019.191.61.
- Rajeshkumar, S. et al. (2018) ‘Biosynthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles usingMangifera indica leaves and evaluation of their antioxidant and cytotoxic properties in lung cancer (A549) cells’, Enzyme and microbial technology, 117, pp. 91–95. doi: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2018.06.009.
- Rajeshkumar, S. et al. (2019) ‘Antibacterial and antioxidant potential of biosynthesized copper nanoparticles mediated through Cissus arnotiana plant extract’, Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology, 197, p. 111531. doi: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2019.111531.
- Ramadurai, N. et al. (2019) ‘Effectiveness of 2% Articaine as an anesthetic agent in children: randomized controlled trial’, Clinical oral investigations, 23(9), pp. 3543–3550. doi: 10.1007/s00784-018-2775-5.
- Ramakrishnan, M., Dhanalakshmi, R. and Subramanian, E. M. G. (2019) ‘Survival rate of different fixed posterior space maintainers used in Paediatric Dentistry - A systematic review’, The Saudi dental journal, 31(2), pp. 165–172. doi: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2019.02.037.
- Ramamoorthi, S., Nivedhitha, M. S. and Divyanand, M. J. (2015) ‘Comparative evaluation of postoperative pain after using endodontic needle and EndoActivator during root canal irrigation: A randomised controlled trial’, Australian endodontic journal: the journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc, 41(2), pp. 78–87. doi: 10.1111/aej.12076.
- Ramanathan, S. and Solete, P. (2015) ‘Cone-beam Computed Tomography Evaluation of Root Canal Preparation using Various Rotary Instruments: An in vitro Study’, The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, pp. 869–872. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1773.
- Ramesh, A. et al. (2018) ‘Comparative estimation of sulfiredoxin levels between chronic periodontitis and healthy patients - A case-control study’, Journal of periodontology, 89(10), pp. 1241–1248. doi: 10.1002/JPER.17-0445.
- Ravinthar, K. and Others (2018) ‘Recent Advancements in Laminates and Veneers in Dentistry’, Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, 11(2), pp. 785–787. Available at: http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:rjpt&volume=11&issue=2&article=070.
- R, R., Rajakeerthi, R. and Ms, N. (2019) ‘Natural Product as the Storage medium for an avulsed tooth – A Systematic Review’, Cumhuriyet Dental Journal, pp. 249–256. doi: 10.7126/cumudj.525182.
- Samuel, S. R., Acharya, S. and Rao, J. C. (2020) ‘School Interventions-based Prevention of Early-Childhood Caries among 3-5-year-old children from very low socioeconomic status: Two-year randomized trial’, Journal of public health dentistry, 80(1), pp. 51–60. doi: 10.1111/jphd.12348.
- Setcos, J. C. et al. (2004) ‘Repair or replacement of amalgam restorations: decisions at a USA and a UK dental school’, Operative dentistry, 29(4), pp. 392–397. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15279477.
- Sharif, M. O., Merry, A., et al. (2014) ‘Replacement versus repair of defective restorations in adults: amalgam’, Cochrane database of systematic reviews , (2), p. CD005970. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD005970.pub3.
- Sharif, M. O., Catleugh, M., et al. (2014) ‘Replacement versus repair of defective restorations in adults: resin composite’, Cochrane database of systematic reviews , (2), p. CD005971. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD005971.pub3.
- Sharma, P. et al. (2019) ‘Emerging trends in the novel drug delivery approaches for the treatment of lung cancer’, Chemico-biological interactions, 309, p. 108720. doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2019.06.033.
- Siddique, R. et al. (2019) ‘Qualitative and quantitative analysis of precipitate formation following interaction of chlorhexidine with sodium hypochlorite, neem, and tulsi’, Journal of conservative dentistry: JCD, 22(1), pp. 40–47. doi: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_284_18.
- Skare, I. and Engqvist, A. (1994) ‘Human exposure to mercury and silver released from dental amalgam restorations’, Archives of environmental health, 49(5), pp. 384–394. doi: 10.1080/00039896.1994.9954991.
- Spencer, P. et al. (2019) ‘Threats to adhesive/dentin interfacial integrity and next generation bio-enabled multifunctional adhesives’, Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials, 107(8), pp. 2673–2683. doi: 10.1002/jbm.b.34358.
- Sridharan, G. et al. (2019) ‘Evaluation of salivary metabolomics in oral leukoplakia and oral squamous cell carcinoma’, Journal of oral pathology & medicine: official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology, 48(4), pp. 299–306. doi: 10.1111/jop.12835.
- Stern, S. S. (1995) ‘Method for making dental restorations and the dental restoration made thereby’, US Patent. Available at: https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/9a/6f/21/4bbf313dc191fc/US5382164.pdf (Accessed: 14 June 2020).
- Teja, K. V. and Ramesh, S. (2019) ‘Shape optimal and clean more’, Saudi Endodontic Journal. Available at: http://www.saudiendodj.com/article.asp?issn=1658-5984;year=2019;volume=9;issue=3;spage=235;epage=236;aulast=Teja.
- Teja, K. V., Ramesh, S. and Priya, V. (2018) ‘Regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-3 gene expression in inflammation: A molecular study’, Journal of conservative dentistry: JCD, 21(6), pp. 592–596. doi: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_154_18.
- Trester, J. (2001) ‘AMALGAM RESTORATIONS’, The Journal of the American Dental Association, p. 1206. doi: 10.14219/jada.archive.2001.0352.
- Varghese, S. S., Ramesh, A. and Veeraiyan, D. N. (2019) ‘Blended Module-Based Teaching in Biostatistics and Research Methodology: A Retrospective Study with Postgraduate Dental Students’, Journal of dental education, 83(4), pp. 445–450. doi: 10.21815/JDE.019.054.
- Vijayashree Priyadharsini, J. (2019) ‘In silico validation of the non-antibiotic drugs acetaminophen and ibuprofen as antibacterial agents against red complex pathogens’, Journal of periodontology, 90(12), pp. 1441–1448. doi: 10.1002/JPER.18-0673.
- Vishnu Prasad, S. et al. (2018) ‘Report on oral health status and treatment needs of 5-15 years old children with sensory deficits in Chennai, India’, Special care in dentistry: official publication of the American Association of Hospital Dentists, the Academy of Dentistry for the Handicapped, and the American Society for Geriatric Dentistry, 38(1), pp. 58–59. doi: 10.1111/scd.12267.
- Wahab, P. U. A. et al. (2018) ‘Scalpel Versus Diathermy in Wound Healing After Mucosal Incisions: A Split-Mouth Study’, Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery: official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, 76(6), pp. 1160–1164. doi: 10.1016/j.joms.2017.12.020
- Article View: 84
- PDF Download: 60