Challenges for Communities in Mitigating Spread of Corona Virus Disaster – Special Reference to India
Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government,
2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 2124-2134
AbstractBy their very intrinsic nature, humans are genetically programmed to live together in communities, socialize with each other, hold hands as expression of love and care and snuggle together as expression of affection and comfort. Be it the marriage, birth, death, festival, celebrations or just the outings, humans like to come together. In our schools, colleges, offices, sports or so many daily life activities, we work in teams. Togetherness gives us comfort and confidence. This is where from our social behaviour emerges and this is what makes human social.
Strangely, it seems as if Coronavirus (Coronavirus Disease, COVID-19) is programmed to work against this very human social behaviour. It just does not want humans to touch, hug, embrace, hold hands, be together or even come closer. It just does not want us to even shake hands. It wants us human beings to maintain a distance of at least 2 metres. Come closure and you are likely to catch virus infection.
Corona virus is in direct contravention to human behavior and likely to have far reaching impact on human social behavior especially in a country like India which is densely populated with diverse religion and cultures and multitude of festivals celebrated in large gatherings.
Not only that this virus is against the very human behaviour, spread of COVID-19 is contact based. If one infected person comes in contact with 50 persons on day 1 and those 50 persons contact another 50 each, there would be 2551 infected persons. This makes COVID-19 a highly cumulative and the spread is highly exponential. With such fast spread rate, apart from Governments, communities have a very important and responsible role to play in mitigating the spread of COVID-19. While the governments and health authorities have vested powers to initiate actions and take measures, community’s behaviour to mitigate the threat comes out of their volunteerism, education, value system, financial conditions, living conditions, nationalism and humanitarian approach. This paper studies the impact of COVID -19 on human social behavior and measures to be initiated by communities and governments to mitigate the threat. Further it studies the challenges faced by communities especially in a country like India with large population, densely populated urban slums, poor living conditions, lack of primary health, education and basic hygiene. In the concluding remarks, paper identifies areas in which further research is suggestive.
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