Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Volume 27, Issue 4

Volume 27, Issue 4, Winter and Spring 2021

De-Globalization and Besieging Borders: A Remedy in Milieuof Post- Apocalyptic Science Fictions


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 1-5
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.001

The entire earth is resonant with the smouldering catchphrases and issues such as: ‘Navigating De-globalization!’, ‘the death of globalization’, ‘Downhill from peak Globalization: When will it end?’ and ‘De-globalization in the hyper-connected worlds?’. This is quite evident question of the current scenario. ‘Mending Walls’ is a famous poem composed by Robert Frost in the year 1914 where he cited, “Before I build a wall I’d ask to know/What I was walling in or walling out.” [3]Looking at the grave situation of COVID 19 it’s walling out ‘others’ sticking to a narcissistic (egocentric) approach which is ‘patriotism’. At this critical juncture, a perennial question which radiates from everybody’s heart: Will we start our expedition ‘Back to Nature’? [67] Will this contagion inspire us to opt for small community survival considering it as a luminary?
Several discourses have been written and fore grounded the ‘Global Village concept, eradicating the barriers of Sciences and Arts, in the wake of the universal predicament nowadays. Four different discourses have been selected, along-with four diverse customary agenda but with a common apprehension – the rapid deteriorating international economy owing to the extension of the pathogen, COVID 19.

Analysis of poetic personality- “SAROJINI NAIDU”, “Nightingale of India, a poet and politician”


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 6-10
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.002

Sarojini Naidu is well acknowledged as the Title of “Nightingale of India” was a high-achieving student, prominent independence struggle activist of India and also a sonnetist. She was the first lady Indian President of our country, she was a lady prominent figure and she was the first Governor of the state Uttar Pradesh, was a dynamic personality as a patriot and politician too, a person who writes polemics and was an effective inspiration for all of well known women’s in the country India and as a whole in the entire world, Mrs. Sarojini Naidu’s eponym is at the peak level. Amongst the other famous personalities, even though she was genuinely one of the extraordinary personalities of the entire earth. She was among the most famous personalities of the century numbered as 20th, her arrival to the earth as a strong personality is acknowledged by a special day known as “Women’s Day”. Paper is focused on the remarkable benchmark the area of poetry. Her poetic sense is focused with a remarkable bank of words which are so ethnic to sing with real feelings. “Bul Bul-e-Hind” was published in the year 1905 and this was an initialization of her poetic aspect. This paper focuses on the aspects of The Pardah Nashin, The Village Song, Lotus and The bird of time.

Training Programmes and Success of Agri Clinics and Agri Business Centres (Acabcs) In Karnataka – An Evaluation


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 11-18
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.003

Agriculture Sector is contributing 16.5%to the GDP of the country and has enclosed more than 50% workforce are still engaged in agriculture and allied activities. (Economic survey 2019-20)Though higher workforce is involved, they are not self-reliable to earn their livelihood and it is indispensable to rethink the shift of agricultural sector. In this scenario Agri entrepreneurship or farm entrepreneurship apparently benefits the small-scale farmers to be self-reliable and independent. The National Institute for Management of Agricultural Extension (MANAGE) has classified 32 activities of agribusiness all over India (as on 5th February 2021) covering horticulture, floriculture, sericulture, dairy farming, poultry, agri clinics and agribusiness centres. Agri Clinics and Agri Business Centres (ACABCS) in the post globalization era have emerged as an important commercial activity in agriculture and Agribusiness undertakings formed by trained agriculturists. Such business may include sale of inputs, maintenance and custom hiring of farm equipment with other facilities in agriculture and allied areas as well as market linkages for revenue generation, post-harvest administration and entrepreneurial progress. Nodal Training institutes are contributing significantly for the development and growth of ACABCs. With this background, the study is undertaken at with an objective of examining the relationship of training programmes and the success of ACABCs in Karnataka. Sixty (29 Trained and 31 untrained) sample Agripreneurs drawn from Bengaluru urban and rural districtswere contacted with a structured questionnaire to understand their business growth and success level with the help of various parameters. Hypothesis testing was done with the help of Chi square test. For analysis simple percentage technique was applied. It has also come out with few findings and suggestions.

Lexical-semantic Features of Anthroponyms in English Language


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 19-21
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.004

This article discusses the use of English anthroponyms in the social sphere, anthroponymic formulas, signals of anthroponyms. It also discusses some of the research that has emerged as a result of a comparative analysis of the etymology of anthroponyms with Russian and other languages. The nominative value of names, anthroponymic formulas, and signals of anthroponyms are also discussed.


Sunitha K.S; Nikita Gopal

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 22-31
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.005

In recent years, there has been increasing focus about how to adjust work and life responsibilities in both scholastic and political discussions. Work from home is one activity that has been advanced as a method of improving the work–life balance [1]. Considering this evidence this paper examines the work-life balance experiences of teachers who are working from home during the outbreak of Covid-19. Using the data from 72 teachers selected randomly from different educational institutions of Kerala, it explores the question of whether working (or not) from home improves or impairs teacher’s capacity to balance their work and life commitments. A Snowball sampling method is adopted for identifying respondents and Chi-square test is used for finding out the variable relationships. The outcomes of the study specify that working from home has a constructive impact on teacher’s work life Balance. In addition, the result also confirms that working from home certainly increases enthusiasm and satisfaction as teachers are getting more time to spend with their family. It is also found that the use of Information Technology tools in managing the life chores has a significant relationship with Work Life Balance

Studying the Effect of Worker Productivity and the Intensity of Research and Development on the Export Behaviors of Small and Medium Export Companies in Khorasan Razavi Province


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 32-39
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.006

In this study, an attempt has been made to study the effect of workers' productivity and the intensity of research and development on the export behaviors of small and medium-sized export companies in Khorasan Razavi province. The present study is a measurement research in the method research and at the purpose of the goal is, the research to usage and development study. The statistical population of this research is the managers of small and medium export companies in Khorasan Razavi province. The sampling method was based on simple random sampling. A questionnaire was used to collect the required information. A questionnaire was used to collect the required information. This research is based on structural equations and for data analysis, partial least squares method and Smart PLS software have been used. The results showed that workers' productivity had a significant effect on export behaviors and the intensity of research and development of small and medium export companies in Khorasan Razavi province also, the effect of research intensity on the development of small and medium export companies in Khorasan Razavi province has been positive.

Investigating the Effect of Leadership Styles on Conflict Resolution Methods and Attitudes of Employees of Yazd Electricity Distribution Company


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 40-49
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.007

It seems leadership style is related to and influenced by behavioral factors such as conflict resolution styles and employee attitudes. Therefore, this research investigates the effect of leadership styles on conflict resolution styles and employee attitudes with regard to the moderating role of demographic variables in the Yazd Electricity Distribution Company. This research is a descriptive and correlational research in terms of method, practical in terms of purpose and survey in terms of data collection method. In this research the questionnaire was taken from the article of Karadaka et al. (2015) and Quintana et al. (2015) with 46 questions designed on the Likert scale. The statistical population of this study is the employees of Yazd Electricity Distribution Company. Using simple random sampling, 140 questionnaires were distributed among the employees. The reliability of the questionnaire, which was calculated by Cronbach's alpha method, is equal to 0.889. The validity of the test was also confirmed by content and structure methods. Using structural equation modeling and partial least squares approach with the help of PLS ​​software, the results of testing the research hypotheses showed that leadership styles have a significant and positive effect on conflict resolution styles and employee attitudes. Also, the demographic variable has a moderating role in the relationship between leadership styles and attitudes among employees of Yazd Electricity Distribution Company.

An Instrument For Assessing Local Enterprise’s Internal Capacity In Linkage With Foreign Direct Investment


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 50-60
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.008

This paper aims to develop an instrument for assessing the internal capabilities of local enterprises on levels corresponding to their readiness to participate in the global supply chain through linkages with foreign direct investment enterprises. The levels reflect the scope of business activities either in “Local”, “Regional”, “National”, “International” or “Global”. The instrument is built on the resource-based theory, including five major domains in terms of corporate governance capacities, human resources, finance, technology, and supply. Twenty indicators are selected from opinions of local and foreign business managers. Their opinions were reflected in 55 formal articles published in mainstream journals in Vietnam from 2016 to 2019. The reliability and validity of the scale are strictly tested. The results determine that this instrument is suitable to apply to related experimental studies. This is a newly developed tool to assess the internal capacity of domestic firms to link with foreign firms.

The effect of administrative diversity on job satisfaction: A comparative study of the opinions of a sample of workers in the telecommunications companies Asia and Zain Iraq

Ahmed Abdulsalam Ahmed Al‐Salim, Eshaq Yousif Hamdan, Firas Imad Ali al shubakie

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 61-81
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.009

The human element is the determinant of the administrative process to achieve the
goals of individuals and the organization, and the language of diversity has become
one of the features of small and large contemporary organizations, local and
international, as it gives them the ability to achieve sustainable competitive
advantages, which made it necessary to understand the linkage and integration of
human resources and their treatment without any discrimination or exclusion and
under any reason. To come out with characteristics and ideas that contribute to
achieving job satisfaction, which is considered one of the important topics covered by
research and studies in the field of managerial psychology, because individuals spend
most of their time at work and their satisfaction with it leads to increased production
and profits and thus the success, effectiveness, survival and sustainability of

Study of the Relationship between Islamic Leadership Model and Tendency towards Entrepreneurship among the Ministry of SAMT Staff


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 82-90
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.010

Nowadays, in order to manage the emerging crises in the organizations and successfully adapt to the changes and evolutions, organizations need to encourage their actors to be creative, innovative, risk-taking, responsible, and ultimately entrepreneurial. According to the thinkers, Islamic leadership, with components such as delegation of authority and responsibility, discipline and seriousness, consultation and decision-making is a key factor to entrepreneurship in the organizations. Therefore, the aim of this research is to study the relationship between Islamic leadership model and tendency towards entrepreneurial among the staff of the SAMT Ministry. The research method is a survey and the statistical population includes 1873 employees, of whom 320 people have been selected as a sample of study based on simple random sampling method. Findings indicate that there is a significant direct correlation between the managers' Islamic leadership model and the tendency of employees towards entrepreneurship. Also, the level of the Islamic leadership model followed by the managers could explain 30% of the changes made by the staff's tendency towards entrepreneurship.

Estimation of the Tourism Crisis in Ecuador by COVID-19 with a View to a Post-Pandemic Reactivation


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 91-110
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.011

This research refers to how fragile the tourism economy of Ecuador is due to the effects of the
appearance of COVID-19, which is why it is proposed to estimate the context of the country’s
tourism crisis at the time of the coronavirus in 2020. The scope of the research is descriptive,
with a quantitative, comparative, cross-sectional approach with the use of descriptive figures and
bibliographic sources. A general breakdown of tourism in Ecuador in 2020 with a drop in GDP
of -11%, an increase in unemployment by 6.6%, more than 1.2 billion USD in losses and a
general breakdown of tourism companies, in addition to the contraction of prices of the sector of
-20.20%, with a GVA rate of -18.3% in food and beverage companies, and finally tourism
consumption was -0.065%, evidenced by a 98.4% reduction in tourism income international,
determining a cautious forecast of the reactivation of tourism to the year 2026 based on GDP
projections. This research contributes to the scientific knowledge of the economic tourism
phenomenon of Ecuador and will be used by universities, professors, students and the private

Investigating the role of transformation leadership on Public sector employee’s job satisfaction during Covid-19: The mediating role of employee Empowerment


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 111-122
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.012

The global economy is suffering as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. Because of the health and psychosocial issues, both private and public sector organizations are impacted. Leaders and employees must be committed, engaged, and supportive during this crucial process. To ensure that the overall process runs smoothly, leaders should act and energize on the same page and same attitudes, i.e., transformational leadership styles. Hence, this study attempted to examine the effect of transformational leadership on employee satisfaction during Covid-19, along with the mediating role of employee empowerment between the transformational leadership and employee satisfaction of employees working in public sector organizations. The results of this study revealed the positive association between characteristics of transformational leadership such as coping with uncertainty and ambiguity, guidance and support, risk management, and supporting teamwork, with job satisfaction. Moreover, the mediating results of this study show that employee empowerment significantly mediates the relationship between coping with uncertainty and ambiguity, guidance and support, risk management, and job satisfaction. The current study validates that the characteristics of transformational leadership have a strong effect on job satisfaction among public sector employees. Therefore, the role of transformational leaders during increased healthcare and psychosocial challenges is highly influential. The limitations and future recommendations are also conveyed in this study.

Administrative Tolerance and Tax Revenue: A Synergistic Desparity


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 123-130
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.013

Raising sufficient tax revenue is one of the main objectives of all governments at any given moment. Thus, any policy that goes in this direction and which does not undermine or compromise the rule of law and threatens the sustainability of the government is a welcome initiative. It is in this light that ‘administrative tolerance’ saw the light of the day in Cameroon’s public administrative land scape. The problem of this phenomenon today is that, the initial basis on which it was introduced, currently threatens its existence due to corruption and selfishness of some administrative officials in both public and private organizations. This study aimed at examining the effect of the synergy between administrative tolerance implementation and tax revenue, on a sectorial basis. The expo-facto research design was used since the data for the study were secondary, and a model was developed to suit the objective of the study. The data were analysed using SPSS Version 23.0 with the use of multiple regression model. The results revealed that Administrative Tolerance manifests a synergistic desparity with Tax Revenue over the period of the study, using the three proxies of Private Secondary School Enrolments as a percentage of Total Secondary School Enrolments, Commercial Services Exports measured at current US dollars and percentage Fuel Export as a percentage of Total Merchandise Exports. Therefore, it was observed from the study that Administrative Tolerance on the Private Secondary Education sector has a significant positive effect on Tax Revenue, while any such tolerance on Commercial Services Exports and Fuel Exports negatively affected Tax Revenue. This study recommends that the government should have a framework for Administrative Tolerance in which specifics on when and how or the extent of such tolerance to each particular sector.  A blanket policy should not be used at any given period on all sectors as this may result in negative effects on Tax Revenue.


Mohammad Omer

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 131-138
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.014

Covid-19 is the most widely used pandemic in the sector, a leading product in digital and digital
media, including advertising, marketing and marketing. But Covid-1. The effect is mostly
positive, not Covid-1. What other areas are about nations, human resources and tigers and so on.
While the virus generates a lot of health insurance, social life, economic stability, jobs, etc.
Intrastate, M., & Fuad, K. 2020, July stated that the list of customers and marketers. Covid-19 also
leads to behavioral changes such as working remotely, spending a lot of time indoors, napping,
learning recipes online, paying more attention to health and hygiene, prevention in
Behavioral changes are particularly prevalent on digital platforms and digital content and create
opportunities for marketers and brands to communicate digitally with customers more than ever.
There has been an increase in social media engagement and the desire for digital content digital
tools to sell many earning opportunities added Covid-1 at the same time. The strategy is based on
the corporate strategy, and the strategy is based on the strategic aims of the company.
The aim of this article is to highlight, analyze and understand the impact of the COVID-19
pandemic on digital marketing and advertising in general


Kamolov Ikhtiyor Nigmatullayevich, Khayrullayeva Kamola Ravshanovna, Quvvatova Dilrabo Khabibovna

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 139-143
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.015

Poet and ruler Z.M. Babur belongs to a number of great figures who made a valuable
contribution to world civilization. For this reason, literary and historical works of a world scale
are still created about this historical person. These historical and artistic sources describe the
difficult but very meaningful life of the great thinker. The article provides a comparative analysis
of the novel "Babur the Tiger" by the American orientalist Harold Lamb with such historical
sources as the memoirs “Baburname” by Babur and “Tarikhi Rashidiy” by Mirzo Mukhammad
Khaidar from the point of view of a biographical approach


MuxamedovShavkatMajidovich .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 144-154
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.016

The article discusses one of the urgent tasks of the modern education system - bringing
education in line with world standards. The ways of introducing a credit-modular system into the
education system based on European standards are described. Including the methods used in the
training of technology teachers on the credit-modular system in higher education. There is a method
of organizing independent work in the field of material designing. The features of the tasks of
independent work are taken into account. The types of independent work are also explained. The
advantages of using the credit-modular system in higher education are described, recommendations
are given, the importance of training future teachers through self-study is revealed.


Rakhmatulla Khidirovich Ergashev; UchkunKhurramovichBeglayev .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 155-164
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.017

The article presents research and data on the development parameters of the national economic situation of the country, the creation of a stable economic system and the current state of fisheries and the forecast parameters until 2025 for its further development


Mamurova Feruza Islomovna; RuzievaDilnozaIsomjonovna .; MamurovIslоm .; KhodjaevaNodiraSharifovna .; MamurovaDilfuzaIslomovna .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 165-169
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.018

The focus on the effectiveness of teaching computer graphics in the developed countries of the
world is growing due to the importance of making significant changes in the development and
globalization of computer technology, determining the development of advanced technologies.
Today, the visualization of computer graphics education in the world's leading universities, the
creation of favorable conditions for the training of specialists in the field, such as CAD master,
animator, the development of design culture of future professionals play an important role in the
education of sustainable development.

The Findings Of The Governors Of The Turkestan General-Governor’s Office

Bakhtiyar Ergashevich Ergashev; Durdona Bakhronovna Rasulova; Zhasur Bahtiyorovich Amirkulov Farangiz Orzukulovna Mamatkulova Zulkhumor Djalolitdinovna Khasanova

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 170-195
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.019

History of Turkestan in the second half of the 19th and at the
beginning of the 20th century was the actual and scientific investigative
problem. The main factor in learning this epoch was that the territory of
the country was occupied by the Russian Empire and general imperial
rules of the government which was in operation were maintained
throughout the country on the whole space of Central Asia. The methods
of regulation were carried out in two directions: military and civilian. In
written sources they are identified as military and democratic governance


Kodirova Zulaykho, Abdullaeva Shakhnoza

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 196-204
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.020

The article looks at the concept of social protection of population in a state of crisis and the
development of waysthe mechanism of social protection, which makes research topic relevant.
The scientific article gives scientific definitions to such categories as "social protection","social
policy" by various scholars and authors. In addition, the article groups social protection
programs, summarizes and comprehensively, analyzes the theoretical and scientific approaches
to improving their effectiveness.
Having done an extensive analysis of the research materials, the author makes a conclusion about
the urgency strengthening measures for social protection of the population in order to avoid
furthereconomic recession.


Abdulla Ahmedovich Madaliyev, Suyun Ravshanovich Khalikov

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 205-211
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.021

The article provides scientific proposals and practical recommendations on the role of
logistics in the implementation of innovative and economic changes in the agro-industrial sector
of the country as well as the implementation of the Strategy of Agricultural Development of the
Republic of Uzbekistan for 2020-2030.


Gaybullayeva Nafisa Izatullayevna; KhaydarovaNodirabegimAhtamjonovna .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 212-218
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.022

The article discusses the development of medical euphemisms used in the speech of doctors and patients
about the development of folk customs, cultural level, aesthetic taste, ethnic norms. In addition, the article
focuses on the speech of different social strata and professions, typical of the speech of a medical worker - a
specialist (1); medical professionals are divided into groups such as speech-specific (2) and general (3)
medical euphemisms. There is also an age-related feature in Uzbek medical euphemisms.In the sense of
euphemism, the sign "childhood" is based on differential signs of age; Marked "adolescent"; Marked
"middle-aged"; Marked "old age"; “Age-appropriate” neutral medical euphemisms are distinguished. Hence,
in the essence of medical euphemism, the specificity of social function is a linguistic unit in which the social
stratum and age characteristics are generalized.


Mamatov Bakhadir Safaralievich, Achilov Uygunjon Ulugbekovich

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 219-233
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.023

This scientific article is devoted to study of the public pension provision system in Uzbekistan. The article studies the stages of evolution of the national pension system, the current state and development trends of pension provision, and identifies problems in the pension system of Uzbekistan. Basing on the research results the authors have developed scientific proposals and practical recommendations.


Navruzova Muyassar Gaybullaevna

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 234-238
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.024

This article is devoted to the study of physician’s communication manner, medical deontology,
doctor-patient relationship, the relationship of doctor with the relatives of patient, medical ethics,
the role of psychotherapy in physician’s work, linguocultural aspect of medical language, the
linguocultural speech result of euphemism.

Gastronomic tourism in Uzbekistan (on the example of Samarkand).

Associate Professor Sidikova Mastura Xakberdievna

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 239-248
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.025

This journal has analyzed gastronomic tourism in Uzbekistan. Moreover, author has analyzed gastronomic tourism industry both from theoretical and methodological points in the examples of Samarkand. The way of tourism development through gastronomic tourism has been pinpointed while making accents on outcomes and shortcomings as the whole.


KomiljonovnaNodiraYunusova, MubarakovaDilshodaAbduraxmatovna

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 249-260
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.026

The process of teaching foreign languages consists of many components, with the
inviolability of its fundamental foundations, approaches and principles, there are also variable
components that require periodic updating. First of all, this is due to the changing living
conditions under the influence of technical progress and, accordingly, with the specificity of
perception and memorization of each new generation of students who come to universities. The
change in the composition of skills and abilities acquired in secondary school, the ways of
perceiving and processing information, the modification of the mechanisms of memorization and
the formation of long-term memory cannot be overlooked by the teacher of a foreign language,
who at a humanitarian university spends more time with students in the classroom than others,
and due to smaller groups, it is in closer personal contact with trainees.
Nowadays the process of teaching is filled with opportunities and challenges, but also
with changes.The issueto be a teacher is changing, and being English as a Second Language
(ESL) teacher involves and demands new teaching strategies,methods, new attitudes, activities,
and perspectives for the classroom.


Akhmedova Nigora Rakhimovna; Umarova Dildora Bakhtiyarovna

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 261-268
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.027

In the epoch of globalization, problems of national cultures development, the preservation of
their originality and interaction with other nations stay actual in the humanities. The research of
the typological community and local specifics of art in the independent states of Central Asia
makes it possible to determine the main development trends. They are studied in the context of
national self-awareness raise, the formation of new priorities in the art of the region, the
actualization of ethnocultural identity’s issues and the restoration of links with traditional
culture. An appeal to the origins of civilizational identity is shown on the example of the region's
contemporary art.


hmedshaevaMavludaAkhatovna, MukhitdinovaFiryuzaAbdurashidovna

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 269-275
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.028

The article deals with the concept, structure and types of legal awareness. The work is devoted to
the actual topic of the role and place of legal awareness in the democratization of public life. The
authors studied a large amount of factual material on the formation and development of legal
awareness in Uzbekistan, the main directions of the state's activities to improve legal awareness.
Changes in the legislation and new requirements for the normative behavior of the individual are
studied. The article highlights the problems of raising legal awareness as one of the main
conditions for deepening democratic reforms


GulyamovSaidaxrorSaidaxmedovich .; ShakirovaFarog’atBoltaevna .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 276-286
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.029

In this article, digitization, electronic government and its problems and solutions as a logical
continuation of innovation development are covered in detail. Also, a number of proposals and
recommendations have been developed within the framework of the topic.


GanievKomolidinXalilovich, MirzaliyevAbdujabborMamatyusufo’g’li, XalilovaBarnoAbdulazizovna, GafurovaOminaxonMaxammadzikirovna TurkistonovaMaftunaTursunaliyevna

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 287-291
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.030

To date , the amount of industrial, household waste and chemical substances from the end
of industrial enterprises of the Republic about 2.5 million tons of pollutants to the
atmosphere close to 2000, about 170 million cubic meters of contaminants to the water
basins and about 50 chemicals to the soil and about 150 pesticides have reached 289
million tons.

Propaganda Against Islam On Social Media: A Systematic Literature Review


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 292-294
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.031

The main objective of the study to review the published literature on propaganda against Islam on social media. However, a detail review of literature has been conducted, in this regard, this study has reviewed the journals publications, websites, social media platforms such as Facebook, twitter, Instagram, WhatsApp. Anyhow, there are very few studies to do the systematic literature review on title of propaganda against Islam on social media, this is main source of motivation for current study. After careful review of literature, this study concluded that western media has portrayed the negative image of Muslims. Anyhow, we also have found that most of studies have conducted in western countries rather Muslims countries media. Some of studies also suggested that Muslims should use social media to answer and defend their point of view and give the clear and positive picture of Islam to non-Muslims. This study also proposes that Muslims should respond to any anti-Muslims post positively with constructive justification. Moreover, this is responsibility of Muslims countries to give the clear image of Islam to other world rather overlock the social media posts. Anyhow, this is literature-based study, the future study should conduct empirically. Besides, the future studies should compare the non-Muslim countries social media with Muslims countries social media to overcome the distance between these two communities.

Community Perceptions on Corona Virus- A Survey of Garhshankar Block of Hoshiarpur district, Punjab


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 295-305
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.032

Nature’s forces seem to have rallied around on reclaim their upset balance. Humans have disturbed the natural forces by exploiting Earth’s resources in an irresponsible manner. The history of our planet has witnessed several pandemics that threatened to successively decimate mankind some examples are the Antonine Plague (165 AD), Leprosy (11th century), the Black Death (1350), the Goat Plague of London (1665), First Cholera Pandemic (1817), HIV/AIDS (1981), and the most recent COVID-19 or Corona (2021) that is coming in several phases. All these geographically widespread epidemics have led to millions of deaths around the globe. The Corona virus appears to have mutated in India in 2021 after the world had paid its toll in 2020. Lives everywhere have been experiencing an almost complete lockdown to contain this viral disease. The focal point of this research paper is to determine the awareness levels of the population with respect to the COVID-19 crisis. Do people believe in the existence of Corona? What precautions are they taking to protect themselves? How confident are they of the effectiveness of the vaccine? The study was carried out in the Garhshankar block of Hoshiarpur district in Punjab among 305 respondents through an online questionnaire methodology to ascertain their views on the ongoing pandemic. The findings of the study are expected to be the pre-cursor of launching programs to address the needs of the community in facing the pandemic situation successfully.

Building Urban Government in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 306-316
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.033

In the process of international integration, Vietnam's socio-economy has achieved great
achievements. The urbanization process in Vietnam is happening on a large scale and at a fast
pace, so the construction of urban government is an indispensable requirement. Therefore, the
roadmap and implementation method must be studied seriously and comprehensively in order to
build an appropriate urban government model, meeting the new requirements set out in terms of
efficiency improvement and state management in the current context.
Ho Chi Minh City is a special city, a major center of economy, culture, education - training,
science - technology, a focal point for international exchange and integration. attracting and
spreading to the southern key economic region, having an important political position of the
whole country. In order to create a driving force for Ho Chi Minh City's development, in recent
years, the city has developed an urban government, contributing to improving the effectiveness
and efficiency of State management, promoting administrative reform, improving the investment
environment contributes to the development of society. However, the construction of urban
government in Ho Chi Minh City today has limitations. The article outlines the urgency,
characteristics and issues raised in the construction of urban government in Ho Chi Minh City.


Nasir Ali; Dr.Amna Ali; Azhar Khan; Ismael Afzal

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 317-333

The study aims to evaluate the impact of workplace spirituality and perceived organizational support on the relationship between organizational performance and workplace innovation in public sector organizations of Pakistan. For the collection of data and its subsequent analysis, the study has selected quantitative methodology and deductive reasoning with a positivist approach. However, data was collected from 2500 participants through stratified sampling, where the entire public sector of Pakistan was divided into five manageable groups or stratum
that include organizations from the banking sector, establishment division, universities, manufacturing and trading sector and healthcare sector of the country. Furthermore, a total of 25 organizations were selected, i.e., five organizations from each sector and each capital city of the four provinces and Islamabad. Data analysis tool STATA was used for testing the responses collected from the participants, and analysis like SEM, regression, correlation, descriptive statistics and Sobel test for mediation was performed. The findings of the study suggest that there is a notable positive relationship between all the independent, dependent and mediating variables of the study. It is also found that perceived organizational support and workplace spirituality have a positive mediating role in the relationship between organizational performance and workplace innovation. Furthermore, certain limitations of the  study are also identified, which can be overcome in future studies through a selection of larger sample size and adoption of a mixed method approach for data collection and analysis

Jungian analysis ofMohsin Hamid’s Moth Smoke

Ayesha Habib; Ayesha Siddiqa; Hidayat Ullah Marwat; Dr. Nijat Ullah Khan

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 4, Pages 334-342
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.04.035

This paper aims to unveil the psychological aspects in the character, Darashikoh Shehzad (Daru) of Mohsin Hamid’s novel “Moth Smoke” (2000). It uses the story of Daru, a banker who got fired from his job in the bank. He develops infatuation for his friend Aurangzeb’s (Ozi) wife, Mumtaz, got indulged into drugs and misdeeds hence living a deceitful and wayward life. Jungian theory is applied on Daru by the help of content analysis, bringing out ameliorated comprehension of his affinity with Mumtaz. It concludes that the image of Mumtaz in the psyche of Daru is of an internal woman, which in Jungian terminology known as “Anima”, it is an internal image of a woman imprinted on the psyche of a man. Daru falls for her despite knowing that she is a flare who can extinguish him because if Ozi came to know about their affiliation, it would bring on his indignation on Daru. Mumtaz is irresistible for him as she is his anima and therefore his all efforts to avoid her went futile because once a man finds his anima it is impossible to get rid of her.