Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Volume 23, Issue 1

Volume 23, Issue 1, Summer and Autumn 2017


The Relationship between Perceived Organisational Support, Perceived External Prestige, Growth Need Strength and Job Satisfaction of Nurses in Pakistan

Farzan Yahya, Amad Rashid, Syed Atif Ali

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2017, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 3-19

The purpose of the study is to explore the moderating role of Growth Need Strength (GNS) on the relationship between Perceived Organisational Support (POS), Perceived External Prestige (PEP) and job satisfaction in the healthcare industry of Pakistan. The data was collected from nurses working in the public sector hospitals in Pakistan. After a successful confirmatory data analysis, a multivariate regression analysis was utilised to interpret the results. The results indicate that there is a positive and statistically significant effect of POS and GNS on job satisfaction. However, no statistically significant association is found between PEP and job satisfaction. The findings also reveal that GNS positively moderates the relationship between POS and job satisfaction. Healthcare organisations can utilise these results as a basis for future planning and decision making to retain nurses and to improve their job satisfaction level. These organisations should give preference to employees with high growth needs.

Sectoral concentration and regional specialisation of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Russia: Application of Krugman Index

Iuliia Pinkovetskaia

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2017, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 20-29

The purpose of this study was to assess the current levels of sectoral concentration and regional specialisation of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Russia using Krugman’s Indexes of concentration and specialisation. The study used data from the official statistical observation of activities of all Russian SMEs for the year 2015, representing 82 Russian regions and 13 types of economic activity (sectors). A high level of SME concentration was observed in fishing, mining and quarrying and agricultural sectors. The concentration of SMEs in manufacturing is much higher than in the services sector. The regional specialisation of SMEs is relatively small in Russia. Specialisation is above the national average in the regions where agricultural SMEs dominate and in Moscow, where real estate SMEs are widely distributed. These results could be of interest to entrepreneurs when choosing the type of sectors to engage in and policymakers in promoting SMEs in particular economic sectors and regions of Russia.

Policy and Governance for Electricity Supply in Australia: Public or Private Interest?

Chris Aulich, Roger Wettenhall

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2017, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 30-46

The National Energy Market (NEM) introduced in 1998 sought to connect the electrically linked states and territories of eastern and southern Australia in a system which embraced the generation, transmission, distribution and marketing of electric power. The ‘market’ unbundled the vertically integrated public enterprises then operating at state and territory levels and substituted a complex system comprising several hundred entities functioning through all phases of the industry and demanding significant coordination and regulation to ensure effective operation. This article looks first at the structural arrangements, and examines private, public and public-private elements of the mix. It then considers a set of public interest tests for the industry first proposed as early as 1956, and asks whether the NEM arrangements satisfy those tests. It concludes that they do not.

Factors Affecting Smartphone Purchase Decisions of Generation-Y

Nushrat Shabrin, Sarod Khandaker, Saad Bin Abul Kashem, Chan Kit Hie, Teresa Susila

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2017, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 47-65

Smartphones have become an indispensable part of daily life of GenerationY. Currently, Generation-Y accounts for the biggest proportion of the Malaysian population, and they are the main users of smartphones. The main objective of this research is to determine the factors influencing the smartphone purchase decisions of Generation-Y. Based on a literature review and survey, this study finds seven factors that influence smartphone purchase decisions: brand, convenience, dependency, price, social influence, product feature and social needs. The research used a questionnaire with a 5-point Likert scale for data collection and a sample of 152 respondents (Generation-Y) from the Kuching region of Malaysia. We find evidence that social influence, product feature, and brand image have significant positive impacts on the smartphone purchasing decisions. Other factors, such as convenience, dependency, price and social needs were statistically insignificant.